Difference between revisions of "Nouveau"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Enable MSI (Message Signaled Interrupts))
(poor writing, please use unordered lists only when listing something)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
[[Category:X Server (English)]]
 
[[Category:X Server (English)]]
 
{{i18n|Nouveau}}
 
{{i18n|Nouveau}}
 +
 +
{{Poor writing|excessive use of lists.}}
 +
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary text|This article details the installation of the Nouveau Open Source 3D acceleration graphics driver for NVIDIA cards. The name of the project refers to the fact that "nouveau" means "new" in French.}}
 
{{Article summary text|This article details the installation of the Nouveau Open Source 3D acceleration graphics driver for NVIDIA cards. The name of the project refers to the fact that "nouveau" means "new" in French.}}
Line 152: Line 155:
 
=== Enable MSI (Message Signaled Interrupts) ===
 
=== Enable MSI (Message Signaled Interrupts) ===
 
This may provide a slight performance advantage.  It is only supported on NV50+ and is disabled by default.
 
This may provide a slight performance advantage.  It is only supported on NV50+ and is disabled by default.
 +
 +
{{Warning|This may cause instability with some motherboard / GPU combinations.}}
  
 
#Place the following in /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf: {{bc|options nouveau msi=1}}
 
#Place the following in /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf: {{bc|options nouveau msi=1}}
 
#If using early start, add the following to /etc/mkinitcpio.conf: {{bc|FILES&#61;"/etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf"}}then re-generate boot image: {{bc|# mkinitcpio -p <kernel preset, e.g. linux>}}
 
#If using early start, add the following to /etc/mkinitcpio.conf: {{bc|FILES&#61;"/etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf"}}then re-generate boot image: {{bc|# mkinitcpio -p <kernel preset, e.g. linux>}}
 
#Reboot system to affect changes
 
#Reboot system to affect changes
{{Warning|
 
:*This may cause instability with some motherboard / GPU combinations.}}
 

Revision as of 09:13, 31 March 2012

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.


Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어


External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: excessive use of lists. (Discuss in Talk:Nouveau#)
Summary help replacing me
This article details the installation of the Nouveau Open Source 3D acceleration graphics driver for NVIDIA cards. The name of the project refers to the fact that "nouveau" means "new" in French.
Related
KMS
Xorg
NVIDIA

Nouveau is an open source graphic driver for NVIDIA cards.

Do not forget to check out the FAQ if you have any questions, as there is a lot of valuable information there.

Installation

Before proceeding, have a look at the FeatureMatrix to see what features are supported for a given architecture, and the list of codenames to determine the card's category. You could also consult wikipedia for an even more detailed list.

  • If you already installed the proprietary NVIDIA driver, then remove it first:
    # pacman -Rdds nvidia nvidia-utils
    # pacman -S --asdeps libgl
    
Tip: If you want to keep Nvidia driver installed, then it requires some configuration to load the Nouveau driver instead of NVIDIA.
  • Install the DDX driver with the following package:
    # pacman -S xf86-video-nouveau
Also make sure you have Xorg properly installed.
  • If you want hardware-accelerated 3D support (to run GNOME Shell or KWin's effects for instance), install the DRI driver with the following package:
    # pacman -S nouveau-dri
Warning:

Loading

The nouveau kernel module should load fine automatically on system boot.

If it does not happen, then:

  • Make sure you do not have nomodeset or vga= in GRUB's menu.lst/grub.cfg kernel line, since Nouveau needs kernel mode-setting in order to run successfully (see below).
  • Also, check that you have not disabled Nouveau by using any modprobe blacklisting within /etc/modprobe.d/.

KMS

Kernel Mode-Setting (KMS) is required by the Nouveau driver. As the system boots, the resolution will likely change when KMS initializes the display driver. Simply installing the Nouveau driver should be enough to get the system to recognize and initialize it in "Late Start" mode (see below). Additional reading: KernelModeSetting.

Note: Users may prefer the early start method as it does not cause the annoying resolution change part way through the boot process.

Late start

With this choice KMS will be enabled when other kernel modules are loaded. You will see the text "Loading modules" and the size of the text may change, possibly with an undesirable flicker.

