Difference between revisions of "Start X at login"

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To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} is used, which will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
 
To manually start X, {{ic|startx}} is used, which will execute {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the [[xinitrc]] article.
  
== Shell profile file ==
+
== Start X automatically when logging in at a virtual terminal ==
  
{{Note|This runs X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.}}
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{{Note|These solutions run X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.}}
  
 
* For [[Bash]], add the following to the bottom of {{ic|~/.bash_profile}}. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from {{ic|/etc/skel/.bash_profile}}.
 
* For [[Bash]], add the following to the bottom of {{ic|~/.bash_profile}}. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from {{ic|/etc/skel/.bash_profile}}.
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{{bc|1=<nowiki>
 
{{bc|1=<nowiki>
 
[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
 
[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
* For [[Fish]], add the following to the bottom of your {{ic|~/.config/fish/config.fish}}.
 +
{{bc|1=<nowiki>
 +
# start X at login
 +
if status --is-login
 +
    if test -z "$DISPLAY" -a $XDG_VTNR = 1
 +
        exec startx
 +
    end
 +
end
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  

Revision as of 09:57, 19 June 2013

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A display manager can be used to provide a login screen and start the X server. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.

To manually start X, startx is used, which will execute ~/.xinitrc, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the xinitrc article.

Start X automatically when logging in at a virtual terminal

Note: These solutions run X on the same tty used to login, which is required in order to maintain the login session.
  • For Bash, add the following to the bottom of ~/.bash_profile. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from /etc/skel/.bash_profile.
  • For Zsh, add it to ~/.zprofile instead.
[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx
  • For Fish, add the following to the bottom of your ~/.config/fish/config.fish.
# start X at login
if status --is-login
    if test -z "$DISPLAY" -a $XDG_VTNR = 1
        exec startx
    end
end
Note:
  • You can replace the -eq 1 comparison with one like -le 3 (for vt1 to vt3) if you want to use graphical logins on more than one VT.
  • X must always be run on the same tty where the login occurred, to preserve the logind session. This is handled by the default /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc.

Tips

  • This method can be combined with automatic login to virtual console. When doing this you have to set correct dependencies for the autologin systemd service to ensure that dbus is started before ~/.xinitrc is read and hence pulseaudio started (see: BBS#155416)
  • If you would like to remain logged in when the X session ends, remove exec.
  • To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an alias:
alias startx='startx & > ~/.xlog'