Difference between revisions of "Profile-sync-daemon"

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(External Links Mentioning PSD)
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The 'parse' option can be called to show users exactly what psd will do based on the /etc/psd.conf entered. Call it like so:
 
The 'parse' option can be called to show users exactly what psd will do based on the /etc/psd.conf entered. Call it like so:
 
  $ profile-sync-daemon parse
 
  $ profile-sync-daemon parse
   Profile-sync-daemon v5.08
+
   Profile-sync-daemon v5.24
 
   
 
   
 
  Psd will manage the following per /etc/psd.conf settings:
 
  Psd will manage the following per /etc/psd.conf settings:

Revision as of 20:57, 19 February 2013

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Benefits of Psd

Running this daemon is beneficial for two reasons:

  1. Reduced wear to physical discs
  2. Speed

Since the profile(s), browser cache*, etc. are relocated into tmpfs (RAM disk), the corresponding onslaught of I/O associated with using the browser is also redirected from the physical disc to RAM, thus reducing wear to the physical disc and also greatly improving browser speed and responsiveness. For example, the access time of RAM is on the order of nanoseconds while the access time of physical discs is on the order of milliseconds. This is a difference of six orders of magnitude or 1,000,000 times faster.

Note: Chromium actually keeps its cache directory separately from its browser profile directory. It is not within the scope of profile-sync-daemon to modify this behavior; users are encouraged to refer to the Chromium_Tips_and_Tweaks#Cache_in_tmpfs section of the main Chromium_Tips_and_Tweaks article for several work-arounds.

Supported Browsers

Currently, the following browsers are auto-detected and managed:

Note: Heftig's version of Aurora is an Arch Linux only browser.
Note: Firefox-trunk is an Ubuntu-only only browser.

Setup and Installation

Profile-sync-daemonAUR is available for download from the AUR. Build it and install like any other package.

Edit /etc/psd.conf

Edit the included /etc/psd.conf defining which user(s) will have their profiles managed by psd.

Example:

# List users separated by spaces whose browser(s) profile(s) will get symlinked 
# and sync'ed to tmpfs.
# Do NOT list a user twice!
USERS="facade happy"
Note: At least one user must be defined.

Optionally uncomment the BROWSERS array and populate it with whichever browser(s) are to be sync'ed to tmpfs. If the BROWSERS array stays commented (default) then all supported browser profiles will be sync'ed if they exist.

Example: Let's say that both Chromium and Midori are installed but only Chromium is to be sync'ed to tmpfs since the user keeps Midori as a backup browser and it is seldom used:

# List browsers separated by spaces to include in the sync. Useful if you do not
# wish to have all possible browser profiles sync'ed.
#
# Possible values:
#   chromium
#   conkeror.mozdev.org
#   firefox
#   firefox-trunk
#   google-chrome
#   heftig-aurora 
#   midori
#   opera
#   opera-next
#   qupzilla
#
# If the following is commented out (default), then all available/supported 
# browsers will be sync'ed
BROWSERS="chromium"

Using PSD

Preview Mode (Parse)

The 'parse' option can be called to show users exactly what psd will do based on the /etc/psd.conf entered. Call it like so:

$ profile-sync-daemon parse
 Profile-sync-daemon v5.24

Psd will manage the following per /etc/psd.conf settings:

browser/psname:  chromium/chromium
owner/group:     facade/users
sync target:     /home/facade/.config/chromium
tmpfs dir:       /tmp/facade-chromium
profile size:    81M

browser/psname:  firefox/firefox
owner/group:     facade/users
sync target:     /mnt/data/docs/facade/mozilla/firefox/1Zp9V43q.banking
tmpfs dir:       /tmp/facade-firefox-1Zp9V43q.banking
profile size:    5.9M

browser/psname:  firefox/firefox
owner/group:     facade/users
sync target:     /mnt/data/docs/facade/mozilla/firefox/obg67zqQ.proxy
tmpfs dir:       /tmp/facade-firefox-obg67zqQ.proxy
profile size:    17M

As shown in the output and as stated above, if no specific browser or subset of browsers are defined in the BROWSERS array, psd will sync ALL supported profiles that it finds for the given user(s).

Running PSD to Manage Profiles

Do not call /usr/bin/profile-sync-daemon to sync or to unsync directly. Instead use the provided service file. The initial synchronization will occur when the pseudo-daemon starts. Additionally, cron (if running) will call it to sync or update once per hour. Finally, psd will sync back a final time when it is called to stop.

The provided daemon file should be used to interact with psd (/usr/lib/systemd/system/psd.service):

# systemctl [option] psd.service

Available options:

start  Turn on daemon; make symlinks and actively manage targets in tmpfs.
stop  Turn off daemon; remove symlinks and rotate tmpfs data back to disc.
enable  Autostart daemon when system comes up.
disable  Remove daemon from the list of autostart daemons.

Enable psd to start/stop at boot/shutdown (highly recommended) using:

# systemctl enable psd.service

Sync at More Frequent Intervals (Optional)

Note: This step is NOT required. Psd will update once per hour on its own thanks to /etc/cron.hourly/psd-update -- psd does NOT remain running in memory!

Users wishing to have syncs occur more frequently can simply add a line to the root crontab to call the sync function of psd like so:

# crontab -e

Example syncing all profiles being managed once every ten minutes:

 */10 * * * *     /usr/bin/profile-sync-daemon sync &> /dev/null

Caveats for Firefox and Heftig's Aurora ONLY

The way psd keeps track of browser profiles and sync targets requires users to have a unique name as the last directory for all profiles in their respective $HOME/.mozilla/<browser>/profiles.ini files. Psd will check when it is called to run for this and refuse if this rule is not satisfied. The following is an example of a BAD profile that will fail the the test. Note that although each full path is unique, they both end in the same name! Again, the user must modify the profiles.ini and the corresponding directory on the filesystem to correct this in order to use Psd.

$ cat ~/.mozilla/firefox/profiles.ini

[General]
StartWithLastProfile=1

[Profile0 for user facade]
Name=normal
IsRelative=0
Path=/mnt/data/docs/facade/mozilla/firefox/myprofile.abc
Default=1

[Profile1 for user happy]
Name=proxy
IsRelative=0
Path=/mnt/data/docs/happy/mozilla/firefox/myprofile.abc

Support

Post in the discussion thread with comments or concerns.

PSD On Other Distros

Psd is a simple bash script and should therefore run on any Linux distro. Below is a list of distros known to package psd, and a link to download their respective packages. As noted above, these are unsupported by the author due to their own, unique init scripts:

Chakra

http://chakra-linux.org/ccr/packages.php?ID=5007

Debian

To add the PPA (personal package archive) to your Debian (tested on squeeze) system, and to install psd:

# echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/graysky/utils/ubuntu quantal main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/graysky.list
# echo "deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/graysky/utils/ubuntu quantal main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/graysky.list
# apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys FF7F9516
# apt-get update
# apt-get install profile-sync-daemon

Gentoo

http://packages.gentoo.org/package/www-misc/profile-sync-daemon

Ubuntu

To add the PPA (personal package archive) to your Ubuntu (packages available for Lucid and newer) system, and to install psd:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graysky/utils
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install profile-sync-daemon

External Links Mentioning PSD