Difference between revisions of "Pacman/Rosetta"

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[[Category:Package management]]
 
[[Category:Package management]]
[[es:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[es:Pacman/Rosetta]]
[[ja:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[ja:Pacman 比較表]]
[[sr:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[sr:Pacman/Rosetta]]
[[zh-CN:Pacman Rosetta]]
+
[[zh-cn:Pacman/Rosetta]]
This page pulls heavily from [http://old-en.opensuse.org/Software_Management_Command_Line_Comparison openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison]. It has been simplified and has added Arch to the comparison, as well as modified the order in which each distribution exists for the benefit of Arch users.
+
This page uses a table to display the correspondence of [[Wikipedia:Package manager|package management]] commands among some of the most popular Linux distributions. The original inspiration was given by [http://old-en.opensuse.org/Software_Management_Command_Line_Comparison openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison].
  
Users from other Linux distributions can benefit from pacman by using a simple wrapper: [https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt]. The script could also be intended for Arch users having to temporarily deal with another distribution.
+
{{Tip|Arch users having to temporarily deal with another Linux distribution can use [https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt], a simple wrapper around other package managers.}}
 
+
[https://github.com/icy/pacapt pacapt] is a pacman shell script implementation for other linux distribution.
+
  
 
{{Note|
 
{{Note|
Line 14: Line 12:
 
* The command {{ic|pkgfile}} can be found in the {{Pkg|pkgfile}} package.
 
* The command {{ic|pkgfile}} can be found in the {{Pkg|pkgfile}} package.
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 
{|
 
{|
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Arch'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''(Old) SUSE'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''openSUSE'''
+
| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| Install a package(s) by name ||pacman -S||yum install ||apt-get install||rug install||zypper install   zypper in|| emerge [-a]
+
| Install a package(s) by name ||pacman -S||dnf install ||apt install||zypper install<br>zypper in|| emerge [-a]
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove a package(s) by name ||pacman -Rc||yum remove/erase ||apt-get remove||rug remove/erase||zypper remove   zypper rm ||emerge -C
+
| Remove a package(s) by name ||pacman -Rs||dnf remove ||apt autoremove||zypper remove<br>zypper rm ||emerge -C
 
|-
 
|-
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss||yum search ||apt-cache search||rug search||zypper search   zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
+
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss||dnf search ||apt search||zypper search<br>zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed ||pacman -Syu||yum update ||apt-get upgrade||rug update||zypper update  zypper up||emerge -u world
+
| Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed ||pacman -Syu||dnf upgrade ||apt update; apt upgrade||zypper update  zypper up||emerge -u world
 
|-
 
|-
| Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. ||pacman -Syu||yum distro-sync ||apt-get dist-upgrade||||zypper dup||emerge -uDN world
+
| Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. ||pacman -Syu||dnf distro-sync ||apt full-upgrade||zypper dup||emerge -uDN world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. ||pacman -S||yum reinstall||apt-get install --reinstall||||zypper install --force||emerge [-a]
+
| Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. ||pacman -S||dnf reinstall||apt install --reinstall||zypper install --force||emerge [-a]
 
|-
 
|-
| Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||yum localinstall ||dpkg -i && apt-get install -f||||zypper in /path/to/local.rpm||emerge
+
| Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||dnf install ||apt install path/to/debfile||zypper in /path/to/local.rpm||emerge
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||yum localupdate ||||||n/a||emerge||
+
| Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies ||pacman -U||dnf upgrade ||debi||||emerge||
 
|-
 
|-
| Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system || pacman dep level - testdb, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd||package-cleanup --problems||apt-get --fix-broken / aptitude install||rug* solvedeps || zypper verify ||revdep-rebuild
+
| Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system || pacman dep level - pacman -Dk, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd||dnf repoquery --unsatisfied||apt-get --fix-broken<br>aptitude install||zypper verify ||revdep-rebuild
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them ||pacman -Sw||yumdownloader (found in yum-utils package)||apt-get --download-only / aptitude download|||| zypper --download-only ||emerge --fetchonly  
+
| Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them ||pacman -Sw||dnf download||apt-get install --download-only (into the package cache)<br>apt-get download (bypass the package cache)|| zypper --download-only ||emerge --fetchonly  
 
