Difference between revisions of "PhpMyAdmin"

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[[Category:Web Server (English)]]
+
{{lowercase title}}
{{i18n|PhpMyAdmin}}
+
[[Category:Web admin interfaces]]
 +
[[cs:PhpMyAdmin]]
 +
[[es:PhpMyAdmin]]
 
[[fr:phpmyadmin]]
 
[[fr:phpmyadmin]]
 +
[[ja:PhpMyAdmin]]
 +
[[ru:PhpMyAdmin]]
 +
[[zh-hans:PhpMyAdmin]]
 +
[http://www.phpmyadmin.net/ phpMyAdmin] is a web-based tool to help manage MySQL databases using an Apache/PHP frontend.
  
==Pre-Installation==
+
== Installation ==
See [[LAMP]] for a guide to setting up Apache, MySQL, and PHP.
 
  
==Installation==
+
[[Install]] the {{Pkg|phpmyadmin}} package.
To install [http://www.phpmyadmin.net/ phpMyAdmin], install the ''phpmyadmin'' and ''php-mcrypt'' packages with
 
<pre>
 
pacman -S phpmyadmin php-mcrypt
 
</pre>
 
  
== Configuration ==
+
== Running ==
Ensure you do not have an older copy of phpMyAdmin.
 
<pre>
 
rm -r /srv/http/phpMyAdmin
 
</pre>
 
  
Copy the example configuration file to your httpd configuration directory.
+
===PHP===
<pre>
+
Make sure the PHP [[PHP#MySQL/MariaDB|mysql]] extension(s) have been enabled.
cp /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/apache.example.conf /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-phpmyadmin.conf
 
</pre>
 
  
Add the following lines to {{Filename|/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf}}:
+
Optionally you can enable {{ic|1=extension=bz2}} and {{ic|1=extension=zip}} for compression support.
<pre>
 
# phpMyAdmin configuration
 
Include conf/extra/httpd-phpmyadmin.conf
 
</pre>
 
  
You can type this into the terminal to produce the same effect:
+
{{Note|If {{ic|open_basedir}} has been set, make sure to include {{ic|/etc/webapps}} to {{ic|open_basedir}} in {{ic|/etc/php/php.ini}}.}}
<pre>
 
echo -e "\nInclude conf/extra/httpd-phpmyadmin.conf" >> /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
 
</pre>
 
  
=== Check php module configuration ===
+
===Apache===
 +
Set up Apache to use PHP as outlined in the [[Apache HTTP Server#PHP]] article.
  
Add the following lines to {{Filename|/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf}}:
+
Create the Apache configuration file:
<pre>
+
{{hc|/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf|2=
# Use for PHP 5.x:
+
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
LoadModule php5_module        modules/libphp5.so
+
<Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin">
AddHandler php5-script php
+
    DirectoryIndex index.php
</pre>
+
    AllowOverride All
 +
    Options FollowSymlinks
 +
    Require all granted
 +
</Directory>
 +
}}
  
Add index.php after "DirectoryIndex index.html"
+
And include it in {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf}}:
<pre>
 
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
 
# is requested.
 
#
 
<IfModule dir_module>
 
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
 
</IfModule>
 
</pre>
 
  
=== Adjust access rights ===
+
# phpMyAdmin configuration
 +
Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
  
In {{Filename|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/.htaccess}}, comment out ''deny from all''. The line should look like this:
+
{{note|By default, everyone who can reach the Apache Web Server can see the phpMyAdmin login page under this URL. To change this, edit {{ic|/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf}} to your liking. For example, if you only want to be able to access it from the same machine, replace {{ic|Require all granted}} by {{ic|Require local}}. Beware that this will disallow connecting to PhpMyAdmin on a remote server. If you still want to access PhpMyAdmin on a remote server securely, you might want to consider setting up a [[Secure Shell#Encrypted SOCKS tunnel]].}}
<pre>
 
#deny from all
 
</pre>
 
  
Otherwise you'll get an error similar to "Error 403 - Access forbidden!" when you attempt to access your phpMyAdmin installation.
+
===Lighttpd===
 +
Configuring [[Lighttpd]], make sure it is able to serve PHP files and {{ic|mod_alias}} has been enabled.
  
