Start X at login

From ArchWiki
Revision as of 16:39, 14 October 2012 by Thestinger (talk | contribs) (Shell profile file: use (( )) for math)
Jump to: navigation, search

zh-CN:Start X at Login Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

A display manager can be used to provide a login screen and start the X server. This article explains how this can be done using an existing virtual terminal.

To manually start X, startx or xinit are used. Both will execute ~/.xinitrc, which may be customized to start the window manager of choice as described in the xinitrc article.

Shell profile file

  • For Bash, add the following to the bottom of ~/.bash_profile. If the file does not exist, copy a skeleton version from /etc/skel/.bash_profile.
  • For Zsh, add it to ~/.zprofile instead.
(( $(fgconsole) == 1 )) && startx -- vt1


  • This method can be combined with automatic login to virtual console.
  • If you would like to also log out when X is killed, use exec startx instead of just startx.
  • To redirect the output of the X session to a file, create an alias:
alias startx='startx &> ~/.xlog'
  • Alternatively, you can use xinit instead of startx (since startx is an extension anyway).