Difference between revisions of "Spotify"
(→Installation of Linux Client: Added ffmpeg and gnome control aur packages.)
(→See also: Added link to SpotCommander article. Might be interesting for some users.)
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Revision as of 11:18, 24 March 2013
Spotify is a digital music service that gives you access to millions of songs.
This Internet music service allows you to select any song in its database and stream for free. The service was recently introduced to the United States after previously being exclusive to Europe. The Linux client is only officially packaged for Debian and Fedora distributions, but is also available in the AUR:AUR. Officially, they recommend that Linux users run the windows client under Wine. The only catch to using this application as a free user is the inability to go mobile without a premium subscription. There are also the occasional voice ads in between songs for users who do not wish to subscribe.
Spotify also offers free users the ability to create playlist which can be shuffled, and set to repeat tracks. Content provided by Spotify comes in explicit versions as well as censored.
Installing The Client
Choose which client you would prefer. The Linux client is receiving good reviews. However, if you are comfortable with wine and it's configuration, you might want to choose the windows client. Please note that you do NOT need to install both.
Installation of Linux Client
Follow the instructions for installing packages from the AUR: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/AUR#Installing_packages and install the AUR package here: AUR. The pkgbuild will automatically download the software. It would be a good use of time to go to the spotify website and create your user account while it's building. If you wish to play local files you will need to install AUR as well. You can also install AUR to control spotify with gnome's media keys.
Installation of Windows Client using Wine
First, you must ensure that you have Wine installed on your system. In addition to installing Wine you will need to take a moment to configure it for the user who will be running the application.
Depending on your choice of architecture it may be necessary for you to enable the multilib repositories. This is necessary to install Wine on x86_64 systems, if not enabled pacman will inform you that the package was not found.
# pacman -Syy # pacman -S wine wine_gecko
When wine is installed you will need to change some configuration settings using the winecfg application on your every day user account (not root).
After launching the winecfg application you will be presented with multiple tabs that can assist you in tweaking the performance of the emulator. However for this purpose your main focus will be the Audio tab.
While under the audio tab, you will enable either the ALSA or OSS driver by clicking the check box next to them, depending on what software you prefer to use. Also note that the hardware acceleration will need to be changed from Full to Emulation. When done you may exit the winecfg application.
Failure to perform the above task will result in the inability to hear playback.
Obtaining Spotify can be done by registering for an account on their Website, the application does not offer in-app registration.
However you can obtain the application prior to registering by using the following URL. 
After you have registered and downloaded your copy of the installer you will need to run the application through Wine, depending on your setup you may be able to run the application by right clicking the file. If not terminal will work just fine, as long as you run the below command in the directory of your download.
$ wine Spotify\ Installer.exe
Once the application is successfully installed you may run Spotify by using one of the following commands in terminal, or in the ALT+F2 launcher:
If you use a x86_64 copy of ArchLinux, you'll have to run it like this:
$ wine "/home/username/.wine/drive_c/Program Files (x86)/Spotify/spotify.exe"
If you use a x86 copy of ArchLinux, you can use this command just fine:
$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/Spotify/spotify.exe
If you have any additional problems, I recommend setting the winecfg to Windows XP or Windows 7 emulation.
Global Media Hotkeys
Spotify has support for media keys like
XF86AudioPlay, but out of the box they only work inside Spotify. However, with the help of
xdotool it is possible to send your hotkeys to the application. The following script is an example of how to control Spotify from the outside:
#!/bin/sh case $1 in "play") key="XF86AudioPlay" ;; "next") key="XF86AudioNext" ;; "prev") key="XF86AudioPrev" ;; *) echo "Usage: $0 play|next|prev" exit 1 ;; esac xdotool key --window $(xdotool search --name "Spotify (Premium )?- Linux Preview"|head -n1) $key exit 0
Let's call it
musickeys.sh. By executing
./musickeys.sh start you can now toggle playing a song. Now you can bind this script to any tool that catches keypresses. A global solution might be xbindkeys, for Openbox you can use the following example (see Openbox#Configuration for help):
<keybind key="XF86AudioPlay"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>~/bin/musickeys.sh play</execute> </action> </keybind> <keybind key="XF86AudioNext"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>~/bin/musickeys.sh next</execute> </action> </keybind> <keybind key="XF86AudioPrev"> <action name="Execute"> <execute>~/bin/musickeys.sh prev</execute> </action> </keybind>