phpVirtualBox is an open source, AJAX implementation of the VirtualBox user interface written in PHP. As a modern web interface, it allows you to access and control remote VirtualBox instances. Much of its verbage and some of its code is based on the (inactive) vboxweb project. phpVirtualBox was designed to allow users to administer VirtualBox in a headless environment - mirroring the VirtualBox GUI through its web interface.
To remotely control virtual machine you need two components: VirtualBox web service, running in the same OS with virtual machine, and web interface, written in PHP and therefore dependent on PHP-capable web server. Communication between them, based on SOAP protocol is currently unencrypted, so it is recommended to install both on the same machine if you do not want your username and password to be send via network as clear text.
VirtualBox web service
To use the web console, you must install AUR.AUR package from
VirtualBox web interface (phpvirtualbox)
From here on out, it is assumed that you have a web server (with root at
/srv/http) and php functioning properly.
In virtual machine settings, enable the remote desktop access and specify a port different with other virtual machines.
Every time you need to make machine remotely available execute something like this:
vboxwebsrv -b --logfile path to log file --pidfile /run/vbox/vboxwebsrv.pid --host 127.0.0.1
As user whom account you want service to be running from (
--host option is not necessary if you enabled association with localhost in the
is available in community and it's contains the
vboxweb.service for systemd.
vboxweb from non-root user you must:
1. Create or add a user in the group
vboxusers (for example,
2. Create your custom
vboxweb_mod.service file by copy
/etc/systemd/system/vboxweb_mod.service like this:
[Unit] Description=VirtualBox Web Service After=network.target [Service] Type=forking PIDFile=/run/vboxweb/vboxweb.pid ExecStart=/usr/bin/vboxwebsrv --pidfile /run/vboxweb/vboxweb.pid --background User=vbox Group=vboxusers [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
4. Create tmpfile rule for your
# echo "d /run/vboxweb 0755 vbox vboxusers" > /etc/tmpfiles.d/vboxweb_mod.conf
5. Create manually
/run/vboxweb directory for first start
# mkdir /run/vboxweb # chown vbox:vboxusers /run/vboxweb # chmod 755 /run/vboxweb
or just reboot your system for automatically create.
# systemctl start vboxweb_mod
and enable it if nessesary
# systemctl enable vboxweb_mod
/etc/php/php.ini, make sure the following lines are uncommented.
extension=json.so ; this module is built into php as of version 5.4 and so will not exist or need to be uncommented extension=soap.so
Edit the example configuration file
/usr/share/webapps/phpvirtualbox/config.php-example appropriately (it is well-commented and does not need explanations). Copy that file into
/etc/webapps/phpvirtualbox/config.php and symlink to
open_basedir and append the configuration path
/etc/webapps/ at the end. It will look like the follows:
open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/:/etc/webapps/
If you are running Apache as webserver, you can copy
/etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpvirtualbox.conf. If you are running Apache 2.4, due to the syntax of ACL changes, edit that file to replace the follows
Order allow,deny Allow from all
Require all granted
Next, add following line into
/etc/webapps/phpvirtualbox/.htaccess and remove the following line.
deny from all
Don't forget to restart the webserver like this (example for Apache):
systemctl restart httpd
If everything works fine, visit http://YourVboxWebInterfaceHost/phpvirtualbox and it should show a login box. The initial username and password are both "admin", after login change them from the web interface (File -> change password). If you set
$noAuth=true in the web interface
config.php, you should immediately see the phpvirtualbox web interface.
If you encounter a login problem, and you have upgraded virtualbox from 3.2.x to 4.0.x, you should run the following command to update you websrvauthlibrary in you virtualbox configuration file which has been changed from
VBoxManage setproperty vrdeauthlibrary default VBoxManage setproperty websrvauthlibrary default
If you are still unable to login into the interface, you can try to disable webauth by
VBoxManage setproperty websrvauthlibrary null
on virtualization server and set username and password to empty strings and set $noAuth=true in
/etc/webapps/phpvirtualbox/config.php on web server. By doing this, you should immediatelly access the web interface without login process. And then, maybe you can try some apache access control.