Difference between revisions of "Spectrwm"

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==Alternative status bar==
 
==Alternative status bar==
  
An alternative is to use [[dzen|dzen2]] to create a status bar. This has the advantage that colors and even icons may be used. The "region" option can be used to reserve the required screen space.
+
An alternative is to use [[dzen|dzen2]] to create a status bar. This has the advantage that colors and even icons may be used, but the disadvantage that the bar is not integrated with scrotwm. So the current workspace number and layout and the bar-toggle keybinding are not available. The "region" option can be used to reserve the required screen space.
 
For example to reserve 14 pixels at the top of the screen in scrotwm.conf change
 
For example to reserve 14 pixels at the top of the screen in scrotwm.conf change
 
  bar_enabled            = 1
 
  bar_enabled            = 1

Revision as of 12:09, 10 January 2010

scrotwm is a small dynamic tiling window manager for Xorg. It tries to stay out of the way so that valuable screen real estate can be used for much more important content. It has sane defaults and does not require one to learn a language to do any configuration. It was written by hackers for hackers and it strives to be small, compact and fast.

It is written in C and configured with a text configuration file. It is not the poster-boy for any minority language, either for programming or configuration.

Installation

scrotwm is not yet available in the main repositories.

Two PKGBUILDs are available in AUR: Template:Package AUR, the last snapshot release, and Template:Package AUR, the latest development repository.

The modkey (the main key to issue commands with) is set to Mod4, which is usually the Windows key.

scrotwm can make use of the dmenu package, so install that too:

# pacman -S dmenu

Template:Codeline is also useful:

# pacman -S xscreensaver

See Xdefaults for details of how to set up fonts, colours and other settings for Template:Codeline and Template:Codeline. Run Template:Codeline to select the animation (or blank) and display power management (recommended).

Configuration

scrotwm first tries to open the user specific file, Template:Filename. If that file is unavailable, it tries to open the global configuration file, Template:Filename. The initial configuration provides a good set of defaults.

Optionally, scrotwm can call Template:Filename (in the user's path), which should output a text status message to stdout for the status bar at the top of the screen.

Starting scrotwm

To start scrotwm via startx or the SLIM login manager, simply append the following to Template:Filename:

exec scrotwm

Starting scrotwm with CDM

For CDM, create Template:Filename like this:

logger "Starting scrotwm from /usr/bin/startscrotwm."
xrandr --dpi 96
xscreensaver -no-splash &
# and start the window manager
exec scrotwm

And add startscrotwm to Template:Filename:

...
wmbinlist=(startscrotwm ... )
...
wmdisplist=(Scrotwm ...)

Starting scrotwm with KDM

For KDM, create Template:Filename like this:

[Desktop Entry]
Type=XSession
Exec=/usr/bin/startwm scrotwm
TryExec=/usr/bin/startwm
Name=Scrotwm
Comment=The scrotwm window manager

Create Template:Filename like this, and set execute permission.

#!/bin/sh
$HOME/.xsession_$1

For each user create Template:Filename, and set execute permission.

logger "Starting scrotwm from ~/.xsession_scrotwm."
xrandr --dpi 96
xscreensaver -no-splash &
# and start the window manager
exec scrotwm

Log out and new entry "Scrotwm" will appear in KDM's list of window managers.

This technique can be used to run other window managers from KDM of course. Just create a Template:Filename file and a Template:Filename file for each one.

Statusbar configuration

To enable the statusbar, uncomment these two items in Template:Filename (or Template:Filename). By default they are commented out and the statusbar is disabled.

bar_action              = baraction.sh
bar_delay               = 5

To test the status bar, place the following simple Template:Filename in a Template:Filename (or Template:Filename) directory which you have previously added to your $PATH in your ~/.bashrc file.

#!/bin/bash
# baraction.sh script for scrotwm status bar

SLEEP_SEC=5  # set bar_delay = 5 in /etc/scrotwm.conf
COUNT=0
#loops forever outputting a line every SLEEP_SEC secs
while :; do
	let COUNT=$COUNT+1
        echo -e "         Hello World! $COUNT"
        sleep $SLEEP_SEC
done

Press Modkey+Q to restart scrotwm and after a few seconds you should see the output in the status bar. If you have problems at this stage, make sure the script is executable, test it from the command line, and check the path/filename you specified in bar_action.

Next replace Template:Filename with the more useful file below. Note it needs these packages, and whatever you need for WiFi:

pacman -S bc lm_sensors

You should configure lm_sensors.

