Difference between revisions of "PCManFM"

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[[pl:PCManFM]]
 
[[pl:PCManFM]]
 
[[ru:PCManFM]]
 
[[ru:PCManFM]]
'''PCManFM''' is "an extremely fast, lightweight, yet feature-rich file manager with tabbed browsing". Source: [http://pcmanfm.sourceforge.net/ PCManFM on sourceforge]. PCManFM is the default file manager of the [[LXDE]] (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment).
+
From the project [http://wiki.lxde.org/en/PCManFM home page]:
 +
: ''PCMan File Manager (PCManFM) is a file manager application developed by Hong Jen Yee from Taiwan which is meant to be a replacement for Nautilus, Konqueror and Thunar. Released under the GNU General Public License, PCManFM is free software. PCManFM is the standard file manager in [[LXDE]], which is also developed by the same author in conjunction with other developers.''
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
  
{{Pkg|pcmanfm}} is available in the [[Official_Repositories|official repositories]].
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{{Pkg|pcmanfm}} is available in the [[official repositories]].
  
 
You will also require [[gamin]] (a replacement for [[FAM]], which required a daemon) to pick up events such as file and directories changes.
 
You will also require [[gamin]] (a replacement for [[FAM]], which required a daemon) to pick up events such as file and directories changes.
 +
 +
Notable variants are:
 +
* {{AUR|pcmanfm-git}} - Development version.
 +
* {{AUR|pcmanfm-qt}} - New [[Qt]] implementation.
 +
* {{AUR|pcmanfm-qt-git}} - New Qt implementation, development version.
  
 
== Volume handling ==
 
== Volume handling ==
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=== NTFS read/write support ===
 
=== NTFS read/write support ===
  
Install {{Pkg|ntfs-3g}} (See [[NTFS-3G]]).
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Install {{Pkg|ntfs-3g}}. See [[NTFS-3G]] for more informations.
  
 
=== Trash support, browsing network shares, and automounting with gvfs ===
 
=== Trash support, browsing network shares, and automounting with gvfs ===
  
To resolve the "Operation not supported" error when clicking on Trash Can, you must do the following steps:
+
To resolve the "Operation not supported" error when clicking on Trash Can, you must install {{Pkg|gvfs}}.
 
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# Install package {{Pkg|gvfs}}.
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# Start PCManFM only using the following command: dbus-launch pcmanfm.
+
  
 
To browse network shares:
 
To browse network shares:
# Install these packages: '''gvfs''' {{Pkg|gvfs-smb}} {{Pkg|gvfs-afp}}.
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# Install these packages: ''gvfs'' {{Pkg|gvfs-smb}} {{Pkg|gvfs-afp}}.
 
# Start PCManFM only using the following command: {{ic|$ dbus-launch pcmanfm}}.
 
# Start PCManFM only using the following command: {{ic|$ dbus-launch pcmanfm}}.
 
# Type {{ic|smb://''server name''/''share name''}} to access Windows/CIFS/Samba file shares.
 
# Type {{ic|smb://''server name''/''share name''}} to access Windows/CIFS/Samba file shares.
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and in ''General > Behavior'' and select ''Open files with a simple click''.
 
and in ''General > Behavior'' and select ''Open files with a simple click''.
  
{{Note|This option work in the pcmanfm --desktop too}}
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{{Note|This option works with {{ic|$ pcmanfm --desktop}} too}}
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
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You can try this method: Delete all files in the {{ic|$HOME/.cache/menus}} directory, and run PCManFM again.
 
You can try this method: Delete all files in the {{ic|$HOME/.cache/menus}} directory, and run PCManFM again.
  
PCManFM requires the environment variable "XDG_MENU_PREFIX" to be set. The value of the variable should match the beginning of a file present in the {{ic|/etc/xdg/menus/}} directory. In case you have installed the '''gnome-menus''' package, you can set the value in your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file with the line :
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PCManFM requires the environment variable ''XDG_MENU_PREFIX'' to be set. The value of the variable should match the beginning of a file present in the {{ic|/etc/xdg/menus/}} directory. In case you have installed the ''gnome-menus'' package, you can set the value in your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file with the line :
 
  export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-
 
  export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-
See these threads for more informations : [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1110903], and especially this post from the Linux Mint Forums [http://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=175&t=53986#p501920]
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See these threads for more informations : [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1110903], and especially this post from the Linux Mint forums [http://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=175&t=53986#p501920]
  
 
=== No icons ===
 
=== No icons ===
  
If you are using a [[WM]] instead of a [[DE]] and you have no icons for folders and files, specify a gtk+ icon theme.
+
If you are using a [[WM]] instead of a [[DE]] and you have no icons for folders and files, specify a GTK+ icon theme.
  