=== Review apache phpmyadmin configuration ===
+
Add the following alias for PhpMyAdmin to the config:
  
Your {{Filename|/etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-phpmyadmin.conf}} should have the following information:
+
  alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")
<pre>
 
        Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
 
        <Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin">
 
                AllowOverride All
 
                Options FollowSymlinks
 
                Order allow,deny
 
                Allow from all
 
                php_admin_value open_basedir "/srv/:/tmp/:/usr/share/webapps/:/etc/webapps:/usr/share/pear/"
 
        </Directory>
 
</pre>
 
  
You need the mcrypt (if you want phpmyadmin internal authentication) and mysql modules, so append the following to {{Filename|/etc/php/conf.d/custom.ini}}:
+
===Nginx===
  extension=mcrypt.so
 
  extension=mysql.so
 
  
=== Add blowfish_secret passphrase ===
+
Make sure to set up [[nginx#FastCGI]].
  
If you see the following error message at the bottom of the page when you first log in to /phpmyadmin (using a previously setup MySQL username and password) :
+
==== Subdomain ====
  
ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret)
+
Set up a separate configuration file for PHP as shown in [[nginx#PHP configuration file]] and use a server block such as:
  
You need to add a blowfish password to the phpMyAdmin's config file. Edit {{Filename|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php}} and insert a random blowfish "password" in the line
+
server {
 +
    server_name    phpmyadmin.<domain.tld>;
 +
    root    /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
 +
    index  index.php;
 +
    include php.conf;
 +
}
  
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = ''; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */
+
==== Subdirectory using location ====
  
Go [http://www.question-defense.com/tools/phpmyadmin-blowfish-secret-generator here] to get a nicely generated blowfish_secret and paste it between the '' marks. It should now look something like this:
+
This will allow access to PhpMyAdmin as in {{ic|<nowiki>https://domain.tld/phpMyAdmin</nowiki>}}:
 
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'qtdRoGmbc9{8IZr323xYcSN]0s)r$9b_JUnb{~Xz'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */
 
  
The error should go away if you refresh the phpmyadmin page.
+
{{hc|/etc/nginx/sites-available/domain.tld|<nowiki>
 +
location /phpMyAdmin {
 +
  server_name domain.tld;
 +
  listen 443 ssl http2;
 +
  root /srv/http/domain.tld;
 +
  index index.php; 
 +
 
 +
  location / {
 +
      try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 +
  }
  
==Accessing your phpMyAdmin installation==
+
  # Deny static files
 +
  location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(README|LICENSE|ChangeLog|DCO)$ {
 +
      deny all;
 +
  }
  
Finally your phpmyadmin installation is complete. Before start using it you need to restart your apache server by following command:
+
  # Deny .md files
 +
  location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(.+\.md)$ {
 +
      deny all;
 +
  }
  
<pre>
+
  # Deny setup directories
# /etc/rc.d/httpd restart
+
  location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(doc|sql|setup)/ {
</pre>
+
      deny all;
 +
  }
  
You can access your phpmyadmin installation using the following url:
+
  #FastCGI config for phpMyAdmin
 +
  location ~ /phpMyAdmin/(.+\.php)$ {
 +
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
 +
      fastcgi_pass  unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
 +
      fastcgi_index  index.php;
 +
      include        fastcgi.conf;
 +
  }
 +
}
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
<pre>
+
== Configuration ==
http://localhost/phpmyadmin/
+
The main configuration file is located at {{ic|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php}}.
or
 
http://localhost/phpmyadmin/index.php
 
</pre>
 
  
Note: 'localhost' is the hostname in your /etc/rc.conf file.
+
If the [[MySQL]] server is not on localhost, [[append]] the following line:
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
  
If you want to access it using:
+
=== Using setup script ===
  
<pre>
+
To allow the usage of the phpMyAdmin setup script (e.g. http://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup), make sure {{ic|/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin}} is writable for the {{ic|http}} [[user]]:
http://localhost/phpmyadmin
 
</pre>
 
  
in '/etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-phpmyadmin.conf' change:
+
# mkdir /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
 +
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
 +
# chmod 750 /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
  
<pre>
+
=== Add blowfish_secret passphrase ===
Alias /phpmyadmin/ "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/"
+
It is required to enter an unique 32 characters long string to fully use the blowfish algorithm used by PhpMyAdmin, thus preventing the message '' ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret)'':
</pre>
 
 
 
to
 
 
 
<pre>
 
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
 
</pre>
 
 
 
You should also read [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=632500 this thread].
 
