SLiM (한국어)

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Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:I18n entry Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end SLiM is an acronym for Simple Login Manager. SLiM is simple, lightweight and easily configurable. SLiM is used by some because it does not require the dependencies of GNOME or KDE and can help make a lighter system for users that like to use lightweight desktops like Xfce, Openbox, and Fluxbox.

Installation

Install SLiM by:

# pacman -Sy slim

Configuration

How to load at startup, start your desktop environment, add themes...

Enabling SLiM

SLiM can be loaded on startup by entering it in your daemons array in Template:Filename. There are also alternate ways of doing this too.

Single environments

To configure SLiM to load a particular environment, edit your Template:Filename to load your desktop environment:

#!/bin/sh

#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#

exec [session-command]

SLiM reads the local Template:Filename configuration and then launches the desktop according to what is in that file. If you do not have have a Template:Filename file, you can use the skeleton file by:

$ cp /etc/skel/.xinitrc $HOME

Replace Template:Codeline with the appropriate session command. Some examples of different desktop start commands:

exec openbox-session
exec fluxbox (or exec startfluxbox)
exec startxfce4
exec gnome-session
exec startkde
exec fvwm2
exec awesome

If your environment is not listed here, refer to the appropriate wiki page.

PolicyKit

If you have problems with the PolicyKit, use ConsoleKit's Template:Codeline:

#!/bin/sh

#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#

exec ck-launch-session [session-command]

Multiple environments

To be able to choose from multiple desktop environments, SLiM can be setup to log you into whichever you choose.

Put a case statement similar to this one in your Template:Filename file and edit the sessions variable in Template:Filename to match the names that trigger the case statement. You can choose the session at login time by pressing F1. Note that this feature is experimental.

# The following variable defines the session which is started if the user doesn't explicitly select a session
# Source: http://svn.berlios.de/svnroot/repos/slim/trunk/xinitrc.sample

DEFAULT_SESSION=twm

case $1 in
kde)
	exec startkde
	;;
xfce4)
	exec startxfce4
	;;
icewm)
	icewmbg &
	icewmtray &
	exec icewm
	;;
wmaker)
	exec wmaker
	;;
blackbox)
	exec blackbox
	;;
*)
	exec $DEFAULT_SESSION
	;;
esac

Themes

Install the Template:Package Official package:

# pacman -Sy slim-themes archlinux-themes-slim

The Template:Package Official packages contains several different themes. Look in the directory of Template:Filename to see the themes available. Enter the theme name on the 'current_theme' line in Template:Filename:

#current_theme       default
current_theme       archlinux-simplyblack

To preview a theme run if no instance of the Xorg server is running by:

$ slim -p /usr/share/slim/themes/<theme name>

To close, type "exit" in the Login line and press Enter.

Dual screen setup

You can customize the slim theme in /usr/share/slim/themes/<your-theme>/slim.theme to turn these percents values:

input_panel_x           50%
input_panel_y           50%

into pixels values:

# These settings set the "archlinux-simplyblack" panel in the center of my 1440x900 left screen
input_panel_x           495
input_panel_y           325

If your theme has a background picture you should use the background_style setting ('stretch', 'tile', 'center' or 'color') to get it correctly displayed. Have a look at the very simple and clear official documentation about slim themes for further details.

Other options

A few things you might like to try.

Changing the cursor

If you want to change the default X cursor to a newer design, the Template:Package AUR package is available.

After installing, edit Template:Filename and uncomment the line:

cursor   left_ptr

This will give you a normal arrow instead. This setting is forwarded to Template:Codeline. You can look up the possible cursor names here or in Template:Filename.

To change the cursor theme being used at the login screen, make a file named Template:Filename with this content:

[Icon Theme]
Inherits=<your-cursor-theme>

Replace <your-cursor-theme> with the name of the cursor theme you want to use (e.g. whiteglass).

Match SLiM and Desktop Wallpaper

To share a wallpaper between SLiM and your desktop, rename the used theme background, then create a link from your desktop wallpaper file to the default SLiM theme:

# mv /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg{,.bck}
# ln -s /path/to/mywallpaper.jpg /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg

Shutdown, reboot, suspend, exit, launch terminal from SLiM

You may shutdown, reboot, suspend, exit or even launch a terminal from the SLiM login screen. To do so, use the values in the username field, and the root password in the password field:

  • To launch a terminal, enter console as the username (defaults to xterm which must be installed separately... edit Template:Filename to change terminal preference)
  • For shutdown, enter halt as the username
  • For reboot, enter reboot as the username
  • To exit to bash, enter exit as the username
  • For suspend, enter suspend as the username (suspend is disabled by default, edit Template:Filename as root to uncomment the Template:Filename line and, if necessary modify the suspend command itself (e.g. change Template:Codeline to Template:Codeline))

Power-off error with Splashy

If you use Splashy and SLiM, sometimes you can't power-off or reboot from menu in GNOME, Xfce, LXDE or others. Check your Template:Filename and Template:Filename; set the DEFAULT_TTY=7 same as xserver_arguments vt07.

Login information with SLiM

By default, SLiM fails to log logins to utmp and wtmp which causes who, last, etc. to misreport login information. To fix this edit your Template:Filename as follows:

 sessionstart_cmd    /usr/bin/sessreg -a -l $DISPLAY %user
 sessionstop_cmd     /usr/bin/sessreg -d -l $DISPLAY %user

Setting DPI with SLiM

The Xorg server generally picks up the DPI but if it doesn't you can specify it to SLiM. If you set the DPI with the argument -dpi 96 in Template:Filename it will not work with SLiM. To fix this change your Template:Filename from:

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 

to

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 -dpi 96

Use a random theme

Use the current_theme variable as a comma separated list to specify a set to randomly choose from.

Resources