Early start

This method will start KMS as early as possible in the boot process, when the initramfs is loaded. Here is how to do this with the official packages:

  1. Add "nouveau" to the MODULES array in /etc/mkinitcpio.conf:
    MODULES="... nouveau ..."
  2. Re-generate boot image:
    # mkinitcpio -p <kernel preset, e.g. linux>

If experiencing troubles with nouveau leading to rebuild nouveau-drm several times for testing purposes, do not add nouveau to the initramfs. It is too easy to forget to rebuild the initramfs and it will just make any testing harder. Just use late start until you are confident the system is stable. There might be additional problems with initramfs if you need a custom firmware (generally not advised).

Tips and tricks

Keep NVIDIA driver installed

If you want to keep the proprietary NVIDIA driver installed, but want to use the Nouveau driver:

  1. Comment out nouveau blacklisting in etc/modprobe.d/nouveau_blacklist.conf by modifying the line from:
    blacklist nouveau
    to:
    #blacklist nouveau
  2. And tell Xorg to load nouveau instead of nvidia by creating the file /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nouveau.conf with the following content:
    Section "Device"
        Identifier "Nvidia card"
        Driver "nouveau"
    EndSection
    
Tip: You can use these scripts if you are switching between open and closed drivers often.

If you already used the NVIDIA driver, and want to test Nouveau without reboot:

  1. Make sure the 'nvidia' module is no longer loaded:
    # rmmod nvidia
  2. Then load the 'nouveau' module:
    # modprobe nouveau
  3. And check that it loaded fine by looking at kernel messages:
    $ dmesg

Installing the latest development packages

You may install the latest -git packages, through AUR:

  • You can use mesa-gitAUR which will allow the installation of the latest Mesa (including the latest DRI driver).
  • You can use xf86-video-nouveau-gitAUR which will allow the installation of the latest DDX driver.
  • You can also try installing a newer kernel version, through packages like linux-mainlineAUR in which the Nouveau DRM code would allow better performance.
  • To get the latest nouveau improvements, you should use the linux-gitAUR package from the AUR, edit the PKGBUILD and use nouveau's own kernel repository, which is currently located at: git://anongit.freedesktop.org/nouveau/linux-2.6.

Upsteam driver sources can be found here: http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/Source.

Tearing free compositing

Edit your /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nouveau.conf, in the Device section add:

Section "Device"
    Identifier "nvidia card"
    Driver "nouveau"
    Option "GLXVBlank" "true"
EndSection

Dual Head

Nouveau supports the xrandr extension for modesetting and multiple monitors. See the RandR12 page for tutorials.

Here is a full sample /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nouveau.conf above for running 2 monitors in dual head mode. You may prefer to use a graphical tool to configure monitors like GNOME Control Center's Display panel (gnome-control-center display).

# the right one
Section "Monitor"
          Identifier   "NEC"
          Option "PreferredMode" "1280x1024_60.00"
EndSection

# the left one
Section "Monitor"
          Identifier   "FUS"
          Option "PreferredMode" "1280x1024_60.00"
          Option "LeftOf" "NEC"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier "nvidia card"
    Driver "nouveau"
    Option  "Monitor-DVI-I-1" "NEC"
    Option  "Monitor-DVI-I-2" "FUS"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "screen1"
    DefaultDepth 24
      SubSection "Display"
       Depth      24
       Virtual 2560 2048
      EndSubSection
    Device "nvidia card"
EndSection

Section "ServerLayout"
    Identifier "layout1"
    Screen "screen1"
EndSection

Setting console resolution

Use the fbset tool to adjust console resolution.

You can also pass the resolution to nouveau with the video= kernel line option (see KMS).

Power Management

GPU Scaling is in various stages of readiness depending on the GPU. See the following link for additional info:

http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/PowerManagement

Enable MSI (Message Signaled Interrupts)

This may provide a slight performance advantage. It is only supported on NV50+ and is disabled by default.

Warning: This may cause instability with some motherboard / GPU combinations.
  1. Place the following in /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf:
    options nouveau msi=1
  2. If using early start, add the following to /etc/mkinitcpio.conf:
    FILES="/etc/modprobe.d/nouveau.conf"
    then re-generate boot image:
    # mkinitcpio -p <kernel preset, e.g. linux>
  3. Reboot system to affect changes