 
 
If you get the error "#2002 - The server is not responding (or the local MySQL server's socket is not correctly configured)" then you might want to change "localhost" in /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php on this line:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
 
</pre>
 
 
 
to your hostname specified in /etc/hosts and /etc/rc.conf under HOSTNAME.
 
 
 
If you would like to use phpmyadmin setup script by calling http://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup you will need to create a config directory that's writeable by the httpd in the /usr/share/webapps/phpmyadmin as follows:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
cd /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin
 
sudo mkdir config
 
sudo chgrp http config
 
sudo chmod g+w config
 
</pre>
 
 
 
==Lighttpd Configuration==
 
 
 
The php setup for lighttpd is exactly the same as for apache.
 
Make an alias for phpmyadmin in your lighttpd config.
 
  alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")
 
Then enable mod_alias, mod_fastcgi and mod_cgi in your config ( server.modules section )
 
 
 
Update open_basedir in /etc/php/php.ini and add "/usr/share/webapps/".
 
  open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/
 
 
 
Make sure lighttpd is setup to serve php files, [[Lighttpd and FastCGI]]
 
 
 
Restart lighttpd and browse to http://localhost/phpmyadmin/index.php
 
 
 
==NGINX Configuration==
 
 
 
Also similar to apache configuration (and Lighttpd, for that matter).
 
 
 
Create a symbolic link to the /usr/share/webapps/phpmyadmin directory from whichever directory your vhost is serving files from, e.g. /srv/http/<domain>/public_html/
 
 
 
  sudo ln -s /usr/share/webapps/phpmyadmin /srv/http/<domain>/public_html/phpmyadmin
 
 
 
You can also setup a sub domain with a server block like so (if using php-fpm):
 
 
 
  server {
 
          server_name    phpmyadmin.<domain.tld>;
 
          access_log      /srv/http/<domain>/logs/phpmyadmin.access.log;
 
          error_log      /srv/http/<domain.tld>/logs/phpmyadmin.error.log;
 
 
 
          location / {
 
                  root    /srv/http/<domain.tld>/public_html/phpmyadmin;
 
                  index  index.html index.htm index.php;
 
          }
 
 
 
          location ~ \.php$ {
 
                  root            /srv/http/<domain.tld>/public_html/phpmyadmin;
 
                  fastcgi_pass    unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
 
                  fastcgi_index  index.php;
 
                  fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /srv/http/<domain.tld>/public_html/phpmyadmin/$fastcgi_script_name;
 
                  include        fastcgi_params;
 
          }
 
  }
 
 
 
You may run into some issues with phpmyadmin telling you "The Configuration File Now Needs A Secret Passphrase" and no matter what you enter, the error is still displayed. Try changing the ownership of the files to the NGINX specified user/group, e.g. nginx...
 
 
 
  sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/webapps/phpmyadmin
 
 
 
While you can enter anything for the blowfish password, you may want to choose a randomly generated string of characters (most likely for security reasons). Here's a handy tool that will do that for you on the web[http://www.question-defense.com/tools/phpmyadmin-blowfish-secret-generator].
 
  
When using SSL, you might run into the problem that the links on the pages generated by phpMyAdmin incorrectly start with "http" instead of "https" which may cause errors. To fix this, you can add the following fcgi_param to your SSL-enabled server section (in addition to your usual fastcgi params):
+
{{hc|1=/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php|2=
 +
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '...';
 +
}}
  
  fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
+
=== Enabling Configuration Storage ===
 +
Extra options such as table linking, change tracking, PDF creation, and bookmarking queries are disabled by default, displaying ''The phpMyAdmin configuration storage is not completely configured, some extended features have been deactivated.'' on the homepage.
  
