Difference between revisions of "Prelink"

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[[Category:Software (English)]]
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[[Category:System administration]]
{{i18n|Prelink}}
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[[ru:Prelink]]
{{Warning|On systems with glibc 2.13, prelink has been reported to prevent all dynamic executables from starting, rendering the system unbootable. Use prelink on glibc 2.13 with caution. See discussion at <nowiki>https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=884465</nowiki>
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Fixed in glibc 2.13-4 (see https://bugs.archlinux.org/task/22656)}}
 
 
==Method==
 
==Method==
 
Most programs require libraries to function. Libraries can be integrated into a program once, by a linker, when it is compiled (static linking) or they can be integrated when the program is run by a loader, (dynamic linking). Dynamic linking has advantages in code size and management, but every time a program is run, the loader needs to find the relevant libraries. Because the libraries can move around in memory, this causes a performance penalty, and the more libraries that need to be resolved, the greater the penalty. prelink reduces this penalty by using the system's dynamic linker to reversibly perform this linking in advance ("prelinking" the executable file) by relocating. Afterward, the program only needs to spend time finding the relevant libraries on being run if, for some reason (perhaps an upgrade), the libraries have changed since being prelinked.
 
Most programs require libraries to function. Libraries can be integrated into a program once, by a linker, when it is compiled (static linking) or they can be integrated when the program is run by a loader, (dynamic linking). Dynamic linking has advantages in code size and management, but every time a program is run, the loader needs to find the relevant libraries. Because the libraries can move around in memory, this causes a performance penalty, and the more libraries that need to be resolved, the greater the penalty. prelink reduces this penalty by using the system's dynamic linker to reversibly perform this linking in advance ("prelinking" the executable file) by relocating. Afterward, the program only needs to spend time finding the relevant libraries on being run if, for some reason (perhaps an upgrade), the libraries have changed since being prelinked.
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Removing prelinking from all binaries
 
Removing prelinking from all binaries
 
  # prelink -au
 
  # prelink -au
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==Troubleshooting==
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Some proprietary binaries will crash with prelink (such as Flash, Skype). You can add these to the exclude list in /etc/prelink.conf.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 15:46, 11 November 2012


Method

Most programs require libraries to function. Libraries can be integrated into a program once, by a linker, when it is compiled (static linking) or they can be integrated when the program is run by a loader, (dynamic linking). Dynamic linking has advantages in code size and management, but every time a program is run, the loader needs to find the relevant libraries. Because the libraries can move around in memory, this causes a performance penalty, and the more libraries that need to be resolved, the greater the penalty. prelink reduces this penalty by using the system's dynamic linker to reversibly perform this linking in advance ("prelinking" the executable file) by relocating. Afterward, the program only needs to spend time finding the relevant libraries on being run if, for some reason (perhaps an upgrade), the libraries have changed since being prelinked.

Installing

Prelink is available through pacman

pacman -S prelink

Configuration

All settings are in /etc/prelink.conf

Usage

Prelinking

following command prelink all the binaries in the directories given by /etc/prelink.conf

# prelink -amR
Warning: It has been observed that if you are low on disk space and you prelink your entire system then there is a possibility that your binaries may be truncated. The result being a b0rked system. Use the file or readelf command to check the state of a binary file. Alternatively, check the amount of free space on your harddrive ahead of time with df -h.

Removing prelink

Removing prelinking from all binaries

# prelink -au

Troubleshooting

Some proprietary binaries will crash with prelink (such as Flash, Skype). You can add these to the exclude list in /etc/prelink.conf.

See also