Difference between revisions of "Postfix Local Mail"

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[[Category:Networking (English)]]
[[Category:Networking (English)]]
[[Category:HOWTOs (English)]]
[[Category:HOWTOs (English)]]
==Postfix How To: Local Host-only mail delivery==
==What is postfix?==
==What is postfix?==

Revision as of 00:36, 6 December 2009

What is postfix?

Well, I think the postfix website gives a good enough definition for our purposes.

"Postfix attempts to be fast, easy to administer, and secure, while at the same 
time being sendmail compatible enough to not upset existing users. Thus, the 
outside has a sendmail-ish flavor, but the inside is completely different."
-- http://www.postfix.org/


The goal of this how to is to setup postfix for local mailbox delivery only.

Required packages:

  • postfix

Postfix Installation

Step 1: Install Postfix

[root@computer]# pacman -Sy postfix

Step 2: Check /etc/passwd, /etc/group

Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/passwd


Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/group


Note: Postfix can be made to run in a chroot. This document does not currently cover this. Might be added later.

Postfix Configuration

Step 1: Edit /etc/postfix/main.cf

The only things you need to change are as follows. Uncomment them and modify them to the specifics listed below. Everything else can be left as installed by pacman.

inet_interfaces = loopback-only
mynetworks_style = host
append_dot_mydomain = no
default_transport = error: Local delivery only!

If you want to control where the mail gets delivered and which mailbox format is to be used, you can do this by setting

home_mailbox = /some/path 


mail_spool_directory some/path

mail_spool_directory is an absolute path where all mail goes, while home_mailbox specifies a mailbox relative to the user's home directory. If the path ends with a slash ('/'), messages are stored in Maildir format (direcory tree, one message per file); if it doesn't, the mbox format is used (all mail in one file).


mail_spool_directory = /var/mail  (1)
home_mailbox = Maildir/           (2)

1) All mail will be stored in /var/mail, mbox format

2) Mail will be saved in ~/Maildir, Maildir format

Step 2: Edit /etc/rc.conf

Add postfix to the daemons list. Make sure you put it after the network has started.

Step 3: Edit /etc/postfix/aliases

Namely, put a username in for the the following, substituting the correct username you desire (actual system account required) for USER

# Person who should get root's mail. Don't receive mail as root!
root:           USER

Run the following command. This creates the map file that postfix understands.

postalias /etc/postfix/aliases

In addition, create .forward in /root with the contents of the user you want to forward all root mail to: eg USER@localhost

Step 4: Start the daemon

postfix check

If postfix check returns no errors, then start the daemon.

/etc/rc.d/postfix start

Check /var/log/mail.log for any errors.

Step 5: Test

Try sending an email. Even from yourself to yourself should be a good test.

mail -s test user
this is a test email.

Now check your mail using whatever client you desire.

Step 6: Test some more!

Make sure root mail forwards to the desired user; use the same test as above, but substitute root for user.