Difference between revisions of "Pacman/Rosetta"

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m (Changed "apt autoremove" to "apt remove" under section "Remove a package(s) by name".)
 
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[[Category:Package management]]
 
[[Category:Package management]]
[[es:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[es:Pacman/Rosetta]]
[[sr:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[ja:Pacman 比較表]]
[[zh-CN:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[sr:Pacman/Rosetta]]
This page pulls heavily from [http://old-en.opensuse.org/Software_Management_Command_Line_Comparison openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison]. It has been simplified and has added Arch to the comparison, as well as modified the order in which each distribution exists for the benefit of Arch users.
+
[[zh-cn:Pacman/Rosetta]]
 +
This page uses a table to display the correspondence of [[Wikipedia:Package manager|package management]] commands among some of the most popular Linux distributions. The original inspiration was given by [http://old-en.opensuse.org/Software_Management_Command_Line_Comparison openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison].
  
Users from other Linux distributions can benefit from pacman by using a simple wrapper: [https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt]. The script could also be intended for Arch users having to temporarily deal with another distribution.
+
{{Tip|Arch users having to temporarily deal with another Linux distribution can use [https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt], a simple wrapper around other package managers.}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|
 +
* Some of the tools described here are specific to a certain version of pacman. The -Qk option is new in pacman 4.1.
 +
* The command {{ic|pkgfile}} can be found in the {{Pkg|pkgfile}} package.
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== Basic operations ==
  
[https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt] is a pacman shell script implementation for other linux distribution.
 
 
{|
 
{|
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''(Old) SUSE'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''openSUSE'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| Install a package(s) by name ||pacman -S||yum install ||apt-get install||rug install||zypper install   zypper in|| emerge [-a]
+
| Install a package(s) by name ||pacman -S||dnf install ||apt install||zypper install<br>zypper in|| emerge [-a]
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove a package(s) by name ||pacman -Rc||yum remove/erase ||apt-get remove||rug remove/erase||zypper remove   zypper rm ||emerge -C
+
| Remove a package(s) by name ||pacman -Rs||dnf remove ||apt remove||zypper remove<br>zypper rm ||emerge -C
 
|-
 
|-
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss||yum search ||apt-cache search||rug search||zypper search   zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
+
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss||dnf search ||apt search||zypper search<br>zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed ||pacman -Syu||yum update ||apt-get upgrade||rug update||zypper update  zypper up||emerge -u world
+
| Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed ||pacman -Syu||dnf upgrade ||apt update; apt upgrade||zypper update  zypper up||emerge -u world
 
|-
 
|-
| Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. ||pacman -Syu||yum distro-sync ||apt-get dist-upgrade||||zypper dup||emerge -uDN world
+
| Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. ||pacman -Syu||dnf distro-sync ||apt full-upgrade||zypper dup||emerge -uDN world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. ||pacman -S||yum reinstall||apt-get install --reinstall||||zypper install --force||emerge [-a]
+
| Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. ||pacman -Sc<br/>pacman -Scc  ||dnf clean all ||apt-get clean / apt-get autoclean / aptitude clean|| zypper clean || eclean distfiles
 
|-
 
|-
| Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||yum localinstall ||dpkg -i && apt-get install -f||||zypper in /path/to/local.rpm||emerge
+
| Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. ||<nowiki>pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs -</nowiki>||dnf autoremove||apt-get autoremove ||zypper rm -u||emerge --depclean
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||yum localupdate ||||||n/a||emerge||
+
| Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. ||<nowiki>pacman -Qm | pacman -Rs -</nowiki>||package-cleanup  --orphans||aptitude purge '~o'||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system || pacman dep level - testdb, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd||package-cleanup --problems||apt-get --fix-broken||rug* solvedeps || zypper verify ||revdep-rebuild
+
| Mark a package previously installed as a dependency as explicitly required. ||pacman -D --asexplicit||dnf mark install||apt-mark manual||||emerge --select
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them ||pacman -Sw||yumdownloader (found in yum-utils package)||apt-get --download-only|||| zypper --download-only ||emerge --fetchonly
+
| Install package(s) as dependency / without marking as explicitly required. ||pacman -S --asdeps||dnf install => dnf mark remove||aptitude install '$package&M'||||emerge -1
 
