Difference between revisions of "Power saving"

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=== Kernel parameters ===
 
=== Kernel parameters ===
  
This section uses configs in {{ic|/etc/sysctl.d/}}, which is ''"a drop-in directory for kernel sysctl parameters, extending what you can already do with /etc/sysctl.conf."''  See [http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/the-new-configuration-files The New Configuration Files] and more specifically [http://0pointer.de/public/systemd-man/sysctl.d.html systemd's sysctl.d man page] for more information.
+
This section uses configs in {{ic|/etc/sysctl.d/}}, which is ''"a drop-in directory for kernel sysctl parameters."''  See [http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/the-new-configuration-files The New Configuration Files] and more specifically [http://0pointer.de/public/systemd-man/sysctl.d.html systemd's sysctl.d man page] for more information.
  
 
==== Disabling NMI watchdog ====
 
==== Disabling NMI watchdog ====
Line 90: Line 90:
 
Increasing the VM dirty writeback time can help to aggregate I/O together - reducing disk writes, and decreasing power usage:
 
Increasing the VM dirty writeback time can help to aggregate I/O together - reducing disk writes, and decreasing power usage:
  
{{hc|/etc/sysctl.conf|2=vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 1500}}
+
{{hc|/etc/sysctl.d/dirty.conf|2=vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 1500}}
  
 
To do the same for journal commits with ext4 and some other filesystems, use {{ic|1=commit=15}} as a parameter in [[fstab]] or with the {{ic|rootflags}} [[kernel parameter]].
 
To do the same for journal commits with ext4 and some other filesystems, use {{ic|1=commit=15}} as a parameter in [[fstab]] or with the {{ic|rootflags}} [[kernel parameter]].
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See the [https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/laptops/laptop-mode.txt kernel documentation] on the laptop mode 'knob.' ''"A sensible value for the knob is 5 seconds."''
 
See the [https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/laptops/laptop-mode.txt kernel documentation] on the laptop mode 'knob.' ''"A sensible value for the knob is 5 seconds."''
  
{{hc|/etc/sysctl.conf|2=vm.laptop_mode = 5}}
+
{{hc|/etc/sysctl.d/laptop.conf|2=vm.laptop_mode = 5}}
  
 
=== Network interfaces ===
 
=== Network interfaces ===
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[[Wikipedia:Wake-on-LAN|Wake-on-LAN]] can be a useful feature, but if you're not making use of it then it's simply draining extra power waiting for a magic packet while in suspend. Disabling for all Ethernet interfaces:
 
[[Wikipedia:Wake-on-LAN|Wake-on-LAN]] can be a useful feature, but if you're not making use of it then it's simply draining extra power waiting for a magic packet while in suspend. Disabling for all Ethernet interfaces:
  
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/70-disable_wol.rules|2=ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="eth*" RUN+="/usr/bin/ethtool -s %k wol d"}}
+
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/70-disable_wol.rules|2=ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="eth*", RUN+="/usr/bin/ethtool -s %k wol d"}}
  
 
To enable powersaving on all wireless interfaces:
 
To enable powersaving on all wireless interfaces:
  
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/70-wifi-powersave.rules|2=ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="wlan*" RUN+="/usr/bin/iw dev %k set power_save on"}}
+
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/70-wifi-powersave.rules|2=ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="wlan*", RUN+="/usr/bin/iw dev %k set power_save on"}}
  
 
In these examples, {{ic|%k}} is a specifier for the kernel name of the matched device.  For example, if it finds that the rule is applicable to {{ic|wlan0}}, the {{ic|%k}} specifier will be replaced with {{ic|wlan0}}. To apply the rules to only a particular interface, just replace the pattern {{ic|eth*}} and specifier {{ic|%k}} with the desired interface name. For more information, see [http://www.reactivated.net/writing_udev_rules.html Writing udev rules].
 
