Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails, often shortened to Rails or RoR, is an open source web application framework for the Ruby programming language. It is intended to be used with an Agile development methodology that is used by web developers for rapid development.
This document describes how to set up the Ruby on Rails Framework on an Arch Linux system.
Ruby on Rails requires Ruby to be installed, so read that article first for installation instructions.
Installation via RubyGems (Recommended)
# gem install rails
Building the documentation takes a while. If you want to skip it, append the parameters --no-ri --no-rdoc to the install command.
# gem install rails --no-ri --no-rdoc
gem is a package manager for Ruby modules, somewhat like pacman is to Arch Linux. To update your gems, simply run:
# gem update
Installing via the AUR
Rails is bundled with a basic HTTP server called WeBrick. You can create a test application to test it. First, create an application with the rails command:
$ rails new testapp_name
This makes a new folder in your current working directory. Next start the web server. It listens on port 3000 by default:
$ cd testapp_name $ rails server
Finally open your server address on port 3000 in your web browser. For example, if you are working on your local machine, visit http://localhost:3000/
A test-page should shown greeting you "Welcome aboard".
While the default Ruby On Rails HTTP server (WeBrick) is convenient for basic development it is not recommended for production use. Here are some suitable alternatives:
Mongrel is a drop-in replacement for WeBrick, that can be run in precisely the same way, but offers better performance.
First install the Mongrel gem:
# gem install mongrel
Then start it using:
# mongrel_rails start
Alternatively, you can just run "ruby script/server" again, as it replaces WeBrick by default.
Generally, Mongrel is used in a production environment by running multiple instances of mongrel_rails, which are load-balanced behind an nginx or Apache reverse proxy. However, you might find Phusion Passenger (see below) a much simpler solution for running a production environment.
Phusion Passenger (Recommended for production)
Start by installing the Passenger gem:
# gem install passenger
If you are aiming to use Apache with Passenger, run:
The installer will provide you with any additional information regarding the installation (such as installing additional libraries).
Most web applications will need to interact with some sort of database. ActiveRecord (the ORM used by Rails to provide database abstraction) supports several database vendors, the most popular of which are MySQL, SQLite, and PostgreSQL.
SQLite is the default lightweight database for Ruby on Rails. To enable SQLite, simply install sqlite3
# pacman -S sqlite3
Please refer to MySQL on how to install MySQL Server.
A gem with some native extensions is required, probably best installed as root:
# sudo gem install mysql
You can generate a rails application configured for MySQL by using the -d parameter:
$ rails new testapp_name -d mysql
You then need to edit config/database.yml. Rails uses different databases for development, testing, production and other environments. Here is an example development configuration for MySQL running on localhost:
development: adapter: mysql database: my_application_database username: development password: my_secret_password
Note that you do not have to actually create the database using a MySQL, as this can be done via Rails with:
# rake db:create
If no errors are shown, then your database has been created and Rails can talk to your MySQL database.