|-
 
|-
| Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. ||<nowiki>pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs -</nowiki>||package-cleanup  --leaves||apt-get autoremove ||||n/a||emerge --depclean
+
| Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them ||pacman -Sw||dnf download||apt-get install --download-only (into the package cache)<br>apt-get download (bypass the package cache)|| zypper --download-only ||emerge --fetchonly
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) || Use [[ABS]] && makepkg -o ||yumdownloader --source||apt-get source ||||zypper source-install||emerge --fetchonly
+
| Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session ||||||apt-config shell||zypper shell ||
 +
|-
 +
| Show a log of actions taken by the software management. ||cat /var/log/pacman.log ||dnf history||cat /var/log/dpkg.log||cat /var/log/zypp/history || located in /var/log/portage
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. ||||package-cleanup  --orphans||||||||
+
| Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) ||(see /var/lib/pacman/local)||(see /var/lib/rpm/Packages)||apt-cache stats||n/a ||emerge --info
 
|-
 
|-
| Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. ||automatic||yum-builddep||apt-get build-dep ||||zypper si -d||emerge -o
+
| e-mail delivery of package changes||||||apt-get install apt-listchanges||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>modify IgnorePkg array||yum.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend)||<nowiki>echo "$PKGNAME hold" | dpkg --set-selections</nowiki> ||rug* lock-add  ||Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks||/etc/portage/package.mask
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Querying specific packages ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Delete a package lock rule ||remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf||yum.conf <--”exclude” option (remove/amend)||<nowiki>echo "$PKGNAME install" | dpkg --set-selections</nowiki> ||rug* lock-delete||Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks||/etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)
+
| Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i ||dnf list, dnf info ||apt show / apt-cache policy||zypper info      zypper if||emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Show a listing of all lock rules ||cat /etc/pacman.conf||yum.conf (research needed)||/etc/apt/preferences ||rug* lock-list||View /etc/zypp/locks||cat /etc/portage/package.mask
+
| Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Qi ||rpm -qi ||dpkg -s / aptitude show||zypper info; rpm -qi ||emerge -pv and emerge -S
 
|-
 
|-
| Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback ||||(unnecessary, done on every transaction)||||rug* checkpoint-add ||n/a ||
+
| Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Si ||dnf info ||apt-cache show / aptitude show||zypper info ||emerge -pv and emerge -S
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove a checkpoint from the system ||N/A||N/A||||rug* checkpoint-remove ||n/a ||
+
| Display files provided by local package||pacman -Ql ||rpm -ql||dpkg -L||rpm -Ql ||equery files
 
|-
 
|-
| Provide a list of all system checkpoints ||N/A||yum history list||||rug* checkpoints ||n/a ||
+
| Display files provided by a remote package||pkgfile -l||dnf repoquery -l||apt-file list $pattern||||pfl
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. ||N/A||yum history rollback||||rug* rollback ||n/a ||
+
| Query the package which provides FILE ||pacman -Qo ||rpm -qf (installed only) or dnf provides (everything) ||dpkg -S / dlocate||zypper search -f ||equery belongs
 
|-
 
|-
|-
+
| List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. ||pacman -Ql <br/>pkgfile -l ||dnf repoquery -l ||dpkg-query -L || rpm -ql ||equery files
| Undo a single specified transaction. ||N/A||yum history undo|||| ||n/a ||
+
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. ||pkgfile||dnf provides ||apt-file search||zypper what-provides zypper wp|| equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. ||pkgfile -s||dnf provides ||apt-file search||zypper search -f ||equery belongs
 +
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Show the changelog of a package||pacman -Qc||rpm -q --changelog||apt-get changelog||rpm -q --changelog||equery changes -f
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Querying package lists ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''''Package information management''''' ||||||||||||
+
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss ||dnf search ||apt search||zypper search  zypper se [-s]||emerge -S
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. One version of rug dumps information as a sqlite database. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) ||(see /var/lib/pacman/local)||(see /var/lib/rpm/Packages)||apt-cache stats||rug dump||n/a ||emerge --info
+
| Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. ||pacman -Qu ||dnf list updates, dnf check-update ||apt-get upgrade -> n||zypper list-updates  zypper patch-check (just for patches) ||emerge -uDNp world
 
