Pantheon is the default desktop environment originally created for the elementary OS distribution. It is written from scratch using Vala and the GTK3 toolkit. With regards to usability and appearance, the desktop has some similarities with GNOME Shell and Mac OS X.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Launching Pantheon
- 3 Configuration
- 4 Troubleshooting
Pantheon is split into several packages which are available in the AUR. To get a minimal desktop interface, you may start by installing AUR. This will pull the following core components:
- AUR: Watchdog service to keep core Pantheon apps running
- AUR: Window Manager
- AUR: Top panel
- AUR: Application launcher
- : Dock
Additionally, you may install the following packages:
- AUR: Video player
- AUR: Service for sharing data between apps
- AUR: Contacts manager (does not build)
- AUR: Simple screencaster
- : elementary icons
- AUR: Simple scan utility
- AUR: elementary GTK theme
- AUR: RSS feeds reader (does not build)
- AUR: Note taking app
- : Email client
- AUR: Session indicator
- AUR: LightDM greeter
- AUR: Calendar
- AUR: Web browser
- : Audio player
- AUR: Calculator
- AUR: File explorer
- AUR: Notification daemon
- AUR: Print settings
- AUR: Terminal emulator
- AUR: Pantheon theme for plank
- AUR: Text editor
- AUR: Webcam app
- AUR: Settings manager
- AUR: Web services contracts for use with contractor-bzr
I have set up an unofficial repository for pantheon packages: http://pkgbuild.com/~alucryd/pantheon/. Add the following lines at the top of your sources in
[pantheon] SigLevel = Optional Server = http://pkgbuild.com/~alucryd/$repo/$arch
All Pantheon related PKGBUILDs can be found on my GitHub repository: https://github.com/alucryd/aur-alucryd/tree/master/pantheon
Packages based on older evolution-data-server
AUR and AUR do not build because they are based on evolution-data-server 3.2. Arch Linux provides version 3.10 which uses a different Vala API.
Via a Display Manager
AUR provides a session entry for display managers such as or .
You can also use
~/.xinitrc with to launch the Pantheon shell. The following code will successfully launch a Pantheon session:
#!/bin/sh if [ -d /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d ]; then for f in /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/*; do [ -x "$f" ] && . "$f" done unset f fi gsettings-data-convert & xdg-user-dirs-gtk-update & /usr/lib/polkit-gnome/polkit-gnome-authentication-agent-1 & /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon/gnome-settings-daemon & /usr/lib/gnome-user-share/gnome-user-share & eval $(gnome-keyring-daemon --start --components=pkcs11,secrets,ssh,gpg) export GNOME_KEYRING_CONTROL GNOME_KEYRING_PID GPG_AGENT_INFO SSH_AUTH_SOCK exec cerbere
Pantheon, when launched via
~/.xinitrc, does not support XDG autostart. However, there are 3 other ways to achieve this for applications which do not provide a systemd unit:
- You may add any program to your
~/.xinitrc, preferably right before the exec cerbere line. This is the better choice for one-shot programs.
- Or you may edit the
org.pantheon.cerbere.monitored-processeskey using dconf-editor and add the programs of your choice. This method is best for applications which keep running in the background.
- Or you may use a program like
~/.xinitrc. AUR, AUR, or AUR to add support for XDG autostart in your
Configuring Pantheon is done via
org.pantheon key. Use dconf-editor for easy editing.
Also, part of the configuration is handled byvia a dedicated plug, which unfortunately does not support GNOME 3.8. Use itself and instead.
If you want to enable context menu entries such as forto extract/compress archives, then you have to additionally install AUR.
Gala crashes on start
It appears that unconfigured gala tries to use default gnome wallpaper as a background. However, the corresponding file is absent unless you haveinstalled. Thus, install to workaround the crash. It is safe to remove this package after you configure pantheon in a way you want.