==Other (Older) information==
+
{{Note|This example assumes you want to use the default username '''pma''' as the {{ic|controluser}}, and '''pmapass''' as the {{ic|controlpass}}.}}
  
This page holds a sample 'config.inc.php' file that you can place in the main phpMyAdmin directory so that it immediately starts working
+
In {{ic|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php}}, uncomment (remove the leading "//"s), and change them to your desired credentials if needed:
 +
{{hc|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php|2=
 +
/* User used to manipulate with storage */
 +
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = 'my-host';
 +
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '3306';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'pmapass';
  
'''Things you should do first'''
+
/* Storage database and tables */
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma__bookmark';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma__relation';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma__table_info';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma__table_coords';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma__pdf_pages';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma__column_info';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma__history';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma__table_uiprefs';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking'] = 'pma__tracking';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig'] = 'pma__userconfig';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent'] = 'pma__recent';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
 +
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';
 +
}}
  
Create a 'controluser', so that phpmyadmin can read from the main mysql database.
+
===== Setup database =====
 +
Two options are available to create the required tables:
  
<pre>mysql -u root -pYOURROOTPASSWORD
+
* Import {{ic|/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql}} by using PhpMyAdmin.
mysql> grant usage on mysql.* to controluser@localhost identified by 'CONTROLPASS';
+
* Execute {{ic|mysql -u root -p < /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql}} in the command line.
</pre>
 
  
'''Where is phpmyadmin'''
+
===== Setup database user =====
 +
To apply the required permissions for {{ic|controluser}}, execute the following query:
  
in phpmyadmin 3.2.2-3 the file is missing /srv/http/ create this symlik
+
{{Note|Make sure to replace all instances of {{ic|pma}} and {{ic|pmapass}} to the values set in {{ic|config.inc.php}}. If you are setting this up for a remote database, then you must also change {{ic|localhost}} to the proper host.}}
  
<pre>ln -s /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/ /srv/http/phpmyadmin
+
{{bc|
</pre>
+
GRANT USAGE ON mysql.* TO 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'pmapass';
 +
GRANT SELECT (
 +
    Host, User, Select_priv, Insert_priv, Update_priv, Delete_priv,
 +
    Create_priv, Drop_priv, Reload_priv, Shutdown_priv, Process_priv,
 +
    File_priv, Grant_priv, References_priv, Index_priv, Alter_priv,
 +
    Show_db_priv, Super_priv, Create_tmp_table_priv, Lock_tables_priv,
 +
    Execute_priv, Repl_slave_priv, Repl_client_priv
 +
    ) ON mysql.user TO 'pma'@'localhost';
 +
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.db TO 'pma'@'localhost';
 +
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.host TO 'pma'@'localhost';
 +
GRANT SELECT (Host, Db, User, Table_name, Table_priv, Column_priv)
 +
    ON mysql.tables_priv TO 'pma'@'localhost';
 +
}}
  
'''Things you should change'''
+
In order use the bookmark and relation features, set the following permissions:
 +
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON phpmyadmin.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';
  
controluser is set to controluser <br>
+
Re-login to ensure the new features are activated.
controlpass is set to password <br>
 
verbose is set to name_of_server
 
  
'''Sample 'config.inc.php' file'''
+
=== Enabling templates catching ===
<pre>
 
<?php
 
/*
 
* Generated configuration file
 
* Generated by: phpMyAdmin 2.11.8.1 setup script by Michal Čihař <michal@cihar.com>
 
* Version: $Id: setup.php 11423 2008-07-24 17:26:05Z lem9 $
 
* Date: Mon, 01 Sep 2008 20:34:02 GMT
 
*/
 
  
/* Servers configuration */
+
Edit {{ic|/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php}} to add the line:
$i = 0;
 
  
/* Server ravi-test-mysql (http) [1] */
+
  $cfg['TempDir'] = '/tmp/phpmyadmin'
$i++;
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension'] = 'mysql';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port'] = '3306';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = false;
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'controluser';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'password';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'http';
 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose'] = 'name_of_server';
 
