Difference between revisions of "OpenDNS"

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[[Category: Networking (English)]]
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#REDIRECT [[Domain name resolution]]
{{accuracy}}
 
[http://www.opendns.com OpenDNS] is an alternative [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System DNS] service. If your Internet pages are loading slow or if you want to make your Internet safer, smarter and more reliable in general, OpenDNS may be of help.
 
 
 
==DNS in Linux==
 
Your ISP (usually) provides working DNS servers, and a router may also add an extra DNS server in case you have your own cache server. Switching between DNS servers does not represent a problem for Windows users, because if a DNS server is slow or does not work it will immediately switch to a better one.  However, Linux usually takes longer to timeout, which could be the reason why you are getting a delay.
 
 
 
Use dig (provided by package {{Package Official|dnsutils}}) before any changes, repeat after making the adjustments in the section [[OpenDNS#Using OpenDNS|below]] and compare the query time(s):
 
dig www5.yahoo.com
 
 
 
You can also specify a nameserver:
 
dig @ip.of.name.server www5.yahoo.com
 
 
 
== Using OpenDNS ==
 
Edit /etc/resolv.conf and add the OpenDNS <tt>nameservers</tt> to the top of the file so they are used first, optionally removing already listed servers in order to only use OpenDNS:
 
# OpenDNS nameservers
 
nameserver 208.67.222.222
 
nameserver 208.67.220.220
 
Changes made to /etc/resolv.conf take affect immediately.
 
 
 
=== Dhcpcd ===
 
If you are using '''dhcpcd''', edit /etc/dhcpcd.conf and remove ''domain_name_servers'' option to make it look like this:
 
option domain_name, domain_search, host_name
 
This will prevent dhcpcd from adding other nameservers to resolv.conf.
 
 
 
You will also need to edit or create /etc/resolv.conf.head in order to add the OpenDNS nameservers. The same principles apply as with /etc/resolv.conf; add them to the top of the file and optionally delete the rest:
 
# OpenDNS nameservers
 
nameserver 208.67.222.222
 
nameserver 208.67.220.220
 
Dhcpcd dynamically generates /etc/resolv.conf by prepending /etc/resolv.conf.head and parsing options from /etc/dhcpcd.conf.
 
 
 
Restart networking after editing or creating /etc/resolv.conf.head in order for the changes to take effect immediately:
 
# /etc/rc.d/network restart
 
 
 
{{Tip|You may also specify these IPs in your router's configuration interface and merely point to your router's IP from /etc/resolv.conf.}}
 
 
 
== Fixing problems with Google ==
 
OpenDNS hijacks Google-searches by routing all queries through their own servers first. This can be annoying because Google searches may slow down noticeably and it also breaks Google's FeelingLucky feature (e.g., entering digg in your adress bar will open www.digg.com). For the latter, there is a [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/7993 Firefox-addon] that brings back the original behaviour. A more elegant solution is to redirect all queries for Google exclusively to your ISP's DNS Server. This can be done with [[dnsmasq]] (see [[Speeding up DNS with dnsmasq]] for more information).
 
 
 
== External resources ==
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System Domain Name System (DNS)]
 
*[http://www.opendns.com/ OpenDNS.com]
 

Latest revision as of 06:36, 23 May 2018