Difference between revisions of "Rxvt-unicode"

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[[Category:Terminal emulators]]
 
[[Category:Terminal emulators]]
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:rxvt-unicode}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:rxvt-unicode}}
 +
[[de:urxvt]]
 +
[[es:Rxvt-unicode]]
 
[[fr:urxvt]]
 
[[fr:urxvt]]
{{i18n|Rxvt-unicode}}
+
[[sr:Rxvt-unicode]]
 
+
 
[http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/rxvt-unicode.html rxvt-unicode] is a highly customizable [[Wikipedia:Terminal emulator|terminal emulator]] forked from [[Wikipedia:Rxvt|rxvt]]. Commonly known as {{Ic|urxvt}}, rxvt-unicode can be [[daemon]]ized to run clients within a single [[Wikipedia:Process (computing)|process]] in order to minimize the use of system resources. Developed by Marc Lehmann, some of the more outstanding features of rxvt-unicode include international language support through [[Wikipedia:Unicode|Unicode]], the ability to display multiple font types and support for [[Wikipedia:Perl|Perl]] extensions.
 
[http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/rxvt-unicode.html rxvt-unicode] is a highly customizable [[Wikipedia:Terminal emulator|terminal emulator]] forked from [[Wikipedia:Rxvt|rxvt]]. Commonly known as {{Ic|urxvt}}, rxvt-unicode can be [[daemon]]ized to run clients within a single [[Wikipedia:Process (computing)|process]] in order to minimize the use of system resources. Developed by Marc Lehmann, some of the more outstanding features of rxvt-unicode include international language support through [[Wikipedia:Unicode|Unicode]], the ability to display multiple font types and support for [[Wikipedia:Perl|Perl]] extensions.
  
 
==Installation==
 
==Installation==
  
{{Pkg|rxvt-unicode}} is available in the [[Official Repositories]] and includes 256 color support.
+
{{Pkg|rxvt-unicode}} is available in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]] and includes 256 color support.
  
 
{{AUR|rxvt-unicode-patched}} is available in the [[AUR]] and includes a fix for the font width bug.
 
{{AUR|rxvt-unicode-patched}} is available in the [[AUR]] and includes a fix for the font width bug.
Line 16: Line 17:
  
 
===Creating ~/.Xresources===
 
===Creating ~/.Xresources===
The look, feel, and function of rxvt-unicode is controlled by command-line arguments and/or [[Wikipedia:X resources|X resources]]. X resources can be set using {{ic|~/.Xresources}} and xrdb ({{Pkg|xorg-xrdb}}), see the [[X_resources|wiki page]] for details.
+
The look, feel, and function of rxvt-unicode is controlled by command-line arguments and/or [[X resources]]. X resources can be set using {{ic|~/.Xresources}} and xrdb ({{Pkg|xorg-xrdb}}), see the [[X_resources|wiki page]] for details.
  
If {{ic|~/.Xresources}} is not affecting rxvt-unicode, add the following to your {{ic|~/.xinitrc}} file and restart your X session:
+
Append commented list of all rxvt resources to your {{ic|~/.Xresources}} file
  xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources
+
  urxvt --help 2>&1| sed -n '/:  /s/^ */! URxvt*/gp' >> ~/.Xresources
  
{{Note|Command-line arguments override and take precedence over the resource settings established in this file.}}
+
Or for a commented list + helpful descriptions
 +
{{bc|<nowiki>TERM=dump command man -Pcat urxvt | sed -n '/depth: b/,/^BA/p'|sed '$d'|sed '/^      [a-z]/s/^ */^/g'|sed -e :a -e 'N;s/\n/@@/g;ta;P;D'|sed 's,\^\([^@]\+\)@*[\t ]*\([^\^]\+\),! \2\n! URxvt*\1\n\n,g'|sed 's,@@\(  \+\),\n\1,g'|sed 's,@*$,,g'|sed '/^[^!]/d'|tr -d "'\`" >> ~/.Xresources</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Command-line arguments override, and take precedence over resource settings}}
  
 
===True transparency===
 
===True transparency===
Line 37: Line 41:
 
URxvt.background: rgba:1111/1111/1111/dddd
 
URxvt.background: rgba:1111/1111/1111/dddd
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
or
 +
 +
{{hc|~/.Xresources|
 +
URxvt.depth: 32
 +
URxvt.background: [95]#000000
 +
}}
 +
 +
where '95' is the opacity level in percentage and '#000000' is the background color.
 +
 +
To use a color i.e. #302351 with the rgba:rrrr/gggg/bbbb/aaaa syntax it would be rgba:3000/2300/5100/ee00. "ee00" (the alpha value) to make it nicely transparent.
 +
{{Note|To make these settings universal for all forms of URxvt, you may add a wildcard.  For example, {{ic|URxvt.depth}} would become {{ic|URxvt*.depth}}.}}
  
 
===Native transparency===
 
===Native transparency===
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! Xresources file
 
! Xresources file
  
URxvt.transparent: true
+
URxvt*.transparent: true
! URxvt.shading: 0 to 99 darkens, 101 to 200 lightens
+
! URxvt*.shading: 0 to 99 darkens, 101 to 200 lightens
URxvt.shading: 10
+
URxvt*.shading: 110
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
 +
Using the URxvt*background setting exemplified above instead of URxvt*.shading will also work.
 
{{Note|Avoid using shading if you have a {{ic|URxvt.tintColor}} set. Use a different {{ic|tintColor}} instead.}}
 
{{Note|Avoid using shading if you have a {{ic|URxvt.tintColor}} set. Use a different {{ic|tintColor}} instead.}}
  
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The scrollbar can also be completely deactivated like so:
 
The scrollbar can also be completely deactivated like so:
  URxvt.scrollBar: off
+
  URxvt.scrollBar: false
 +
 
 +
===Scrollback Position===
 +
By default, when shell output appears the scrollback view will automatically jump to the bottom of the buffer to display new output. If in cases where you want to see previous output (e.g., compiler messages), set the following options in {{ic|~/.Xresources}}:
 +
 
 +
! do not scroll with output
 +
URxvt*scrollTtyOutput: false
 +
 +
! scroll in relation to buffer (with mouse scroll or Shift+Page Up)
 +
URxvt*scrollWithBuffer: true
 +
 +
! scroll back to the bottom on keypress
 +
URxvt*scrollTtyKeypress: true
  