Note: You may need to modify this script slightly for your computer. You may have different units in the acpi battery info, different temperature output from sensors or a different wifi interface than wlan0.
#!/bin/bash
#baraction.sh for scrotwm status bar

SLEEP_SEC=5
#loops forever outputting a line every SLEEP_SEC secs
while :; do

 	eval $(cat /proc/acpi/battery/BAT0/state | awk '/charging state/ {printf "BAT_CHGSTATE=%s;", $3}; /remaining capacity/ {printf "BAT_REMNG=%s;",$3}; /present rate/ {printf "BAT_RATE=%s;",$3};' -)
 	eval $(cat /proc/acpi/battery/BAT0/info | awk '/present/ {printf "BAT_PRESENT=%s;", $2}; /last full capacity/ {printf "BAT_LASTFULL=%s;",$4};' -)
 
	BAT_REMNG_WH=`echo "scale=1; a=($BAT_REMNG+50)/1000; print a" | bc -l`
	BAT_RATE_W=`echo "scale=1; a=($BAT_RATE+50)/1000; print a" | bc -l`
	BCSCRIPT="scale=0; a=(100*$BAT_REMNG / $BAT_LASTFULL); print a"
	BAT_PCT=`echo $BCSCRIPT | bc -l`%

	case $BAT_PRESENT in
		no)
		POWER_STR="AC, NO BATTERY"
		;;
		yes)

		case $BAT_CHGSTATE in
			charged)
			#on ac
			AC_STATUS="ON AC"
			TIME_REMNG="N/A"
			POWER_STR="$AC_STATUS $BAT_CHGSTATE $BAT_PCT"
			;;
			charging)
			#on ac
			AC_STATUS="ON AC"
			BCSCRIPT="scale=1; a=(60*($BAT_LASTFULL - $BAT_REMNG) / $BAT_RATE); print a"
			TIMETOFULL_MIN=`echo $BCSCRIPT | bc -l`
			POWER_STR="$AC_STATUS $BAT_CHGSTATE $BAT_PCT C="$BAT_REMNG_WH"Wh Rate="$BAT_RATE_W"W TTF="$TIMETOFULL_MIN"min"
			;;
			discharging)
			AC_STATUS="ON BATT"
			TIME_REMNG_MIN=`echo "scale=0; a=(60*$BAT_REMNG / $BAT_RATE); print a" | bc -l`
			TIME_REMNG_HH=`echo "scale=0; a=($BAT_REMNG / $BAT_RATE); if (a<10) {print "0"; print a} else {print a}" | bc -l`

			TIME_REMNG_MM=`echo "scale=0; a=($TIME_REMNG_MIN-60*$TIME_REMNG_HH); if (a<10) {print "0"; print a} else {print a}" | bc -l`
			POWER_STR="$AC_STATUS $BAT_PCT C="$BAT_REMNG_WH"Wh P="$BAT_RATE_W"W R="$TIME_REMNG_HH":"$TIME_REMNG_MM
			;;
			*)
			POWER_STR=$BAT_CHGSTATE
			;;
		esac

		;;
		*)
		POWER_STR="error"
		;;
	esac

	#scrotwm bar_print can't handle UTF-8 characters, such as degree symbol
	#Core 0:      +67.0°C  (crit = +100.0°C)
	eval $(sensors 2>/dev/null | sed s/[°+]//g | awk '/^Core 0/ {printf "CORE0TEMP=%s;", $3}; /^Core 1/ {printf "CORE1TEMP=%s;",$3}; /^fan1/ {printf "FANSPD=%s;",$2};' -)
	TEMP_STR="Tcpu=$CORE0TEMP,$CORE1TEMP F=$FANSPD"

	WLAN_ESSID=$(iwconfig wlan0 | awk -F "\"" '/wlan0/ { print $2 }')
	eval $(cat /proc/net/wireless | sed s/[.]//g | awk '/wlan0/ {printf "WLAN_QULTY=%s; WLAN_SIGNL=%s; WLAN_NOISE=%s", $3,$4,$5};' -)
	BCSCRIPT="scale=0;a=100*$WLAN_QULTY/70;print a"
	WLAN_QPCT=`echo $BCSCRIPT | bc -l`
	WLAN_POWER=`iwconfig 2>/dev/null| grep "Tx-Power"| awk {'print $4'}|sed s/Tx-Power=//`
	WLAN_STR="$WLAN_ESSID: Q=$WLAN_QPCT% S/N="$WLAN_SIGNL"/"$WLAN_NOISE"dBm T="$WLAN_POWER"dBm"

