Difference between revisions of "Steam"

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(cleanup dependencies, remove s3tc dependencies as game specific, just check the first paragraph)
(Add linux-zen to the list of kernels which include fsync patches)
 
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[[Category:Gaming]]
 
[[Category:Gaming]]
[[Category:Wine]]
 
 
[[ja:Steam]]
 
[[ja:Steam]]
[[zh-CN:Steam]]
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[[ru:Steam]]
{{Article summary start}}
+
[[zh-hans:Steam]]
{{Article summary text|[http://store.steampowered.com/about/ Steam] is a content delivery system made by Valve Software. It is best known as the platform needed to play Source Engine games (e.g. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike). Today it offers many games from many other developers.}}
+
{{Related articles start}}
 +
{{Related|Steam/Troubleshooting}}
 +
{{Related|Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting}}
 +
{{Related|Gaming}}
 +
{{Related|Gamepad}}
 +
{{Related|List of games}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
 +
[http://store.steampowered.com/about/ Steam] is a popular game distribution platform by Valve.
  
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
+
{{Note|Steam for Linux only supports Ubuntu LTS.[https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1504-QHXN-8366] Thus, do not turn to Valve for support for issues with Steam on Arch Linux.}}
{{Article summary wiki|Wine}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
  
See the [[Wikipedia:Steam (software)|Steam Wikipedia page]] and the page in the [http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=version&iId=19444 Wine Application Database] for more info.
+
== Installation ==
  
== Native Steam on Linux ==
+
Enable the [[multilib]] repository and [[install]] the {{Pkg|steam}} package.
  
{{Note|Arch Linux is not [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1504-QHXN-8366 officially supported].}}
+
The following requirements must be fulfilled in order to run Steam on Arch Linux:
  
{{Note|If you have a pure 64-bit installation, you will need to enable the [[multilib]] repository in pacman. This is because the Steam client is a 32-bit application. It may also make sense to install multilib-devel to provide some important multilib libraries. You also most likely need to install the 32-bit version of your graphics driver to run Steam.}}
+
* Installed 32-bit version [[Xorg#Driver installation|OpenGL graphics driver]].
 +
* Generated [[Locale#Generating locales|en_US.UTF-8]] locale, preventing invalid pointer error.
 +
* The GUI heavily uses the Arial font. See [[Microsoft fonts]]. An alternative is to use {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} or [[Steam/Troubleshooting#Text is corrupt or missing|fonts provided by Steam]] instead.
 +
* Install {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} to add support for Asian languages.
  
Install {{Pkg|steam}} from the [[multilib]] repository.
+
=== SteamCMD ===
  
Steam makes heavy usage of the Arial font. A decent Arial font to use is {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} or the official Microsoft Arial fonts: {{aur|ttf-microsoft-arial}} or {{aur|ttf-ms-fonts}} packages from the [[AUR]]. Asian languages require {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} to display properly.
+
Install {{AUR|steamcmd}} for the command-line version of [https://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/SteamCMD Steam].
  
Steam is '''not supported''' on this distribution. As such some fixes are needed on the users part to get things functioning properly. Several games have dependencies which may be missing from your system.  If a game fails to launch (often without error messages) then make sure all of the libraries listed below that game are installed. Please install {{Pkg|libtxc_dxtn}} and {{Pkg|lib32-libtxc_dxtn}} with mesa drivers as almost all games require it.
+
=== Alternative Flatpak installation ===
  
===General troubleshooting===
+
Steam can also be installed with [[Flatpak]] as {{ic|com.valvesoftware.Steam}} from [https://flathub.org/ Flathub]. The easiest way to install it for the current user is by using the Flathub repo and flatpak command:
{{Note|In addition to being documented here, any bug/fix/error should be, if not already, reported on Valve's bug tracker on their [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux GitHub page].}}
 
  
{{Note|Connection problems may occur when using DD-WRT with peer-to-peer traffic filtering.}}
+
  flatpak --user remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://dl.flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
 +
  flatpak --user install flathub com.valvesoftware.Steam
 +
  flatpak run com.valvesoftware.Steam
  
====GUI problems with KDE====
+
The Flatpak application currently does not support themes. Also you currently can't run games via {{ic|optirun}}/{{ic|primusrun}}, see [https://github.com/flatpak/flatpak/issues/869 Issue#869] for more details.
: Valve GitHub [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux/issues/594 issue 594]
 
  
If you are using KDE and you have problems with the GUI (such as lag or random crashes) modify the compositing type to OpenGL/Raster. In KDE system settings, go to "Desktop Effects" in the "Workspace Appearance and Behaviour" section. Open the "Advanced" tab. Change "Compositing type" from XRender to OpenGL.
+
By default Steam won't be able to access your home directory, you can run the following command to allow it, so that it behaves like on Ubuntu or SteamOS:
  
====The close button only minimizes the window====
+
flatpak override com.valvesoftware.Steam --filesystem=$HOME
: Valve GitHub [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux/issues/1025 issue 1025]
 
