Ratpoison is a minimalistic window manager which can be controlled 100% through keyboard. It behaves like the terminal-multiplexer GNU screen. Every window is maximized to fit the whole screen, no pixel is wasted on stuff like borders or other decoration. The user can also "split" the screen into two or more frames in order to display more than one window at the time. For more information check the official homepage at http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/.
Ratpoison can be installed with package official repositories., available in
To use ratpoison as your windowmanager, you have to create/edit the file
# the black/white grid as background doesn't suit my taste. xsetroot -solid black & # ratpoison is compatible with xcompmgr! now you can have real transparency xcompmgr -c -f -D 5 & #fire up ratpoison! exec /usr/bin/ratpoison
After X11 starts up you will see a black screen and a little textbox on the upper right of it that says "Welcome to Ratpoison" :)
Now type Template:Keypress and then
? to get a list of keybindings. If you are used to GNU screen, you will feel at home very soon.
You are able to define custom keystrokes and even override existing ones in
# overriding CTRL+t 'c' to start aterm instead of xterm bind c exec aterm
bind f exec firefox
Here is another .ratpoisonrc i'm using on my Computers:
exec xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr startup_message off escape C-z # make a screenshot alias sshot exec import -window root ~/screenshot-`date +%F`.jpg definekey top M-C-Print sshot #virtual desks gnewbg one gnewbg two definekey top M-l exec ratpoison -c "select -" -c "gprev" -c "next" definekey top M-h exec ratpoison -c "select -" -c "gnext" -c "next" #switch between windows definekey top M-j next definekey top M-k prev #apps unbind c bind c exec urxvt -tr #bind c exec aterm bind g exec gftp bind f exec firefox2
Tips and tricks
By default, ratpoison only has one workspace, but using a script called rpws (installed by default) you can have more.
Just edit your .ratpoisonrc, and add:
exec rpws -i exec /usr/bin/rpws init 6 -k
You can also add binds to them, like this:
bind C-1 exec rpws 1 bind C-2 exec rpws 2 ...
urxvt and xterm
Urxvt and xterm would not resize to a fixed number of pixels. Instead, it resize itself to multiples of its font's size, therefore, chances that there are unfilled gaps are high. To correct this, we can use the xterm/urxvt option internalBorder and set the border of ratpoison to 0.
A trial and error process must be done to find the exact number of internalBorder for each combination of resolution and font size. (the border of ratpoison must be set to 0 before doing the tests) The term command line option -b can be used to test for the correct number and then can be saved on the following files.
urxvt*internalBorder: 8 #change urxvt to xterm if necessary. Using the font terminus in urxvt at 14px size, 8 is the correct number here.
set border 0
If a combination cannot be found, you could try changing the font size and the font family also. (that changes the required border number)
Launch on Startup
Examples for launching programs when ratpoison starts. File
~/.ratpoisonrc is executed by ratpoison on startup.
Launch urxvt with a tmux session
exec urxvt -e bash -c "tmux -q has-session && exec tmux attach-session -d || exec tmux new-session -n$USER -s$USER@$HOSTNAME"
Launch optimized chromium
exec bash -c 'pidof chromium &>/dev/null || exec /usr/bin/chromium --disk-cache-dir=~/tmp/cache'
Wallpaper and Transparency
Example for setting transparency using xcompmgr and nitrogen. First start nitrogen and set the desired wallpaper. Then use this in your .ratpoisonrc
Wallpaper and transparency
exec xcompmgr -c -f -D 5 & exec nitrogen --restore
Some more useful KeyCombos
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress <Program Name> Start any program
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Quit ratpoison
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Show key bindings
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Start an X terminal
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Switch to next window
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Switch to previous window
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress-Template:Keypress Switch to windows 1-9
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Close the current window
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress XKill the current application
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress,Template:Keypress Split the current frame into two vertical,horizontal ones
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress Switch to the next, left. top, right, bottom frame.
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Make the current frame the only one
Template:Keypress Template:Keypress Execute a ratpoison command
Ratpoison and display managers
Many display managers (e.g., lightdm) source the available sessions from /usr/share/xsessions/ and most window managers and desktop environments create .desktop files there. However ratpoison instead creates a ratpoison.desktop file in /etc/X11/sessions/. To allow display managers to find ratpoison one may need to copy the ratpoison.desktop file from /etc/X11/sessions/ratpoison.desktop to /usr/share/xsessions/ratpoison.desktop. If the /usr/share/xsessions directory does not exist, create it as root.