 
===Font Declaration Methods===
 
===Font Declaration Methods===
Line 75: Line 104:
 
Or
 
Or
 
  URxvt.font: xft:monaco:bold:size=10
 
  URxvt.font: xft:monaco:bold:size=10
 +
 +
{{Note|If there is a hyphen(-) in the Xft font name, it must be escaped with backslash(\) twice. It's different from the usage of urxvt -fn option and the result that fc-list returns, where backslash present only once}}
  
 
===Set icon===
 
===Set icon===
 +
{{Note|Because of a bug report[https://bugs.archlinux.org/task/34862] complaining that the rxvt-unicode package had too many dependencies, you must now install the AUR package {{AUR|rxvt-unicode-pixbuf}} in order to use the icon option.}}
 +
 
By default URxvt does not feature a taskbar icon. However, this can be easily changed by adding the following line to {{ic|~/.Xresources}} and pointing to the desired icon:
 
By default URxvt does not feature a taskbar icon. However, this can be easily changed by adding the following line to {{ic|~/.Xresources}} and pointing to the desired icon:
 
  URxvt.iconFile:    /usr/share/icons/Clarity/scalable/apps/terminal.svg
 
  URxvt.iconFile:    /usr/share/icons/Clarity/scalable/apps/terminal.svg
  
 
===Set as Login Shell===
 
===Set as Login Shell===
This will cause the shell to be started as a loginshell, like the option {{ic|-ls}}.
+
This will cause the shell to be started as a login shell, like the option {{ic|-ls}}.
  URxvt*loginShell:true
+
  URxvt*loginShell: true
 
+
===Set TERM===
+
Sets TERM to a specific terminal, like the option {{ic|-tn}}.
+
URxvt*termName:screen-256color
+
  
 
==Perl extensions==
 
==Perl extensions==
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You can make URLs in the terminal clickable using the matcher extension. For example, to open links in [[Firefox]] add the following to {{ic|.Xresources}}:
 
You can make URLs in the terminal clickable using the matcher extension. For example, to open links in [[Firefox]] add the following to {{ic|.Xresources}}:
 
  URxvt.perl-ext-common:  default,matcher
 
  URxvt.perl-ext-common:  default,matcher
  URxvt.urlLauncher:      /usr/bin/firefox
+
  URxvt.url-launcher:      /usr/bin/firefox
 
  URxvt.matcher.button:  1
 
  URxvt.matcher.button:  1
  
Line 98: Line 127:
 
  URxvt.keysym.C-Delete:  perl:matcher:last
 
  URxvt.keysym.C-Delete:  perl:matcher:last
 
  URxvt.keysym.M-Delete:  perl:matcher:list
 
  URxvt.keysym.M-Delete:  perl:matcher:list
 +
 +
To color all matching text in a blue color for quickly finding links, use the following setting or any color in the form of #RRGGBB you like instead.
 +
URxvt.colorUL: #4682B4
  
 
===Yankable URLs (No Mouse)===
 
===Yankable URLs (No Mouse)===
 
In addition, you can select and open URLs in your web browser without using the mouse.
 
In addition, you can select and open URLs in your web browser without using the mouse.
  
Install the {{Pkg|urxvt-url-select}} package from the [[Official Repositories]] and adjust your {{ic|.Xresources}} as necessary. An example is shown below:
+
Install the {{Pkg|urxvt-perls}} package from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]] and adjust your {{ic|.Xresources}} as necessary. An example is shown below:
 
  URxvt.perl-ext:      default,url-select
 
  URxvt.perl-ext:      default,url-select
 
  URxvt.keysym.M-u:    perl:url-select:select_next
 
  URxvt.keysym.M-u:    perl:url-select:select_next
  URxvt.urlLauncher:  firefox
+
  URxvt.url-select.launcher/usr/bin/firefox -new-tab
  URxvt.underlineURLs: true
+
  URxvt.url-select.underline: true
  
 
{{Note|This extension replaces the Clickable URLs extension mentioned above, so {{Ic|matcher}} can be removed from the {{Ic|URxvt.perl-ext}} list.}}
 
{{Note|This extension replaces the Clickable URLs extension mentioned above, so {{Ic|matcher}} can be removed from the {{Ic|URxvt.perl-ext}} list.}}
  
 
'''Key commands:'''
 
'''Key commands:'''
 +
{{Tip|To change {{ic|Alt+u}} to a more intuitive {{ic|Ctrl+i}}, replace {{ic|M-u}} by {{ic|C-i}} above.}}
  
{{Keypress|Alt}}+{{Keypress|U}} Enter selection mode. The last URL on your screen will be selected. You can repeat {{Keypress|Alt}}+{{Keypress|U}} to select the next upward URL.
+
{{ic|Alt+u}} Enter selection mode. The last URL on your screen will be selected. You can repeat {{ic|Alt+u}} to select the next upward URL.
  
{{Keypress|K}} Select next upward URL
+
{{ic|k}} Select next upward URL
  
{{Keypress|J}} Select next downward URL
+
{{ic|j}} Select next downward URL
  
{{Keypress|Return}} Open selected URL in browser and quit selection mode
+
{{ic|Return}} Open selected URL in browser and quit selection mode
  
{{Keypress|O}} Open selected URL in browser without quitting selection mode
+
{{ic|o}} Open selected URL in browser without quitting selection mode
  
{{Keypress|Y}} Copy (yank) selected URL and quit selection mode
+
{{ic|y}} Copy (yank) selected URL and quit selection mode
  
{{Keypress|Esc}} Cancel URL selection mode
+
{{ic|Esc}} Cancel URL selection mode
  
 
===Tabs===
 
===Tabs===
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To control tabs use:
 
To control tabs use:
  
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|↓}} new tab
+
{{ic|Shift+ ↓}} new tab
  
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|←}} go to left tab
+
{{ic|Shift+ ←}} go to left tab
  
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|→}} go to right tab
+
{{ic|Shift+ →}} go to right tab
  
{{Keypress|Ctrl}}+{{Keypress|←}} move tab to the left
+
{{ic|Ctrl+ ←}} move tab to the left
  
{{Keypress|Ctrl}}+{{Keypress|→}} move tab to the right
+
{{ic|Ctrl+ →}} move tab to the right
  
{{Keypress|Ctrl}}+{{Keypress|D}}: close tab  
+
{{ic|Ctrl+D}}: close tab  
  
 
You can change the colors of tabs with the following:
 
You can change the colors of tabs with the following:
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  URxvt.tabbed.tab-bg:    0
 
  URxvt.tabbed.tab-bg:    0
  
For named tabs, see {{AUR|urxvt-tabbedex}}, ({{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|↑}}: names a tab).
+
For named tabs, see {{AUR|urxvt-tabbedex}}, ({{ic|Shift+ ↑}}: names a tab).
  
