From ArchWiki
Revision as of 16:03, 22 November 2010 by Landhar (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.

Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어

External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

pm-utils is the new suspend and powerstate setting framework. It is designed to replace such scripts as those provided by the powersave package.

It is usually used by HAL to execute the various hacks needed to work around bugs in drivers and subsystems that are not yet aware of suspend. It is easily extensible by putting custom hooks into a directory, which can either be done by the system administrator or those hooks can be part of a package, especially if this package needs special attention during a system suspend or power state transition.

A lesser known feature is one that mimmicks toggling done by Laptop Mode Tools.

Used in conjunction with the cpufrequtils package, notebook (and desktop) owners are provided with a complete power management suite.


The pm-utils package is now available from the Extra repository:

# pacman -S pm-utils
Note: If you run into issues when resuming video, it might be necessary to also sync vbetool from [extra].
Note: If you are starting from a clean install, make sure that you have acpi installed.

Basic Configuration

Hibernation (suspend2disk)

In order for suspend2disk (hibernate) to work, we need to edit /boot/grub/menu.lst as root and add resume=/path/to/swap/drive (e.g. /dev/sda2) to the kernel options, for example:

# (0) Arch Linux
title  Arch Linux
root   (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda3 resume=/dev/sda2 ro vga=0
initrd /kernel26.img

Raid swap example:

# (0) Arch Linux
title  Arch Linux
root   (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz26 root=/dev/md2 resume=/dev/md0 ro md=0,/dev/sda2,/dev/sdb2 md=2,/dev/sda5,/dev/sdb5 vga=773
initrd /kernel26.img

If you want to use the UUID of the device instead then use the following example. The UUID itself can by find out by using the blkid command as root.

# (0) Arch Linux
title  Arch Linux
root   (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz26 cryptdevice=/dev/sda2:main root=/dev/mapper/main-root resume=/dev/disk/by-uuid/1d893194-b151-43cd-a89e-6f89bd8b9f99 ro
initrd /kernel26.img

When the machine is placed into hibernation, it will now move all data from RAM to the swap partition... you did make your swap partition large enough to hold your RAM data, right?

Even if your swap partition is smaller than RAM, you still have a big chance in hibernating successfully. According to kernel documentation, /sys/power/image_size controls the size of the image created by the suspend-to-disk mechanism, which has a default value of 500M. The suspend-to-disk mechanism will do its best to ensure the image size will not exceed that number. You may either decrease it due to a small swap partition or increase it in purpose of possible hibernation speed up.

Note: you may have to add the resume hook to mkinitcpio, see below

Suspend/Hibernate as regular user

Three methods are available to suspend without the need for a root password: using HAL, using UPower, and giving the user permissions with visudo.

UPower method

To suspend to RAM:

$ dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" \
/org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Suspend

To suspend to disk (hibernate):

$ dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" \
/org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Hibernate

HAL Method

HAL can be invoked as regular user to suspend by:

$ dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \
org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Suspend int32:0

and Hibernate by:

$ dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \

User Permission Method

Because the pm-utils scripts must be run as root, you may want to make the scripts accessible to normal users by running sudo without the root password. To do so, edit the Template:Filename file with Template:Codeline, for example:

# visudo

add the following lines, replacing username with your own:

username  ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/pm-hibernate
username  ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/pm-suspend

save and exit visudo

Or you can enable it for a group, using the following lines, of course replacing group:

%group   ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/pm-hibernate
%group   ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/pm-suspend

Note: These must come after any user privilege specifications, e.g., "username ALL=(ALL) ALL", or they won't work.

You can now run the scripts without a password by simply typing:

$ sudo pm-hibernate


$ sudo pm-suspend

Also, add yourself to the power group so that way using things like applets to do suspend will work. If you do not do this, when you try to use suspend though things like the gnome shutdown applet to suspend/hibernate your computer will just play a very annoying loud triple beep and lock the screen.

# gpasswd -a username power

You should now be able to use gnome power management tools (and kpowersave?) to automatically suspend/hibernate when doing things like closing the laptop lid, running low on battery power etc...

Power Management

Write a custom acpid event: Template:File

Write a custom acpid action: Template:File

Be sure not to install Template:Package Official since the rules may conflict.

Advanced Configuration

The main configuration file is /usr/lib/pm-utils/defaults. You should not edit this file, since after a package update it might be overwritten with the default settings. Put your config file into /etc/pm/config.d/ instead. You can just put a simple text file with

SUSPEND_MODULES="button uhci_hcd"

named "modules" or "config" into /etc/pm/config.d and it will override the settings in the system wide configuration file.