  
If you have your tray icon working you have the option of making the close button close to tray instead of minimize. To do this, set the environment variable {{ic|STEAM_FRAME_FORCE_CLOSE}} to {{ic|1}}. You can do this by launching Steam using the following command.
+
==== Asian Font Problems with Flatpak ====
$ STEAM_FRAME_FORCE_CLOSE=1 steam
 
  
====Flash not working on 64-bit systems====
+
If you are having problem getting Asian fonts to show in game, it's because org.freedesktop.Platform does not include it. First try mounting your local font :
: Steam Support [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1493-GHZB-7612 article]
 
  
First ensure {{pkg|lib32-flashplugin}} is installed. It should be working at this point, if not create a local Steam flash plugin folder
+
flatpak run --filesystems=~/.local/share/fonts --filesystem=~/.config/fontconfig  com.valvesoftware.Steam
mkdir ~/.steam/bin32/plugins/
 
and set a symbolic link to the global lib32 flash plugin file in your upper new folder
 
ln -s /usr/lib32/mozilla/plugins/libflashplayer.so ~/.steam/bin32/plugins/
 
  
====Text is corrupt or missing====
+
If that doesn't work, consider this hack: make the fonts available by directly copying the font files into org.freedesktop.Platform's directories, e.g.
The Steam Support [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1974-YFKL-4947 instructions] for Windows seem to work on Linux also: Simply download [https://support.steampowered.com/downloads/1974-YFKL-4947/SteamFonts.zip SteamFonts.zip] and install them (copying to ~/.fonts/ works at least).
 
  
====Error on some games: S3TC support is missing====
+
# replace ? with your version and hash
Install the following dependencies:
+
/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/etc/fonts/conf.avail
* {{pkg|libtxc_dxtn}}
+
/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/etc/fonts/conf.d
* {{pkg|lib32-libtxc_dxtn}}
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/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/share/fonts
  
====Black screen on (Valve?) games (but audio works)====
+
== Directory structure ==
Check the Steam stdout/stderr for Error lines, some quick dependencies for reference:
 
* {{pkg|lib32-intel-dri}} (not confirmed as absolutely necessary)
 
  
run steam from console via primusrun steam
+
The default Steam install location is {{ic|~/.local/share/Steam}}. If Steam cannot find it, it will prompt you to reinstall it or select the new location. This article uses the {{ic|~/.steam/root}} symlink to refer to the install location.
  
====SetLocale('en_US.UTF-8') fails at game startup====
+
=== Library folders ===
Edit /etc/locale.gen in your favourite editor and uncomment the line {{ic|en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8}}. Then run {{ic|locale-gen}} as root.
 
  
=== Game-specific depencencies and troubleshooting ===
+
Every Steam application has a unique AppID, which you can find out by looking at its [http://store.steampowered.com/ Steam Store] page path.
{{Note|Steam installs library dependencies of a game to a library directory, but some are missing at the moment. Report bugs involving missing libraries on Valve's bug tracker on their [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux GIT page] before adding workarounds here, and then provide a link to the bug so it can be removed as the problems are fixed. Libraries like {{pkg|glu}} and {{pkg|libtxc_dxtn}} are exceptions to this, as they are just part of the implementation of the open drivers.}}
 
  
====Amnesia: The Dark Descent====
+
Steam installs games into a directory under {{ic|''LIBRARY''/steamapps/common/}}. {{ic|''LIBRARY''}} normally is
=====Dependencies=====
+
{{ic|~/.steam/root}} but you can also have multiple library folders (''Steam > Settings > Downloads > Steam Library Folders'').
* {{pkg|lib32-freealut}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-glu}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libxmu}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-sdl_ttf}}
 
  
====And Yet It Moves====
+
In order for Steam to recognize a game it needs to have an
=====Dependencies=====
+
{{ic|appmanifest_''AppId''.acf}} file in {{ic|''LIBRARY''/steamapps/}}. The appmanifest file uses the
* {{aur|lib32-libtheora}}
+
[https://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/KeyValues KeyValues] format and its {{ic|installdir}} property
* {{aur|lib32-libjpeg6}}
+
determines the game directory name.
* {{aur|lib32-libtiff4}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libpng12}}
 
  
=====Compatibility=====
+
== Usage ==
Game refuses to launch and one of the following messages can be observed on console
+
  readlink: extra operand ‘Yet’
+
steam [ -options ] [ steam:// URL ]
  Try 'readlink --help' for more information.
 
OR
 
  This script must be run as a user with write priviledges to game directory
 
To fix this, open {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/And Yet It Moves/AndYetItMovesSteam.sh}} in text editor and replace line
 
  ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f ${BASH_SOURCE[0]})")"
 
with
 
  ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}")")"
 
  
====Counter-Strike: Source====
+
For the available command-line options see the [https://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Command_Line_Options#Steam_.28Windows.29 Command Line Options article on the Valve Developer Wiki].
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
======Game crashes upon joining======
 
If the game is constantly crashing when trying to join a game and in {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/your@account/Counter Strike Source/hl2.sh}} you have {{ic|1=__GL_THREADED_OPTIMIZATIONS=1}}, try changing it to {{ic|0}}.
 
