Difference between revisions of "Odbc"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (add cat.)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Category:Networking (English)]]
[[Category:Networking (English)]]
[[Category:Database management systems (English)]]
[[Category:Database management systems]]
{{moveto|Open Database Connectivity}}
{{moveto|Open Database Connectivity}}

Revision as of 14:21, 23 April 2012

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.

Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어

External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی


Open Database Connectivity, commonly ODBC, is an open specification for providing application developers with a predictable API with which to access Data Sources

This document shows how to set up unixODBC in Arch, first to access your database on your localhost and then extends the steps to configure MySQL to allow remote access through ODBC.

MySQL, ODBC with OpenOffice Setup on LocalHost

Packages To Install

Start by installing the unixodbc and myodbc

# pacman -S unixodbc myodbc

Configure the ini Files

Configure the "odbc.ini" and "odbcinst.ini" file. Starting with odbcinst.ini, which lists all installed drivers. Su to root and set up your /etc/odbcinst.ini file as follows

Description     = ODBC Driver for MySQL
Driver          = /usr/lib/libmyodbc.so
Setup           = /usr/lib/libodbcmyS.so
FileUsage       = 1

Next set up your data sources in "/etc/odbc.ini" (system wide) or "~/.odbc" (current user). If a data source is defined in both of these files, the one in your home directory take precedence.

Description     = MySQL database test
Driver          = MySQL
Server          = localhost
Database        = test
Port            = 3306
Socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock
Option          =
Stmt            =

Create A Symbolic Link

Next we need to create a symlink for libmyodbc.so. To do this we need to go to /usr/lib/ and set up a symlink to libmyodbc.so

 cd /usr/lib/
 ln -s ./libmyodbc3-3.51.12.so ./libmyodbc.so

Renamed Modules

OK, for this step I cheap-skated it a little and simply copy these files to agree with version of ODBC that Arch was looking for.

cp libssl.so.0.9.8 libssl.so.0.9.7
cp libcrypto.so.0.9.8 libcrypto.so.0.9.7

Create A Test Database

On my machine I run phpmyadmin so I already had a test database to use. If you do not have a test database then create one in MySQL.

Testing the ODBC

To test the ODBC connection

isql MySQL-test

If the connection is established, you will see

| Connected!                            |
|                                       |
| sql-statement                         |
| help [tablename]                      |
| quit                                  |
|                                       |

If you have a problem connecting then check the error message by running

isql MySQL-test -v

A Couple Useful Websites


This website got me going on ODBC with MySQL but left out some things that were necessary for me to get isql up and running. However this might be a good reference for the OpenOffice part.


To work around error messages this URL proved helpful so here it is as well.

MySQL, ODBC with OpenOffice Setup on the Remote Server

Edit odbc.ini

From the Client side it is necessary to edit the odbc.ini and the .odbc.ini files slightly. Here is the odbc.ini that I used to login.

Description     = MySQL database test
Driver          = MySQL
Server          =
Trace           = Off
TraceFile       = stderr
Database        = test
Port            = 3306
USER            = username
Password        = secretpassword
Socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock
Option          =
Stmt            =

Edit my.cnf

Edit /etc/my.cnf so that port 3306 will be running to do this comment out skip-networking and also add bind-address = your IP

bind-address =

Verify Port 3306 is Listening

restart the mysql server with the command "/etc/rc.d/mysqld restart" and then check to see that port 3306 is listening on the server

netstat -ant

If port 3306 is open, you'll see the following

Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 *               LISTEN

Permissions on MySQL for Remote Connection

Next it is necessary to give permissions on the server so that MySQL will allow a remote connection. Type "mysql -u "username" -p" and log into you MySQL

mysql> CREATE DATABASE test;
mysql> GRANT ALL ON test.* TO username@'' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';


Here was a helpful URL for this step.

Testing the ODBC

run the "isql MySQL-test" command and you should be able to log into your server.


From the client you can run the following command to verify that port 3306 is open

telnet 3306

Good luck and happy computing now that you can get OpenOffice to connect to you databases.