Available Variables for use in config files

SUSPEND_MODULES="button" # the list of modules to be unloaded before suspend
SLEEP_MODULE="tuxonice uswsusp kernel" # The default sleep/wake systems to try
HIBERNATE_MODE="shutdown" # forces the system to shutdown rather than reboot

Disabling a hook

If a hook is run which you do not like or which you think is not useful or even harmful, we'd appreciate a bugreport for that. You can however easily disable hooks by just creating an empty file corresponding to the hook in /etc/pm/sleep.d/. Say you want to disable the hook /usr/lib/pm-utils/sleep.d/45pcmcia, you can do this easily by calling

# touch /etc/pm/sleep.d/45pcmcia

Do not set the executable bit on that dummy-hook.

Creating your own hooks

If you want to do something specific to your setup during suspend / hibernate, then you can easily put your own hook into /etc/pm/sleep.d. The hooks in this directory will be called in alphabetic order during suspend (that's the reason their names all start with 2 digits, to make the ordering explicit) and in the reverse order during resume.

I'm showing a pretty useless demonstration hook here, that will just put some informative lines into your logfile:

case $1 in
        echo "Hey guy, we are going to suspend to disk!"
        echo "Oh, this time we're doing a suspend to RAM. Cool!"
        echo "oh, suspend to disk is over, we are resuming..."
        echo "hey, the suspend to RAM seems to be over..."
    *)  echo "somebody is calling me totally wrong."

Put this into /etc/pm/sleep.d/66dummy, do a chmod +x /etc/pm/sleep.d/66dummy and it will spew some useless lines during suspend / resume.

Warning: All the hooks run as user root. This means that you need to be careful when creating temporary files, check that the PATH variable is set correctly etc. to avoid security problems.

How it Works

The concept is quite easy: the main script (pm-action, called via symlinks as either pm-suspend, pm-hibernate or pm-suspend-hybrid) executes so-called "hooks", executable scripts, in the alphabetical sorted order with the parameter suspend (suspend to RAM) or hibernate (suspend to disk). Once all hooks are done, it puts the machine to sleep. After the machine has woken up again, all those hooks are executed in reverse order with the parameter resume (resume from RAM) or thaw (resume from disk). The hooks do various stuff, for example preparing the bootloader, stopping the bluetooth subsystem or unloading of critical modules.

Both pm-suspend and pm-hibernate are usually called from HAL, initiated by desktop applets as gnome-power-manager or kpowersave.

Template:Box Note

There is also the possibility to set the machine into high-power and low-power mode, the command pm-powersave is used with an additional parameter of true or false. It works basically the same as the suspend framework.

The hooks for suspend are placed in

  • /usr/lib/pm-utils/sleep.d (distribution / package provided hooks)
  • /etc/pm/sleep.d (hooks added by the system administrator)

The hooks for the power state are placed in

  • /usr/lib/pm-utils/power.d (distribution / package provided hooks)
  • /etc/pm/power.d (hooks added by the system administrator)

Hooks in /etc/pm/ take precedence over those in /usr/lib/pm-utils/, so the system administrator can override the defaults provided by the distribution.


If suspend or hibernate did not work correctly, you will probably find some information in the logfile /var/log/pm-suspend.log, for example which hooks were run and what the output of them was.

Resume Hook

It has been suggested that some systems, including those using LVM, require the resume hook be added to the initrd image, otherwise the kernel will not resume. To do so, edit /etc/mkinitcpio.conf as root and add resume to the HOOKS array:

HOOKS="base udev autodetect ide scsi sata lvm2 resume filesystems "

Note that this is an example, and your HOOKS array may look different.

resume must be placed after 'ide', 'scsi', 'sata' and/or 'lvm2', but before 'filesystems'. Of course there has to be an appropriate 'resume' file in /lib/initcpio/hooks, it should already be there, as it is part of the package 'mkinitcpio'.

Finally, you must rebuild the initrd image for these changes to take effect:

# mkinitcpio -p kernel26

Template:Box Note


If you experience segmentation faults that might result in an unresponsive system and missing keys then try to set the UUID in the resume-path in /boot/grub/menu.lst as explained [above].

Tips and Tricks / FAQ

Triggering suspend manually

If you want to trigger suspend manually for debugging, without using HAL and other frameworks, call pm-suspend or pm-hibernate as root.