|-
 
|-
| Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. ||<nowiki>pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs -</nowiki>||package-cleanup  --leaves||apt-get autoremove ||||n/a||emerge --depclean  
+
| Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. ||<nowiki>pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs -</nowiki>||dnf autoremove||apt-get autoremove ||zypper rm -u||emerge --depclean  
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) || Use [[ABS]] && makepkg -o ||yumdownloader --source||apt-get source / debcheckout||||zypper source-install||emerge --fetchonly
+
| Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) || Use [[ABS]] && makepkg -o ||dnf download --source||apt-get source / debcheckout||zypper source-install||emerge --fetchonly
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. ||||package-cleanup  --orphans||||||||
+
| Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. ||||package-cleanup  --orphans||aptitude purge '~o'||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. ||automatic||yum-builddep||apt-get build-dep ||||zypper si -d||emerge -o  
+
| Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. ||automatic||dnf builddep||apt-get build-dep ||zypper si -d||emerge -o  
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>modify IgnorePkg array||yum.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend)||<nowiki>echo "$PKGNAME hold" | dpkg --set-selections</nowiki> ||rug* lock-add  ||Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks||/etc/portage/package.mask
+
| Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed ||/etc/pacman.conf<br/>modify IgnorePkg array||dnf.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend)||apt-mark hold pkg||Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks, or zypper al||/etc/portage/package.mask
 
|-
 
|-
| Delete a package lock rule ||remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf||yum.conf <--”exclude” option (remove/amend)||<nowiki>echo "$PKGNAME install" | dpkg --set-selections</nowiki> ||rug* lock-delete||Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks||/etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)  
+
| Delete a package lock rule ||remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf|| ||apt-mark unhold pkg||Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks or zypper rl||/etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)  
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Show a listing of all lock rules ||cat /etc/pacman.conf||yum.conf (research needed)||/etc/apt/preferences ||rug* lock-list||View /etc/zypp/locks||cat /etc/portage/package.mask
+
| Show a listing of all lock rules ||cat /etc/pacman.conf|| ||/etc/apt/preferences ||View /etc/zypp/locks or zypper ll||cat /etc/portage/package.mask
 
|-
 
|-
| Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback ||||(unnecessary, done on every transaction)||||rug* checkpoint-add ||n/a ||
+
| Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback ||||(unnecessary, done on every transaction)||||n/a||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Remove a checkpoint from the system ||N/A||N/A||||rug* checkpoint-remove ||n/a ||
+
| Remove a checkpoint from the system ||N/A||N/A||||n/a||
 
|-
 
|-
| Provide a list of all system checkpoints ||N/A||yum history list||||rug* checkpoints ||n/a ||
+
| Provide a list of all system checkpoints ||N/A||dnf history list||||n/a ||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. ||N/A||yum history rollback||||rug* rollback ||n/a ||
+
| Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. ||N/A||dnf history rollback||||n/a ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Undo a single specified transaction. ||N/A||yum history undo|||| ||n/a ||
+
| Undo a single specified transaction. ||N/A||dnf history undo||||n/a||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Mark a package previously installed as a dependecy as explicitly required. ||pacman -D --asexplicit||||aptitude unmarkauto||||||emerge --select  
+
| Mark a package previously installed as a dependency as explicitly required. ||pacman -D --asexplicit||||apt-mark manual||||emerge --select  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Install package(s) as dependency / without marking as explicitly required. ||pacman -S --asdeps||||||||||
+
| Install package(s) as dependency / without marking as explicitly required. ||pacman -S --asdeps||||aptitude install 'pkg&M'||||emerge -1
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| '''''Package information management''''' ||||||||||||
+
| '''''Package information management''''' ||||||||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. One version of rug dumps information as a sqlite database. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) ||(see /var/lib/pacman/local)||(see /var/lib/rpm/Packages)||apt-cache stats||rug dump||n/a ||emerge --info
+
| Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) ||(see /var/lib/pacman/local)||(see /var/lib/rpm/Packages)||apt-cache stats||n/a ||emerge --info
 +
|-
 +
| Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i ||dnf list, dnf info ||apt show / apt-cache policy||zypper info      zypper if||emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
 