 
===Fullscreen===
 
===Fullscreen===
  
You can install the {{AUR|urxvt-fullscreen}} in the [[AUR]] and then set a key bind to put urxvt fullscreen.
+
You can install the [[AUR]] package {{AUR|urxvt-fullscreen}}, and then set a key binding to put urxvt fullscreen.
  
{{ic|~/.Xdefaults}}:
+
{{hc|~/.Xresources|
{{bc|
+
...
 +
URxvt.perl-ext-common: ..., fullscreen, ...
 
URxvt.keysym.F11: perl:fullscreen:switch
 
URxvt.keysym.F11: perl:fullscreen:switch
 +
...
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
===Scrollwheel Support===
 
===Scrollwheel Support===
  
Install {{AUR|urxvt-vtwheel}} from the [[AUR]] and add it to your perl extensions within {{ic|~/.Xresources}} or {{ic|~/.Xdefaults}}:
+
Install {{AUR|urxvt-vtwheel}} from the [[AUR]] and add it to your Perl extensions within {{ic|~/.Xresources}}:
  
 
   URxvt.perl-ext-common:  ...,vtwheel,...
 
   URxvt.perl-ext-common:  ...,vtwheel,...
 +
 +
===Changing font size on the fly===
 +
 +
Install {{AUR|urxvt-font-size-git}} from the [[AUR]], add it to your Perl extensions within {{ic|~/.Xresources}}
 +
 +
  URxvt.perl-ext-common:  ...,font-size,...
 +
 +
and add some key bindings, for example like this:
 +
 +
  URxvt.keysym.C-Up:    perl:font-size:increase
 +
  URxvt.keysym.C-Down:  perl:font-size:decrease
 +
  URxvt.keysym.C-S-Up:  perl:font-size:incglobal
 +
  URxvt.keysym.C-S-Down: perl:font-size:decglobal
 +
 +
For the suggested Ctrl+Shift bindings to work, a default binding needs to be disabled (see discussion [http://wilmer.gaa.st/blog/archives/36-rxvt-unicode-and-ISO-14755-mode.html here]):
 +
 +
  URxvt.iso14755: false
 +
  URxvt.iso14755_52: false
  
 
===Disabling Perl extensions===
 
===Disabling Perl extensions===
If you do not use the perl extension features, you can improve the security and speed by disabling perl extensions completely.
+
If you do not use the Perl extension features, you can improve the security and speed by disabling Perl extensions completely.
 
  URxvt.perl-ext:
 
  URxvt.perl-ext:
 
  URxvt.perl-ext-common:
 
  URxvt.perl-ext-common:
Line 217: Line 270:
  
 
*Limit the number of {{Ic|saveLines}} (option {{Ic|-sl}}) in the scrollback buffer to reduce memory usage.<sup>[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.7.pod#Isn_t_rxvt_unicode_supposed_to_be_sm]</sup>
 
*Limit the number of {{Ic|saveLines}} (option {{Ic|-sl}}) in the scrollback buffer to reduce memory usage.<sup>[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.7.pod#Isn_t_rxvt_unicode_supposed_to_be_sm]</sup>
 +
**Use tmux for scrollback buffer and set saveLines to 0
 +
 +
*[[#Disabling_Perl_extensions|Disable perl]]
  
 
*Consider running {{Ic|urxvtd}} as a daemon accepting connections from {{Ic|urxvtc}} clients.
 
*Consider running {{Ic|urxvtd}} as a daemon accepting connections from {{Ic|urxvtc}} clients.
 +
 +
====Daemon-Client setup through systemd====
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/urxvtd@.service|<nowiki>
 +
[Unit]
 +
Description=RXVT-Unicode Daemon
 +
 +
[Service]
 +
Type=oneshot
 +
RemainAfterExit=yes
 +
User=%i
 +
ExecStart=/usr/bin/urxvtd -q -f -o
 +
 +
[Install]
 +
WantedBy=multi-user.target
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
Pass the username when starting the service:
 +
 +
# systemctl enable urxvtd@''username''.service
  
 
==Cut and Paste==
 
==Cut and Paste==
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For users unfamiliar with [[Xorg]] data transfer methods, the exchange of information to and from rxvt-unicode can become a burden. Suffice to say that rxvt-unicode uses cut buffers which are typically loaded into the current {{Ic|PRIMARY}} selection by default.<sup>[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.1.pod#THE_SELECTION_SELECTING_AND_PASTING_]</sup> Users are urged to review [[Wikipedia:X Window selection]] for additional information.
 
For users unfamiliar with [[Xorg]] data transfer methods, the exchange of information to and from rxvt-unicode can become a burden. Suffice to say that rxvt-unicode uses cut buffers which are typically loaded into the current {{Ic|PRIMARY}} selection by default.<sup>[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.1.pod#THE_SELECTION_SELECTING_AND_PASTING_]</sup> Users are urged to review [[Wikipedia:X Window selection]] for additional information.
 
+
====Default Key Bindings====
 +
Default X key bindings will still work for copying and pasting. After selecting the text Ctrl+Insert can be used to copy and Shift+Insert to paste.
 
====Clipboard Management====
 
====Clipboard Management====
 
* [http://parcellite.sourceforge.net/ Parcellite] is a GTK+ clipboard manager which can also run in the background as a daemon.
 