Automatically deactivate kwin compositing before suspend

at the moment pm-suspend fails to resume with garbled screen when you resume from suspend with active AIGLX clients, such as kwin compositing (only ati-catalyst?). To automatically deactivate kwin compositing add a new hook under /etc/pm/sleep.d/00togglecompositing with this content:

USER=`finger|grep '*:0'|grep -o '^\w*'`
case $1 in
       if `sudo -u $USER -i DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS=$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS qdbus org.kde.kwin /KWin compositingActive`;
               sudo -u $USER -i DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS=$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS qdbus org.kde.kwin /KWin toggleCompositing;
               sleep 1
               sudo -u $USER -i DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS=$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS qdbus org.kde.kwin /KWin toggleCompositing;
   *)  echo "somebody is calling me totally wrong."

I don't know if it's very secure or if it can be done simpler. Feel free to add better versions.

If you are having trouble getting the above script to work, you can try my version. This version removes the use of finger, and fixes the DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS resolution which did not work for me (though my solution is admittedly quite dirty). Simply replace the first three lines with:

USER=`who | grep ':0' | grep -o '^\w*' | head -n1`
. /home/$USER/.dbus/session-bus/*

Using another sleep backend (like uswsusp)

Create a file with a SLEEP_MODULE variable, like this:

$ cat /etc/pm/config.d/module 

I don't know but you may have to chmod +x it. To list available modules, use:

$ pacman -Ql pm-utils | grep module.d

Having the hd power management level automatically set again on resume

Do it like this:

$ cat /etc/pm/sleep.d/50-hdparm_pm 

if [ -n "$1" ] && ([ "$1" = "resume" ] || [ "$1" = "thaw" ]); then
	hdparm -B 254 /dev/sda > /dev/null

Restarting the mouse

On some laptops the mouse will hang after an otherwise successful suspend. One way to remedy this is to force a reinit of the PS/2 driver (here i8042) through a hook in /etc/pm/hooks (see hooks)

echo -n "i8042" > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/i8042/unbind
echo -n "i8042" > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/i8042/bind

It seems to not do anything / where is the logfile

If it seem to not do anything when called via the desktop applets, then try to call pm-suspend or pm-hibernate manually from a root shell in a terminal. Maybe you'll already get some output that will point you to the problem. The suspend scripts also write a logfile at /var/log/pm-suspend.log.

Add sleep modes to Openbox menu

Openbox users can add the new scripts as additional shutdown options within the Openbox menu by adding the items to a new or existing sub-menu in ~/.config/openbox/menu.xml, for example:

<menu id="64" label="Shutdown">
	<item label="Lock"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>xscreensaver-command -lock</execute> </action> </item>
	<item label="Logout"> <action name="Exit"/> </item>
	<item label="Reboot"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>sudo shutdown -r now</execute> </action> </item>
	<item label="Poweroff"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>sudo shutdown -h now </execute> </action> </item>
	<item label="Hibernate"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>sudo pm-hibernate</execute> </action> </item>
	<item label="Suspend"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>sudo pm-suspend</execute> </action> </item>

Blank screen issue

Some users have reported having issues with their laptops not resuming after a suspend or hibernate. This is due to the autodetect HOOK. This can be disabled using the same method for adding the resume HOOK. Just remove autodetect from the list and follow the steps to build the new image. See Resume Hook for more details on building the new image.

Handling "sleep" and "power" buttons

"Sleep" and "power" buttons are handled by acpid in /etc/acpi/ (see "button/power" and "power/sleep" entries). You may want to substitute the default actions with calls to pm-suspend and pm-hibernate.

HAL will not recognize new devices on resume

With the 2.6.30 kernel, HAL will on some systems bug on resume, not recognizing new USB devices. Adding the following bash script with a name like "02hal" to /etc/pm/sleep.d works around the problem by stopping HAL and starting it again after resuming.

case $1 in
       /etc/rc.d/hal stop
       /etc/rc.d/hal start

Remember to mark it executable with "chmod +x 02hal".

Other Resources

  • Understanding Suspend - Ubuntu article explaining how suspend-to-ram works
  • Cpufrequtils - CPU Frequency Scaling and CPU Power schemes
  • SpeedStep - More information on CPU frequency scaling (some of which is obsolete)
  • Acpid - daemon for delivering ACPI events.


This wiki entry was originally sourced from the OpenSUSE Wiki (Licensed under GPL). A big thank you goes to the pm-utils developers and documenters for their time.