  
====Crusader Kings II====
+
Steam also accepts an optional Steam URL, see the [https://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Steam_browser_protocol Steam browser procotol].
Game is installed into {{ic|$HOME/Steam/SteamApps/common/Crusader Kings II}}.
 
  
Game can be started directly, without need of running Steam on background, using command {{ic|$HOME/Steam/SteamApps/common/Crusader Kings II/ck2}}.
+
== Launch options ==
  
Saves are stored in {{ic|$HOME/Documents/Paradox Interactive/Crusader Kings II/save games/}}.
+
When you launch a Steam game, Steam executes its '''launch command''' in a [[Bash]] shell.
 +
To let you alter the launch command Steam provides '''launch options''',
 +
which can be set for a game by right-clicking on it in your library, selecting Properties and clicking on ''Set Launch Options''.
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
By default Steam simply appends your option string to the launch command. To set environment variables or
======No audio======
+
pass the launch command as an argument to another command you can use the {{ic|%command%}} substitute.
  
The default audio driver used by Crusader Kings 2 is for [[PulseAudio]], so an override is necessary:
+
=== Examples ===
  
{{hc|~/.pam_environment|2=SDL_AUDIODRIVER=alsa}}
+
* only arguments: {{ic|-foo}}
 +
* environment variables: {{ic|1=FOO=bar BAZ=bar %command% -baz}}
 +
* completely different command: {{ic|othercommand # %command%}}
  
====Defender's Quest: Valley of the Forgotten====
+
== Tips and tricks ==
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{aur|adobe-air-sdk}}
 
* {{pkg|xterm}}
 
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
=== Fsync patch ===
======Game does not start======
 
* Package {{pkg|adobe-air-sdk}} installs Adobe Air not in the place where the game expects it to be, fix this by creating a simlink (requires root permissions):
 
{{bc|ln -s /opt/adobe-air-sdk/runtimes/air/linux/Adobe\ AIR /opt/Adobe\ AIR}}
 
  
* Adobe AIR will want to check whether the EULA was accepeted and fail in doing so. To fix it, issue the following commands (from under your user, not under root):
+
Valve has [https://steamcommunity.com/app/221410/discussions/0/3158631000006906163/ released] a special kernel patch that should help increase FPS in massively-threaded applications. There are few methods to get and use this patch:
{{bc|mkdir -p ~/.appdata/Adobe/AIR
 
echo 2 > ~/.appdata/Adobe/AIR/eulaAccepted}}
 
Note that by issuing these commands you're accepting Adobe Air's EULA.
 
  
====Dwarfs F2P====
+
* Use binary kernel provided directly from Valve. See [[Unofficial user repositories#valveaur]] and once you add this repository, kernel packages {{AUR|linux-fsync}} and {{AUR|linux-fsync-headers}} become available. You will likely need to replace some regular packages (e.g. {{pkg|nvidia}}) with [[DKMS]] packages (e.g. {{pkg|nvidia-dkms}}) as well.
=====Dependencies=====
+
* Install {{AUR|linux-fsync}} kernel.
* {{pkg|lib32-libgdiplus}}
+
* Install {{Pkg|linux-zen}} kernel that includes the fsync patches since the 5.2 release[https://github.com/zen-kernel/zen-kernel/commit/f39367fdbc68e8b1e623239d13db6efaa5a67ae1]
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
=== Proton Steam-Play ===
======Game does not start======
 
There was a bug that stopped Steam from fetching all the needed files. It should be resolved, if you still bump into this problem, try verifying integrity of game cache from game properties, local files tab.
 
======Game crashes======
 
In some cases, the game crashes  about 2 minutes before the end of every arcade. This bug has been reported, but there's no known solution to it.
 
  
====FTL: Faster than Light====
+
Valve developed a compatibility tool for Steam Play based on Wine and additional components. It allows you to launch many Windows games (see [https://www.protondb.com/ compatibility list]).
=====Dependencies=====
 
Libraries are downloaded and and placed in the game's data directory for both architectures. As long as you run FTL by the launcher script (or via the shortcut in Steam) you should not need to download any further libraries.
 
  
=====Compatibility=====
+
It's open-source and available on [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/Proton/ Github]. Steam will install its own versions of Proton when Steam Play is enabled.
After installation, FTL may fail to run due to a 'Text file busy' error (characterised in Steam by your portrait border going green then blue again). The easiest way to mend this is to just reboot your system. Upon logging back in FTL should run.
 
  
The Steam overlay in FTL does not function as it is not a 3D accelerated game. Because of this the desktop notifications will be visible. If playing in fullscreen, therefore, these notifications in some systems may steal focus and revert you back to windowed mode with no way of going back to fullscreen without relaunching. The binaries for FTL on Steam have no DRM and it is possible to run the game ''without'' Steam running, so in some cases that may be optimum - just ensure that you launch FTL via the launcher script in {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/FTL Faster than Light/data/}} rather than the FTL binary in the $arch directory.
+
Proton needs to be enabled on Steam client : {{ic|Steam > Settings > Steam Play}}. You can enable Steam Play for games that have and have not been whitelisted by Valve in that dialog.
  
