Start X at login
Method 1: /etc/inittab
This is the main configuration file for the
init program. Edit your
The first uncommented line should be:
This indicates default runlevel 3, multi-user mode. Changing it to:
Will change default runlevel to 5; X11.
You may also want to change the last line of the
/etc/inittab to start kdm or gdm instead of xdm.
Method 2: /etc/rc.conf
Another way to achieve the same result is to start a display manager, (
slim) as a daemon. Edit the DAEMONS array in
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network hal fam gdm)
Method 3: ~/.bash_profile
An alternative is to add something like the following to the bottom of your
~/.bash_profile (if ~/.bash_profile doesn't exist, you can create it):
if [[ -z "$DISPLAY" ]] && [[ $(tty) = /dev/vc/1 ]]; then startx logout fi
if [[ -z "$DISPLAY" ]] && [[ $(tty) = /dev/vc/1 ]]; then xinit logout fi
Utilizing this method, X is automatically started when logging into the shell. Furthermore your user will be logged out when you kill X using ctrl+alt+backspace. next time you log in, X will start again automatically, and if you followed the mingetty instructions in Automatically_login_some_user_to_a_virtual_console_on_startup you will be able to have X automatically respawn with a fresh environment and everything ready to go.
Along the lines of the above, as described by neocephas here, you can instead add:
[ -f ~/.bash_login ] && . ~/.bash_login
to the bottom of your
~/.bash_profile. Then, in your
~/.bash_login (if ~/.bash_login doesn't exist, you can create it), add:
Of particular note,
~/.bash_login can be used to run more than just "startx" upon logging in to your boot console (for example, if using smbnetfs to mount Windows shares, you can add "smbnetfs /your/mount/location/").
Starting X as preferred user without logging in
A way of circumventing display managers and boot straight into preferred window manager or desktop environment is the following.
id:3:initdefault: [...] x:5:respawn:/usr/X11R6/bin/xdm -nodaemon
id:5:initdefault: [...] x:5:once:/bin/su PREFERED_USER -l -c "/bin/bash --login -c startx >/dev/null 2>&1"
where PREFERED_USER is the user of your choice.
startx, you can of course have any program or self-written script you wish to execute. Myself, I have
startx -- -nolisten tcp -br -deferglyphs 16 instead of just
. Startx will run your ~/.xinitrc script, so editing this is an easy way to get it to start the window manager of your choice.