* [http://parcellite.sourceforge.net/ Parcellite] is a GTK+ clipboard manager which can also run in the background as a daemon.
Line 237: Line 314:
  
 
====Automatic Script Management====
 
====Automatic Script Management====
Skottish[http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=506845#p506845] created a Perl script to automatically copy any selection in rxvt-unicode to the X clipboard. Save the following as {{ic|/usr/lib/urxvt/perl/clipboard}}:
+
Skottish[https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=506845#p506845] created a Perl script to automatically copy any selection in rxvt-unicode to the X clipboard. Save the following as {{ic|/usr/lib/urxvt/perl/clipboard}}:
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
#! /usr/bin/perl
 
#! /usr/bin/perl
Line 249: Line 326:
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
Xyne has also created his own variation of Skottish's script named {{AUR|urxvt-clipboard}} which is available in the [[AUR]] that allows the user to paste the selection with {{Keypress|Ctrl}}+{{Keypress|V}} instead of only with a middle mouse click:
+
Xyne has also created his own variation of Skottish's script named {{AUR|urxvt-clipboard}} which is available in the [[AUR]] that allows the user to paste the selection with {{ic|Ctrl+V}} instead of only with a middle mouse click:
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
{{bc|<nowiki>
 
#! /usr/bin/perl
 
#! /usr/bin/perl
Line 271: Line 348:
  
 
==Improved Kuake-like Behavior in Openbox==
 
==Improved Kuake-like Behavior in Openbox==
This was originally posted on the forum by Xyne<sup>[http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=550380]</sup>, and it relies on the {{Pkg|xdotool}} found in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
+
This was originally posted on the forum by Xyne<sup>[https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=550380]</sup>, and it relies on the {{Pkg|xdotool}} found in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
  
 
===Scriptlets===
 
===Scriptlets===
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   /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28
 
   /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28
 
   wid=$(xdotool search --classname urxvtq | head -1)
 
   wid=$(xdotool search --classname urxvtq | head -1)
   xdotool windowfocus $wid
+
   xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
 
   xdotool key Control_L+l
 
   xdotool key Control_L+l
 
else
 
else
 
   if [ -z "$(xdotool search --onlyvisible --classname urxvtq 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
 
   if [ -z "$(xdotool search --onlyvisible --classname urxvtq 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
     xdotool windowmap $wid
+
     xdotool windowmap "$wid"
     xdotool windowfocus $wid
+
     xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
 
   else
 
   else
     xdotool windowunmap $wid
+
     xdotool windowunmap "$wid"
 
   fi
 
   fi
 
fi
 
fi
Line 312: Line 389:
 
   /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 200x28
 
   /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 200x28
 
   wid=$(xprop -name urxvtq | grep 'WM_COMMAND' | awk -F ',' '{print $3}' | awk -F '"' '{print $2}')
 
   wid=$(xprop -name urxvtq | grep 'WM_COMMAND' | awk -F ',' '{print $3}' | awk -F '"' '{print $2}')
   xdotool windowfocus $wid
+
   xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
 
   xdotool key Control_L+l
 
   xdotool key Control_L+l
 
else
 
else
   if [ -z "$(xprop -id $wid | grep 'window state: Normal' 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
+
   if [ -z "$(xprop -id "$wid" | grep 'window state: Normal' 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
     xdotool windowmap $wid
+
     xdotool windowmap "$wid"
     xdotool windowfocus $wid
+
     xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
 
   else
 
   else
     xdotool windowunmap $wid
+
     xdotool windowunmap "$wid"
 
   fi
 
   fi
 
fi
 
fi
Line 332: Line 409:
 
  wid=$(xdotool search --name urxvtq | grep -m 1 "" )
 
  wid=$(xdotool search --name urxvtq | grep -m 1 "" )
  
To activate the tab support, you can either replace the fifth line of your {{ic|urxvtq}}:
+
To activate tab support, you can either replace the fifth line of your {{ic|urxvtq}}:
 
  /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28
 
  /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28
 
with:
 
with:
Line 342: Line 419:
  
 
====Tab control====
 
====Tab control====
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|←}}: Switch to the tab left of the current one
+
{{ic|Shift+ ←}}: Switch to the tab left of the current one
  
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|→}}: Switch to the tab right of the current one
+
{{ic|Shift+ →}}: Switch to the tab right of the current one
  
{{Keypress|Shift}}+{{Keypress|↓}}: Create a new tab
+
{{ic|Shift+ ↓}}: Create a new tab
  
 
You can also use your mouse to switch the tabs by clicking the wished one and create a new tab by clicking on ''[NEW].\\''
 
You can also use your mouse to switch the tabs by clicking the wished one and create a new tab by clicking on ''[NEW].\\''
Line 383: Line 460:
 
}}
 
}}
  
Here too you need to change the {{Ic|/path/to/*}} lines to point to the scripts that you saved above. Save the file and then reconfigure Openbox. You should now be able to launch regular instances of urxvt with the Windows/Super key + {{Keypress|T}}, and toggle the kuake-like console with the Windows/Super key + {{Keypress|'''`'''}} (the grave key also known as the backtick).
+
Here too you need to change the {{Ic|/path/to/*}} lines to point to the scripts that you saved above. Save the file and then reconfigure Openbox. You should now be able to launch regular instances of urxvt with {{ic|Super+T}}, and toggle the kuake-like console with {{ic|Super+'''`'''}} (the grave key also known as the backtick).
  
 
===Further configuration===
 
===Further configuration===
Line 391: Line 468:
  
 
===Related scripts===
 
===Related scripts===
*hbekel has posted a generalized version of the {{ic|urxvtq}} [http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=550380#p550380 here] which can be used to toggle any application using {{Pkg|xdotool}}.
+
*hbekel has posted a generalized version of the {{ic|urxvtq}} [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=550380#p550380 here] which can be used to toggle any application using {{Pkg|xdotool}}.
  
 
*http://www.jukie.net/~bart/blog/20070503013555 - A script for opening URLs with your keyboard instead of mouse with urxvt.
 
*http://www.jukie.net/~bart/blog/20070503013555 - A script for opening URLs with your keyboard instead of mouse with urxvt.
  
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
==Troubleshooting==
===Transparency not working after upgrade to V9.09===
+
===~/.Xresources is not being sourced===
The rxvt-unicode devs removed compatibility code for a lot of non standard wallpaper setters with this update. Using a non compatible wallpaper setter will break transparency support. Recommended wallpaper setters:
+
In some cases where urxvt does not acknowledge {{ic|~/.Xresources}}, you may need to add {{ic|xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources}} to your {{ic|~/.xinitrc}} file. See [[X resources]] for more information.
 +
 
 +
===Transparency not working after upgrade to v9.09===
 +
The rxvt-unicode developers removed compatibility code for a lot of non standard wallpaper setters with this update. Using a non compatible wallpaper setter will break transparency support. Recommended wallpaper setters:
 
* [[feh]]
 
* [[feh]]
 
* hsetroot
 
* hsetroot
Line 423: Line 503:
 
Some Debian GNU/Linux users seem to have this problem, although no specific details were reported so far. It is possible that this is caused by the wrong TERM setting, although the details of whether and how this can happen are unknown, as TERM=rxvt should offer a compatible keymap. See the answer to the previous question, and please report if that helped.
 