|-
 
|-
| Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i ||yum list or info ||apt-cache show / apt-cache policy||rug info||zypper info      zypper if||emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
 
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss ||yum search ||apt-cache search||rug search||zypper search  zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
+
| Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. ||pacman -Ss ||dnf search ||apt search||zypper search  zypper se [-s]||emerge -S  
 
|-
 
|-
| Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. ||pacman -Qu ||yum list updates  yum check-update ||apt-get upgrade -> n||rug list-updates rug summary||zypper list-updates  zypper patch-check (just for patches) ||emerge -uDNp world
+
| Display changelogs||||||apt-get changelog||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. ||pacman -Sl ||yum list available||apt-cache dumpavail  apt-cache dump (Cache only)  apt-cache pkgnames||rug packages||zypper packages ||emerge -ep world
+
| e-mail delivery of package changes||||||apt-get install apt-listchanges||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. ||pkgfile <filename>||yum whatprovides  yum provides ||apt-file search <filename>||rug what-provides||zypper what-provides&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; zypper wp|| equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
+
| Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. ||pacman -Qu ||dnf list updates, dnf check-update ||apt-get upgrade -> n||zypper list-updates  zypper patch-check (just for patches) ||emerge -uDNp world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse/ dependencies. rug's what-requires can operate on more than just package names. ||pacman -Sii||yum resolvedep ||apt-cache rdepends / aptitude search ~Dpattern||rug what-requires||IN PROGRESS || equery depends
+
| Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. ||pacman -Sl ||dnf list available||apt-cache dumpavail  apt-cache dump (Cache only)  apt-cache pkgnames||zypper packages ||emerge -ep world
 
|-
 
|-
| Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function. rug's what-conflicts function operates on more than just package names ||(none)||repoquery --whatconflicts||aptitude search '~Cpattern'||rug info-conflicts  rug what-conflicts||IN PROGRESS ||
+
| Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. ||pkgfile <filename>||dnf provides ||apt-file search <filename>||zypper what-provides zypper wp|| equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i||yum deplist ||apt-cache depends / apt-cache show||rug info-requirements||IN PROGRESS || emerge -ep
+
| Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse/ dependencies.||pacman -Sii||dnf provides ||apt-cache rdepends / aptitude search ~Dpattern||zypper search --requires || equery depends
 
|-
 
|-
| List what the current package provides ||||yum provides ||||rug info-provides||IN PROGRESS||equery files
+
| Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function.||||repoquery --whatconflicts||aptitude search '~Cpattern'|| ||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. ||pacman -Ql $pkgname <br/>pkgfile -l ||repoquery -l $pkgname ||dpkg -L / apt-file list||rug* file-list||IN PROGRESS ||equery files
+
| List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. ||pacman -[S<nowiki>|</nowiki>Q]i||dnf repoquery --requires||apt-cache depends / apt-cache show||zypper info --requires || emerge -ep
 