	CPUFREQ_STR=`echo "Freq:"$(cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep 'cpu MHz' | sed 's/.*: //g; s/\..*//g;')`
	CPULOAD_STR="Load:$(uptime | sed 's/.*://; s/,//g')"

	eval $(awk '/^MemTotal/ {printf "MTOT=%s;", $2}; /^MemFree/ {printf "MFREE=%s;",$2}' /proc/meminfo)
	MUSED=$(( $MTOT - $MFREE ))
	MUSEDPT=$(( ($MUSED * 100) / $MTOT ))
	MEM_STR="Mem:${MUSEDPT}%"

	echo -e "$POWER_STR  $TEMP_STR  $CPUFREQ_STR  $CPULOAD_STR  $MEM_STR  $WLAN_STR"
	sleep $SLEEP_SEC
done

Here are some other ideas for status bar items : ethernet, email notification, disk space, mounts.

Alternative status bar

An alternative is to use dzen2 to create a status bar. This has the advantage that colors and even icons may be used, but the disadvantage that the bar is not integrated with scrotwm. So the current workspace number and layout and the bar-toggle keybinding are not available. The "region" option can be used to reserve the required screen space. For example to reserve 14 pixels at the top of the screen in scrotwm.conf change

bar_enabled             = 1
region                  = screen[1]:1024x768+0+0

to

bar_enabled             = 0
region                  = screen[1]:1024x754+0+14

(adjust for your screen resolution).

Then, for example using i3status to supply the information:

$ i3status | dzen2 -fn -*-terminus-medium-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-* &

Scrotwm's own bar can still be enabled and disabled with Meta+b.

Using scrotwm

  • To save space, window title bars are not shown. Window borders are one pixel wide. The border changes colour to indicate focus.
  • Layouts are handled dynamically and can be changed on the fly. There are three standard layouts (stacking algorithms): vertical, horizontal and maximized (indicated in the status bar as [|], [-] and [ ])
  • There is the concept of a master area (a working area). Any window can be switched to become the master and will then be shown in the master area. The master area is the left (top) portion of the screen in vertical (horizontal) mode. The size of the master area can be adjusted with the keys. By default the master area holds one window, but this can be increased.
  • The area excluding the master area is called the stacking area. New windows are added to the stacking area. By default the stacking area has one column (row) in vertical (horizontal) mode, but his can be increased.
  • Windows may be moved to a floating layer -- i.e. removed from the tiling management. This is useful for programs which are not suitable for tiling.

Some of the most useful key bindings:

Meta+Shift+Return: open terminal
Meta+p: dmenu (then type the start of the program name and return)
Meta+1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/0: select workspaces 1-10
Meta+Shift+1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/0: move window to workspace 1-10
Meta+Right/Left: select next/previous workspace
Meta+Shift+Right/Left: select next/previous screen
Meta+Spacebar: cycle through layouts (vertical, horizontal, maximized)
Meta+j/k: cycle through windows forwards/backwards
Meta+Tab/Meta+Shft+Tab: same as Meta+j/k
Meta+Return: move current window to master area
Meta+h/l:  increase/decrease size of master area

Advanced stacking

Meta+,/. : increase/decrease the number of windows in master area (default is 1)
Meta+Shift+,/. : increase/decrease number of columns(rows) in stacking area in vertical(horizontal) mode (default is 1)
Meta+Shift+j/k: swap window position with next/previous window
Meta+t: float<->tile toggle

Mouse bindings

Mouseover: focus window
Meta+LeftClick+Drag: move window (and float it if tiled)
Meta+RightClick+Drag: resize floating window
Meta+Shift+RightClick+Drag: resize floating window keeping it centred

Other useful bindings

Meta+x: close window
Meta+Shift+x: kill window
Meta+b: hide/show status bar
Meta+q: restart scrotwm (reset desktops and reread scrotwm config without stopping running programs)
Meta+Shift+q: exit scrotwm

Troubleshooting

  • Q: Help, I just logged in and all I see is a blank screen.
  • A: Press Shift + WindowsKey + Return and an xterm will start. Then read the manual (man scrotwm) to see the other default key bindings. Also check your configuration file.

See also

  • scrotwm - scrotwm's official website
  • dmenu - Simple application launcher from the developers of dwm
  • #scrotwm at irc.freenode.net - (un)official IRC channel