Python/Virtual environment

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virtualenv is a Python tool written by Ian Bicking and used to create isolated environments for Python in which you can install packages without interfering with the other virtualenvs nor with the system Python's packages. The present article covers the installation of the virtualenv package and its companion command line utility virtualenvwrapper designed by Doug Hellmann to (greatly) improve your work flow. A quick how-to to help you to begin working inside virtual environment is then provided.

Virtual Environments at a glance

virtualenv is a tool designated to address the problem of dealing with packages' dependencies while maintaining different versions that suit projects' needs. For example, if you work on two Django web sites, say one that needs Django 1.2 while the other needs the good old 0.96. You have no way to keep both versions if you install them into /usr/lib/python2/site-packages . Thanks to virtualenv it's possible, by creating two isolated environments, to have the two development environment to play along nicely.

vitualenvwrapper takes virtualenv a step further by providing convenient commands you can invoke from your favorite console.


virtualenv supports Python 2.6+ and Python 3.x.


Simply install from the community repository:

# pacman -S python2-virtualenv


# pacman -S python-virtualenv

Basic Usage

An extended tutorial on how use virtualenv for sandboxing can be found here.

The typical use case is:

  • Create a folder for the new virtualenv:
$ mkdir -p ~/.virtualenvs/my_env
  • Create the virtualenv:
$ virtualenv2 ~/.virtualenvs/my_env
  • Activate the virtualenv:
$ source ~/.virtualenvs/my_env/bin/activate
  • Install some package inside the virtualenv (say, Django):
(my_env)$ pip install django
  • Do your things
  • Leave the virtualenv:
(my_env)$ deactivate


virtualenvwrapper allows more natural command line interaction with your virtualenvs by exposing several useful commands to create, activate and remove virtualenvs. This package is a wrapper for both python-virtualenv and python2-virtualenv.


Install the python-virtualenvwrapper package from the official repositories.

Now add the following lines to your ~/.bashrc:

export WORKON_HOME=~/.virtualenvs
source /usr/bin/

If you are not using python3 by default (check the output of $ python --version) you also need to add the following line to your ~/.bashrc prior sourcing the script. The current version of the virtualenvwrapper-python package only works with python3. It can create python2 virtualenvs fine though.


Re-open your console and create the WORKON_HOME folder:

$ mkdir $WORKON_HOME

Basic Usage

The main information source on virtualenvwrapper usage (and extension capability) is Doug Hellmann's page.

  • Create the virtualenv:
$ mkvirtualenv -p /usr/bin/python2.7 my_env
  • Activate the virtualenv:
$ workon my_env
  • Install some package inside the virtualenv (say, Django):
$ (my_env)$ pip install django
  • Do your things
  • Leave the virtualenv:
(my_env)$ deactivate

See Also