  
/* End of servers configuration */
+
== See also ==
  
$cfg['LeftFrameLight'] = true;
+
* [[Wikipedia:phpMyAdmin|Wikipedia]]
$cfg['LeftFrameDBTree'] = true;
 
$cfg['LeftFrameDBSeparator'] = '_';
 
$cfg['LeftFrameTableSeparator'] = '__';
 
$cfg['LeftFrameTableLevel'] = 1;
 
$cfg['LeftDisplayLogo'] = true;
 
$cfg['LeftDisplayServers'] = false;
 
$cfg['DisplayServersList'] = false;
 
$cfg['DisplayDatabasesList'] = 'auto';
 
$cfg['LeftPointerEnable'] = true;
 
$cfg['DefaultTabServer'] = 'main.php';
 
$cfg['DefaultTabDatabase'] = 'db_structure.php';
 
$cfg['DefaultTabTable'] = 'tbl_structure.php';
 
$cfg['LightTabs'] = false;
 
$cfg['ErrorIconic'] = true;
 
$cfg['MainPageIconic'] = true;
 
$cfg['ReplaceHelpImg'] = true;
 
$cfg['NavigationBarIconic'] = 'both';
 
$cfg['PropertiesIconic'] = 'both';
 
$cfg['BrowsePointerEnable'] = true;
 
$cfg['BrowseMarkerEnable'] = true;
 
$cfg['ModifyDeleteAtRight'] = false;
 
$cfg['ModifyDeleteAtLeft'] = true;
 
$cfg['RepeatCells'] = 100;
 
$cfg['DefaultDisplay'] = 'horizontal';
 
$cfg['TextareaCols'] = 40;
 
$cfg['TextareaRows'] = 7;
 
$cfg['LongtextDoubleTextarea'] = true;
 
$cfg['TextareaAutoSelect'] = false;
 
$cfg['CharEditing'] = 'input';
 
$cfg['CharTextareaCols'] = 40;
 
$cfg['CharTextareaRows'] = 2;
 
$cfg['CtrlArrowsMoving'] = true;
 
$cfg['DefaultPropDisplay'] = 'horizontal';
 
$cfg['InsertRows'] = 2;
 
$cfg['EditInWindow'] = true;
 
$cfg['QueryWindowHeight'] = 310;
 
$cfg['QueryWindowWidth'] = 550;
 
$cfg['QueryWindowDefTab'] = 'sql';
 
$cfg['ForceSSL'] = false;
 
$cfg['ShowPhpInfo'] = false;
 
$cfg['ShowChgPassword'] = false;
 
$cfg['AllowArbitraryServer'] = false;
 
$cfg['LoginCookieRecall'] = 'something';
 
$cfg['LoginCookieValidity'] = 1800;
 
?>
 
</pre>
 

Latest revision as of 10:06, 19 June 2018

phpMyAdmin is a web-based tool to help manage MySQL databases using an Apache/PHP frontend.

Installation

Install the phpmyadmin package.

Running

PHP

Make sure the PHP mysql extension(s) have been enabled.

Optionally you can enable extension=bz2 and extension=zip for compression support.

Note: If open_basedir has been set, make sure to include /etc/webapps to open_basedir in /etc/php/php.ini.

Apache

Set up Apache to use PHP as outlined in the Apache HTTP Server#PHP article.

Create the Apache configuration file:

/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
<Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin">
    DirectoryIndex index.php
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymlinks
    Require all granted
</Directory>

And include it in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

# phpMyAdmin configuration
Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
Note: By default, everyone who can reach the Apache Web Server can see the phpMyAdmin login page under this URL. To change this, edit /etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf to your liking. For example, if you only want to be able to access it from the same machine, replace Require all granted by Require local. Beware that this will disallow connecting to PhpMyAdmin on a remote server. If you still want to access PhpMyAdmin on a remote server securely, you might want to consider setting up a Secure Shell#Encrypted SOCKS tunnel.

