Difference between revisions of "PhpMyAdmin"

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m (Add blowfish_secret passphrase: typo)
m (Apache: "an" before vowel)
 
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[[ru:PhpMyAdmin]]
 
[[ru:PhpMyAdmin]]
 
[[zh-hans:PhpMyAdmin]]
 
[[zh-hans:PhpMyAdmin]]
[http://www.phpmyadmin.net/ phpMyAdmin] is a web-based tool to help manage MySQL databases using an Apache/PHP frontend.
+
[[Wikipedia:phpMyAdmin|phpMyAdmin]] is a web-based tool to help manage MySQL databases using an Apache/PHP frontend.
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
Line 37: Line 37:
  
 
And include it in {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf}}:
 
And include it in {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf}}:
 +
 
  # phpMyAdmin configuration
 
  # phpMyAdmin configuration
 
  Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
 
  Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
  
{{note|By default, everyone who can reach the Apache Web Server can see the phpMyAdmin login page under this URL. To change this, edit {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf}} to your liking. For example, if you only want to be able to access it from the same machine, replace {{ic|Require all granted}} by {{ic|Require local}}. Beware that this will disallow connecting to PhpMyAdmin on a remote server. If you still want to access PhpMyAdmin on a remote server securely, you might want to consider setting up a [[Secure Shell#Encrypted SOCKS tunnel]].}}
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{{note|By default, everyone who can reach the Apache Web Server can see the phpMyAdmin login page under this URL. To change this, edit {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf}} to your liking. For example, if you only want to be able to access it from the same machine, replace {{ic|Require all granted}} by {{ic|Require local}}. Beware that this will disallow connecting to PhpMyAdmin on a remote server. If you still want to access PhpMyAdmin on a remote server securely, you might want to consider setting up an [[OpenSSH#Encrypted SOCKS tunnel]].}}
 +
 
 +
After making changes to the Apache configuration file, [[restart]] {{ic|httpd.service}}.
  
 
===Lighttpd===
 
===Lighttpd===
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   alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")
 
   alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")
  
===Nginx===
+
=== Nginx ===
 +
 
 +
Make sure to set up [[nginx#FastCGI]] and use [[Nginx#Server_blocks|server blocks]] to make management easier.
 +
 
 +
By preference; access phpMyAdmin by subdomain, e.g. {{ic|https://pma.domain.tld}}:
 +
{{hc|/etc/nginx/sites-available/pma.domain.tld|2=
 +
server {
 +
    server_name pma.domain.tld;
 +
    ; listen 80; # also listen on http
 +
    ; listen [::]:80;
 +
    listen 443 ssl http2;
 +
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
 +
    index index.php;
 +
    access_log /var/log/nginx/pma.access.log;
 +
    error_log /var/log/nginx/pma.error.log;
 +
 
 +
    # Allows limiting access to certain client addresses.
 +
    ; allow 192.168.1.0/24;
 +
    ; allow ''my-ip'';
 +
    ; deny all;
  
Make sure to set up [[nginx#FastCGI]].
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    root /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
 +
    location / {
 +
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 +
    }
  
==== Subdomain ====
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    error_page 404 /index.php;
  
Set up a separate configuration file for PHP as shown in [[nginx#PHP configuration file]] and use a server block such as:
+
    location ~ \.php$ {
 +
        try_files $uri $document_root$fastcgi_script_name =404;
  
{{bc|<nowiki>
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        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
server {
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        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
    server_name    phpmyadmin.<domain.tld>;
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        fastcgi_index index.php;
    root    /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
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        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    index  index.php;
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        include fastcgi_params;
    include php.conf;
+
 
 +
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
 +
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
 +
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
 +
  }
 
}
 
}
</nowiki>}}
+
}}
  
==== Subdirectory using location ====
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Or by subdirectory, e.g. {{ic|https://domain.tld/phpMyAdmin}}:
 +
{{hc|/etc/nginx/sites-available/domain.tld|<nowiki>
 +
server {
 +
    server_name domain.tld;
 +
    listen 443 ssl http2;
 +
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
 +
    index index.php;
 +
    access_log /var/log/nginx/domain.tld.access.log;
 +
    error_log /var/log/nginx/domain.tld.error.log;
  