|-
 
|-
| List all packages that require a particular package ||||repoquery --whatrequires [--recursive]||||||||equery depends -a
+
| List what the current package provides ||||dnf provides ||dpkg -s / aptitude show||zypper info --provides ||equery files
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. ||pkgfile -s||yum provides yum whatprovides ||apt-file search||rug* package-file  rug what-provides||IN PROGRESS ||equery belongs
+
| List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. ||pacman -Ql $pkgname <br/>pkgfile -l ||dnf repoquery -l $pkgname ||dpkg-query -L $pkgname || rpm -ql $pkgname ||equery files
 +
|-
 +
| List all packages that require a particular package ||||repoquery --whatrequires [--recursive]||aptitude search \~D{depends,recommends,suggests}:pattern / aptitude why pkg||zypper search --requires ||equery depends -a
 +
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 +
| Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. ||pkgfile -s||dnf provides ||apt-file search||zypper search -f ||equery belongs
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. ||||yum list obsoletes   ||apt-cache show||rug info-obsoletes||IN PROGRESS||  
+
| Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. ||||dnf list obsoletes ||apt-cache show||||  
 
|-
 
|-
| Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. ||testdb||yum deplist ||apt-get check||rug verify rug* dangling-requires||n/a || emerge -uDN world
+
| Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. ||pacman -Dk||dnf repoquery --requires ||apt-get check||zypper verify || emerge -uDN world
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Generates a list of installed packages || pacman -Q || yum list installed || dpkg --get-selections |||| zypper ||emerge -ep world
+
| Generates a list of installed packages || pacman -Q || dnf list installed || |dpkg --list | grep ^i || zypper search --installed-only ||emerge -ep world
 
|-
 
|-
| List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). ||pacman -Qm||yum list extras || deborphan || |||zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages'||eix-test-obsolete
+
| List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). ||pacman -Qm||dnf list extras || deborphan || |zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages'||eix-test-obsolete
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. ||(none)||yum list recent ||aptitude search '~N' / aptitude forget-new||||n/a||eix-diff
+
| List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. ||(none)||dnf list recent ||aptitude search '~N' / aptitude forget-new||n/a||eix-diff
 
|-
 
|-
| Show a log of actions taken by the software management. ||cat /var/log/pacman.log ||yum history cat /var/log/yum.log||cat /var/log/dpkg.log||rug history || cat /var/log/zypp/history || located in /var/log/portage
+
| Show a log of actions taken by the software management. ||cat /var/log/pacman.log ||dnf history||cat /var/log/dpkg.log||cat /var/log/zypp/history || located in /var/log/portage
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. ||pacman -Sc<br/>pacman -Scc  ||yum clean ||apt-get clean / apt-get autoclean / aptitude clean|||| zypper clean || eclean distfiles
+
| Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. ||pacman -Sc<br/>pacman -Scc  ||dnf clean all ||apt-get clean / apt-get autoclean / aptitude clean|| zypper clean || eclean distfiles
 
|-
 
|-
| Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. ||cp $pkgname /var/cache/pacman/pkg/||||apt-cache add ||||n/a || cp $srcfile /usr/portage/distfiles
+
| Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. ||cp $pkgname /var/cache/pacman/pkg/||||apt-cache add ||n/a|| cp $srcfile /usr/portage/distfiles
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display the source package to the given package name(s) ||||repoquery -s||apt-cache showsrc ||||n/a||
+
| Display the source package to the given package name(s) ||||repoquery -s||apt-cache showsrc ||n/a||
 
|-
 
|-
| Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). ||||||apt-cache dotty ||||n/a ||
+
| Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). ||||||apt-cache dotty ||n/a||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays||yum-plugin-priorities and yum-plugin-protect-packages||/etc/apt/preferences, apt-cache policy|||| zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>Add a line with =category/package-version
+
| Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf<br/>Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays||||/etc/apt/preferences, apt-cache policy|| zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>Add a line with =category/package-version
 
|-
 
|-
| Remove a previously set priority ||||||/etc/apt/preferences ||||zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>remove offending line
+
| Remove a previously set priority ||||||/etc/apt/preferences ||zypper mr -p || ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords<br/>remove offending line
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Show a list of set priorities. ||||||apt-cache policy  /etc/apt/preferences ||||n/a || cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
+
| Show a list of set priorities. ||||||apt-cache policy  /etc/apt/preferences ||zypper lr -p || cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
 