Some Debian GNU/Linux users seem to have this problem, although no specific details were reported so far. It is possible that this is caused by the wrong TERM setting, although the details of whether and how this can happen are unknown, as TERM=rxvt should offer a compatible keymap. See the answer to the previous question, and please report if that helped.
  
However, using the ''xmodmap'' program ({{Pkg|xorg-xmodmap}}), you can re-map your numpad keys back.
+
However, using the ''xmodmap'' program ({{Pkg|xorg-xmodmap}}), you can re-map your number pad keys back.
  
1. Check the keycode that your numerical keypad (numpad) generates using ''xev'' program.
+
1. Check the keycode that your numerical keypad (numpad) generates using {{ic|xev}} program.
:* Start ''xev'' program
+
:* Start the {{ic|xev}} program
:* Press your numpad keys and looks for ''... keycode xxx ...'' in ''xev'' output. For example, numpad 1 in my keyboard is also "End" key, that have a ''''keycode 87''''.
+
:* Press your number pad keys and look for ''... keycode xxx ...'' in {{ic|xev}}'s output. For example, numpad 1 in my keyboard is also "End" key, that have a ''''keycode 87''''.
  
 
2. Create or modify your xmodmap file, usually {{ic|~/.Xmodmap}}, with the content representing your keycode.
 
2. Create or modify your xmodmap file, usually {{ic|~/.Xmodmap}}, with the content representing your keycode.
  
:Example of xmodmap file with numpad keycode,
+
:Example of xmodmap file with number pad keycode,
 
{{bc|1=
 
{{bc|1=
 
keycode 63 = KP_Multiply
 
keycode 63 = KP_Multiply
Line 460: Line 540:
 
==External resources==
 
==External resources==
 
*[http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/rxvt-unicode.html rxvt-unicode] - Official site
 
*[http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/rxvt-unicode.html rxvt-unicode] - Official site
 +
*[http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/ Source Code] - Browseable CVS
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.7.pod rxvt-unicode FAQ] - Official FAQ
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.7.pod rxvt-unicode FAQ] - Official FAQ
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.1.pod rxvt-unicode Reference] - Official manual page
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/doc/rxvt.1.pod rxvt-unicode Reference] - Official manual page
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/src/urxvt.pm urxvtperl] - Official Perl extension reference
 
*[http://pod.tst.eu/http://cvs.schmorp.de/rxvt-unicode/src/urxvt.pm urxvtperl] - Official Perl extension reference
*{{Ic|man urxvt}}
 

Revision as of 13:24, 12 October 2013

rxvt-unicode is a highly customizable terminal emulator forked from rxvt. Commonly known as urxvt, rxvt-unicode can be daemonized to run clients within a single process in order to minimize the use of system resources. Developed by Marc Lehmann, some of the more outstanding features of rxvt-unicode include international language support through Unicode, the ability to display multiple font types and support for Perl extensions.

Installation

rxvt-unicode is available in the official repositories and includes 256 color support.

rxvt-unicode-patchedAUR is available in the AUR and includes a fix for the font width bug.

Configuration

See the rxvt-unicode reference page for the complete list of available setting and values.

Creating ~/.Xresources

The look, feel, and function of rxvt-unicode is controlled by command-line arguments and/or X resources. X resources can be set using ~/.Xresources and xrdb (xorg-xrdb), see the wiki page for details.

Append commented list of all rxvt resources to your ~/.Xresources file

 urxvt --help 2>&1| sed -n '/:  /s/^ */! URxvt*/gp' >> ~/.Xresources

Or for a commented list + helpful descriptions

TERM=dump command man -Pcat urxvt | sed -n '/depth: b/,/^BA/p'|sed '$d'|sed '/^       [a-z]/s/^ */^/g'|sed -e :a -e 'N;s/\n/@@/g;ta;P;D'|sed 's,\^\([^@]\+\)@*[\t ]*\([^\^]\+\),! \2\n! URxvt*\1\n\n,g'|sed 's,@@\(  \+\),\n\1,g'|sed 's,@*$,,g'|sed '/^[^!]/d'|tr -d "'\`" >> ~/.Xresources
Note: Command-line arguments override, and take precedence over resource settings

True transparency

To use true transparency, you need to be using a window manager that supports compositing or a separate compositor.

From the command-line:

$ urxvt -depth 32 -bg rgba:3f00/3f00/3f00/dddd

Using the configuration file:

~/.Xresources
URxvt.depth: 32
URxvt.background: rgba:1111/1111/1111/dddd

or

~/.Xresources
URxvt.depth: 32
URxvt.background: [95]#000000

where '95' is the opacity level in percentage and '#000000' is the background color.

To use a color i.e. #302351 with the rgba:rrrr/gggg/bbbb/aaaa syntax it would be rgba:3000/2300/5100/ee00. "ee00" (the alpha value) to make it nicely transparent.

Note: To make these settings universal for all forms of URxvt, you may add a wildcard. For example, URxvt.depth would become URxvt*.depth.

Native transparency

If there is no need for true transparency, or if compositing uses too many resources on your system, you can get transparency working in the following way:

~/.Xresources
! Xresources file

URxvt*.transparent: true
! URxvt*.shading: 0 to 99 darkens, 101 to 200 lightens
URxvt*.shading: 110

Using the URxvt*background setting exemplified above instead of URxvt*.shading will also work.

Note: Avoid using shading if you have a URxvt.tintColor set. Use a different tintColor instead.

