Postfix Local Mail

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Revision as of 23:33, 28 August 2006 by Sergiovl (Talk | contribs) (Step 1: /etc/postfix/main.cf)

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Postfix How To: Local-Host only mail delivery

by CacTus


What is postfix?

Well, I think the postfix website gives a good enough definition for our purposes.

"Postfix attempts to be fast, easy to administer, and secure, while at the same 
time being sendmail compatible enough to not upset existing users. Thus, the 
outside has a sendmail-ish flavor, but the inside is completely different."
-- http://www.postfix.org/

Goals

The goal of this how to is to setup postfix for local mailbox delivery only.

Required packages:

  • postfix

Postfix Installation

Step 1: Install Postfix

[root@computer] $ pacman -Sy postfix


Step 2: Check /etc/passwd, /etc/group

Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/passwd

postfix:x:73:73::/var/spool/postfix:/bin/false


Make sure that the following shows up in /etc/group

postdrop:x:75:
postfix:x:73:

Note: Postfix can be made to run in a chroot. This document does not currently cover this. Might be added later.

Postfix Configuration

Step 1: /etc/postfix/main.cf

The only two things you need to change are as follows. Uncomment them, and modify them to the specifics listed below. Everything else can be left as installed by pacman.

inet_interfaces = loopback-only
mynetworks_style = host
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8
append_dot_mydomain = no

Step 2: edit /etc/rc.conf

Add postfix to the daemons list. Make sure you put it after the network has started.

Step 3: edit /etc/postfix/aliases

namely, put a username in for the the following, substituting the correct username you desire (actual system account required) for USER

# Person who should get root's mail. Don't receive mail as root!
root:           USER

Run the following command. This creates the map file that postfix understands.

postalias /etc/postfix/aliases


Step 4: start the daemon

postfix check

If postfix check returns no errors, then start the daemon.

/etc/rc.d/postfix start

Check /var/log/mail.log for any errors.

Step 5: Test

Try sending an email. Even from yourself to yourself should be a good test.

mail -s test user
this is a test email.
.

now..check you mail using whatever client you desire..

Step 6: Test some more!

make sure root mail forwards to the desired user...use the same test above, but substitue root for user.

More help?

Still not working? You might try this forum thread. http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?t=9222