|-
 
|-
| Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i ||yum list or info ||apt-cache showpkg apt-cache show||rug info||zypper info      zypper if||emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
+
| Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. ||pacman -Sl ||dnf list available||apt-cache dumpavail apt-cache dump (Cache only)  apt-cache pkgnames||zypper packages ||emerge -ep world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss ||yum search ||apt-cache search||rug search||zypper search   zypper se [-s]||emerge -S
+
| Generates a list of installed packages || pacman -Q || dnf list installed || |dpkg --list | grep ^i || zypper search --installed-only ||emerge -ep world
 
|-
 
|-
| Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. ||pacman -Qu ||yum list updates  yum check-update ||apt-get upgrade -> n||rug list-updates rug summary||zypper list-updates  zypper patch-check (just for patches) ||emerge -uDNp world
+
| List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). ||pacman -Qm||dnf list extras || deborphan || |zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages'||eix-test-obsolete
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. ||pacman -Sl ||yum list available||apt-cache dumpavail  apt-cache dump (Cache only)  apt-cache pkgnames||rug packages||zypper packages ||emerge -ep world
+
| List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. ||(none)||dnf list recent ||aptitude search '~N' / aptitude forget-new||n/a||eix-diff
 
|-
 
|-
| Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. ||pkgfile <filename>||yum whatprovides  yum provides ||apt-file search <filename>||rug what-provides||zypper what-provides&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; zypper wp|| equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
+
| List installed local packages along with version||pacman -Q||rpm -qa||dpkg -l||zypper search -s; rpm -qa ||emerge -e world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse/ dependencies. rug's what-requires can operate on more than just package names. ||pacman -Sii||yum resolvedep ||apt-cache rdepends||rug what-requires||IN PROGRESS || equery depends
+
| Search locally installed package for names or descriptions ||pacman -Qs||rpm -qa '*<str>*' ||aptitude search <nowiki>'~i(~n $name|~d $description)'</nowiki>|||||eix -S -I
 
|-
 
|-
| Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function. rug's what-conflicts function operates on more than just package names ||(none)||repoquery --whatconflicts||||rug info-conflicts  rug what-conflicts||IN PROGRESS ||
+
| List packages not required by any other package||pacman -Qt||package-cleanup --all --leaves||deborphan -anp1||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i||yum deplist ||apt-cache depends||rug info-requirements||IN PROGRESS || emerge -ep
+
| List packages installed explicitly (not as dependencies)||pacman -Qe||||apt-mark showmanual||||
 
|-
 
|-
| List what the current package provides ||||yum provides ||||rug info-provides||IN PROGRESS||equery files
+
| List packages installed automatically (as dependencies)||pacman -Qd||||apt-mark showauto||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. ||pacman -Ql $pkgname <br/>pkgfile -l ||yum provides ||apt-file list||rug* file-list||IN PROGRESS ||equery files
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Querying package dependencies ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| List all packages that require a particular package ||||repoquery --whatrequires [--recursive]||||||||equery depends -a
+
| Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse dependencies.||pacman -Sii||dnf repoquery --alldeps --whatrequires ||apt-cache rdepends / aptitude search ~D$pattern||zypper search --requires || equery depends
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
+
| Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. ||pkgfile -s||yum provides  yum whatprovides ||apt-file search||rug* package-file  rug what-provides||IN PROGRESS ||equery belongs
+
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. ||||yum list obsoletes  ||apt-cache / grep||rug info-obsoletes||IN PROGRESS||  
+
| Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function.||||dnf repoquery --conflicts||aptitude search '~C$pattern'|| ||
 
|-
 
|-
| Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. ||testdb||yum deplist ||apt-get check ?  apt-cache unmet||rug verify  rug* dangling-requires||n/a || emerge -uDN world
+
| List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i||dnf repoquery --requires||apt-cache depends / apt-cache show||zypper info --requires || emerge -ep
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Generates a list of installed packages || pacman -Q || yum list installed || dpkg --get-selections |||| zypper ||emerge -ep world
+
| List what the current package provides ||||dnf provides ||dpkg -s / aptitude show||zypper info --provides ||equery files
 
|-
 
|-
| List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). ||pacman -Qm||yum list extras || deborphan || |||zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages'||eix-test-obsolete
+
| List all packages that require a particular package ||||dnf repoquery --alldeps --whatrequires||aptitude search ~D{depends,recommends,suggests}:$pattern / aptitude why||zypper search --requires ||equery depends -a
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. Note: Synaptic has this functionality, however apt doesn't seem to be the provider. ||(none)||yum list recent ||||||n/a||eix-diff
+
| Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. ||||dnf list obsoletes ||apt-cache show||||  
 