|-
 
|-
| Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. ||||||||||n/a ||
+
| Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. ||||||||n/a||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Installation sources management ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list|| || ||layman
+
| Installation sources management ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list||${EDITOR} /etc/zypp/repos.d/${REPO}.repo ||layman
 
|-
 
|-
| Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and yum force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. ||${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf||${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo||apt-cdrom add||rug service-add  rug mount /local/dir||zypper service-add ||layman, overlays
+
| Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and dnf force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. ||/etc/pacman.conf||/etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo||apt-cdrom add||zypper service-add ||layman, overlays
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. ||pacman -Sy ||yum clean expire-cache && yum check-update ||apt-get update||rug refresh||zypper refresh  zypper ref||layman -f
+
| Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. ||pacman -Sy ([[System_maintenance#Partial upgrades are unsupported|always upgrade the whole system afterwards]]) ||dnf clean expire-cache && dnf check-update ||apt-get update||zypper refresh  zypper ref||layman -f
 
|-
 
|-
| Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. ||cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist||cat /etc/yum.repos.d/*||||rug service-list||zypper service-list ||layman -l
+
| Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. ||cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist||cat /etc/yum.repos.d/*||apt-cache policy||zypper service-list ||layman -l
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Disable an installation source for an operation ||||yum --disablerepo=${REPO} ||||||||emerge package::repo-to-use
+
| Disable an installation source for an operation ||||dnf --disablerepo=||||||emerge package::repo-to-use
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. ||||yum --releasever=${VERSION} ||apt-get install -t release package/ apt-get install package/release (deps not covered)||||||echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
+
| Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. ||||dnf --releasever= ||apt-get install -t release package/ apt-get install package/release (deps not covered)||||echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
+
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"h
| '''''Other commands''''' ||||||||||||
+
| '''''Other commands''''' ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session ||||yum shell ||apt-config shell||||zypper shell ||
+
| Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session ||||||apt-config shell||zypper shell ||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| '''''Package Verification'''''||||||||||||
+
| '''''Package Verification'''''||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Single package||pacman -Qk[k] <package>||rpm -V <package>||debsums||rpm -V <package>||rpm -V <package>||equery check
+
| Single package||pacman -Qk[k] <package>||rpm -V <package>||debsums||rpm -V <package>||equery check
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| All packages||pacman -Qk[k]||rpm -Va||debsums||rpm -Va||rpm -Va||equery check
+
| All packages||pacman -Qk[k]||rpm -Va||debsums||rpm -Va||equery check
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| '''''Package Querying'''''||||||||||||
+
| '''''Package Querying'''''||||||||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List installed local packages along with version||pacman -Q||rpm -qa||dpkg -l||||||emerge -e world
+
| List installed local packages along with version||pacman -Q||rpm -qa||dpkg -l||zypper search -s; rpm -qa ||emerge -e world
 
|-
 
|-
| Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Qi ||rpm -qi ||dpkg -s||||||emerge -pv and emerge -S
+
| Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Qi ||rpm -qi ||dpkg -s / aptitude show||zypper info; rpm -qi ||emerge -pv and emerge -S
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Si ||yum info ||apt-cache show / aptitude show||||||emerge -pv and emerge -S
+
| Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc.||pacman -Si ||dnf info ||apt-cache show / aptitude show||zypper info ||emerge -pv and emerge -S
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Display files provided by local package||pacman -Ql ||rpm -ql||dpkg -L||||||equery files
+
| Display files provided by local package||pacman -Ql ||rpm -ql||dpkg -L||rpm -Ql ||equery files
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Display files provided by a remote package||pkgfile -l||repoquery -l||||||||pfl
+
| Display files provided by a remote package||pkgfile -l||repoquery -l||apt-file list pattern||||pfl
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Query the package which provides FILE ||pacman -Qo ||rpm -qf (installed only) or yum whatprovides (everything) ||dpkg -S/dlocate||||||equery belongs
+
| Query the package which provides FILE ||pacman -Qo ||rpm -qf (installed only) or dnf provides (everything) ||dpkg -S / dlocate||zypper search -f ||equery belongs
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg -I||||||
+
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg -I||||
 
