Difference between revisions of "Resolv.conf"

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(Modify the dhcpcd Config: added easier solution mentioned in "configuring network" wiki page)
(re-ordering: easiest & cleanest first)
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Dhcpcd, NetworkManager, and various other processes can overwrite {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf}}.  This is usually desirable behavior, but sometimes DNS settings need to be set manually (e.g. when using a static IP).  There are several ways to accomplish this. If you are using NetworkManager, see [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=45394 this thread] on how to prevent it from overriding your resolv.conf.
 
Dhcpcd, NetworkManager, and various other processes can overwrite {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf}}.  This is usually desirable behavior, but sometimes DNS settings need to be set manually (e.g. when using a static IP).  There are several ways to accomplish this. If you are using NetworkManager, see [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=45394 this thread] on how to prevent it from overriding your resolv.conf.
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===Modify the dhcpcd Config===
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Dhcpcd's configuration file may be edited to prevent the dhcpcd daemon from overwriting ({{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf}}). To do this, add the following to the last section of ({{Filename|/etc/dhcpcd.conf}}:
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nohook resolv.conf
  
 
===Use resolv.conf.head===
 
===Use resolv.conf.head===
You can prevent your nameservers from being lost by creating a file called {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf.head}} containing your DNS servers.  Dhcpcd will prepend this file to the beginning of resolv.conf.   An example {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf.head}} for someone using OpenDNS would be:
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Alternatively, you can create a file called {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf.head}} containing your DNS servers.  Dhcpcd will prepend this file to the beginning of resolv.conf. An example {{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf.head}} for someone using OpenDNS would be:
  
 
  # OpenDNS servers
 
  # OpenDNS servers
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  nameserver 208.67.220.220
 
  nameserver 208.67.220.220
  
===Modify the dhcpcd Config===
 
Alternatively, dhcpcd's configuration file may be edited to prevent the dhcpcd daemon from overwriting the ({{Filename|/etc/resolv.conf}}). To do this, add the following to the last section of ({{Filename|/etc/dhcpcd.conf}}:
 
 
nohook resolv.conf
 
  
 
===Write-protect resolv.conf===
 
===Write-protect resolv.conf===
 
Another way to protect your resolv.conf from being edited by anything is setting the write-protection attribute:
 
Another way to protect your resolv.conf from being edited by anything is setting the write-protection attribute:
 
  chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf
 
  chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf

Revision as of 11:38, 3 May 2010

The resolver is a set of routines in the C library that provide access to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS). The resolver configuration file contains information that is read by the resolver routines the first time they are invoked by a process. The file is designed to be human readable and contains a list of keywords with values that provide various types of resolver information.

On a normally configured system this file should not be necessary. The only name server to be queried will be on the local machine; the domain name is determined from the host name and the domain search path is constructed from the domain name.

Preserve DNS settings

Dhcpcd, NetworkManager, and various other processes can overwrite Template:Filename. This is usually desirable behavior, but sometimes DNS settings need to be set manually (e.g. when using a static IP). There are several ways to accomplish this. If you are using NetworkManager, see this thread on how to prevent it from overriding your resolv.conf.

Modify the dhcpcd Config

Dhcpcd's configuration file may be edited to prevent the dhcpcd daemon from overwriting (Template:Filename). To do this, add the following to the last section of (Template:Filename:

nohook resolv.conf

Use resolv.conf.head

Alternatively, you can create a file called Template:Filename containing your DNS servers. Dhcpcd will prepend this file to the beginning of resolv.conf. An example Template:Filename for someone using OpenDNS would be:

# OpenDNS servers
nameserver 208.67.222.222
nameserver 208.67.220.220


Write-protect resolv.conf

Another way to protect your resolv.conf from being edited by anything is setting the write-protection attribute:

chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf