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Revision as of 14:40, 26 June 2007 by Mahy (talk | contribs) (Creating Your First Database!: spelling)
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This document describes how to set up PostgreSQL and integrate it with PHP and Apache. It also describes how to configure PostgreSQL to be accessible from a remote client. PHP and Apache are assumed to be already be set up. If you need help setting up either of those two, see the LAMP page and follow all of the sections except the one related to MySQL.

Installing PostgreSQL

  1. Install the package
    # pacman -Sy postgresql
  2. Make sure that locales are generated and properly set. Note: This is likely not required for newer installs but should be noted for those installing from older cd's.
    # vim /etc/locale.gen 
    # locale-gen 
  3. Setup and start the PostgreSQL server (the first time that this is run it will create the data directory and users needed to run the server. As such you will see a lot of output.
    # /etc/rc.d/postgresql start
  4. Add postgresql to the list of daemons that start on system startup in the /etc/rc.conf file

Configure PostgreSQL to be accessible from remote

The PostgreSQL database server configuration file is postgresql.conf. This file is located in the data directory of the server, typically /var/lib/postgres/data.

  1. As root user edit the file
    # vim /var/lib/postgres/data/postgresql.conf
  2. In the connections and authentications section uncomment or edit the listen_addresses line to your needs
    listen_addresses = '*'
    and take a careful look at the other lines.
  3. Hereafter insert the following line in the host-based authentication file /var/lib/postgres/data/pg_hba.conf. This file controls which hosts are allowed to connect, so be careful.
    # IPv4 local connections:
    host   all   all   your_desired_ip_address/32   trust
    whereas your_desired_ip_address is the ip address of the client.
  4. After this you should restart the postmaster for the changes to take effect with
    # /etc/rc.d/postgresql restart
  5. Please consider that the port 5432 should be open, so take a look at the following files
  6. For troubleshooting take a look in the server log file
    tail /var/log/postgresql.log

Configure PostgreSQL to Work With PHP

  1. Open the file /etc/php.ini with your editor of choice, e.g.,
    # vim /etc/php.ini
  2. Find the line that starts with, ";" and change it to, "". (Just remove the preceding ";"). If this line is not present, add it. This line may be in the "Dynamic Extensions" section of the file, or toward the very end of the file.
  3. Restart the Apache web server
    # /etc/rc.d/httpd restart

Creating Your First Database!

  1. Become the postgres user (This user was created when "/etc/rc.d/postgres start" was run)
     su - postgres 
  2. Add a new database user
     createuser -DRSP username 
  3. Create a new database over which that user has read/write priviledges
     createdb -O username databasename 
  4. That's It! Your database has been created.

Installing phpPgAdmin (optional)

phpPgAdmin is a web-based administration tool for PostgreSQL. It can be installed two ways.

Option A: install via Pacman (preferred)

  1. Make sure that the [community] repo is enabled.
  2. Install the package via Pacman
    # pacman -Sy phppgadmin

Option B: install via a manual install (the old way)

  1. Download the latest .bz2 file from here into the root of your server directory
    wget -P /home/httpd/html
  2. Extract the file into the new directory
    tar -C /home/httpd/html/ -jxvf /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin-3.5.4.tar.bz2
  3. Remove the tar file
    rm /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin-3.5.4.tar.bz2
  4. Change the name of the directory created in the previous step to include the version number (this will help in the future when upgrading)
    mv /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin-3.5.4/
  5. Create a link to that directory (for ease of linking and upgrading)
    ln -s /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin-3.5.4/ /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin
  6. Copy the included generic config file
    cp /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin/conf/ /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin/conf/

The config file is located at /home/httpd/html/phpPgAdmin/conf/ No changes should be required. Check this page for any other setup questions that you might have.

Upgrading Postgresql (optional and dangerous)

  1. First thing: these instructions could cause data loss. Use at your own risk. They work for me, but things change and nothing is guaranteed.
  2. I would highly suggest adding the line
    IgnorePkg = postgresql
    to /etc/pacman.conf. This will make sure that you don't accidentally upgrade the database to an incompatible version. If you did an accidental upgrade you might not be able to access any of your data. Always check the Postgresql home page ( to be sure of what steps are required for each upgrade. For a bit about why this is the case see this.
  3. How to dump all of your data, upgrade PostgreSQL, and then restore all of your data (this may not be necessary for every upgrade, see #2 above)
    1. Become the root user
    2. Become the postgres user
      su postgres
    3. Change the current directory to one that the postgres user can write to
      eg. cd ~/data/
    4. Dump the current contents of the database
      pg_dumpall > pgs_db.out
      Unless you have a .pgpass file setup, you will be required to enter your password a few times (the number of times is roughly equal to the number of databases that you have + 2).
    5. Log out of the postgres user and return to superuser
    6. Stop the PostgreSQL server
      /etc/rc.d/postresql stop
    7. Move Postgresql's data directory
      mv /var/lib/postgres /var/lib/postgres_old
    8. Upgrade postgresql
      pacman -Sy postgresql
    9. Start the PostgreSQL server (this will create all needed files and directories)
      /etc/rc.d/postgresql start
    10. Become the postgres user
      su postgres
    11. Change the current directory to the directory that you dumped the data out to (in step 4 above)
      eg. cd /var/lib/postgres_old/data/
    12. Restore the database
      psql -e template1 -f pgs_db.out