In these examples, {{ic|%k}} is a specifier for the kernel name of the matched device.  For example, if it finds that the rule is applicable to {{ic|wlan0}}, the {{ic|%k}} specifier will be replaced with {{ic|wlan0}}. To apply the rules to only a particular interface, just replace the pattern {{ic|eth*}} and specifier {{ic|%k}} with the desired interface name. For more information, see [http://www.reactivated.net/writing_udev_rules.html Writing udev rules].
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{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/usb_power_save.rules|<nowiki>
 
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/usb_power_save.rules|<nowiki>
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/control" ATTR{power/control}="auto"
+
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/control", ATTR{power/control}="auto"
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/autosuspend" ATTR{power/autosuspend}="2"
+
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/autosuspend", ATTR{power/autosuspend}="2"
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
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  # echo auto | tee /sys/bus/i2c/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null
 
  # echo auto | tee /sys/bus/i2c/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null
 
  # echo auto | tee /sys/bus/spi/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null
 
  # echo auto | tee /sys/bus/spi/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null
 +
 +
=== Mount options ===
 +
 +
You might want to use the {{ic|noatime}} option, see [[Fstab#atime options]] for more information.
 +
 +
=== CD/DVD spin down ===
 +
 +
{{Expansion|something similar without using udisks?}}
 +
 +
To allow the CD/DVD rom to spin down after a while using [[udisks]]:
 +
 +
# udisks --inhibit-polling /dev/sr0
  
 
== Tools and scripts ==
 
== Tools and scripts ==
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There are many scripts and tools which make use of the various settings described in the previous sections. These are notably:
 
There are many scripts and tools which make use of the various settings described in the previous sections. These are notably:
  
 +
* [[Powertop]] is a handy utility from Intel that displays which hardware/processes are using the most power on your system, and provides instructions on how to stop or remove power-wasting services. It's report functionality can also be used to identify the relevant parameters for the system. 
 
* [[TLP]]
 
* [[TLP]]
 
* [[Powerdown]]
 
* [[Powerdown]]
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=== Using a script and an udev rule ===
 
=== Using a script and an udev rule ===
  
Since systemd users can suspend and hibernate through {{ic|systemctl suspend}} or {{ic|systemctl hibernate}} and handle acpi events with {{ic|/etc/systemd/logind.conf}}, it might be interesting to remove pm-utils and acpid. Now, there's just one thing systemd can't do (at this time of writing): powermanagement, depending on whether the system is running on AC or battery. To fill this gap, one can create a single udev rule that launches a script when the laptop is unplugged and plugged:
+
Since systemd users can suspend and hibernate through {{ic|systemctl suspend}} or {{ic|systemctl hibernate}} and handle acpi events with {{ic|/etc/systemd/logind.conf}}, it might be interesting to remove [[pm-utils]] and [[acpid]]. There's just one thing systemd can't do (as of systemd-204): power management depending on whether the system is running on AC or battery. To fill this gap, you can create a single [[udev]] rule that runs a script when the AC adapter is plugged and unplugged:
  
 
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/powersave|2=<nowiki>
 
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/powersave|2=<nowiki>
Line 172: Line 185:
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
{{Note|One can use the same script that pm-powersave uses. You just have to make it executable and place it somewhere else (for example, /usr/bin).}}
+
{{Note|You can use the same script that ''pm-powersave'' uses. You just have to make it executable and place it somewhere else (for example {{ic|/usr/local/bin/}}).}}
Examples of powersave scripts can be found here: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1046075#p1046075] (or in aur: {{AUR|powerdown}}), here: [https://github.com/Unia/powersave] and there: {{AUR|powerconf}}.
+
 
 +
Examples of powersave scripts can be found here: {{AUR|powerdown}}, {{AUR|powerconf}}, [https://github.com/Unia/powersave powersave].
  
 
The above udev rule should work as expected, but if your power settings aren't updated after a suspend or hibernate cycle, you should add a script in {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/}} with the following contents:
 
The above udev rule should work as expected, but if your power settings aren't updated after a suspend or hibernate cycle, you should add a script in {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/}} with the following contents:
Line 190: Line 204:
 
fi
 
fi
 
     ;;
 
     ;;
esac'
+
esac
 
exit 0
 
exit 0
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}

Revision as of 23:25, 25 September 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end This article covers the configuration needed to turn on power saving features. Almost all of the features listed here are worth using whether or not the computer is on AC or battery power. Most have negligible performance impact and are just not enabled by default because of commonly broken hardware/drivers. Reducing power usage means reducing heat, which can even lead to higher performance on a modern Intel or AMD CPU, thanks to dynamic overclocking.

Configuration

If you would like to create your own scripts and power saving settings such as by udev rules you can take the following settings as a reference.