|-
 
|-
| Show the changelog of a package||pacman -Qc||rpm -q --changelog||apt-get changelog|||||||equery changes -f
+
| Show the changelog of a package||pacman -Qc||rpm -q --changelog||apt-get changelog|||||equery changes -f
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Search locally installed package for names or descriptions ||pacman -Qs|| ||aptitude search <nowiki>'~i(~nexpr|~dexpr)'</nowiki>|||||||eix -S -I
+
| Search locally installed package for names or descriptions ||pacman -Qs||rpm -qa '*<str>*' ||aptitude search <nowiki>'~i(~n name|~d description)'</nowiki>|||||eix -S -I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| List packages not required by any other package||pacman -Qt||package-cleanup --all --leaves||deborphan -anp1||||
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||||||
+
| ||||||||||
 
|-
 
|-
| '''''Building Packages'''''||||||||||||
+
| '''''Building Packages'''''||||||||||
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Build a package||makepkg -s||rpmbuild -ba (normal) mock (in chroot)||debuild||rpmbuild -ba ||rpmbuild -ba ||ebuild; quickpkg
+
| Build a package||makepkg -s||rpmbuild -ba (normal)<br>mock (in chroot)||debuild||rpmbuild -ba; build; osc build ||ebuild; quickpkg
 
|-
 
|-
| Check for possible packaging issues||||rpmlint ||lintian||||||repoman
+
| Check for possible packaging issues||namcap||rpmlint ||lintian||rpmlint ||repoman
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| List the contents of a package file||pacman -Qpl <file>||rpmls rpm -qpl||dpkg -L||rpm -qpl||rpm -qpl||
+
| List the contents of a package file||pacman -Qpl <file>||rpmls rpm -qpl||dpkg -c||rpm -qpl||
 
|-
 
|-
| Extract a package ||tar -Jxvf||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||<nowiki>ar vx | tar -zxvf data.tar.gz</nowiki>||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||tar -jxvf
+
| Extract a package ||tar -Jxvf||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||dpkg-deb -x||<nowiki>rpm2cpio | cpio -vid</nowiki>||tar -jxvf
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
 
|- style="background:#e4e4e4"
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg -I||||||
+
| Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database||pacman -Qp||rpm -qp||dpkg -I||||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''<font color="#707070">Action</font>'''
Line 205: Line 208:
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Red Hat/Fedora'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Debian/Ubuntu'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''(Old) SUSE'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''SUSE/openSUSE'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''openSUSE'''
+
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gentoo'''
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
== See also ==
 +
 +
* [http://dnf.readthedocs.org/en/latest/cli_vs_yum.html Changes in DNF CLI compared to Yum]

Latest revision as of 20:38, 23 July 2016

This page uses a table to display the correspondence of package management commands among some of the most popular Linux distributions. The original inspiration was given by openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison.