=====Problems with open-source video driver=====
+
If needed, to force enable Proton or a specific version of Proton for a game, right click on the game, click {{ic|Properties > General > Force the use of a specific Steam Play compatibility tool}}, and select the desired version. Doing so can also be used to force games that have a Linux port to use the Windows version.
FTL may fail to run if you are using an opensource driver for your video card. There are two solutions: install a proprietary video driver or delete (rename if you are unsure) the library "libstdc++.so.6" inside {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/FTL\ Faster\ Than\ Light/data/amd64/lib}} This is if you are using a 64bit system, I suppose that in case you are using a 32bit system you have to remove (rename) the same library located into {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/FTL\ Faster\ Than\ Light/data/x86/lib}}.
 
  
====Harvest: Massive Encounter====
+
You can also install Proton from AUR with {{AUR|proton}} or {{AUR|proton-git}}, but extra setup is required for them to work with Steam. See the Proton Github for details on how Steam recognizes Proton installs.
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-gtk2}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libvorbis}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-openal}}
 
* {{aur|lib32-nvidia-cg-toolkit}}
 
* {{aur|lib32-libjpeg6}}
 
  
=====Compatibility=====
+
=== Big Picture Mode without a window manager ===
Game refuses to launch and throws you to library installer loop. Just edit {{ic| ~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/Harvest Massive Encounter/run_harvest}} and remove everything but
 
  #!/bin/bash
 
  exec ./Harvest
 
  
====Killing Floor====
+
To start Steam in Big Picture Mode from a [[Display manager]], you can either:
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
======Screen resolution======
 
Killing Floor runs pretty much from scratch, although you might have to change in-game resolution screen as the default one is '''800x600''' and a '''4:3''' screen format.
 
If you try to modify screen resolution in-game, it might crash your desktop enviroment.
 
To fix this, please set the desired resolution screen size by modifing  your {{ic|~/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini}} with your prefered editor.
 
{{hc|# nano ~/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini|<nowiki>
 
...
 
  
[WinDrv.WindowsClient]
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* Install {{AUR|steamos-compositor}}
WindowedViewportX=????
+
* Alternatively, install {{AUR|steamos-compositor-plus}}, which hides the annoying color flashing on startup of Proton games and adds a fix for games that start in the background
WindowedViewportY=????
+
* Manually add a Steam entry (''but you lose the steam compositor advantages: mainly you '''can't''' control Big Picture mode with keyboard or gamepad''):
FullscreenViewportX=????
 
FullscreenViewportY=????
 
MenuViewportX=???
 
MenuViewportY=???
 
  
...
+
create a {{ic|/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop}} file with the following contents:
  
[SDLDrv.SDLClient]
+
{{hc|/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop|<nowiki>
WindowedViewportX=????
+
[Desktop Entry]
WindowedViewportY=????
+
Name=Steam Big Picture Mode
FullscreenViewportX=????
+
Comment=Start Steam in Big Picture Mode
FullscreenViewportY=????
+
Exec=/usr/bin/steam -bigpicture
MenuViewportX=????
+
TryExec=/usr/bin/steam
MenuViewportY=????
+
Icon=
 +
Type=Application</nowiki>}}
  
...
+
=== Steam skins ===
</nowiki>}}
 
{{Note|Replace all the '''????''' with the corresponding numbers according the desired resolution. If you have an 1366x768 screen and want to use it at it's fullest, change all the Viewport fields to something like '''ViewportX&#61;1366''' and '''ViewportY&#61;768''' in the corresponding areas.}}
 
{{Note| The dots in the middle indicate that there are more fields in that .ini file. But for screen resolution troubleshooting, you do not need to modify anything else.}}
 
  
Save the file and restart the game, it should work now.
+
The Steam interface can be customized using skins. Skins can overwrite interface-specific files in {{ic|~/.steam/root}}.
  
======Windowed Mode======
+
To install a skin:
Uncheck fullscreen in the options menu, and use {{Keypress|Ctrl+g}} to stop mouse capturing (that was non-obvious to discover..). This way you can easily minimize it and do other other things..and let your WM handle things.
 
  
====Multiwinia====
+
# Place its directory in {{ic|~/.steam/root/skins}}.
=====Dependencies=====
+
# Open ''Steam > Settings > Interface'' and select it.
* {{pkg|lib32-openal}}
+
# Restart Steam.
  
Game will not launch without {{pkg|lib32-openal}}.
+
An extensive list of skins can be found in [http://forums.steampowered.com/forums/showthread.php?t=1161035 this Steam forums post].
  
====Penumbra: Overture====
+
{{Note|Using an outdated skin may cause visual errors.}}
=====Dependencies=====
 
(Taken from {{aur|penumbra-collection}} and {{aur|penumbra-overture-ep1-demo}})
 
* {{pkg|lib32-glu}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libxft}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libvorbis}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-openal}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-sdl_ttf}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-sdl_image}}
 
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
==== Creating skins ====
======Windowed Mode======
 
There is no in-game option to change to the windowed mode, you will have to edit {{ic|~/.frictionalgames/Penumbra/Overture/settings.cfg}} to activate it.
 
