Difference between revisions of "Squid"

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(Corrected transparent proxy section to avoid running into https://wiki.squid-cache.org/KnowledgeBase/NoForwardProxyPorts)
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== Transparent web proxy ==
 
== Transparent web proxy ==
Transparency happens by redirecting all www requests eth0 picks up, to Squid. You'll need to indicate Squid that it is running like a transparent web proxy by adding the {{Ic|intercept}} (for squid 3.2) parameter to the {{Ic|http_port}} option:
+
Transparency happens by redirecting all www requests eth0 picks up, to Squid. You'll need to add a port with an {{Ic|intercept}} (for squid 3.2) parameter.  Note that at least one port must be available without the intercept parameter:
   http_port 3128 '''intercept'''
+
   http_port 3128
 +
  http_port 3129 '''intercept'''
  
 
=== iptables ===
 
=== iptables ===
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  # gid=`id -g proxy`
 
  # gid=`id -g proxy`
 
  # iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m owner --gid-owner $gid -j ACCEPT
 
  # iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m owner --gid-owner $gid -j ACCEPT
  # iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j DNAT --to-destination SQUIDIP:3128
+
  # iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j DNAT --to-destination SQUIDIP:3129
 
  # iptables-save > /etc/iptables/iptables.rules
 
  # iptables-save > /etc/iptables/iptables.rules
  
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=== Shorewall ===
 
=== Shorewall ===
 
[[Edit]] {{ic|/etc/shorewall/rules}} and add
 
[[Edit]] {{ic|/etc/shorewall/rules}} and add
  REDIRECT loc 3128 tcp www # redirect to Squid on port 3128
+
  REDIRECT loc 3129 tcp www # redirect to Squid on port 3128
 
  ACCEPT $FW net tcp www # allow Squid to fetch the www content
 
  ACCEPT $FW net tcp www # allow Squid to fetch the www content
  

Revision as of 02:32, 21 September 2018

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: bad style (Discuss in Talk:Squid#)

Squid is a caching proxy for HTTP, HTTPS and FTP, providing extensive access controls.

Installation

Install the squid package.

Configuration

By default, the cache directories will be created in /var/cache/squid, and the appropriate permissions set up for those directories. However, for greater control, we need to delve into /etc/squid/squid.conf.

Everything is well commented, but if you want to strip the comments out you should run:

sed -i "/^#/d;/^ *$/d" /etc/squid/squid.conf

The following options might be of some use to you. If you do not have the option present in your configuration file, add it!

  • http_port - Sets the port that Squid binds to on your local machine. You can have Squid bind to multiple ports by specifying multiple http_port lines. By default, Squid binds to port 3128.
http_port 3128
http_port 3129
  • http_access - This is an access control list for who is allowed to use the proxy. By default only localhost is allowed to access the proxy. For testing purposes, you may want to change the option http_access deny all to http_access allow all, which will allow anyone to connect to your proxy. If you wanted to just allow access to your subnet, you can do:
acl ip_acl src 192.168.1.0/24
http_access allow ip_acl
http_access deny all
  • cache_mgr - This is the email address of the cache manager.
cache_mgr squid.admin@example.com
  • shutdown_lifetime - Specifies how long Squid should wait when its service is asked to stop. If you're running squid on your desktop PC, you may want to set this to something short.
shutdown_lifetime 10 seconds
  • cache_mem - This is how much memory you want Squid to use to keep objects in memory rather than writing them to disk. Squid's total memory usage will exceed this! By default this is 8MB, so you might want to increase it if you have lots of RAM available.
cache_mem 64 MB
  • visible_hostname - hostname that will be shown in status/error messages
visible_hostname cerberus
  • cache_peer - If you want your Squid to go through another proxy server, rather than directly out to the Internet, you need to specify it here.
  • login - Use this option if the parent proxy requires authentication.
  • never_direct - Tells the cache to never go direct to the internet to retrieve a page. You will want this if you have set the option above.
cache_peer 10.1.1.100 parent 8080 0 no-query default login=user:password
never_direct allow all
  • maximum_object_size - The largest size of a cached object. By default this is 4 MB, so if you have a lot of disk space you will want to increase the size of it to something reasonable.
maximum_object_size 10 MB
Note: After defining a new cache_dir it maybe necessary to initialize the caches directory structure with this command: squid -zN -z for Create missing swap directories and -N for No daemon mode.
  • cache_dir - This is your cache directory, where all the cached files are stored. There are many options here, but the format should generally go like:
cache_dir <storage type> <directory> <size in MB> 16 256

So, in the case of a school's internet proxy:

cache_dir diskd /cache0 200000 16 256

If you change the cache directory from defaults, you must set the correct permissions on the cache directory before starting Squid, else it won't be able to create its cache directories and will fail to start.