|-
 
|-
| Show a log of actions taken by the software management. ||cat /var/log/pacman.log ||yum history  cat /var/log/yum.log||cat /var/log/dpkg.log||rug history || cat /var/log/zypp/history || located in /var/log/portage
+
| Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). ||||||apt-cache dotty ||n/a||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. ||pacman -Sc<br/>pacman -Scc  ||yum clean ||apt-get clean  apt-get autoclean|||| zypper clean || eclean distfiles
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Installation sources management ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. ||cp $pkgname /var/cache/pacman/pkg/||||apt-cache add ||||n/a || cp $srcfile /usr/portage/distfiles
+
| Installation sources management ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list||${EDITOR} /etc/zypp/repos.d/${REPO}.repo ||layman
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display the source package to the given package name(s) ||||repoquery -s||apt-cache showsrc ||||n/a||
+
| Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and dnf force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. ||/etc/pacman.conf||/etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo||apt-cdrom add||zypper service-add ||layman, overlays
 
|-
 
|-
| Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). ||||||apt-cache dotty ||||n/a ||
+
| Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. ||pacman -Sy ([[System_maintenance#Partial upgrades are unsupported|always upgrade the whole system afterwards]]) ||dnf clean expire-cache && dnf check-update ||apt-get update||zypper refresh  zypper ref||emerge --sync;layman -S
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays||yum-plugin-priorities and yum-plugin-protect-packages||/etc/apt/preferences smart priority –set|||| zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>Add a line with =category/package-version
+
| Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. ||cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist||cat /etc/yum.repos.d/*||apt-cache policy||zypper service-list ||layman -l
 
|-
 
|-
| Remove a previously set priority ||||||/etc/apt/preferences  smart priority --remove ||||zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>remove offending line
+
| Disable an installation source for an operation ||||dnf --disablerepo=||||||emerge package::repo-to-use
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Show a list of set priorities. ||||||apt-cache policy  /etc/apt/preferences  smart priority --show ||||n/a || cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
+
| Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. ||||dnf --releasever= ||apt-get install -t release package/ apt-get install package/release (deps not covered)||||echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
 
|-
 
|-
| Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. ||||||||||n/a ||
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Overrides ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed ||/etc/pacman.conf<br/>modify IgnorePkg array||dnf.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend)||apt-mark hold pkg||Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks, or zypper al||/etc/portage/package.mask
 +
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Delete a package lock rule ||remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf|| ||apt-mark unhold pkg||Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks or zypper rl||/etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Show a listing of all lock rules ||cat /etc/pacman.conf|| ||/etc/apt/preferences ||View /etc/zypp/locks or zypper ll||cat /etc/portage/package.mask
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Installation sources management ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list|| || ||layman
+
| Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays||||/etc/apt/preferences, apt-cache policy|| zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>Add a line with =category/package-version
 
|-
 
|-
| Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and yum force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||apt-cdrom add||rug service-add  rug mount /local/dir||zypper service-add ||layman, overlays
+
| Remove a previously set priority ||||||/etc/apt/preferences ||zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>remove offending line
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. ||pacman -Sy ||yum clean expire-cache && yum check-update ||apt-get update||rug refresh||zypper refresh  zypper ref||layman -f
+
| Show a list of set priorities. ||||||apt-cache policy  /etc/apt/preferences ||zypper lr -p || cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
 
|-
 
|-
| Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. ||cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist||cat /etc/yum.repos.d/*||||rug service-list||zypper service-list ||layman -l
+
| Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. ||||||||n/a||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Disable an installation source for an operation ||||yum --disablerepo=${REPO} ||||||||emerge package::repo-to-use
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
|-
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
| Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. ||||yum --releasever=${VERSION} ||||||||echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Verification and repair ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|-
 +
| Verify single package||pacman -Qk[k]||rpm -V||debsums||rpm -V||equery check
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| '''''Other commands''''' ||||||||||||
+
| Verify all packages||pacman -Qk[k]||rpm -Va||debsums||rpm -Va||equery check
 