Find {{ic|FullScreen&#61;"true"}} and change it to {{ic|FullScreen&#61;"false"}}, after this the game should start in windowed mode.
 
  
====Postal 2====
+
Nearly all Steam styles are defined in {{ic|~/.steam/root/resource/styles/steam.styles}} (the file is over 3,500 lines long). For a skin to be recognized it needs its own {{ic|resource/styles/steam.styles}}.
Postal 2 runs without any additional dependencies.
+
When a Steam update changes the official {{ic|steam.styles}} your skin may become outdated, potentially resulting in visual errors.
  
====Revenge of the Titans====
+
See {{ic|~/.steam/root/skins/skins_readme.txt}} for a primer on how to create skins.
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|libxtst}} and {{pkg|lib32-libxtst}}
 
  
====Serious Sam 3: BFE====
+
=== Changing the Steam notification position ===
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libtxc_dxtn}} with mesa drivers
 
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
The default Steam notification position is bottom right.
======No audio======
 
Try running:
 
# pacman -S lib32-alsa-plugins
 
# mkdir -p /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/alsa-lib/
 
# ln -s /usr/lib32/alsa-lib/libasound_module_pcm_pulse.so /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/alsa-lib/
 
  
If that does not work, try tweaking ~/.alsoftrc as proposed by the [http://steamcommunity.com/app/221410/discussions/3/846940248238406974/ Steam community] (Serious Sam 3: BFE uses OpenAL to output sound). If you are not using Pulse Audio, you may want to write the following configuration:
+
You can change the Steam notification position by altering {{ic|Notifications.PanelPosition}} in
  
{{hc|$ nano ~/.alsoftrc|<nowiki>
+
* {{ic|resource/styles/steam.styles}} for desktop notifications, and
[general]
+
* {{ic|resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles}} for in-game notifications
drivers = alsa
 
[alsa]
 
device = default
 
capture = default
 
mmap = true
 
</nowiki>}}
 
  
====Spacechem====
+
Both files are overwritten by Steam on startup and {{ic|steam.styles}} is only read on startup.
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-sqlite}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-sdl_image}}
 
* {{aur|lib32-sdl_mixer}}
 
  
=====Troubleshooting=====
+
{{Note|Some games do not respect the setting in {{ic|gameoverlay.styles}} e.g. XCOM: Enemy Unknown.}}
======Game crash======
 
The shipped x86 version of Spacechem does not work on x64 with the game's own libSDL* files, and crashes with some strange output.
 
  
To solve this just remove or move the three files {{ic|libSDL-1.2.so.0}}, {{ic|libSDL_image-1.2.so.0}}, {{ic|libSDL_mixer-1.2.so.0}} from {{ic|~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/SpaceChem}}
+
==== Use a skin ====
  
====Space Pirates and Zombies====
+
You can create a skin to change the notification position to your liking. For example to change the position to top right:
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-openal}}
 
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
======No audio======
 
Apply the fix documented in Serious Sam 3: BFE above.
 
  
====Splice====
+
$ cd ~/.steam/root/skins
Splice comes with both x86 and x64 binaries. Steam does not have to be running to launch this game.
+
$ mkdir -p Top-Right/resource
=====Dependencies=====
+
$ cp -r ~/.steam/root/resource/styles Top-Right/resource
* {{pkg|glu}}
+
$ sed -i '/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/"[A-Za-z]*"/"TopRight"/' Top-Right/resource/styles/*
  
====Steel Storm: Burning Retribution====
+
==== Live patching ====
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
======Start with black screen======
 
The game tries to launch in 1024x768 resolution with fullscreen mode by default. It is impossible on some devices.
 
(for example laptop Samsung Series9 with intel hd4000 video).
 
  
You can launch the game in windowed mode. To do this open game Properties in Steam, in General tab select "Set launch options..." and type "-window".
+
{{ic|gameoverlay.styles}} can be overwritten while Steam is running, allowing you to have game-specific notification positions.
  
Now you can change the resolution in game.
+
{{hc|~/.steam/notifpos.sh|
 
+
sed -i "/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/\"[A-Za-z]*\"/\"$1\"/" ~/.steam/root/resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles
======No English fonts======
 
If you use intel video card, just disable S3TC in DriConf.
 
 
 
====Superbrothers: Sword & Sworcery EP====
 
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-glu}}
 
 
 
====Team Fortress 2 ====
 
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
======No audio======
 
It happens if there is no PulseAudio in your system.
 
If you want to use [[ALSA]], you need to launch Steam or the game directly with {{ic|1=SDL_AUDIODRIVER=alsa}}
 
(From [http://steamcommunity.com/app/221410/discussions/0/882966056462819091/#c882966056470753683 SteamCommunity]).
 
 
 
If it still does not work, you may also need to set the environment variable AUDIODEV. For instance {{ic|1=AUDIODEV=Live}}. Use {{ic|aplay -l}} to list the available sound cards.
 
