Difference between revisions of "Start X at login"

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m (xinit shouldn't be used, the session isn't set up properly with it)
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{{Article summary wiki|Automatic login to virtual console}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Automatic login to virtual console}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Display Manager}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Display Manager}}
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{{Article summary wiki|Silent boot}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Xinitrc}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Xinitrc}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
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A [[Display Manager|display manager]] can be used to provide a login screen and start the [[X server]]. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.
 
A [[Display Manager|display manager]] can be used to provide a login screen and start the [[X server]]. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.
  
To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} or {{ic|xinit}} are used. Both will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
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To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} is used, which will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
  
 
== Shell profile file ==
 
== Shell profile file ==
  
{{Note|This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain local permissions.}}
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{{Note|This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.}}
  
 
* For [[Bash]], add the following to the bottom of {{ic|~/.bash_profile}}. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from {{ic|/etc/skel/.bash_profile}}.
 
* For [[Bash]], add the following to the bottom of {{ic|~/.bash_profile}}. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from {{ic|/etc/skel/.bash_profile}}.
  
 
* For [[Zsh]], add it to {{ic|~/.zprofile}} instead.
 
* For [[Zsh]], add it to {{ic|~/.zprofile}} instead.
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{{bc|1=<nowiki>
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[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
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</nowiki>}}
  
<nowiki>(( $(fgconsole) == 1 )) && startx -- vt1</nowiki>
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{{Note|You can replace the {{ic|-eq 1}} comparison with one like {{ic|-le 3}} (for vt1 to vt3) if you want to use graphical logins on more than one VT.}}
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{{Note|X must always be run on the same tty where the login occurred, to preserve the logind session. This is handled by the default {{ic|/etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc}}.}}
  
 
== Tips ==
 
== Tips ==
  
 
* This method can be combined with [[automatic login to virtual console]].
 
* This method can be combined with [[automatic login to virtual console]].
* If you would like to also log out when X is killed, use {{ic|exec startx}} instead of just {{ic|startx}}.
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* If you would like to remain logged in when the X session ends, remove {{ic|exec}}.
 
* To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an [[alias]]:
 
* To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an [[alias]]:
 
: {{bc|1=alias startx='startx &> ~/.xlog'}}
 
: {{bc|1=alias startx='startx &> ~/.xlog'}}
* Alternatively, you can use {{ic|xinit}} instead of {{ic|startx}} (since {{ic|startx}} is an extension anyway).
 

Revision as of 13:42, 25 November 2012

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

A display manager can be used to provide a login screen and start the X server. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.

To manually start X, startx is used, which will execute ~/.xinitrc, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the xinitrc article.

Shell profile file

Note: This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.
  • For Bash, add the following to the bottom of ~/.bash_profile. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from /etc/skel/.bash_profile.
  • For Zsh, add it to ~/.zprofile instead.
[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
Note: You can replace the -eq 1 comparison with one like -le 3 (for vt1 to vt3) if you want to use graphical logins on more than one VT.
Note: X must always be run on the same tty where the login occurred, to preserve the logind session. This is handled by the default /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc.

Tips

  • This method can be combined with automatic login to virtual console.
  • If you would like to remain logged in when the X session ends, remove exec.
  • To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an alias:
alias startx='startx &> ~/.xlog'