Difference between revisions of "Privoxy"

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  Hostname: 127.0.0.1 Port: 8118
 
  Hostname: 127.0.0.1 Port: 8118
  
This will point Firefox at Privoxy. You can also add exeptions in the ''No Proxy for'' field.
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This will point Firefox at Privoxy. You can also add exceptions in the ''No Proxy for'' field.
  
 
Now, return to http://whatsmyip.net/ and check so that your IP is diffrent from before.
 
Now, return to http://whatsmyip.net/ and check so that your IP is diffrent from before.

Revision as of 02:46, 3 July 2010

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Tor.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: please use the second argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Privoxy#)

There might be some situations where you want to be completely anonymous while using Internet. One way to go about this is using Tor and Privoxy.

Tor is an implementation of second-generation onion routing - an anonymity system enabling its users to communicate anonymously on the Internet.

Users of the Tor network run an onion proxy on their machine. This software connects out to Tor, periodically negotiating a virtual circuit through the Tor network. Tor employs cryptography in a layered manner (hence the 'onion' analogy), ensuring perfect forward secrecy between routers. At the same time, the onion proxy software presents a SOCKS interface to its clients. SOCKS-aware applications may be pointed at Tor, which then multiplexes the traffic through a Tor virtual circuit.

Privoxy is a filtering proxy for the HTTP protocol, frequently used in combination with Tor. Privoxy is a web proxy with advanced filtering capabilities for protecting privacy, filtering web page content, managing cookies, controlling access, and removing ads, banners, pop-ups, etc. It supports both stand-alone systems and multi-user networks.

Using privoxy is necessary because browsers leak your DNS requests when they use a SOCKS proxy directly, which is bad for your anonymity.

Installation and setup

First, go to http://whatsmyip.net/ and write down your IP address.

$ pacman -S tor privoxy

Edit your /etc/privoxy/config file and add this line at the end (be sure to include the . at the end and make sure to preserve the file owner and group as "privoxy"):

forward-socks4a / localhost:9050 .

Make sure your /etc/hosts is correctly set up. By default in Arch, "hostname" has the name "localhost" but you need to make sure it has the name you used in your /etc/rc.conf.

E.g. in the Arch default rc.conf HOSTNAME="myhost", so in /etc/hosts it should be:

#<ip-address>   <hostname.domain.org>   <hostname>
127.0.0.1       myhost.localdomain      myhost localhost

Add tor and privoxy to your DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng ... privoxy tor)

Start them both with

# /etc/rc.d/tor start
# /etc/rc.d/privoxy start

or restart your computer.

If errors appear when accessing /var/log/privoxy/, user can add the following after '/bin/bash' in /etc/rc.d/privoxy and then restart privoxy.

 if [ ! -d /var/log/privoxy ]
       then
    mkdir /var/log/privoxy
    touch /var/log/privoxy/errorfile
    touch /var/log/privoxy/logfile
    chown -R privoxy:adm /var/log/privoxy
 fi

Tor and Privoxy in Firefox

The easiest way to do this is to use the Torbutton extension.

Alternatively, you can use SwitchProxy Tool. After restarting Firefox you will have a new toolbar. Click Add, select Standard proxy type. Choose whatever Proxy Label you want, e.g Tor. Enter into both the HTTP Proxy and SSL Proxy fields:

Hostname: 127.0.0.1 Port: 8118

This will point Firefox at Privoxy. You can also add exceptions in the No Proxy for field.

Now, return to http://whatsmyip.net/ and check so that your IP is diffrent from before.

Another Tor testing link

You can check that you are using Tor by pointing your browser to this address or this.

Tor and Privoxy in other applications

You can also use this setup in other applications like instant messaging, Jabber, IRC, etc.

Applications that support HTTP proxies you can point at Privoxy (127.0.0.1 port 8118).

To use SOCKS proxy directly, you can point your application at Tor (127.0.0.1 port 9050). A problem with this method though is that applications doing DNS resolves by themselves may leak information. Consider using Socks4A (e.g. via privoxy) instead.

Links

Tor - http://www.torproject.org/

Privoxy - http://www.privoxy.org/