 
 
====The Book of Unwritten Tales====
 
If the game does not start, go to Properties --> Uncheck "Enable Steam Community In-Game".
 
 
 
The game may segfault upon clicking the Setting menu and possibly during or before gameplay. This is a known problem and you will unfortunately have to wait for a fix from the developer. A workaround (taken from the [http://steamcommunity.com/app/221410/discussions/3/846939071081758230/#p2 steam forums]) is to replace the game's RenderSystem_GL.so with one from debian's repositories. To do that download this [https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libogre-1.7.4_1.7.4-3_i386.deb deb file], extract it and replace the following file:
 
~/.local/share/Steam/SteamApps/common/The Book of Unwritten Tales/lib/32/RenderSystem_GL.so
 
with the one that comes with the .deb package.
 
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{aur|lib32-libxaw}}
 
* {{aur|lib32-jasper}}
 
 
 
====The Clockwork Man====
 
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libidn}}
 
 
 
====Trine 2====
 
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-glu}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-libxxf86vm}}
 
* {{pkg|lib32-openal}}
 
* {{pkg|xorg-xwininfo}}
 
 
 
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
* If colors are wrong with FOSS drivers (r600g at least), try to run the game in windowed mode, rendering will be corrected. ([https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=60553 bugreport])
 
* If sound plays choppy, try to edit {{ic|/etc/openal/alsoft.conf}} with values
 
 
 
drivers=pulse,alsa
 
frequency=48000
 
 
 
* If the game resolution is wrong when using a dual monitor setup and you can't see the whole window edit {{ic|~/.frozenbyte/Trine2/options.txt}} and change the options ForceFullscreenWidth and ForceFullscreenHeight to the resolution of your monitor on which you want to play the game.
 
 
 
====Unity of Command====
 
=====Dependencies=====
 
* {{pkg|lib32-pango}}
 
 
 
=====Troubleshooting=====
 
* If squares are shown instead of text, try removing {{ic|$HOME/Steam/SteamApps/common/Unity of Command/bin/libpangoft2-1.0.so.0}}.
 
 
 
====World of Goo====
 
=====Changing Resolution=====
 
* To change the game resolution edit the section "Graphics display" in the configuration file {{ic|$HOME/Steam/SteamApps/common/World of Goo/properties/config.txt}}. For example, see below:
 
  <!-- Graphics display -->
 
  <param name="screen_width" value="1680" />
 
  <param name="screen_height" value="1050" />
 
  <param name="color_depth" value="0" />
 
  <param name="fullscreen" value="true" />
 
  <param name="ui_inset" value="10" />
 
 
 
===Skins for Steam===
 
 
 
The Steam interface can be fully customized by copying its various interface files in its skins directory and modifying them.
 
 
 
====Steam Skin Manager====
 
 
 
The process of applying a skin to Steam can be greatly simplified using {{aur|steam-skin-manager}} from the AUR. The package also comes with a hacked version of the Steam launcher which allows the window manager to draw its borders on the Steam window.
 
 
 
As a result, skins for Steam will come in two flavors, one with and one without window buttons. The skin manager will prompt you whether you use the hacked version or not, and will automatically apply the theme corresponding to your GTK theme if it is found. You can of course still apply another skin if you want.
 
 
 
The package ships with two themes for the default Ubuntu themes, Ambiance and Radiance. A Faience theme is under development and already has its own package on the AUR {{aur|steam-skin-faience-git}}.
 
 
 
== Steam on Wine ==
 
 
 
Install {{Pkg|wine}} from the official repositories and follow the instructions provided in the [[Wine|article]].
 
 
 
Install the required Microsoft fonts {{AUR|ttf-microsoft-tahoma}} and {{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}} from the [[AUR]] or through {{AUR|winetricks-svn}}.
 
{{Note|If you have access to Windows discs, you may want to install {{AUR|ttf-win7-fonts}} instead.}}
 
 
 
If you have an old Wine prefix ({{ic|~/.wine}}), you should remove it and let Wine create a new one to avoid problems (you can transfer over anything you want to keep to the new Wine prefix).
 
 
 
===Installation===
 
 
 
Download and run the Steam installer from [http://store.steampowered.com/about/ steampowered.com]. It is no longer an {{ic|.exe}} file so you have to start it with {{ic|msiexec}}:
 
$ msiexec /i SteamInstall.msi
 
 
 
===Starting Steam===
 
 
 
On x86:
 
$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/Steam/Steam.exe
 
 
 
On x86_64 (with steam installed to a clean wine prefix):
 
$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe
 
 
 
Alternatively, you may use this method:
 
 
 
$ wine "C:\\Program Files\\Steam\\steam.exe"
 
 
 
You should consider making an alias to easily start steam (and put it in your shell's rc file), example:
 
alias steam='wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
 
 
 
{{Note|If you are using an nvidia card through bumblebee, you should prefix those commands with {{ic|optirun}}.}}
 
 
 
===Tips===
 
 
 
====Performance====
 
 
 
