Difference between revisions of "Start X at login"

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[[Category:X Server]]
#REDIRECT [[Xinit#Autostart_X_at_login]]
[[Category:Boot process]]
[[es:Start X at Boot]]
[[hu:Start X at Boot]]
[[it:Start X at Boot]]
[[ja:Start X at Login]]
[[pt:Start X at Boot]]
[[ru:Start X at Boot]]
[[th:Start X at Boot]]
[[zh-CN:Start X at Login]]
{{Article summary start}}
{{Article summary text|Starting X automatically at login to a virtual terminal.}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
{{Article summary wiki|systemd/User}}
{{Article summary wiki|Automatic login to virtual console}}
{{Article summary wiki|Display Manager}}
{{Article summary wiki|Silent boot}}
{{Article summary wiki|Xinitrc}}
{{Article summary end}}
A [[Display Manager|display manager]] can be used to provide a login screen and start the [[X server]]. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.
To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} is used, which will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
== Shell profile file ==
{{Note|This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.}}
* For [[Bash]], add the following to the bottom of {{ic|~/.bash_profile}}. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from {{ic|/etc/skel/.bash_profile}}.
* For [[Zsh]], add it to {{ic|~/.zprofile}} instead.
[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
{{Note|You can replace the {{ic|-eq 1}} comparison with one like {{ic|-le 3}} (for vt1 to vt3) if you want to use graphical logins on more than one VT.}}
{{Note|X must always be run on the same tty where the login occurred, to preserve the logind session. This is handled by the default {{ic|/etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc}}.}}
== Tips ==
* This method can be combined with [[automatic login to virtual console]]. When doing this you have to set correct dependencies for the autologin systemd service to ensure that dbus is started before {{ic|~/.xinitrc}} is read and hence pulseaudio started (see: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=155416 BBS#155416])
* If you would like to remain logged in when the X session ends, remove {{ic|exec}}.
* To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an [[alias]]:
: {{bc|1=alias startx='startx &> ~/.xlog'}}

Latest revision as of 10:37, 24 July 2016