This will allow access to PhpMyAdmin as in {{ic|<nowiki>https://domain.tld/phpMyAdmin</nowiki>}}:
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    root /srv/http/domain.tld;
 +
    location / {
 +
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 +
    }
  
{{hc|/etc/nginx/sites-available/domain.tld|<nowiki>
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    location /phpMyAdmin {
location /phpMyAdmin {
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        root /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
  server_name domain.tld;
+
    }
  listen 443 ssl http2;
 
  root /srv/http/domain.tld;
 
  index index.php; 
 
 
 
  location / {
 
      try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 
  }
 
  
  # Deny static files
+
    # Deny static files
  location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(README|LICENSE|ChangeLog|DCO)$ {
+
    location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(README|LICENSE|ChangeLog|DCO)$ {
      deny all;
+
      deny all;
  }
+
    }
  
  # Deny .md files
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    # Deny .md files
  location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(.+\.md)$ {
+
    location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(.+\.md)$ {
 
       deny all;
 
       deny all;
 
   }
 
   }
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   #FastCGI config for phpMyAdmin
 
   #FastCGI config for phpMyAdmin
 
   location ~ /phpMyAdmin/(.+\.php)$ {
 
   location ~ /phpMyAdmin/(.+\.php)$ {
 +
      try_files $uri $document_root$fastcgi_script_name =404;
 +
 +
      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
 +
      fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
 +
      fastcgi_index index.php;
 
       fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
 
       fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
       fastcgi_pass  unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
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       include fastcgi_params;
       fastcgi_index  index.php;
+
 
       include        fastcgi.conf;
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      fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
 +
       fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
 +
       fastcgi_request_buffering off;
 
   }
 
   }
 
}
 
}
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=== Add blowfish_secret passphrase ===
 
=== Add blowfish_secret passphrase ===
It is required to enter an unique string (32 characters are recommended) to fully use the blowfish algorithm used by PhpMyAdmin, thus preventing the message '' ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret)'':
+
It is required to enter a unique 32 characters long string to fully use the blowfish algorithm used by phpMyAdmin, thus preventing the message '' ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret)'':
  
 
{{hc|1=/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php|2=
 
{{hc|1=/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php|2=
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In order use the bookmark and relation features, set the following permissions:
 
In order use the bookmark and relation features, set the following permissions:
  GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON <pma_db>.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';
+
  GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON phpmyadmin.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';
  
 
Re-login to ensure the new features are activated.
 
Re-login to ensure the new features are activated.
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=== Enabling templates catching ===
 
=== Enabling templates catching ===
  
Create the {{ic|tmp}} directory:
+
Edit {{ic|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php}} to add the line:
# mkdir /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/tmp
+
 
 +
  $cfg['TempDir'] = '/tmp/phpmyadmin';
  
Set read/write permissions for the {{ic|http}} [[user]]:
+
== See also ==
# chmod 750 /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/tmp
 
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/tmp
 
  
Refresh PhpMyAdmin to apply changes.
+
* [https://www.phpmyadmin.net/ Official website]

Latest revision as of 12:55, 3 March 2019

phpMyAdmin is a web-based tool to help manage MySQL databases using an Apache/PHP frontend.

Installation

Install the phpmyadmin package.

Running

PHP

Make sure the PHP mysql extension(s) have been enabled.

Optionally you can enable extension=bz2 and extension=zip for compression support.

Note: If open_basedir has been set, make sure to include /etc/webapps to open_basedir in /etc/php/php.ini.

Apache

Set up Apache to use PHP as outlined in the Apache HTTP Server#PHP article.

Create the Apache configuration file:

/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
<Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin">
    DirectoryIndex index.php
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymlinks
    Require all granted
</Directory>

And include it in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

# phpMyAdmin configuration
Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
Note: By default, everyone who can reach the Apache Web Server can see the phpMyAdmin login page under this URL. To change this, edit /etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf to your liking. For example, if you only want to be able to access it from the same machine, replace Require all granted by Require local. Beware that this will disallow connecting to PhpMyAdmin on a remote server. If you still want to access PhpMyAdmin on a remote server securely, you might want to consider setting up an OpenSSH#Encrypted SOCKS tunnel.

After making changes to the Apache configuration file, restart httpd.service.

Lighttpd

Configuring Lighttpd, make sure it is able to serve PHP files and mod_alias has been enabled.