Consider disabling wine debugging output by adding this to your shell rc file:
 
export WINEDEBUG=-all
 
or, just add it to your steam alias to only disable it for steam:
 
alias steam='WINEDEBUG=-all wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
 
Additionally, Source games rely on a paged pool memory size specification for audio, and WINE by default does not have this set. To set it:
 
wine reg add "HKLM\\System\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Session Manager\\Memory Management\\" /v PagedPoolSize /t REG_DWORD /d 402653184 /f
 
 
 
==== Application Launch Options ====
 
Go to "Properties" -> "Set Launch Options", e.g.:
 
{{bc|-console -dxlevel 90 -width 1280 -height 1024
 
 
}}
 
}}
* {{ic|console}}
 
Activate the console in the application to change detailed applications settings.
 
* {{ic|dxlevel}}
 
Set the application's DirectX level, e.g. 90 for DirectX Version 9.0. It is recommended to use the video card's DirectX version to prevent crashes. See the official Valve Software Wiki http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/DirectX_Versions for details.
 
* {{ic|width}} and {{ic|height}}
 
Set the screen resolution. In some cases the graphic settings are not saved in the application and the applications always starts in the default resolution.
 
Please refer to http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Launch_options for a complete list of launch options.
 
 
==== Using a Pre-Existing Steam Install ====
 
 
If you have a shared drive with Windows, or already have a Steam installation somewhere else, you can simply symlink the Steam directory to {{ic|~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Steam/}} . However, be sure to do '''all''' the previous steps in this wiki. Confirm Steam launches and logs into your account, ''then'' do this:
 
 
cd ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/
 
mv Steam/ Steam.backup/  (or you can just delete the directory)
 
ln -s /mnt/windows_partition/Program\ Files/Steam/
 
 
{{Note|If you have trouble starting Steam after symlinking the entire Steam folder, try linking only the {{ic|steamapps}} subdirectory in your existing wine steam folder instead.}}
 
 
{{Note|If you still have trouble starting games, use {{ic|sudo mount --bind /path/to/SteamApps ~/.local/share/Steam/SteamApps -ouser&#61;your-user-name }}, this is the only thing that worked for me with {{ic|TF2}}}}
 
 
====Running Steam in a second X Server====
 
 
Assuming you are using the script above to start Steam, make a new script, called {{ic|x.steam.sh}}. You should run this when you want to start Steam in a new X server, and {{ic|steam.sh}} if you want Steam to start in the current X server.
 
 
If due to misconfiguration a black screen is shown, you could always close down the second X server by pressing {{Keypress|Ctrl}} + {{Keypress|Alt}} + {{Keypress|Backspace}}.
 
  
{{bc|1=
+
And the [[#Launch options]] should be something like:
#!/bin/bash
 
  
DISPLAY=:1.0
+
~/.steam/notifpos.sh TopLeft && %command%
  
xinit $HOME/steam.sh $* -- :1
+
=== Steam Remote Play ===
}}
 
  
Now you can use {{Keypress|Ctrl}} + {{Keypress|Alt}} + {{Keypress|F7}} to get to your first X server with your normal desktop, and {{Keypress|Ctrl}} + {{Keypress|Alt}} + {{Keypress|F8}} to go back to your game.
+
{{Note|Steam In-Home Streaming [https://store.steampowered.com/news/51761/ has become Steam Remote Play].}}
  
Because the second X server is ''only'' running the game and the first X server with all your programs is backgrounded, performance should increase. In addition, it is much more convenient to switch X servers while in game to access other resources, rather than having to exit the game completely or {{Keypress|Alt}}-{{Keypress|Tab}} out. Finally, it is useful for when Steam or WINE goes haywire and leaves a bunch of processes in memory after Steam crashes. Simply {{Keypress|Ctrl}} + {{Keypress|Alt}} + {{Keypress|Backspace}} on the second X server to kill that X and all processes on that desktop will terminate as well.  
+
Steam has built-in support for [http://store.steampowered.com/streaming/ remote play].
  
'''If you get errors that look like "Xlib: connection to ":1.0" refused by server" when starting the second X''': You will need to adjust your X permissions.
+
See [https://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=680514371 this Steam Community guide] on how to setup a headless streaming server on Linux.
  
'''If you lose the ability to use the keyboard while using Steam''': This is an odd bug that does not happen with other games. A solution is to use a WM in the second X as well. Thankfully, you do not need to run a large WM. Openbox and icewm have been confirmed to fix this bug (evilwm, pekwm, lwm ''do not'' work), but the icewm taskbar shows up on the bottom of the game, thus it's recommended to use [[Openbox]]. Install {{Pkg|openbox}} from the [[official repositories]], then add {{Ic|openbox &}} to the top of your {{ic|steam.sh}} file. Note you can run other programs (ex. Teamspeak &) or set X settings (ex. xset, xmodmap) before the WINE call as well.
+
==== Different subnets ====
  
====Steam Links in Firefox, Chrome, Etc====
+
{{Remove|This workaround/hack seems to be no longer relevant since it became a feature of [https://store.steampowered.com/news/51761/ Steam Remote Play].}}
To make steam:// urls in your browser connect with steam in wine, there are several things you can do. One involves making steam url-handler keys in gconf, another involves making protocol files for kde, others involve tinkering with desktop files or the Local State file for chromium. These seem to only work in firefox or under certain desktop configurations. One way to do it that works more globally is using mimeo, a tool made by Xyne (an Arch TU) which follows. For another working and less invasive (but firefox-only) way, see the first post [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=433548 here] .
 
