Difference between revisions of "Start X at login"

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A [[Display Manager|display manager]] can be used to provide a login screen and start the [[X server]]. This article explains how this can be done automatically without using a display manager.
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A [[Display Manager|display manager]] can be used to provide a login screen and start the [[X server]]. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.
  
 
To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} or {{ic|xinit}} are used. Both will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
 
To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} or {{ic|xinit}} are used. Both will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.

Revision as of 18:59, 3 September 2012

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A display manager can be used to provide a login screen and start the X server. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.

To manually start X, startx or xinit are used. Both will execute ~/.xinitrc, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the xinitrc article.

shell profile

Note: This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain local permissions.

For bash, add the following to the bottom of ~/.bash_profile. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from /etc/skel/.bash_profile.

For zsh, add the following to ~/.zprofile instead.

shell profile file
vt=$(fgconsole 2>/dev/null)
(( vt == 1 )) && exec startx -- vt$vt &> ~/.xlog
unset vt

The user will be logged out when X is killed. In order to avoid this, remove the exec part from the script.

Note: This method can be combined with automatic login to virtual console to provide autologin.