Lighttpd

Configuring Lighttpd, make sure it is able to serve PHP files and mod_alias has been enabled.

Add the following alias for PhpMyAdmin to the config:

 alias.url = ( "/phpmyadmin" => "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/")

Nginx

Make sure to set up nginx#FastCGI.

Subdomain

Set up a separate configuration file for PHP as shown in nginx#PHP configuration file and use a server block such as:

server {
    server_name     phpmyadmin.<domain.tld>;
    root    /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin;
    index   index.php;
    include php.conf;
}

Subdirectory using location

This will allow access to PhpMyAdmin as in https://domain.tld/phpMyAdmin:

/etc/nginx/sites-available/domain.tld
location /phpMyAdmin {
   server_name domain.tld;
   listen 443 ssl http2;
   root /srv/http/domain.tld;
   index index.php;  
  
   location / {
      try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
   }

   # Deny static files
   location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(README|LICENSE|ChangeLog|DCO)$ {
      deny all;
   }

   # Deny .md files
   location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(.+\.md)$ {
      deny all;
   }

   # Deny setup directories
   location ~ ^/phpMyAdmin/(doc|sql|setup)/ {
      deny all;
   }

   #FastCGI config for phpMyAdmin
   location ~ /phpMyAdmin/(.+\.php)$ {
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      fastcgi_pass   unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
      fastcgi_index  index.php;
      include        fastcgi.conf;
   }
}

Configuration

The main configuration file is located at /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php.

If the MySQL server is not on localhost, append the following line:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';

Using setup script

To allow the usage of the phpMyAdmin setup script (e.g. http://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup), make sure /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin is writable for the http user:

# mkdir /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
# chown http:http /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config
# chmod 750 /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/config

Add blowfish_secret passphrase

It is required to enter an unique 32 characters long string to fully use the blowfish algorithm used by PhpMyAdmin, thus preventing the message ERROR: The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret):

/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '...';

Enabling Configuration Storage

Extra options such as table linking, change tracking, PDF creation, and bookmarking queries are disabled by default, displaying The phpMyAdmin configuration storage is not completely configured, some extended features have been deactivated. on the homepage.

Note: This example assumes you want to use the default username pma as the controluser, and pmapass as the controlpass.

In /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php, uncomment (remove the leading "//"s), and change them to your desired credentials if needed:

/etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
/* User used to manipulate with storage */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = 'my-host';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '3306';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'pmapass';

/* Storage database and tables */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma__bookmark';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma__relation';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma__table_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma__table_coords';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma__pdf_pages';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma__column_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma__history';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma__table_uiprefs';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking'] = 'pma__tracking';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig'] = 'pma__userconfig';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent'] = 'pma__recent';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';
Setup database

Two options are available to create the required tables:

  • Import /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql by using PhpMyAdmin.
  • Execute mysql -u root -p < /usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin/sql/create_tables.sql in the command line.
Setup database user

To apply the required permissions for controluser, execute the following query:

Note: Make sure to replace all instances of pma and pmapass to the values set in config.inc.php. If you are setting this up for a remote database, then you must also change localhost to the proper host.
GRANT USAGE ON mysql.* TO 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'pmapass';
GRANT SELECT (
    Host, User, Select_priv, Insert_priv, Update_priv, Delete_priv,
    Create_priv, Drop_priv, Reload_priv, Shutdown_priv, Process_priv,
    File_priv, Grant_priv, References_priv, Index_priv, Alter_priv,
    Show_db_priv, Super_priv, Create_tmp_table_priv, Lock_tables_priv,
    Execute_priv, Repl_slave_priv, Repl_client_priv
    ) ON mysql.user TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.db TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.host TO 'pma'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT (Host, Db, User, Table_name, Table_priv, Column_priv)
    ON mysql.tables_priv TO 'pma'@'localhost';

In order use the bookmark and relation features, set the following permissions:

GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON phpmyadmin.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';

Re-login to ensure the new features are activated.

Enabling templates catching

Edit /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php to add the line:

 $cfg['TempDir'] = '/tmp/phpmyadmin'

See also