Accessing services on local hostnames

If you plan to access web servers on the LAN using hostnames that are not fully-defined (e.g. http://mywebapp), you may need to enable the dns_defnames option. Without this option, Squid will make a DNS request for the hostname verbatim (mywebapp), which may fail, depending on your LAN's DNS setup. With the option enabled, Squid will append any domain configured in /etc/resolv.conf when making the request (e.g. mywebapp.company.local).

dns_defnames on

Starting

Once you have finished your configuration, you should check that your configuration file is correct:

# squid -k check

Then create your cache directories:

# squid -z

Then you can start/enable squid.service.

Content Filtering

If you're looking for a content filtering solution to work with Squid, you should check out the very powerful DansGuardian.

Frontend

If you'd like a web-based frontend for managing Squid, Webmin is your best bet.

Ad blocking with adzapper

Adzapper is a plugin for Squid. It catches ads of all sorts (even Flash animations) and replaces them with an image of your choice, so the layout of the page isn't altered very much.

Installation

Adzapper is no longer in the community repository, but it can be found in the AUR.

Configuration

echo "redirect_program /usr/bin/adzapper.wrapper" >> /etc/squid/squid.conf

(squid 2.6.STABLE13-1)

echo "url_rewrite_program /usr/bin/adzapper.wrapper" >> /etc/squid/squid.conf
echo "url_rewrite_children 10" >> /etc/squid/squid.conf

If you want, you can configure adzapper to your liking. The configuration out of the box works wonderfully well though.

nano /etc/adzapper/adzapper.conf

Anti-virus layer

Adding Anti-virus capabilities to Squid is done using the HAVP program to interface it with ClamAV.

Installing dependencies

Follow ClamAV to install ClamAV on your system. When it is installed, install havpAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] from AUR.

Configuration

Once HAVP is installed, create a user group for the HAVP instance:

useradd havp

Change the owner of the antivirus logs and temporary file-testing directories to havp :

chown -R havp:havp /var/run/havp
chown -R havp:havp /var/log/havp

Add the mandatory lock option to your filesystem (needed by HAVP) : In your /etc/fstab, modify :

[...] / ext3 defaults 1 1

to :

[...] / ext3 defaults,mand 1 1

Then reload your filesystem :

mount -o remount /

Add this info in your /etc/squid/squid.conf :

cache_peer 127.0.0.1 parent 8080 0 no-query no-digest no-netdb-exchange default
cache_peer_access 127.0.0.1 allow all

Make sure your port in your /etc/havp/havp.config matches the cache_peer port in /etc/squid/squid.conf.

Testing

Restart the squid.service systemd unit and start the havp.service systemd unit. Enable both systemd units to have them launch at boot.

You can try the antivirus capabilities with a test virus (not a real virus) available here.

Transparent web proxy

Transparency happens by redirecting all www requests eth0 picks up, to Squid. You'll need to add a port with an intercept (for squid 3.2) parameter. Note that at least one port must be available without the intercept parameter:

 http_port 3128
 http_port 3129 intercept

iptables

From a terminal with root privileges, run:

# gid=`id -g proxy`
# iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m owner --gid-owner $gid -j ACCEPT
# iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j DNAT --to-destination SQUIDIP:3129
# iptables-save > /etc/iptables/iptables.rules

Then start the iptables.service systemd unit.

Replace SQUIDIP with the public IP(s) which squid may use for its listening port and outbound connections.

Note: If you are using a content filtering solution, you should put the port for it, not the Squid port, and you need to remove the intercept option in the http_port line.

Shorewall

Edit /etc/shorewall/rules and add

REDIRECT	loc	3129	tcp	www # redirect to Squid on port 3128
ACCEPT		$FW	net	tcp	www # allow Squid to fetch the www content

Restart the shorewall systemd unit.