Tip: Arch users having to temporarily deal with another Linux distribution can use pacapt, a simple wrapper around other package managers.
Note:
  • Some of the tools described here are specific to a certain version of pacman. The -Qk option is new in pacman 4.1.
  • The command pkgfile can be found in the pkgfile package.
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo
Install a package(s) by name pacman -S dnf install apt install zypper install
zypper in
emerge [-a]
Remove a package(s) by name pacman -Rs dnf remove apt autoremove zypper remove
zypper rm
emerge -C
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. pacman -Ss dnf search apt search zypper search
zypper se [-s]
emerge -S
Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installed pacman -Syu dnf upgrade apt update; apt upgrade zypper update zypper up emerge -u world
Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates. pacman -Syu dnf distro-sync apt full-upgrade zypper dup emerge -uDN world
Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle. pacman -S dnf reinstall apt install --reinstall zypper install --force emerge [-a]
Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies pacman -U dnf install apt install path/to/debfile zypper in /path/to/local.rpm emerge
Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependencies pacman -U dnf upgrade debi emerge
Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a system pacman dep level - pacman -Dk, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or lddd dnf repoquery --unsatisfied apt-get --fix-broken
aptitude install
zypper verify revdep-rebuild
Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing them pacman -Sw dnf download apt-get install --download-only (into the package cache)
apt-get download (bypass the package cache)
zypper --download-only emerge --fetchonly
Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed. pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs - dnf autoremove apt-get autoremove zypper rm -u emerge --depclean
Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s) Use ABS && makepkg -o dnf download --source apt-get source / debcheckout zypper source-install emerge --fetchonly
Remove packages no longer included in any repositories. package-cleanup --orphans aptitude purge '~o'
Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package. automatic dnf builddep apt-get build-dep zypper si -d emerge -o
Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed /etc/pacman.conf
modify IgnorePkg array
dnf.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend) apt-mark hold pkg Put package name in /etc/zypp/locks, or zypper al /etc/portage/package.mask
Delete a package lock rule remove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.conf apt-mark unhold pkg Remove package name from /etc/zypp/locks or zypper rl /etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)
Show a listing of all lock rules cat /etc/pacman.conf /etc/apt/preferences View /etc/zypp/locks or zypper ll cat /etc/portage/package.mask
Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback (unnecessary, done on every transaction) n/a
Remove a checkpoint from the system N/A N/A n/a
Provide a list of all system checkpoints N/A dnf history list n/a
Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint. N/A dnf history rollback n/a
Undo a single specified transaction. N/A dnf history undo n/a
Mark a package previously installed as a dependency as explicitly required. pacman -D --asexplicit apt-mark manual emerge --select
Install package(s) as dependency / without marking as explicitly required. pacman -S --asdeps aptitude install 'pkg&M' emerge -1
Package information management
Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.) (see /var/lib/pacman/local) (see /var/lib/rpm/Packages) apt-cache stats n/a emerge --info
Show all or most information about a package. The tools' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other. pacman -[S|Q]i dnf list, dnf info apt show / apt-cache policy zypper info zypper if emerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par. pacman -Ss dnf search apt search zypper search zypper se [-s] emerge -S
Display changelogs apt-get changelog
e-mail delivery of package changes apt-get install apt-listchanges
Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options. pacman -Qu dnf list updates, dnf check-update apt-get upgrade -> n zypper list-updates zypper patch-check (just for patches) emerge -uDNp world
Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source. pacman -Sl dnf list available apt-cache dumpavail apt-cache dump (Cache only) apt-cache pkgnames zypper packages emerge -ep world
Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command. pkgfile <filename> dnf provides apt-file search <filename> zypper what-provides zypper wp equery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse/ dependencies. pacman -Sii dnf provides apt-cache rdepends / aptitude search ~Dpattern zypper search --requires equery depends
Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function. repoquery --whatconflicts aptitude search '~Cpattern'
List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies. pacman -[S|Q]i dnf repoquery --requires apt-cache depends / apt-cache show zypper info --requires emerge -ep
List what the current package provides dnf provides dpkg -s / aptitude show zypper info --provides equery files
List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands. pacman -Ql $pkgname
pkgfile -l
dnf repoquery -l $pkgname dpkg-query -L $pkgname rpm -ql $pkgname equery files
