Difference between revisions of "Reset root password"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Method 1 - LiveCD: clean up and hopefully disambiguate a bit.)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
== Method 1 - LiveCD ==
 
== Method 1 - LiveCD ==
  
1. Boot the Arch ISO LiveCD and mount your partitions to /mnt
+
1. Boot the Arch ISO LiveCD and mount your root partition to <code>/mnt</code>.
  
2. Bind mount the dev, proc and sys special mount points into your /mnt:
+
2. Bind mount the <code>/dev</code>, <code>/sys</code>, and <code>/proc</code> special mount points into your <code>/mnt</code>:
  
  mount -t bind /dev /mnt/dev
+
  mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
  mount -t bind /sys /mnt/sys
+
  mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
  mount -t bind /proc /mnt/proc
+
  mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc
  
3. chroot into your installation
+
3. <code>chroot</code> into your installation:
  
 
  chroot /mnt /bin/bash
 
  chroot /mnt /bin/bash
  
4. Use the passwd command to reset your root password
+
4. Use the <code>passwd</code> command to reset your root password.
  
5. Reboot and don't loose your password again!
+
5. Reboot and don't lose your password again!
  
 
== Method 2 - Single User Mode ==
 
== Method 2 - Single User Mode ==

Revision as of 06:17, 17 October 2009

If you have been locked out of your root account for whatever reason, you can use these processes to reset your root password and regain access to your system.

Method 1 - LiveCD

1. Boot the Arch ISO LiveCD and mount your root partition to /mnt.

2. Bind mount the /dev, /sys, and /proc special mount points into your /mnt:

mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc

3. chroot into your installation:

chroot /mnt /bin/bash

4. Use the passwd command to reset your root password.

5. Reboot and don't lose your password again!

Method 2 - Single User Mode

  1. At the Grub menu, highlight the entry for your system and press 'e' to edit.
  2. Highlight the 'kernel' line and press 'e' again to edit.
  3. Append a space and the number '1' to the end of your kernel line. This tells the kernel to boot to init level 1, or Single User Mode.
  4. Press enter to save, and 'b' to boot.
  5. The system should boot as normal, except instead of booting to a login prompt, it should drop you to a basic shell with a '#' prompt.
  6. You can use the passwd command from here to reset your password.