Originally from the ROS wiki. ROS is an open-source, meta-operating system for your robot. It provides the services you would expect from an operating system, including hardware abstraction, low-level device control, implementation of commonly-used functionality, message-passing between processes, and package management.
Get dependencies, and create alternate python dir to workaround shebang line in scripts that points to python3. Thanks to DavidS. Compiling gcc45 will take a long time.
pacman -S python2 cmake wget python-yaml python2-distribute python-yaml pil python-numpy yaourt -S gcc45 log4cxx mkdir /usr/local/bin/alt ln -s /usr/bin/python2 /usr/local/bin/alt/python
The following lines will download the ROS source code using the rosinstall tool, and bootstrap the installation. The installation downloads all ROS stacks in subdirectories inside the ~/ros directory, one subdirectory for each stack in the rosinstall file.
First install rosinstall:
sudo easy_install-2.7 -U rosinstall
Then use rosinstall to download your preferred C-Turtle variant:
ROS-only: Includes basic ROS and tutorials.
rosinstall ~/ros "http://packages.ros.org/cgi-bin/gen_rosinstall.py?rosdistro=cturtle&variant=ros_only&overlay=no"
Base Install: ROS plus robot-generic stacks (e.g. navigation, visualization)
rosinstall ~/ros "http://packages.ros.org/cgi-bin/gen_rosinstall.py?rosdistro=cturtle&variant=base&overlay=no"
PR2 Install: ROS plus PR2-specific stacks, including PR2 simulator.
rosinstall ~/ros "http://packages.ros.org/cgi-bin/gen_rosinstall.py?rosdistro=cturtle&variant=pr2&overlay=no"
PR2 All Install: ROS plus PR2 and bleeding edge research/experimental stacks.
rosinstall ~/ros "http://packages.ros.org/cgi-bin/gen_rosinstall.py?rosdistro=cturtle&variant=pr2all&overlay=no"
NOTE: the instructions above download all stacks inside the ~/ros folder. If you prefer a different location, simply change the ~/ros in the commands above.
You'll now need to update your environment. You can do this by typing:
It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched, which you can do with the command below:
echo "source ~/ros/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc . ~/.bashrc
For Zsh users, change the last line of ~/ros/setup.zsh to
before running source ~/ros/setup.zsh Similarly, have the setup script called at the start of each new shell session with
echo "source ~/ros/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc . ~/.zshrc
Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.