Scrollbar

The look of the scrollbar can be chosen through this entry in ~/.Xresources:

! scrollbar style - rxvt (default), plain (most compact), next, or xterm
URxvt.scrollstyle: rxvt

The scrollbar can also be completely deactivated like so:

URxvt.scrollBar: false

Scrollback Position

By default, when shell output appears the scrollback view will automatically jump to the bottom of the buffer to display new output. If in cases where you want to see previous output (e.g., compiler messages), set the following options in ~/.Xresources:

! do not scroll with output
URxvt*scrollTtyOutput: false

! scroll in relation to buffer (with mouse scroll or Shift+Page Up)
URxvt*scrollWithBuffer: true

! scroll back to the bottom on keypress
URxvt*scrollTtyKeypress: true

Font Declaration Methods

URxvt.font: 9x15

is the same as:

URxvt.font: -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--15-140-75-75-c-90-iso8859-1

And, for the same font in bold:

URxvt.font: 9x15bold

is the same as:

URxvt.font: -misc-fixed-bold-r-normal--15-140-75-75-c-90-iso8859-1

The complete list of short names for X core fonts can be found in /usr/share/fonts/misc/fonts.alias (there's also some fonts.alias files in some of the other subdirectories of /usr/share/fonts/, but as they are packaged separately from the actual fonts, they may list fonts you do not actually have installed). It is worth noting that these short aliases select for ISO-8859-1 versions of the fonts rather than ISO-10646-1 (Unicode) versions, and 75 DPI rather than 100 DPI versions, so you're probably better off avoiding them and choosing fonts by their full long names instead.

Note: The above paragraph is only for bitmap fonts. Xft fonts can be specified using the following format:
URxvt.font: xft:monaco:size=10

Or

URxvt.font: xft:monaco:bold:size=10
Note: If there is a hyphen(-) in the Xft font name, it must be escaped with backslash(\) twice. It's different from the usage of urxvt -fn option and the result that fc-list returns, where backslash present only once

Set icon

Note: Because of a bug report[1] complaining that the rxvt-unicode package had too many dependencies, you must now install the AUR package rxvt-unicode-pixbufAUR in order to use the icon option.

By default URxvt does not feature a taskbar icon. However, this can be easily changed by adding the following line to ~/.Xresources and pointing to the desired icon:

URxvt.iconFile:    /usr/share/icons/Clarity/scalable/apps/terminal.svg

Set as Login Shell

This will cause the shell to be started as a login shell, like the option -ls.

URxvt*loginShell: true

Perl extensions

Clickable URLs

You can make URLs in the terminal clickable using the matcher extension. For example, to open links in Firefox add the following to .Xresources:

URxvt.perl-ext-common:  default,matcher
URxvt.url-launcher:      /usr/bin/firefox
URxvt.matcher.button:   1

Since rxvt-unicode 9.14, it's also possible to use matcher to open and list recent (currently limited to 10) URLs via keyboard:

URxvt.keysym.C-Delete:  perl:matcher:last
URxvt.keysym.M-Delete:  perl:matcher:list

To color all matching text in a blue color for quickly finding links, use the following setting or any color in the form of #RRGGBB you like instead.

URxvt.colorUL: #4682B4

Yankable URLs (No Mouse)

In addition, you can select and open URLs in your web browser without using the mouse.

Install the urxvt-perls package from the official repositories and adjust your .Xresources as necessary. An example is shown below:

URxvt.perl-ext:      default,url-select
URxvt.keysym.M-u:    perl:url-select:select_next
URxvt.url-select.launcher:   /usr/bin/firefox -new-tab
URxvt.url-select.underline: true
Note: This extension replaces the Clickable URLs extension mentioned above, so matcher can be removed from the URxvt.perl-ext list.

Key commands:

Tip: To change Alt+u to a more intuitive Ctrl+i, replace M-u by C-i above.

Alt+u Enter selection mode. The last URL on your screen will be selected. You can repeat Alt+u to select the next upward URL.

k Select next upward URL

j Select next downward URL

Return Open selected URL in browser and quit selection mode

o Open selected URL in browser without quitting selection mode

y Copy (yank) selected URL and quit selection mode

Esc Cancel URL selection mode

Tabs

To add tabs to urxvt, add the following to your ~/.Xresources:

URxvt.perl-ext-common:  default,tabbed

To control tabs use:

Shift+ ↓ new tab

Shift+ ← go to left tab

Shift+ → go to right tab

Ctrl+ ← move tab to the left

Ctrl+ → move tab to the right

Ctrl+D: close tab

You can change the colors of tabs with the following:

URxvt.tabbed.tabbar-fg: 2
URxvt.tabbed.tabbar-bg: 0
URxvt.tabbed.tab-fg:    3
URxvt.tabbed.tab-bg:    0

For named tabs, see urxvt-tabbedexAUR, (Shift+ ↑: names a tab).

Fullscreen

You can install the AUR package urxvt-fullscreenAUR, and then set a key binding to put urxvt fullscreen.

~/.Xresources
...
URxvt.perl-ext-common: ..., fullscreen, ...
URxvt.keysym.F11: perl:fullscreen:switch
...

Scrollwheel Support

Install urxvt-vtwheelAUR from the AUR and add it to your Perl extensions within ~/.Xresources:

 URxvt.perl-ext-common:  ...,vtwheel,...

Changing font size on the fly

Install urxvt-font-size-gitAUR from the AUR, add it to your Perl extensions within ~/.Xresources

 URxvt.perl-ext-common:  ...,font-size,...

and add some key bindings, for example like this:

 URxvt.keysym.C-Up:     perl:font-size:increase
 URxvt.keysym.C-Down:   perl:font-size:decrease
 URxvt.keysym.C-S-Up:   perl:font-size:incglobal
 URxvt.keysym.C-S-Down: perl:font-size:decglobal

For the suggested Ctrl+Shift bindings to work, a default binding needs to be disabled (see discussion here):

 URxvt.iso14755: false
 URxvt.iso14755_52: false

Disabling Perl extensions

If you do not use the Perl extension features, you can improve the security and speed by disabling Perl extensions completely.

URxvt.perl-ext:
URxvt.perl-ext-common:

Colors

Colors must be specified using color indexes: 0 to 15 correspond with the colors from the rxvt manual "Colors and Graphics" Section.

COLORS AND GRAPHICS

If graphics support was enabled at compile-time, rxvt can be queried with ANSI escape sequences and can address individual pixels instead of text
characters. Note the graphics support is still considered beta code.

