[rdesktop] is a free, open source client for Microsoft's proprietary RDP protocol released under the GNU General Public License. Use rdesktop to connect to Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Win7 RDP server to remotely administrate the Windows box.
As of July 2008, rdesktop implements a large subset of the RDP 5 protocol, including:
- Bitmap caching
- File system, audio, serial port and printer port redirection
- Mappings for most international keyboards
- Stream compression and encryption
- Automatic authentication
- Smartcard support
- RemoteApp like support called "seamless" mode via SeamlessRDP
Still unimplemented are:
- Remote Assistance requests
- USB device redirection
Support for the additional features available in RDP 5.1 and RDP 6 (including multi-head display spanning and window composition) also have not yet been implemented.
The packages for rdesktop are available in the extra repo; to install simply use pacman as you would any other package
# pacman -S rdesktop
For a complete listing of options see the rdesktop man page. Here is a typical line
$ rdesktop -g 1440x900 -P -z -x l -r sound:off -u windowsuser 22.214.171.124:3389
Reading form left to right:
|-g 1440x900||Sets the resolution of the display to 1440x900|
|-P||Enables bitmap caching/speeds up xfers.|
|-z||Enables RDP datastream compression|
|-x l||Uses the "lan" quality experience level, see the man page for additional options|
|-r sound:off||Redirects sound generated on the server to null|
|-u windowsuser||This defines the username to use when logging into the Windows box|
|126.96.36.199:3389||This is the IP address and port number of the target machine|
remote desktop using netbios names instead of using IP address
If you don't know the IP address of a windows computer in a network, you have to enable wins support. To do so, you have to install samba. Enabaling wins in samba is surprisingly easy: just edit the /etc/samba/smb.conf and add the following line to it, or uncomment the appropriate line:
wins support = yes
then you have to install winbind and edit the /etc/nsswitch.conf and add the "wins" to the list of hosts.
restart smbd and nmbd services and test your success by pinging a windows netbios host.
- xrdp a daemon creating an RDP interface to the X server