|-
 
|-
| Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session ||||yum shell ||apt-config shell||||zypper shell ||
+
| Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. ||pacman -S||dnf reinstall||apt install --reinstall||zypper install --force||emerge [-a]
 +
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. ||pacman -Dk||dnf repoquery --requires ||apt-get check||zypper verify || emerge -uDN world
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system || pacman dep level - pacman -Dk, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd||dnf repoquery --unsatisfied||apt-get --fix-broken<br>aptitude install||zypper verify ||revdep-rebuild
 +
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback ||||(unnecessary, done on every transaction)||||n/a||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Remove a checkpoint from the system ||N/A||N/A||||n/a||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| '''''Package Verification'''''||||||||||||
+
| Provide a list of all system checkpoints ||N/A||dnf history list||||n/a ||
 
|-
 
|-
| Single package||||rpm -V <package>||debsums||rpm -V <package>||rpm -V <package>||equery check
+
| Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. ||N/A||dnf history rollback||||n/a ||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| All packages||||rpm -Va||debsums||rpm -Va||rpm -Va||equery check
+
| Undo a single specified transaction. ||N/A||dnf history undo||||n/a||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Using package files and building packages ==
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SLES/openSUSE'''
 +
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg -I||||
|-
+
| '''''Package Querying'''''||||||||||||
+
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List installed local packages along with version||pacman -Q||rpm -qa||dpkg-query -l||||||emerge -e world
+
| List the contents of a package file||pacman -Qpl||rpmls rpm -qpl||dpkg -c||rpm -qpl||
 
|-
 
|-
| Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Qi ||rpm -qi ||dpkg-query -p||||||emerge -pv and emerge -S
+
| Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||dnf install ||apt install||zypper in||emerge
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
+
| Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Si ||yum info ||apt-cache show||||||emerge -pv and emerge -S
+
|-
+
| Display files provided by local package||pacman -Ql ||rpm -ql||dpkg-query -L||||||equery files
+
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
+
| Display files provided by a remote package||||repoquery -l||||||||pfl
+
|-
+
| Query the package which provides FILE ||pacman -Qo ||rpm -qf (installed only) or yum whatprovides (everything) ||dpkg-query -S||||||equery belongs
+
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg-deb -I||||||
+
| Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||dnf upgrade ||debi||||emerge||
 
|-
 
|-
| Show the changelog of a package||pacman -Qc||rpm -q --changelog|||||||||equery changes -f
+
| Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. ||cp $filename /var/cache/pacman/pkg/||||apt-cache add ||n/a|| cp $filename /usr/portage/distfiles
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Search locally installed package for names or descriptions ||pacman -Qs|| |||||||||eix -S -I
+
| Extract a package ||tar -Jxvf||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||dpkg-deb -x||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||tar -jxvf
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. ||automatic||dnf builddep||apt-get build-dep ||zypper si -d||emerge -o
|-
+
| ||||||||||||
+
|-
+
| '''''Building Packages'''''||||||||||||
+
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Build a package||makepkg -s||rpmbuild -ba (normal) mock (in chroot)||dpkg-buildpkg||rpmbuild -ba ||rpmbuild -ba ||ebuild; quickpkg
+
| Display the source package to the given package name(s) ||||dnf repoquery -s||apt-cache showsrc ||n/a||
 
|-
 
|-
| Check for possible packaging issues||||rpmlint ||lintian||||||repoman
+
| Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) || Use [[ABS]] && makepkg -o ||dnf download --source||apt-get source / debcheckout||zypper source-install||emerge --fetchonly
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List the contents of a package file|| ||rpmls rpm -qpl||||rpm -qpl||rpm -qpl||
+
| Build a package||makepkg -s||rpmbuild -ba (normal)<br>mock (in chroot)||debuild||rpmbuild -ba; build; osc build ||ebuild; quickpkg
 
|-
 
|-
| Extract a package ||tar -Jxvf||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||<nowiki>ar vx | tar -zxvf data.tar.gz</nowiki>||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||tar -jxvf
+
| Check for possible packaging issues||namcap||rpmlint ||lintian||rpmlint ||repoman
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg-deb -I||||||
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
|-
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''(Old) SUSE'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''openSUSE'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
+
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
== See also ==
 +
 +
* [http://dnf.readthedocs.org/en/latest/cli_vs_yum.html Changes in DNF CLI compared to Yum]

Latest revision as of 07:49, 22 November 2016

This page uses a table to display the correspondence of package management commands among some of the most popular Linux distributions. The original inspiration was given by openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison.