In addition to the default foreground and background colours, rxvt can display up to 16 colours (8 ANSI colours plus high-intensity bold/blink
versions of the same). Here is a list of the colours with their rgb.txt names.

color0 	(black) 	= Black
color1 	(red) 	        = Red3
color2 	(green) 	= Green3
color3 	(yellow) 	= Yellow3
color4 	(blue) 	        = Blue3
color5 	(magenta) 	= Magenta3
color6 	(cyan) 	        = Cyan3
color7 	(white) 	= AntiqueWhite
color8 	(bright black) 	= Grey25
color9 	(bright red) 	= Red
color10 (bright green) 	= Green
color11 (bright yellow) = Yellow
color12 (bright blue) 	= Blue
color13 (bright magenta)= Magenta
color14 (bright cyan) 	= Cyan
color15 (bright white) 	= White
foreground 		= Black
background 		= White

It is also possible to specify the colour values of foreground, background, cursorColor, cursorColor2, colorBD, colorUL as a number 0-15, as a
convenient shorthand to reference the colour name of color0-color15.

Note that -rv ("reverseVideo: True") simulates reverse video by always swapping the foreground/background colours. This is in contrast to xterm(1)
where the colours are only swapped if they have not otherwise been specified. For example,

rxvt -fg Black -bg White -rv
    would yield White on Black, while on xterm(1) it would yield Black on White.

Improving Performance

  • Avoid the use of Xft fonts. If Xft fonts must be used, append :antialias=false to the setting value.[2]
  • Build rxvt-unicode with disabled support for unnecessary features, --disable-xft and --disable-unicode3 in particular.[3]
  • Limit the number of saveLines (option -sl) in the scrollback buffer to reduce memory usage.[4]
    • Use tmux for scrollback buffer and set saveLines to 0
  • Consider running urxvtd as a daemon accepting connections from urxvtc clients.

Daemon-Client setup through systemd

/etc/systemd/system/urxvtd@.service
[Unit]
Description=RXVT-Unicode Daemon

[Service]
Type=oneshot
RemainAfterExit=yes
User=%i
ExecStart=/usr/bin/urxvtd -q -f -o

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Pass the username when starting the service:

# systemctl enable urxvtd@username.service

Cut and Paste

Note: With the use of a VDT multiplexer, urxvt (or any VDT emulator) CLIPBOARD integration will not be effective, since it will not be possible to select all of the desired text in a straightforward fashion or at all, in some cases (e.g., when the active multiplexed terminal is changed to another one and then back to the original one, and one selects text beyond what is visible, which causes text from the other terminal to be displayed). Obviously this is due to the fact that the VDT emulator lacks the ability to distinguish between multiplexed terminals. Therefore, it would be effectively redundant for one who always uses a VDT multiplexer capable of maintaining a scrollback buffer and integrating with CLIPBOARD (e.g., tmux with customized key bindings) to integrate CLIPBOARD with urxvt.

For users unfamiliar with Xorg data transfer methods, the exchange of information to and from rxvt-unicode can become a burden. Suffice to say that rxvt-unicode uses cut buffers which are typically loaded into the current PRIMARY selection by default.[5] Users are urged to review Wikipedia:X Window selection for additional information.

Default Key Bindings

Default X key bindings will still work for copying and pasting. After selecting the text Ctrl+Insert can be used to copy and Shift+Insert to paste.

Clipboard Management

  • Parcellite is a GTK+ clipboard manager which can also run in the background as a daemon.
  • autocutsel provides command line and daemon interfaces to synchronize PRIMARY, CLIPBOARD and cut buffer selections.
  • Glipper is a GNOME panel applet with older versions available for use in environments other than GNOME.
  • Clipman (xfce-clipman-plugin) is a GUI clipboard manager plugin for the Xfce panel (xfpanel).
  • xclip is a lightweight, command-line based interface to the clipboard.

Automatic Script Management

Skottish[6] created a Perl script to automatically copy any selection in rxvt-unicode to the X clipboard. Save the following as /usr/lib/urxvt/perl/clipboard:

#! /usr/bin/perl

sub on_sel_grab {
    my $query=quotemeta $_[0]->selection;
    $query=~ s/\n/\\n/g;
    $query=~ s/\r/\\r/g;
    system( "echo -en " . $query . " | xsel -i -b -p" );
}

Xyne has also created his own variation of Skottish's script named urxvt-clipboardAUR which is available in the AUR that allows the user to paste the selection with Ctrl+V instead of only with a middle mouse click:

#! /usr/bin/perl

sub on_sel_grab
{
  my $query = $_[0]->selection;
  open (my $pipe,'|-','xsel -ib') or die;
  print $pipe $query;
  close $pipe;
  open (my $pipe,'|-','xsel -ip') or die;
  print $pipe $query;
  close $pipe;
}

It also requires xsel and needs to be enabled in the *perl-ext-common or *perl-ext field in ~/.Xresources. For example:

URxvt.perl-ext-common: default,clipboard

The AUR package urxvt-perls-gitAUR is another option one can use. urxvt-perls-gitAUR includes the same functionality as urxvt-clipboardAUR, in addition to the keyboard-select and url-select Perl extensions.

Improved Kuake-like Behavior in Openbox

This was originally posted on the forum by Xyne[7], and it relies on the xdotool found in the official repositories.

Scriptlets

Save this scriptlet from the urxvtc man page somewhere on your system as urxvtc (e.g., in ~/.config/openbox):

#!/bin/sh
urxvtc "$@"
if [ $? -eq 2 ]; then
   urxvtd -q -o -f
   urxvtc "$@"
fi

and save this one as urxvtq:

#!/bin/bash

wid=$(xdotool search --classname urxvtq)
if [ -z "$wid" ]; then
  /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28
  wid=$(xdotool search --classname urxvtq | head -1)
  xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
  xdotool key Control_L+l
else
  if [ -z "$(xdotool search --onlyvisible --classname urxvtq 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
    xdotool windowmap "$wid"
    xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
  else
    xdotool windowunmap "$wid"
  fi
fi

A previous version of xdotool introduced a bug which disabled recognition of visible windows and thus led some users to use the following scriptlet in place of the previous one. This is no longer necessary as of xdotool >= 1.20100416.2809, but it has been left here for future reference.