 
If you have e.g. {{Pkg|oxygen-icons}} installed, edit {{ic|~/.gtkrc-2.0}} '''or''' {{ic|/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc}} and add the following line:
 
If you have e.g. {{Pkg|oxygen-icons}} installed, edit {{ic|~/.gtkrc-2.0}} '''or''' {{ic|/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc}} and add the following line:
Line 73: Line 76:
 
{{Note|All instances of PCManFM have to be restarted for changes to apply!}}
 
{{Note|All instances of PCManFM have to be restarted for changes to apply!}}
  
Else, use an different one ('''gnome''', '''hicolor''', and '''locolor''' do not work). To list all installed icon themes:
+
Else, use an different one (''gnome'', ''hicolor'', and ''locolor'' do not work). To list all installed icon themes:
 
  $ ls ~/.icons/ /usr/share/icons/
 
  $ ls ~/.icons/ /usr/share/icons/
  
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=== gnome-open opens "Find" dialog instead of the directory===
 
=== gnome-open opens "Find" dialog instead of the directory===
  
Remove or rename the file {{ic|/usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-find.desktop}}. If you're running pcmanfm-mod from AUR, remove or rename the file {{ic|/usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-mod-find.desktop}}.
+
Remove or rename the file {{ic|/usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-find.desktop}}. If you're running {{Pkg|pcmanfm-mod}} from AUR, remove or rename the file {{ic|/usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-mod-find.desktop}}.
  
 
=== No "Previous/Next Folder" functionality with mouse buttons ===
 
=== No "Previous/Next Folder" functionality with mouse buttons ===
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Install {{Pkg|xbindkeys}} and edit {{ic|~/.xbindkeysrc}} to contain the following:
 
Install {{Pkg|xbindkeys}} and edit {{ic|~/.xbindkeysrc}} to contain the following:
# Sample .xbindkeysrc for a G9x mouse.
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Left]'"
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# Sample .xbindkeysrc for a G9x mouse.
  b:8
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"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Left]'"
"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Right]'"
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b:8
  b:9
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"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Right]'"
 +
b:9
 +
</nowiki>}}
 
Actual button codes can be obtained with package {{Pkg|xorg-xev}}.
 
Actual button codes can be obtained with package {{Pkg|xorg-xev}}.
  
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{{Note|This option works with {{ic|pcmanfm --desktop}} too.}}
 
{{Note|This option works with {{ic|pcmanfm --desktop}} too.}}
  
=== --desktop parameter not working/crashing X-server ===
+
=== --desktop parameter not working or crashing X-server ===
  
 
Make sure you have ownership and write permissions on {{ic|~/.config/pcmanfm}}.
 
Make sure you have ownership and write permissions on {{ic|~/.config/pcmanfm}}.
  
Setting the wallpaper either by using the ''--desktop-pref'' parameter or editing {{ic|~/.config/pcmanfm/default/pcmanfm.config}} solves the problem.
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Setting the wallpaper either by using the {{ic|--desktop-pref}} parameter or editing {{ic|~/.config/pcmanfm/default/pcmanfm.config}} solves the problem.
  
 
=== Terminal emulator advanced configuration not saved ===
 
=== Terminal emulator advanced configuration not saved ===
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=== "Not authorized" errors when accessing/mounting USB drives ===
 
=== "Not authorized" errors when accessing/mounting USB drives ===
  
In various WM (in use with [[PolicyKit#Mounting_USB_drives|PolicyKit]]), you might receive an "Not authorized" errors when trying to access e.g. an USB drive.
+
In various window managers (when using with [[PolicyKit#Mounting_USB_drives|PolicyKit]]), you might receive a "not authorized" error when trying to access a USB drive.
 +
 
 +
Edit or create {{ic|/etc/polkit-1/actions/org.freedesktop.udisks2.pkla}} to contain the following:
 +
{{bc|<nowiki>
 +
[Storage Permissions]
 +
Identity=unix-group:storage
 +
Action=org.freedesktop.udisks2.filesystem-mount;org.freedesktop.udisks2.modify-device
 +
ResultAny=yes
 +
ResultInactive=yes
 +
ResultActive=yes
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|The directory {{ic|/etc/polkit-1/actions/}} does not exist by default.}}
 +
 
 +
== Known issues ==
 +
 
 +
==== Custom folder icons in $HOME ====
 +
 
 +
Currently it looks like PCmanFM doesn't support this:
  
If not existing, create (including the directory actions, which ain't existing by default in there) {{ic|/etc/polkit-1/actions/org.freedesktop.udisks2.pkla}} to contain the following:
+
https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=851397#p851397
[Storage Permissions]
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Identity=unix-group:storage
+
Action=org.freedesktop.udisks2.filesystem-mount;org.freedesktop.udisks2.modify-device
+
ResultAny=yes
+
ResultInactive=yes
+
ResultActive=yes
+

Revision as of 12:39, 17 July 2013

From the project home page:

PCMan File Manager (PCManFM) is a file manager application developed by Hong Jen Yee from Taiwan which is meant to be a replacement for Nautilus, Konqueror and Thunar. Released under the GNU General Public License, PCManFM is free software. PCManFM is the standard file manager in LXDE, which is also developed by the same author in conjunction with other developers.

