Software access point
A software access point is used when you want your computer to act as an access point for the local wireless network. It saves you the trouble of getting a separate wireless router.
Things you need
You will need:
- prism2/2.5/3 pure pci wireless card or nl80211 compatible cards (e.g. ath9k)
- wireless_tools, hostapd and bridge-utils from pacman
Steps to implement
The config file of hostapd /etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf will help you to put your wireless device into master mode and willing to accept connection from other computers with encrypted password.
Here is an example from http://www.su-root.eu/computing/turn-your-linux-computer-in-a-wireless-access-point-using-hostapd:
interface=wlan0 bridge=br0 driver=nl80211 logger_stdout=-1 logger_stdout_level=2 ssid=test hw_mode=g channel=6 auth_algs=3 max_num_sta=5 wpa=2 wpa_passphrase=tryyourbest wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK wpa_pairwise=TKIP CCMP rsn_pairwise=CCMP
Set up bridge with kernel >= 2.6.33
Due to changes in the kernel since version 2.6.33 bridges cannot contain an uninitialized interface. Because of this we need hostapd to add the wlan interface to the bridge instead.
- kernel >= 2.6.33
- hostapd >= 0.7.1
Setup a profile in /etc/network.d/ (for example called "bridge").
INTERFACE="br0" CONNECTION="bridge" DESCRIPTION="Bridge wired and wireless connection" # Only add wired interface here, hostapd will add wireless BRIDGE_INTERFACES="eth0" IP="dhcp"
In rc.conf make sure you do the following:
- Add the bridge profile to the NETWORKS list.
- Make sure you are starting the profiles by adding net-profiles to the DAEMONS list.
- Start hostapd after net-profiles by adding it to the DAEMONS list.
NETWORKS=( bridge ) ... DAEMONS=( ... net-profiles hostapd ... )
Reboot the machine and use another computer to see if you can find the "test" wireless connection.
If you do not want to reboot these commands should work:
netcfg up bridge rc.d start hostapd
Old way to set up bridge
before hostapd does its job, eth0, wlan0 and br0 must be up and do not have any address. we can put the following lines in /etc/rc.conf
eth0="eth0 up" wlan0="wlan0 up" br0="br0 192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 up" INTERFACES=(lo eth0 wlan0 br0)
in the /etc/conf.d/bridges file, uncomment the lines (change eth1 to wlan0)
bridge_br0="eth0 wlan0" BRIDGE_INTERFACES=(br0)
we are ready to go, just reboot the machine and use another computer to see if you can find the "test" wireless connection.