Tip: Arch users having to temporarily deal with another Linux distribution can use pacapt, a simple wrapper around other package managers.
Note:
  • Some of the tools described here are specific to a certain version of pacman. The -Qk option is new in pacman 4.1.
  • The command pkgfile can be found in the pkgfile package.

Basic operations

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Install a package(s) by name pacman -S dnf install apt install zypper install
zypper in
emerge [-a]
Remove a package(s) by name pacman -Rs dnf remove apt remove zypper remove
zypper rm
emerge -C
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. pacman -Ss dnf search apt search zypper search
zypper se [-s]
emerge -S
Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed pacman -Syu dnf upgrade apt update; apt upgrade zypper update zypper up emerge -u world
Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. pacman -Syu dnf distro-sync apt full-upgrade zypper dup emerge -uDN world
Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. pacman -Sc
pacman -Scc
dnf clean all apt-get clean / apt-get autoclean / aptitude clean zypper clean eclean distfiles
Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs - dnf autoremove apt-get autoremove zypper rm -u emerge --depclean
Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. pacman -Qm | pacman -Rs - package-cleanup --orphans aptitude purge '~o'
Mark a package previously installed as a dependency as explicitly required. pacman -D --asexplicit dnf mark install apt-mark manual emerge --select
Install package(s) as dependency / without marking as explicitly required. pacman -S --asdeps dnf install => dnf mark remove aptitude install '$package&M' emerge -1
Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them pacman -Sw dnf download apt-get install --download-only (into the package cache)
apt-get download (bypass the package cache)
zypper --download-only emerge --fetchonly
Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session apt-config shell zypper shell
Show a log of actions taken by the software management. cat /var/log/pacman.log dnf history cat /var/log/dpkg.log cat /var/log/zypp/history located in /var/log/portage
Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) (see /var/lib/pacman/local) (see /var/lib/rpm/Packages) apt-cache stats n/a emerge --info
e-mail delivery of package changes apt-get install apt-listchanges
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Querying specific packages

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. pacman -[S|Q]i dnf list, dnf info apt show / apt-cache policy zypper info zypper if emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc. pacman -Qi rpm -qi dpkg -s / aptitude show zypper info; rpm -qi emerge -pv and emerge -S
Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc. pacman -Si dnf info apt-cache show / aptitude show zypper info emerge -pv and emerge -S
Display files provided by local package pacman -Ql rpm -ql dpkg -L rpm -Ql equery files
Display files provided by a remote package pkgfile -l dnf repoquery -l apt-file list $pattern pfl
Query the package which provides FILE pacman -Qo rpm -qf (installed only) or dnf provides (everything) dpkg -S / dlocate zypper search -f equery belongs
List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. pacman -Ql
pkgfile -l
dnf repoquery -l dpkg-query -L rpm -ql equery files
Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. pkgfile dnf provides apt-file search zypper what-provides zypper wp equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. pkgfile -s dnf provides apt-file search zypper search -f equery belongs
Show the changelog of a package pacman -Qc rpm -q --changelog apt-get changelog rpm -q --changelog equery changes -f
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Querying package lists

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. pacman -Ss dnf search apt search zypper search zypper se [-s] emerge -S
Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. pacman -Qu dnf list updates, dnf check-update apt-get upgrade -> n zypper list-updates zypper patch-check (just for patches) emerge -uDNp world
Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. pacman -Sl dnf list available apt-cache dumpavail apt-cache dump (Cache only) apt-cache pkgnames zypper packages emerge -ep world
Generates a list of installed packages pacman -Q dnf list installed dpkg --list | grep ^i zypper search --installed-only emerge -ep world
List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). pacman -Qm dnf list extras deborphan zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages' eix-test-obsolete
List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. (none) dnf list recent aptitude search '~N' / aptitude forget-new n/a eix-diff
List installed local packages along with version pacman -Q rpm -qa dpkg -l zypper search -s; rpm -qa emerge -e world
Search locally installed package for names or descriptions pacman -Qs rpm -qa '*<str>*' aptitude search '~i(~n $name|~d $description)' eix -S -I
List packages not required by any other package pacman -Qt package-cleanup --all --leaves deborphan -anp1
List packages installed explicitly (not as dependencies) pacman -Qe apt-mark showmanual
List packages installed automatically (as dependencies) pacman -Qd apt-mark showauto
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Querying package dependencies