Installation

pcmanfm is available in the official repositories.

You will also require gamin (a replacement for FAM, which required a daemon) to pick up events such as file and directories changes.

Notable variants are:

Volume handling

PCManFM is able to mount and unmount devices, both manually and automatically. This feature is offered as an alternative to CLI tools such as udevil and pmountAUR.

Auto mounting USB external storage devices

To auto mount USB external storage devices only simply install gvfs.

If they do not auto mount after installing, try rebooting your system and try again.

Mounting with udisks

The current release of PCManFM is able to handle volumes through udisks. If you want to use this feature, make sure the D-Bus daemon is installed and running. See the D-Bus page for details.

NTFS read/write support

Install ntfs-3g. See NTFS-3G for more informations.

Trash support, browsing network shares, and automounting with gvfs

To resolve the "Operation not supported" error when clicking on Trash Can, you must install gvfs.

To browse network shares:

  1. Install these packages: gvfs gvfs-smb gvfs-afp.
  2. Start PCManFM only using the following command: $ dbus-launch pcmanfm.
  3. Type smb://server name/share name to access Windows/CIFS/Samba file shares.
  4. Type afp://server name/share name to access AFP file shares.

Tips

One click for open folders and files

Open PCManFM in file explorer mode, and go to Edit > Preferences and in General > Behavior and select Open files with a simple click.

Note: This option works with $ pcmanfm --desktop too

Troubleshooting

No "Applications"

First install gnome-menus. You can try this method: Delete all files in the $HOME/.cache/menus directory, and run PCManFM again.

PCManFM requires the environment variable XDG_MENU_PREFIX to be set. The value of the variable should match the beginning of a file present in the /etc/xdg/menus/ directory. In case you have installed the gnome-menus package, you can set the value in your .xinitrc file with the line :

export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-

See these threads for more informations : [1], and especially this post from the Linux Mint forums [2]

No icons

If you are using a WM instead of a DE and you have no icons for folders and files, specify a GTK+ icon theme.

If you have e.g. oxygen-icons installed, edit ~/.gtkrc-2.0 or /etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc and add the following line:

gtk-icon-theme-name = "oxygen"
Note: All instances of PCManFM have to be restarted for changes to apply!

Else, use an different one (gnome, hicolor, and locolor do not work). To list all installed icon themes:

$ ls ~/.icons/ /usr/share/icons/

If none of them is suitable, install one. To list all installable icon packages:

$ pacman -Ss icon-theme
Tip: For an alternative GUI solution, install lxappearance and apply an icon theme from there.

gnome-open opens "Find" dialog instead of the directory

Remove or rename the file /usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-find.desktop. If you're running pcmanfm-mod from AUR, remove or rename the file /usr/share/applications/pcmanfm-mod-find.desktop.

No "Previous/Next Folder" functionality with mouse buttons

A method to fix this is with Xbindkeys.

Install xbindkeys and edit ~/.xbindkeysrc to contain the following:

# Sample .xbindkeysrc for a G9x mouse.
"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Left]'"
 b:8
"/usr/bin/xvkbd -text '\[Alt_L]\[Right]'"
 b:9

Actual button codes can be obtained with package xorg-xev.

Add:

xbindkeys &

to your ~/.xinitrc to execute xbindkeys on log-in.

One click for open folders and files

Open PCManFM in file explorer mode, go to Edit > Preferences > General > Behavior select Open files with a simple click.

Note: This option works with pcmanfm --desktop too.

--desktop parameter not working or crashing X-server

Make sure you have ownership and write permissions on ~/.config/pcmanfm.

Setting the wallpaper either by using the --desktop-pref parameter or editing ~/.config/pcmanfm/default/pcmanfm.config solves the problem.

Terminal emulator advanced configuration not saved

Make sure you have rights on libfm configuration file:

$ chmod -R 755 ~/.config/libfm
$ chmod 777 ~/.config/libfm/libfm.conf

Make PCManFM remember your preferred Sort Files settings

You can use View > Sort Files to change the order in which PCManFM lists the files, but PCManFM won't remember that the next time you start it. To make it remember, go to Edit > Preferences and close. That will write your current sort_type and sort_by values into ~/.config/pcmanfm/LXDE/pcmanfm.conf.

"Not authorized" errors when accessing/mounting USB drives

In various window managers (when using with PolicyKit), you might receive a "not authorized" error when trying to access a USB drive.

Edit or create /etc/polkit-1/actions/org.freedesktop.udisks2.pkla to contain the following:

[Storage Permissions]
Identity=unix-group:storage
Action=org.freedesktop.udisks2.filesystem-mount;org.freedesktop.udisks2.modify-device
ResultAny=yes
ResultInactive=yes
ResultActive=yes
Note: The directory /etc/polkit-1/actions/ does not exist by default.

Known issues

Custom folder icons in $HOME

Currently it looks like PCmanFM doesn't support this:

https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=851397#p851397