HTTP Authentication

Squid can be configured to require a user and password in order to use it. We will use digest http auth

First create a users file with htdigest -c /etc/squid/users MyRealm username. Enter a password when prompted.

Then add these lines to your squid.conf:

   auth_param digest program /usr/lib/squid/digest_file_auth -c /etc/squid/users
   auth_param digest children 5
   auth_param digest realm MyRealm
   
   acl users proxy_auth REQUIRED
   http_access allow users

And restart squid. Now you will be prompted to enter a username and password when accessing the proxy.

You can add more users with htdigest /etc/squid/users MyRealm newuser. You probably would like to install Apache package, which contains htdigest tool.

Note: Be aware that http_access rules cascade, so you need to set them in the desired order.

NTLM

Warning: NTLM is deprecated and has security problems.

Set up samba and winbindd and test it with

 ntlm_auth --username=DOMAIN\\user

Grant r-x access to /var/cache/samba/winbindd_privileged/ directory for squid user/group

Then add something like this to squid.conf:

 auth_param ntlm program /usr/bin/ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp
 auth_param ntlm children 5
 auth_param ntlm max_challenge_reuses 0
 auth_param ntlm max_challenge_lifetime 2 minutes
 auth_param ntlm keep_alive off
 acl ntlm_users proxy_auth REQUIRED
 http_access allow ntlm_users
 http_access deny all

Hide Browser’s Real IP Address

Reference: Squid Proxy Hide System’s Real IP Address

/etc/squid/squid.conf
# Hide client ip
forwarded_for delete
 
# Turn off via header
via off
 
# Deny request for original source of a request
follow_x_forwarded_for deny all
request_header_access X-Forwarded-For deny all

SSL Bumping

Reference: Intercept HTTPS CONNECT messages with SSL-Bump

Create Self-Signed Root CA Certificate

cd /etc/squid

openssl req -new -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -days 3650 -nodes -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout myCA.pem -out myCA.pem
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key                                                                                                                                                               
.....+++                                                                                                                                                                                            
.............................................................................................................................................+++                                                    
writing new private key to 'myCA.pem'                                                                                                                                                               

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Illinois Locality Name (eg, city) []:Chicago Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:Example Company LTD. Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Information Technology Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:Example Company LTD. Email Address []:

Create a DER-encoded certificate to import into users' browsers

openssl x509 -in myCA.pem -outform DER -out myCA.der

The result file (myCA.der) should be imported into the 'Authorities' section of users' browsers. For example, in FireFox:

   Open 'Preferences'
   Go to the 'Privacy and Security' section
   Press the 'View Certificates' button and go to the 'Authorities' tab
   Press the 'Import' button, select the .der file that was created previously and pres 'OK'

Modify Squid Configuration File

/etc/squid/squid.conf
http_port 3128 ssl-bump tls-cert=/etc/squid/myCA.pem generate-host-certificates=on dynamic_cert_mem_cache_size=4MB options=NO_SSLv3,NO_TLSv1,NO_TLSv1_1,SINGLE_DH_USE,SINGLE_ECDH_USE
ssl_bump stare all
ssl_bump bump all

Create and initialize TLS certificates cache directory

/usr/lib/squid/security_file_certgen -c -s /var/cache/squid/ssl_db -M 4MB

Finally, Restart Squid then SSL Bump will work

systemctl restart squid

Troubleshooting

Squid needs to be restarted after boot

If you are using both squid and NetworkManager, the following error means that squid is launched before the wifi connection is enabled by NetworkManager (/etc/resolv.conf is empty).

/var/log/squid/cache.log
Warning: Could not find any nameservers. Trying to use localhost 
Please check your /etc/resolv.conf file
or use the 'dns_nameservers' option in squid.conf.

You can:

Disable the squid.service systemd unit.

/etc/NetworkManager/dispatcher.d/10_squid
if [ $1 == 'wlp2s0' ]
then
    if [ $2 == 'up' ]
    then
        systemctl start squid
    else
        systemctl stop squid
    fi
fi

sudo chmod u+x /etc/NetworkManager/dispatcher.d/10_squid

Additional Resources