List all packages that require a particular package repoquery --whatrequires [--recursive] aptitude search \~D{depends,recommends,suggests}:pattern / aptitude why pkg zypper search --requires equery depends -a
Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality. pkgfile -s dnf provides apt-file search zypper search -f equery belongs
Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes. dnf list obsoletes apt-cache show
Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed. pacman -Dk dnf repoquery --requires apt-get check zypper verify emerge -uDN world
Generates a list of installed packages pacman -Q dnf list installed dpkg --list | grep ^i zypper search --installed-only emerge -ep world
List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore). pacman -Qm dnf list extras deborphan zypper se -si | grep 'System Packages' eix-test-obsolete
List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. (none) dnf list recent aptitude search '~N' / aptitude forget-new n/a eix-diff
Show a log of actions taken by the software management. cat /var/log/pacman.log dnf history cat /var/log/dpkg.log cat /var/log/zypp/history located in /var/log/portage
Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information. pacman -Sc
pacman -Scc
dnf clean all apt-get clean / apt-get autoclean / aptitude clean zypper clean eclean distfiles
Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes. cp $pkgname /var/cache/pacman/pkg/ apt-cache add n/a cp $srcfile /usr/portage/distfiles
Display the source package to the given package name(s) repoquery -s apt-cache showsrc n/a
Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s). apt-cache dotty n/a
Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source. ${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf
Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays
/etc/apt/preferences, apt-cache policy zypper mr -p ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
Add a line with =category/package-version
Remove a previously set priority /etc/apt/preferences zypper mr -p ${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
remove offending line
Show a list of set priorities. apt-cache policy /etc/apt/preferences zypper lr -p cat /etc/portage/package.keywords
Ignores problems that priorities may trigger. n/a
Installation sources management ${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf ${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo ${EDITOR} /etc/apt/sources.list ${EDITOR} /etc/zypp/repos.d/${REPO}.repo layman
Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and dnf force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source. /etc/pacman.conf /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo apt-cdrom add zypper service-add layman, overlays
Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources. pacman -Sy (always upgrade the whole system afterwards) dnf clean expire-cache && dnf check-update apt-get update zypper refresh zypper ref layman -f
Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias etc. cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist cat /etc/yum.repos.d/* apt-cache policy zypper service-list layman -l
Disable an installation source for an operation dnf --disablerepo= emerge package::repo-to-use
Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed. dnf --releasever= apt-get install -t release package/ apt-get install package/release (deps not covered) echo "category/package ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords && emerge package
Other commands
Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one session apt-config shell zypper shell
Package Verification
Single package pacman -Qk[k] <package> rpm -V <package> debsums rpm -V <package> equery check
All packages pacman -Qk[k] rpm -Va debsums rpm -Va equery check
Package Querying
List installed local packages along with version pacman -Q rpm -qa dpkg -l zypper search -s; rpm -qa emerge -e world
Display local package information: Name, version, description, etc. pacman -Qi rpm -qi dpkg -s / aptitude show zypper info; rpm -qi emerge -pv and emerge -S
Display remote package information: Name, version, description, etc. pacman -Si dnf info apt-cache show / aptitude show zypper info emerge -pv and emerge -S
Display files provided by local package pacman -Ql rpm -ql dpkg -L rpm -Ql equery files
Display files provided by a remote package pkgfile -l repoquery -l apt-file list pattern pfl
Query the package which provides FILE pacman -Qo rpm -qf (installed only) or dnf provides (everything) dpkg -S / dlocate zypper search -f equery belongs
Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database pacman -Qp rpm -qp dpkg -I
Show the changelog of a package pacman -Qc rpm -q --changelog apt-get changelog equery changes -f
Search locally installed package for names or descriptions pacman -Qs rpm -qa '*<str>*' aptitude search '~i(~n name|~d description)' eix -S -I
List packages not required by any other package pacman -Qt package-cleanup --all --leaves deborphan -anp1
Building Packages
Build a package makepkg -s rpmbuild -ba (normal)
mock (in chroot)
debuild rpmbuild -ba; build; osc build ebuild; quickpkg
Check for possible packaging issues namcap rpmlint lintian rpmlint repoman
List the contents of a package file pacman -Qpl <file> rpmls rpm -qpl dpkg -c rpm -qpl
Extract a package tar -Jxvf rpm2cpio | cpio -vid dpkg-deb -x rpm2cpio | cpio -vid tar -jxvf
Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management database pacman -Qp rpm -qp dpkg -I
Action Arch Red Hat/Fedora Debian/Ubuntu SUSE/openSUSE Gentoo

See also