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse dependencies. pacman -Sii dnf repoquery --alldeps --whatrequires apt-cache rdepends / aptitude search ~D$pattern zypper search --requires equery depends
Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function. dnf repoquery --conflicts aptitude search '~C$pattern'
List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. pacman -[S|Q]i dnf repoquery --requires apt-cache depends / apt-cache show zypper info --requires emerge -ep
List what the current package provides dnf provides dpkg -s / aptitude show zypper info --provides equery files
List all packages that require a particular package dnf repoquery --alldeps --whatrequires aptitude search ~D{depends,recommends,suggests}:$pattern / aptitude why zypper search --requires equery depends -a
Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. dnf list obsoletes apt-cache show
Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). apt-cache dotty n/a
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Installation sources management

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Installation sources management ${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf ${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo ${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list ${EDITOR} /etc/zypp/repos.d/${REPO}.repo layman
Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and dnf force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. /etc/pacman.conf /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo apt-cdrom add zypper service-add layman, overlays
Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. pacman -Sy (always upgrade the whole system afterwards) dnf clean expire-cache && dnf check-update apt-get update zypper refresh zypper ref emerge --sync;layman -S
Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist cat /etc/yum.repos.d/* apt-cache policy zypper service-list layman -l
Disable an installation source for an operation dnf --disablerepo= emerge package::repo-to-use
Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. dnf --releasever= apt-get install -t release package/ apt-get install package/release (deps not covered) echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Overrides

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed /etc/pacman.conf
modify IgnorePkg array
dnf.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend) apt-mark hold pkg Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks, or zypper al /etc/portage/package.mask
Delete a package lock rule remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf apt-mark unhold pkg Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks or zypper rl /etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)
Show a listing of all lock rules cat /etc/pacman.conf /etc/apt/preferences View /etc/zypp/locks or zypper ll cat /etc/portage/package.mask
Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf
Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays
/etc/apt/preferences, apt-cache policy zypper mr -p ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
Add a line with =category/package-version
Remove a previously set priority /etc/apt/preferences zypper mr -p ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
remove offending line
Show a list of set priorities. apt-cache policy /etc/apt/preferences zypper lr -p cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. n/a
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Verification and repair

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Verify single package pacman -Qk[k] rpm -V debsums rpm -V equery check
Verify all packages pacman -Qk[k] rpm -Va debsums rpm -Va equery check
Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. pacman -S dnf reinstall apt install --reinstall zypper install --force emerge [-a]
Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. pacman -Dk dnf repoquery --requires apt-get check zypper verify emerge -uDN world
Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system pacman dep level - pacman -Dk, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd dnf repoquery --unsatisfied apt-get --fix-broken
aptitude install
zypper verify revdep-rebuild
Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback (unnecessary, done on every transaction) n/a
Remove a checkpoint from the system N/A N/A n/a
Provide a list of all system checkpoints N/A dnf history list n/a
Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. N/A dnf history rollback n/a
Undo a single specified transaction. N/A dnf history undo n/a
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

Using package files and building packages

Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SLES/openSUSE Gentoo
Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database pacman -Qp rpm -qp dpkg -I
List the contents of a package file pacman -Qpl rpmls rpm -qpl dpkg -c rpm -qpl
Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies pacman -U dnf install apt install zypper in emerge
Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies pacman -U dnf upgrade debi emerge
Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. cp $filename /var/cache/pacman/pkg/ apt-cache add n/a cp $filename /usr/portage/distfiles
Extract a package tar -Jxvf rpm2cpio | cpio -vid dpkg-deb -x rpm2cpio | cpio -vid tar -jxvf
Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. automatic dnf builddep apt-get build-dep zypper si -d emerge -o
Display the source package to the given package name(s) dnf repoquery -s apt-cache showsrc n/a
Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) Use ABS && makepkg -o dnf download --source apt-get source / debcheckout zypper source-install emerge --fetchonly
Build a package makepkg -s rpmbuild -ba (normal)
mock (in chroot)
debuild rpmbuild -ba; build; osc build ebuild; quickpkg
Check for possible packaging issues namcap rpmlint lintian rpmlint repoman
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

See also