Difference between revisions of "Steam"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(screen resolution)
(screen resolution)
Line 118: Line 118:
{{hc|# nano /root/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini|<nowiki>
{{hc|# nano /root/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini|<nowiki>
Line 135: Line 136:

Revision as of 16:04, 22 November 2012

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text

Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

See the project Wiki page and the page in the Application Database for more info.

Native Steam on Linux

Note: At the moment the beta is closed to the general public. Arch Linux is not officially supported.
Note: Some games may need additional dependencies.
Note: Because the Steam client is a 32-bit application, you need to enable Multilib in pacman if you have a pure 64-bit installation. It may also make sense to install multilib-devel to provide some important multilib libraries.

Install steamAUR from the AUR. (Current licensing prevents steam from being put in the community/multilib repository, see the mailing list thread)

Even without being in the private beta, it can be started by opening a steam URL steam://open/games. You can enter this url into web browser, or terminal emulator.

Fixes/Bugs/Error Messages

Steam is beta software which is not supported on this distribution. As such some fixes are needed on the users part to get things functioning properly. Several games have dependencies which may be missing from your system. If a game fails to launch (often without error messages) then make sure all of the libraries listed below that game are installed. (Please help us expand on this list)

Mouse Cursor Overwritten

Steam overwrites the X11 Cursor theme when it launches. This is a problem with Gnome and other WMs/DMs that do not set a cursor theme. You can overcome this for Gnome by setting a mouse cursor theme.

To fix this issue, become root and put the following into /usr/share/icons/default/index.theme (creating the directory /usr/share/icons/default if necessary):

[Icon Theme]

Note: Instead of "Adwaita", you can choose another cursor theme (e.g. Human). Alternatively, you can install gnome-cursors-fixAUR from the AUR.

With other WMs/DMs you may have to find another way of setting the cursor theme.

If the cursor gets stuck pointing in the wrong direction after exiting Steam, a workaround is to run xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr (From the awesomewm wiki).

And Yet It Moves


Game refuses to launch and following message can be observed on console

 readlink: extra operand ‘Yet’
 Try 'readlink --help' for more information.

To fix this, open ~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/And Yet It Moves/AndYetItMovesSteam.sh in text editor and replace line

 ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f ${BASH_SOURCE[0]})")"


 ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}")")"

Superbrothers: Sword & Sworcery EP


Team Fortress 2

No audio

It happens if there is no PulseAudion in your system. If you want to use Alsa, you need to launch the Steam or game directly with SDL_AUDIODRIVER=alsa (From SteamCommunity).

Start with black screen

Launch the Steam or game directly with LC_NUMERIC=POSIX. (From the same SteamCommunity).

For launching the game direclty you need to quit the Steam at first and then:

 SDL_AUDIODRIVER=alsa LC_NUMERIC=POSIX steam steam://rungameid/440

Amnesia: The Dark Descent


Serious Sam 3: BFE


Steel Storm: Burning Retribution

Start with black screen

The game tries to launch in 1024x768 resolution with fullscreen mode by default. It is impossible on some devices. (for example laptop Samsung Series9 with intel hd4000 video). But you can try to launch the game in windowed mode.

Open game Properties in Steam, in General tab select "Set launch options..." and type "-window".

Then you can change a resolution in game.

No English fonts

If you use intel video card, just disable S3TC in DriConf.

Killing Floor

screen resolution

--RAfitiiixxx 15:39, 22 November 2012 (UTC)

Killing Floor runs pretty much from scratch, altough you might have to change in-game resolution screen as the default one is 800x600 and a 4:3 screen format. If you try to modify screen resolution in-game, it might crash your desktop enviroment. To fix this, please set the desired resolution screen size by modifing your /root/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini with your prefered editor.

# nano /root/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini




Note: Replace all the ???? with the corresponding numbers according the desired resolution. If you have an 1366x768 screen and want to use it at it's fullest, change all the Viewport fields to something like ViewportX=1366 and ViewportY=768 in the corresponding areas.
Note: The dots in the middle indicate that there are more fields in that .ini file. But for screen resolution troubleshooting, you don't need to modify anything else.

Save the file and restart the game, it should work now.

Steam on Wine

Install wine from the official repositories and follow the instructions provided in the article.

Install the required Microsoft fonts ttf-microsoft-tahomaAUR and ttf-ms-fontsAUR from the AUR or through winetricks-svnAUR.

Note: If you have access to Windows discs, you may want to install ttf-win7-fontsAUR instead.

If you have an old Wine prefix (~/.wine), you should remove it and let Wine create a new one to avoid problems (you can transfer over anything you want to keep to the new Wine prefix).


Download and run the Steam installer from steampowered.com. It is no longer an .exe file so you have to start it with msiexec:

$ msiexec /i SteamInstall.msi

Starting Steam

On x86:

$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/Steam/Steam.exe

On x86_64 (with steam installed to a clean wine prefix):

$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe

Alternatively, you may use this method:

$ wine "C:\\Program Files\\Steam\\steam.exe" 

You should consider making an alias to easily start steam (and put it in your shell's rc file), example:

alias steam='wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
Note: If you are using an nvidia card through bumblebee, you should prefix those commands with optirun.



