Difference between revisions of "SLiM (正體中文)"

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== 資源 ==
 
== 資源 ==
  
* [http://slim.berlios.de/ SLiM homepage]
+
* [http://slim.berlios.de/ SLiM 首頁]
* [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php SLiM documentation]
+
* [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php SLiM 文件]

Revision as of 17:08, 7 February 2010

Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.pngThis article or section needs to be translated.Tango-preferences-desktop-locale.png

Notes: please use the first argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:SLiM (正體中文)#)
Template:Article summary start

Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end SLiM is an acronym for Simple Login Manager. SLiM is simple, lightweight and easily configurable. SLiM is used by some because it does not require the dependencies of GNOME or KDE and can help make a lighter system for users that like to use lightweight desktops like Xfce, Openbox, and Fluxbox.

安裝

安裝 SLiM:

# pacman -S slim

設定

How to load at startup, start your desktop environment, add themes...

啟用 SLiM

SLiM can be loaded on startup by entering it in your daemons array in Template:Filename or by modifying Template:Filename. 詳見 Display Manager 以得到詳細指示。

單一環境

若要設定 SLiM 載入特定環境,編輯 Template:Filename 以載入您的桌面環境:

#!/bin/sh

#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#

exec [session-command]

SLiM 讀取本地 Template:Filename 設定,並根據檔案內容啟動桌面。若您沒有 Template:Filename 檔案,可參考此框架文件:

$ cp /etc/skel/.xinitrc $HOME

Template:Codeline 取代為合適的 session 指令。一些不同桌面啟動指令範例:

exec openbox-session
exec fluxbox (or exec startfluxbox)
exec startxfce4
exec gnome-session
exec startkde
exec fvwm2
exec awesome

若您的環境未在此處列出,參照合適的 wiki 頁面。

PolicyKit

若您使用 PolicyKit 遇到問題,使用 ConsoleKit 的 Template:Codeline

#!/bin/sh

#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#

exec ck-launch-session [session-command]

多重環境

To be able to choose from multiple desktop environments, SLiM can be setup to log you into whichever you choose.

Put a case statement similar to this one in your Template:Filename file and edit the sessions variable in Template:Filename to match the names that trigger the case statement. You can choose the session at login time by pressing F1. Note that this feature is experimental.

# The following variable defines the session which is started if the user doesn't explicitly select a session
# Source: http://svn.berlios.de/svnroot/repos/slim/trunk/xinitrc.sample

DEFAULT_SESSION=twm

case $1 in
kde)
	exec startkde
	;;
xfce4)
	exec startxfce4
	;;
icewm)
	icewmbg &
	icewmtray &
	exec icewm
	;;
wmaker)
	exec wmaker
	;;
blackbox)
	exec blackbox
	;;
*)
	exec $DEFAULT_SESSION
	;;
esac

佈景主題

安裝 Template:Package Official 套件:

# pacman -S slim-themes archlinux-themes-slim

Template:Package Official 套件包含數個不同佈景主題。目錄 Template:Filename 尋找可用佈景主題。在 Template:Filename 找到 'current_theme',輸入佈景主題名稱:

#current_theme       default
current_theme       archlinux-simplyblack

To preview a theme run if no instance of the Xorg server is running by:

$ slim -p /usr/share/slim/themes/<theme name>

若要關閉,於登入處鍵入 "exit" 後按下 Enter。

附加佈景主題套件可於 AUR 找到。

雙螢幕設定

您可在 /usr/share/slim/themes/<your-theme>/slim.theme 自訂 slim 佈景主題,將原有百分比值:

input_panel_x           50%
input_panel_y           50%

改為像素值:

# These settings set the "archlinux-simplyblack" panel in the center of my 1440x900 left screen
input_panel_x           495
input_panel_y           325

若您的佈景主題包含背景圖片,您可使用 background_style 設定('stretch'、'tile'、'center' 或 'color')使其正確顯示。觀看 very simple and clear official documentation about slim themes 取得更多詳情。

其它選項

A few things you might like to try.

變更鼠標

If you want to change the default X cursor to a newer design, the Template:Package AUR package is available.

安裝完成後,編輯 Template:Filename 取消註解此行:

cursor   left_ptr

This will give you a normal arrow instead. This setting is forwarded to Template:Codeline. You can look up the possible cursor names here or in Template:Filename.

To change the cursor theme being used at the login screen, make a file named Template:Filename with this content:

[Icon Theme]
Inherits=<your-cursor-theme>

將 <your-cursor-theme> 取代為您要使用的鼠標佈景主題名稱(例:whiteglass)。

Match SLiM and Desktop Wallpaper

To share a wallpaper between SLiM and your desktop, rename the used theme background, then create a link from your desktop wallpaper file to the default SLiM theme:

# mv /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg{,.bck}
# ln -s /path/to/mywallpaper.jpg /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg

從 SLiM 關機、重新開機、暫停、結束、啟動終端機

您可從 SLiM 登入畫面關機、重新開機、暫停、結束甚或啟動終端機。To do so, use the values in the username field, and the root password in the password field:

  • 若要啟動終端機,輸入 console 做為使用者名稱 (defaults to xterm which must be installed separately... edit Template:Filename to change terminal preference)
  • 若要關機,輸入 halt 做為使用者名稱
  • 若要重新開機,輸入 reboot 做為使用者名稱
  • 若要結束回到 bash,輸入 exit 做為使用者名稱
  • 若要暫停,輸入 suspend 做為使用者名稱(suspend 預設已停用,以 root 身分開啟 Template:Filename 取消註解 Template:Filename 這一行,必要時修改原有暫停指令(例:將 Template:Codeline 改為 Template:Codeline))

Power-off error with Splashy

If you use Splashy and SLiM, sometimes you can't power-off or reboot from menu in GNOME, Xfce, LXDE or others. Check your Template:Filename and Template:Filename; set the DEFAULT_TTY=7 same as xserver_arguments vt07.

Login information with SLiM

By default, SLiM fails to log logins to utmp and wtmp which causes who, last, etc. to misreport login information. To fix this edit your Template:Filename as follows:

 sessionstart_cmd    /usr/bin/sessreg -a -l $DISPLAY %user
 sessionstop_cmd     /usr/bin/sessreg -d -l $DISPLAY %user

Setting DPI with SLiM

The Xorg server generally picks up the DPI but if it doesn't you can specify it to SLiM. If you set the DPI with the argument -dpi 96 in Template:Filename it will not work with SLiM. To fix this change your Template:Filename from:

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 

to

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 -dpi 96

使用隨機主題

Use the current_theme variable as a comma separated list to specify a set to randomly choose from.

資源