Difference between revisions of "Postfix Local Mail"

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[[Category:Networking (English)]]
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#REDIRECT [[Postfix]]
[[Category:HOWTOs (English)]]
 
 
 
==Postfix How To: Local Host-only mail delivery==
 
 
 
==What is postfix?==
 
Well, I think the postfix website gives a good enough definition for our purposes.
 
 
 
"Postfix attempts to be fast, easy to administer, and secure, while at the same
 
time being sendmail compatible enough to not upset existing users. Thus, the
 
outside has a sendmail-ish flavor, but the inside is completely different."
 
-- http://www.postfix.org/
 
 
 
==Goals==
 
The goal of this how to is to setup postfix for local mailbox delivery only.
 
 
 
===Required packages:===
 
*postfix
 
 
 
==Postfix Installation==
 
===Step 1: Install Postfix===
 
 
 
[root@computer]# pacman -Sy postfix
 
 
 
 
 
===Step 2: Check /etc/passwd, /etc/group===
 
Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/passwd
 
 
 
postfix:x:73:73::/var/spool/postfix:/bin/false
 
 
 
 
 
Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/group
 
 
 
postdrop:x:75:
 
postfix:x:73:
 
 
 
Note: Postfix can be made to run in a chroot. This document does not currently cover this. Might be added later.
 
 
 
==Postfix Configuration==
 
===Step 1: Edit /etc/postfix/main.cf===
 
The only things you need to change are as follows. Uncomment them and modify them to the specifics listed below. Everything else can be left as installed by pacman.
 
 
 
inet_interfaces = loopback-only
 
mynetworks_style = host
 
append_dot_mydomain = no
 
default_transport = error: Local delivery only!
 
 
 
If you want to control where the mail gets delivered and which mailbox format is to be used, you can do this by setting
 
home_mailbox = /some/path
 
or
 
mail_spool_directory some/path
 
''mail_spool_directory'' is an absolute path where all mail goes, while ''home_mailbox'' specifies a mailbox relative to the user's home directory. If the path ends with a slash ('/'), messages are stored in Maildir format (direcory tree, one message per file); if it doesn't, the mbox format is used (all mail in one file).
 
 
 
Examples:
 
mail_spool_directory = /var/mail  (1)
 
home_mailbox = Maildir/          (2)
 
1) All mail will be stored in /var/mail, mbox format
 
 
 
2) Mail will be saved in ~/Maildir, Maildir format
 
 
 
===Step 2: Edit /etc/rc.conf===
 
Add postfix to the daemons list. Make sure you put it after the network has started.
 
 
 
===Step 3: Edit /etc/postfix/aliases===
 
Namely, put a username in for the the following, substituting the correct username you desire (actual system account required) for USER
 
 
 
# Person who should get root's mail. Don't receive mail as root!
 
root:          USER
 
 
 
Run the following command. This creates the map file that postfix understands.
 
 
 
postalias /etc/postfix/aliases
 
 
 
In addition, create .forward in /root with the contents of the user you want to forward all root mail to:
 
eg USER@localhost
 
 
 
===Step 4: Start the daemon===
 
 
 
postfix check
 
 
 
If '''postfix check''' returns no errors, then start the daemon.
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/postfix start
 
 
 
Check /var/log/mail.log for any errors.
 
 
 
===Step 5: Test===
 
Try sending an email. Even from yourself to yourself should be a good test.
 
 
 
mail -s test user
 
this is a test email.
 
.
 
 
 
Now check your mail using whatever client you desire.
 
 
 
===Step 6: Test some more!===
 
Make sure root mail forwards to the desired user; use the same test as above, but substitute root for user.
 

Latest revision as of 03:06, 14 November 2012

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