Audio

By default, audio power saving is turned off by most drivers. It can be enabled by setting the power_save parameter; a time (in seconds) to go into idle mode. To idle the audio card after one second, create

/etc/modprobe.d/audio_powersave.conf
options snd_hda_intel power_save=1

for Intel, or use

options snd_ac97_codec power_save=1

for ac97.

Note: Toggling the audio card's power state can cause a popping sound or noticeable latency on some broken hardware.

Active state power management

To verify that ASPM is enabled:

$ cat /sys/module/pcie_aspm/parameters/policy
[default] performance powersave

Either [default] or [powersave] means you do not need to force it on. Otherwise, it's either unsupported or broken on your hardware, or has to be forced on with pcie_aspm=force on the kernel line.

Warning:
  • Forcing on ASPM can cause a freeze/panic, so make sure you have a way to undo the option if it doesn't work.
  • On systems that don't support it forcing on ASPM can even increase power consumption.

Backlight

When system starts, screen backlight is set to maximum by default. This can be fixed by specifying backlight level in the following udev rule:

/etc/udev/rules.d/backlight.rules
## SET BACKLIGHT
SUBSYSTEM=="backlight", ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="acpi_video0", ATTR{brightness}="1"

See Backlight for more information.

Bluetooth

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: The device should likely be disabled with hciconfig first. (Discuss in Talk:Power saving#)
Blacklist the hci_usb module if the driver is loaded automatically.

Alternatively, blacklist the btusb and bluetooth modules.

Another variant is to rfkill it:

# rfkill block bluetooth

Or with udev rule:

/etc/udev/rules.d/bt.rules
## DISABLE BLUETOOTH
SUBSYSTEM=="rfkill", ATTR{type}=="bluetooth", ATTR{state}="0"

Web-Camera

If you won't use integrated web camera then blacklist the uvcvideo module.

Kernel parameters

This section uses configs in /etc/sysctl.d/, which is "a drop-in directory for kernel sysctl parameters." See The New Configuration Files and more specifically systemd's sysctl.d man page for more information.

Disabling NMI watchdog

The NMI watchdog is a debugging feature to catch hardware hangs and cause a kernel panic. On some systems it can generate a lot of interrupts, causing a noticeable increase in power usage.

/etc/sysctl.d/disable_watchdog.conf
kernel.nmi_watchdog = 0

or add nmi_watchdog=0 to the kernel line to disable it completely from early boot.

Writeback Time

Increasing the VM dirty writeback time can help to aggregate I/O together - reducing disk writes, and decreasing power usage:

/etc/sysctl.d/dirty.conf
vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 1500

To do the same for journal commits with ext4 and some other filesystems, use commit=15 as a parameter in fstab or with the rootflags kernel parameter.

Laptop Mode

See the kernel documentation on the laptop mode 'knob.' "A sensible value for the knob is 5 seconds."

/etc/sysctl.d/laptop.conf
vm.laptop_mode = 5

Network interfaces

Wake-on-LAN can be a useful feature, but if you're not making use of it then it's simply draining extra power waiting for a magic packet while in suspend. Disabling for all Ethernet interfaces:

/etc/udev/rules.d/70-disable_wol.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="eth*", RUN+="/usr/bin/ethtool -s %k wol d"

To enable powersaving on all wireless interfaces:

/etc/udev/rules.d/70-wifi-powersave.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="net", KERNEL=="wlan*", RUN+="/usr/bin/iw dev %k set power_save on"

In these examples, %k is a specifier for the kernel name of the matched device. For example, if it finds that the rule is applicable to wlan0, the %k specifier will be replaced with wlan0. To apply the rules to only a particular interface, just replace the pattern eth* and specifier %k with the desired interface name. For more information, see Writing udev rules.

In this case, the name of the configuration file is important. Due to the introduction of persistent device names via 80-net-name-slot.rules in systemd v197, it is important that the network powersave rules are named lexicographically before 80-net-name-slot.rules, so that they are applied before the devices are named e.g. enp2s0.