Consider disabling wine debugging output by adding this to your shell rc file:

export WINEDEBUG=-all

or, just add it to your steam alias to only disable it for steam:

alias steam='WINEDEBUG=-all wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'

Additionally, Source games rely on a paged pool memory size specification for audio, and WINE by default does not have this set. To set it:

wine reg add "HKLM\\System\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Session Manager\\Memory Management\\" /v PagedPoolSize /t REG_DWORD /d 402653184 /f

Application Launch Options

Go to "Properties" -> "Set Launch Options", e.g.:

-console -dxlevel 90 -width 1280 -height 1024
  • console

Activate the console in the application to change detailed applications settings.

  • dxlevel

Set the application's DirectX level, e.g. 90 for DirectX Version 9.0. It is recommended to use the video card's DirectX version to prevent crashes. See the official Valve Software Wiki http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/DirectX_Versions for details.

  • width and height

Set the screen resolution. In some cases the graphic settings are not saved in the application and the applications always starts in the default resolution. Please refer to http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Launch_options for a complete list of launch options.

Using a Pre-Existing Steam Install

If you have a shared drive with Windows, or already have a Steam installation somewhere else, you can simply symlink the Steam directory to ~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Steam/ . However, be sure to do all the previous steps in this wiki. Confirm Steam launches and logs into your account, then do this:

cd ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/ 
mv Steam/ Steam.backup/   (or you can just delete the directory)
ln -s /mnt/windows_partition/Program\ Files/Steam/
Note: If you have trouble starting Steam after symlinking the entire Steam folder, try linking only the steamapps subdirectory in your existing wine steam folder instead.

Running Steam in a second X Server

Assuming you are using the script above to start Steam, make a new script, called x.steam.sh. You should run this when you want to start Steam in a new X server, and steam.sh if you want Steam to start in the current X server.

If due to misconfiguration a black screen is shown, you could always close down the second X server by pressing Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress.



xinit $HOME/steam.sh $* -- :1

Now you can use Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress to get to your first X server with your normal desktop, and Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress to go back to your game.

Because the second X server is only running the game and the first X server with all your programs is backgrounded, performance should increase. In addition, it is much more convenient to switch X servers while in game to access other resources, rather than having to exit the game completely or Template:Keypress-Template:Keypress out. Finally, it is useful for when Steam or WINE goes haywire and leaves a bunch of processes in memory after Steam crashes. Simply Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress on the second X server to kill that X and all processes on that desktop will terminate as well.

If you get errors that look like "Xlib: connection to ":1.0" refused by server" when starting the second X: You will need to adjust your X permissions.

If you lose the ability to use the keyboard while using Steam: This is an odd bug that does not happen with other games. A solution is to use a WM in the second X as well. Thankfully, you do not need to run a large WM. Openbox and icewm have been confirmed to fix this bug (evilwm, pekwm, lwm do not work), but the icewm taskbar shows up on the bottom of the game, thus it's recommended to use Openbox. Install openbox from the official repositories, then add openbox & to the top of your steam.sh file. Note you can run other programs (ex. Teamspeak &) or set X settings (ex. xset, xmodmap) before the WINE call as well.

Steam Links in Firefox, Chrome, Etc

To make steam:// urls in your browser connect with steam in wine, there are several things you can do. One involves making steam url-handler keys in gconf, another involves making protocol files for kde, others involve tinkering with desktop files or the Local State file for chromium. These seem to only work in firefox or under certain desktop configurations. One way to do it that works more globally is using mimeo, a tool made by Xyne (an Arch TU) which follows. For another working and less invasive (but firefox-only) way, see the first post here .

  • Make /usr/bin/steam with your favorite editor and paste:
# Steam wrapper script
exec wine "c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.exe" "$@"
  • Make it executable.
# chmod +x /usr/bin/steam
  • Make $HOME/.config/mimeo.conf with your favorite editor and paste:
/usr/bin/steam %u
  • Lastly, open /usr/bin/xdg-open in your favorite editor. Go to the detectDE() section and change it to look as follows:
    #if [ x"$KDE_FULL_SESSION" = x"true" ]; then DE=kde;
    #elif [ x"$GNOME_DESKTOP_SESSION_ID" != x"" ]; then DE=gnome;
    #elif `dbus-send --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.DBus /org/freedesktop/DBus org.freedesktop.DBus.GetNameOwner string:org.gnome.SessionManager > /dev/null 2>&1` ; then DE=gnome;
    #elif xprop -root _DT_SAVE_MODE 2> /dev/null | grep ' = \"xfce4\"$' >/dev/null 2>&1; then DE=xfce;
    #elif [ x"$DESKTOP_SESSION" == x"LXDE" ]; then DE=lxde;
    #else DE=""
  • Restart the browser and you should be good to go. In chromium, you cannot enter a steam:// link in the url box like you can with firefox. The forum link above has a steam://open/friends link to try if needed.
Note: If you have any problems with file associations after doing this, simply revert to regular xdg-utils and undo your changes to /usr/bin/xdg-open.
Note: Those on other distributions that stumble upon this page, see the link above for firefox specific instructions. No easy way to get it working on Chromium on other distros exists.

No text rendered problem

If there is no text/font rendered when starting steam you should try to start steam with the parameter -no-dwrite. Read more in the forum thread about it.

wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe -no-dwrite