Intel GMA 500
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The Intel Poulsbo Chipset, also known by its official names "GMA 500" and "Intel System Controller Hub US15W", is typically found on boards for the Atom Z processor series. It embeds a PowerVR SGX 535 graphics core developed by Imagination Technologies and then licensed by Intel. Its major advantages include the hardware decoding capability of up to 720p/1080i video content in various state-of-the-art codecs, e.g. H.264.
As the graphics hardware was not developed by Intel themselves, the standard Intel drivers do not work with this hardware. Furthermore, at least two different accelerated Linux drivers for this hardware exist, each of which have major problems. Alternatively, there is a generic framebuffer driver solution, but this is unaccelerated.
On this page you find comprehensive information about how to get the best out of your Poulsbo hardware using Arch Linux.
Kernel's gma500_gfx module
- Native resolution (1366x768) with early KMS (tested on Asus Eee 1101HA)
- Up to date kernel and Xorg
- 2D acceleration
- Works out of the box
- Some are unable to get native resolution (e.g 1366x768)
- No 3D acceleration possible
- Poor multimedia performance (use mplayer with x11 or sdl so fullscreen video will be quite slow)
To check if the driver is loaded the output of
lsmod | grep gma should look like this:
gma500_gfx 131893 2 i2c_algo_bit 4615 1 gma500_gfx drm_kms_helper 29203 1 gma500_gfx drm 170883 2 drm_kms_helper,gma500_gfx i2c_core 16653 5 drm,drm_kms_helper,i2c_algo_bit,gma500_gfx,videodev
If suspend does not work, there are various quirk options you can try. First, make sure that you have pm-utils and pm-quirks installed.
# pacman -S pm-utils pm-quirks
See the manpage for pm-suspend for a list of them all. One that has been reported to help is
quirk-vbemode-restore, which saves and restores the current VESA mode.
To test it, open a terminal and use the following commands
# pm-suspend --quirk-vbemode-restore
That should suspend your system. If you are able to resume, you'll want to use this option every time you suspend. Create a new file
# $EDITOR /etc/pm/config.d/gma500
and add in the following code.
If you are not able to resume and you get a black screen instead, try the above quirk command with only 'one dash'
# pm-suspend -quirk-vbemode-restore
Set backlight brightness
All that is needed to set the brightness is sending a number (0-100) to
/sys/class/backlight/psblvds/brightness. This obviously requires sysfs to be enabled in the kernel, as it is in the Arch Linux kernel. To set display to minimal brightness, issue this command as root:
# echo 0 > /sys/class/backlight/psb-bl/brightness
Or, for full luminosity:
# echo 100 > /sys/class/backlight/psb-bl/brightness
A very short script is available to do this with less typing written by mulenmar.
#! /bin/sh sudo sh -c "echo $1 > /sys/class/backlight/psb-bl/brightness"
Simply save it as brightness.sh, and give it executable permissions. Then you can use it like so:
Set brightness to minimum:
Set brightness to half:
Sudo may obviously ask for your password, so you have to be in the sudoers file.
Memory allocation optimization
You can often improve performance by limiting the amount of RAM used by the system so that there will be more available for the videocard. If you have 1GB RAM use
mem=896mb or if you have 2GB RAM use
mem=1920mb. Add the following parameters to your bootloader's configuration file.
... kernel /vmlinuz-linux root=/dev/sda2 ro mem=896mb ...
... GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="mem=896mb" ...
... APPEND root=/dev/sda2 ro mem=896mb ...