Add the following alias for PhpMyAdmin to the config:

 alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")

Nginx

Make sure to set up nginx#FastCGI and use server blocks to make management easier.

By preference; access phpMyAdmin by subdomain, e.g. https://pma.domain.tld:

/etc/nginx/sites-available/pma.domain.tld
server {
    server_name pma.domain.tld;
    ; listen 80; # also listen on http
    ; listen [::]:80;
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    index index.php;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/pma.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/pma.error.log;

    # Allows limiting access to certain client addresses.
    ; allow 192.168.1.0/24;
    ; allow my-ip;
    ; deny all;

    root /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }

    error_page 404 /index.php;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri $document_root$fastcgi_script_name =404;

        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;

        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
   }
}

Or by subdirectory, e.g. https://domain.tld/phpMyAdmin:

/etc/nginx/sites-available/domain.tld
server {
    server_name domain.tld;
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    index index.php;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/domain.tld.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/domain.tld.error.log;

    root /srv/http/domain.tld;
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }

    location /phpMyAdmin {
        root /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
    }

    # Deny static files
    location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(README|LICENSE|ChangeLog|DCO)$ {
       deny all;
    }

    # Deny .md files
    location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(.+\.md)$ {
      deny all;
   }

   # Deny setup directories
   location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(doc|sql|setup)/ {
      deny all;
   }

   #FastCGI config for phpMyAdmin
   location ~ /phpMyAdmin/(.+\.php)$ {
      try_files $uri $document_root$fastcgi_script_name =404;

      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
      fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      include fastcgi_params;

      fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
      fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
      fastcgi_request_buffering off;
   }
}

Configuration

The main configuration file is located at /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php.

If the MySQL server is not on localhost, append the following line:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';

Using setup script

To allow the usage of the phpMyAdmin setup script (e.g. http://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup), make sure /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin is writable for the http user:

# mkdir /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
# chmod 750 /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config

Add blowfish_secret passphrase

It is required to enter a unique 32 characters long string to fully use the blowfish algorithm used by phpMyAdmin, thus preventing the message ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret):

/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '...';

Enabling Configuration Storage

Extra options such as table linking, change tracking, PDF creation, and bookmarking queries are disabled by default, displaying The phpMyAdmin configuration storage is not completely configured, some extended features have been deactivated. on the homepage.

Note: This example assumes you want to use the default username pma as the controluser, and pmapass as the controlpass.

In /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php, uncomment (remove the leading "//"s), and change them to your desired credentials if needed:

/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
/* User used to manipulate with storage */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = 'my-host';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '3306';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'pmapass';

/* Storage database and tables */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma__bookmark';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma__relation';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma__table_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma__table_coords';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma__pdf_pages';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma__column_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma__history';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma__table_uiprefs';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking'] = 'pma__tracking';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig'] = 'pma__userconfig';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent'] = 'pma__recent';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';
Setup database

Two options are available to create the required tables:

  • Import /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql by using PhpMyAdmin.
  • Execute mysql -u root -p < /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql in the command line.
Setup database user

To apply the required permissions for controluser, execute the following query:

Note: Make sure to replace all instances of pma and pmapass to the values set in config.inc.php. If you are setting this up for a remote database, then you must also change localhost to the proper host.
GRANT USAGE ON mysql.* TO 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'pmapass';
GRANT SELECT (
    Host, User, Select_priv, Insert_priv, Update_priv, Delete_priv,
    Create_priv, Drop_priv, Reload_priv, Shutdown_priv, Process_priv,
    File_priv, Grant_priv, References_priv, Index_priv, Alter_priv,
    Show_db_priv, Super_priv, Create_tmp_table_priv, Lock_tables_priv,
    Execute_priv, Repl_slave_priv, Repl_client_priv
    ) ON mysql.user TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.db TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.host TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT (Host, Db, User, Table_name, Table_priv, Column_priv)
    ON mysql.tables_priv TO 'pma'@'localhost';

In order use the bookmark and relation features, set the following permissions:

GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON phpmyadmin.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';

Re-login to ensure the new features are activated.

Enabling templates catching

Edit /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php to add the line:

 $cfg['TempDir'] = '/tmp/phpmyadmin';

See also