#!/bin/bash

wid=$(xprop -name urxvtq | grep 'WM_COMMAND' | awk -F ',' '{print $3}' | awk -F '"' '{print $2}')
if [ -z "$wid" ]; then
  /path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 200x28
  wid=$(xprop -name urxvtq | grep 'WM_COMMAND' | awk -F ',' '{print $3}' | awk -F '"' '{print $2}')
  xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
  xdotool key Control_L+l
else
  if [ -z "$(xprop -id "$wid" | grep 'window state: Normal' 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
    xdotool windowmap "$wid"
    xdotool windowfocus "$wid"
  else
    xdotool windowunmap "$wid"
  fi
fi

Make sure that you change /path/to/urxvtc to the actual path to the urxvtc scriptlet that you saved above. We will be using urxvtc to launch both regular instances of urxvt and the kuake-like instance.

urxvtq with tabbing

If you want to have tabs in your kuake-like urxvtc (here called urxvtq) just replace the third line in your urxvtq:

wid=$(xdotool search --name urxvtq)

with:

wid=$(xdotool search --name urxvtq | grep -m 1 "" )

To activate tab support, you can either replace the fifth line of your urxvtq:

/path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -geometry 80x28

with:

/path/to/urxvtc -name urxvtq -pe tabbed -geometry 80x28

or replace this line of your ~/.Xresources file:

URxvt.perl-ext-common: default,matcher

with

URxvt.perl-ext-common: default,matcher,tabbed

Tab control

Shift+ ←: Switch to the tab left of the current one

Shift+ →: Switch to the tab right of the current one

Shift+ ↓: Create a new tab

You can also use your mouse to switch the tabs by clicking the wished one and create a new tab by clicking on [NEW].\\

To close a tab just enter exit like you would to normally close a terminal.

Openbox configuration

Now add the following lines to the <applications> section of ~/.config/openbox/rc.xml:

<application name="urxvtq">
   <decor>no</decor>
   <position force="yes">
     <x>center</x>
     <y>0</y>
   </position>
   <desktop>all</desktop>
   <layer>above</layer>
   <skip_pager>yes</skip_pager>
   <skip_taskbar>yes</skip_taskbar>
   <maximized>Horizontal</maximized>
</application>

and add these lines to the <keyboard> section:

<keybind key="W-t">
  <action name="Execute">
    <command>/path/to/urxvtc</command>
  </action>
</keybind>
<keybind key="W-grave">
  <action name="Execute">
    <execute>/path/to/urxvtq</execute>
  </action>
</keybind>

Here too you need to change the /path/to/* lines to point to the scripts that you saved above. Save the file and then reconfigure Openbox. You should now be able to launch regular instances of urxvt with Super+T, and toggle the kuake-like console with Super+` (the grave key also known as the backtick).

Further configuration

The advantage of this configuration over the urxvt kuake Perl script is that Openbox provides more keybinding options such as modifier keys. The kuake script hijacks an entire physical key regardless of any modifier combination. Review the Openbox bindings documentation for the full range or possibilities.

The Openbox per-app settings can be used to further configure the behavior of the kuake-like console (e.g. screen position, layer, etc.). You may need to change the "geometry" parameter in the urxvtq scriptlet to adjust the height of the console.

Related scripts

  • hbekel has posted a generalized version of the urxvtq here which can be used to toggle any application using xdotool.

Troubleshooting

~/.Xresources is not being sourced

In some cases where urxvt does not acknowledge ~/.Xresources, you may need to add xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources to your ~/.xinitrc file. See X resources for more information.

Transparency not working after upgrade to v9.09

The rxvt-unicode developers removed compatibility code for a lot of non standard wallpaper setters with this update. Using a non compatible wallpaper setter will break transparency support. Recommended wallpaper setters:

  • feh
  • hsetroot
  • esetroot

To make true transparency work, make sure to comment URxvt.tintColor and URxvt.inheritPixmap.

Remote Hosts

If you are logging into a remote host, you may encounter problems when running text-mode programs under rxvt-unicode. This can be fixed by copying /usr/share/terminfo/r/rxvt-unicode from your local machine to your host at ~/.terminfo/r/rxvt-unicode. Same for rxvt-unicode-256color.

Some remote systems do not change title automatically unless you specify TERM=xterm. To fix the issue add this line to .bashrc on the remote machine:

PROMPT_COMMAND='echo -ne "\033]0;${USER}@${HOSTNAME}:${PWD}\007"'

Using rxvt-unicode as gmrun terminal

Unlike some other terminals, urxvt expects the arguments to -e to be given separately, rather than grouped together with quotes. This causes trouble with gmrun, which assumes the opposite behavior. This can be worked around by putting an "eval" in front of gmrun's "Terminal" variable in .gmrunrc:

Terminal = eval urxvt
TermExec = ${Terminal} -e

(gmrun uses /bin/sh to execute commands, so the "eval" is understood here.) The "eval" has the side-effect of "breaking up" the argument to -e in the same way that $@ does in Bash, making the command intelligible to urxvt.

My numerical keypad acts weird and generates differing output? (e.g. in vim)

Some Debian GNU/Linux users seem to have this problem, although no specific details were reported so far. It is possible that this is caused by the wrong TERM setting, although the details of whether and how this can happen are unknown, as TERM=rxvt should offer a compatible keymap. See the answer to the previous question, and please report if that helped.

However, using the xmodmap program (xorg-xmodmap), you can re-map your number pad keys back.

1. Check the keycode that your numerical keypad (numpad) generates using xev program.

  • Start the xev program
  • Press your number pad keys and look for ... keycode xxx ... in xev's output. For example, numpad 1 in my keyboard is also "End" key, that have a 'keycode 87'.

2. Create or modify your xmodmap file, usually ~/.Xmodmap, with the content representing your keycode.

Example of xmodmap file with number pad keycode,
keycode 63 = KP_Multiply
keycode 79 = Home KP_7
keycode 80 = Up KP_8
keycode 81 = Prior KP_9
keycode 82 = KP_Subtract
keycode 83 = Left KP_4
keycode 84 = KP_5
keycode 85 = Right KP_6
keycode 86 = KP_Add
keycode 87 = End KP_1
keycode 88 = Down KP_2
keycode 89 = Next KP_3
keycode 90 = Insert KP_0
keycode 91 = Delete KP_Decimal
keycode 112 = Prior
keycode 117 = Next

3. Load your xmodmap file at X session start-up.

For example, in ~/.xinitrc file add,
...
xmodmap ~/.Xmodmap
...

External resources