PCI Runtime Power Management

/etc/udev/rules.d/pci_pm.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="pci", ATTR{power/control}="auto"

SATA Active Link Power Management

Note: This adds latency when accessing a drive that has been idle, so it's one of the few settings that may be worth toggling based on whether you're on AC power.
/etc/udev/rules.d/hd_power_save.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="scsi_host", KERNEL=="host*", ATTR{link_power_management_policy}="min_power"

USB Autosuspend

To enable USB autosuspend after 2 seconds of inactivity:

/etc/udev/rules.d/usb_power_save.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/control", ATTR{power/control}="auto"
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", TEST=="power/autosuspend", ATTR{power/autosuspend}="2"

Other option is to use modprobe:

/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf
options usbcore autosuspend=2

Device Power Management

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Should be done with a udev rule. (Discuss in Talk:Power saving#)
# echo auto | tee /sys/bus/i2c/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null
# echo auto | tee /sys/bus/spi/devices/*/power/control > /dev/null

Mount options

You might want to use the noatime option, see Fstab#atime options for more information.

CD/DVD spin down

Tango-view-fullscreen.pngThis article or section needs expansion.Tango-view-fullscreen.png

Reason: something similar without using udisks? (Discuss in Talk:Power saving#)

To allow the CD/DVD rom to spin down after a while using udisks:

# udisks --inhibit-polling /dev/sr0

Tools and scripts

Packages

There are many scripts and tools which make use of the various settings described in the previous sections. These are notably:

  • Powertop is a handy utility from Intel that displays which hardware/processes are using the most power on your system, and provides instructions on how to stop or remove power-wasting services. It's report functionality can also be used to identify the relevant parameters for the system.
  • TLP
  • Powerdown
  • powerconfAUR
  • ftw-gitAUR
  • Laptop Mode Tools
  • pm-utils

If you do not want to take care of the settings by yourself it is recommended to use these tools. But be aware of running only one of these tools to avoid possible conflicts as they all work more or less similar.

Tip: Have a look at the power management category to get an overview on what power management options exists in Archlinux.

Using a script and an udev rule

Since systemd users can suspend and hibernate through systemctl suspend or systemctl hibernate and handle acpi events with /etc/systemd/logind.conf, it might be interesting to remove pm-utils and acpid. There's just one thing systemd can't do (as of systemd-204): power management depending on whether the system is running on AC or battery. To fill this gap, you can create a single udev rule that runs a script when the AC adapter is plugged and unplugged:

/etc/udev/rules.d/powersave
SUBSYSTEM=="power_supply", ATTR{online}=="0", RUN+="/path/to/your/script true"
SUBSYSTEM=="power_supply", ATTR{online}=="1", RUN+="/path/to/your/script false"
Note: You can use the same script that pm-powersave uses. You just have to make it executable and place it somewhere else (for example /usr/local/bin/).

Examples of powersave scripts can be found here: powerdownAUR, powerconfAUR, powersave.

The above udev rule should work as expected, but if your power settings aren't updated after a suspend or hibernate cycle, you should add a script in /usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/ with the following contents:

/usr/lib/systemd/system-sleep/00powersave
#!/bin/sh

case $1 in
    pre) /path/to/your/script false ;;
    post)       
	if cat /sys/class/power_supply/AC0/online | grep 0 > /dev/null 2>&1
	then
    		/path/to/your/script true	
	else
    		/path/to/your/script false
	fi
    ;;
esac
exit 0

Don't forget to make it executable!

Note: Be aware that AC0 may be different for your laptop, change it if that is the case.

Now you don't need pm-utils anymore. Depending on your configuration, it may be a dependency of some other package. If you wish to remove it anyway, run pacman -Rdd pm-utils.

Print power settings

This script prints power settings and a variety of other properties for USB and PCI devices. Note that root permissions are needed to see all settings.

#!/bin/bash

for i in $(find /sys/devices -name "bMaxPower")
do
	busdir=${i%/*}
	busnum=$(<$busdir/busnum)
	devnum=$(<$busdir/devnum)
	title=$(lsusb -s $busnum:$devnum)

	printf "\n\n+++ %s\n  -%s\n" "$title" "$busdir"

	for ff in $(find $busdir/power -type f ! -empty 2>/dev/null)
	do
		v=$(cat $ff 2>/dev/null|tr -d "\n")
		[[ ${#v} -gt 0 ]] && echo -e " ${ff##*/}=$v";
		v=;
	done | sort -g;
done;

printf "\n\n\n+++ %s\n" "Kernel Modules"
for mod in $(lspci -k | sed -n '/in use:/s,^.*: ,,p' | sort -u)
do
	echo "+ $mod";
	systool -v -m $mod 2> /dev/null | sed -n "/Parameters:/,/^$/p";
done