  
* Make {{ic| /usr/bin/steam}} with your favorite editor and paste:
+
Steam client will not be able to detect host if both are on different subnets, which is common case when using VPN to your home network. Even if both client and server can ping each other - steam client would still not be able to detect host, so you need to force it. To do it, start Steam with below command:
  
{{bc|
+
$ steam -console
#!/bin/sh
 
#
 
# Steam wrapper script
 
#
 
exec wine "c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.exe" "$@"
 
}}
 
  
* Make it executable.
+
Wait until Steam starts. Once it loaded, you will find extra tab named "Console". Open it and then paste below command with correct host IP address:
  
  # chmod +x /usr/bin/steam
+
  connect_remote <host_ip>:27036
  
* Install {{AUR|mimeo}} and {{AUR|xdg-utils-mimeo}} from AUR. You will need to replace the existing {{pkg|xdg-utils}} if installed. In XFCE, you will also need {{pkg|xorg-utils}}.
+
You will see notification that you can now stream games from host machine.
  
* Create {{ic|~/.config/mimeo.conf}} with your favorite editor and paste:
+
{{Note|If above doesn't work - Windows is likely blocking all incoming traffic from different subnets, which means any connections coming from VPN tunnel will be dropped. This also can be confirmed by simply performing ping requests without any response to Windows machine from your VPN client. To workaround this, configure (or disable) all Windows firewalls (including existing antiviruses).}}
  
{{bc|
+
{{Tip|See [[Gaming#Remote gaming]] for alternatives if above solution does not work.}}
/usr/bin/steam %u
 
  ^steam://
 
}}
 
  
* Lastly, open {{ic|/usr/bin/xdg-open}} in your favorite editor. Go to the {{ic|detectDE()}} section and change it to look as follows:
+
=== Steam Controller ===
  
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
Normally a Steam controller requires the use of the Steam-overlay.  In non-Steam native Linux games however the overlay may not be practical. For that, while the Steam client is running it will maintain a "desktop configuration". With your Steam controller, configure the desktop configuration for it as a generic XBOX controller. As long as the Steam client is running you can then use your Steam controller in other games, such as GOG games, as an XBOX controller. Make sure to select your type of controller to map to in "general controller settings".
detectDE()
 
{
 
    #if [ x"$KDE_FULL_SESSION" = x"true" ]; then DE=kde;
 
    #elif [ x"$GNOME_DESKTOP_SESSION_ID" != x"" ]; then DE=gnome;
 
    #elif `dbus-send --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.DBus /org/freedesktop/DBus org.freedesktop.DBus.GetNameOwner string:org.gnome.SessionManager > /dev/null 2>&1` ; then DE=gnome;
 
    #elif xprop -root _DT_SAVE_MODE 2> /dev/null | grep ' = \"xfce4\"$' >/dev/null 2>&1; then DE=xfce;
 
    #elif [ x"$DESKTOP_SESSION" == x"LXDE" ]; then DE=lxde;
 
    #else DE=""
 
    #fi
 
    DE=""
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
  
* Restart the browser and you should be good to go. In chromium, you cannot enter a {{ic|steam://}} link in the url box like you can with firefox. The forum link above has a {{ic|steam://open/friends}} link to try if needed.
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
{{Note|If you have any problems with file associations after doing this, simply revert to regular xdg-utils and undo your changes to {{ic|/usr/bin/xdg-open}}.}}
+
See [[Steam/Troubleshooting]].
{{Note|Those on other distributions that stumble upon this page, see the link above for firefox specific instructions. No easy way to get it working on Chromium on other distros exists.}}
 
  
====No text rendered problem====
+
== See also ==
If there is no text/font rendered when starting steam you should try to start steam with the parameter {{ic|-no-dwrite}}. Read more in [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=146223 the forum thread about it.]
 
{{bc|wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe -no-dwrite}}
 
  
== See Also ==
+
* [https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Steam Gentoo Wiki article]
* https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Steam
+
* [https://pcgamingwiki.com/wiki/The_Big_List_of_DRM-Free_Games_on_Steam The Big List of DRM-Free Games on Steam] at PCGamingWiki
 +
* [http://steam.wikia.com/wiki/List_of_DRM-free_games List of DRM-free games] at Wikia
 +
* [http://store.steampowered.com/browse/linux Steam Linux store]
 +
* [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/Proton/ Proton] Compatibility tool for Steam Play based on Wine and additional components.

Latest revision as of 19:57, 8 December 2019

Steam is a popular game distribution platform by Valve.

Note: Steam for Linux only supports Ubuntu LTS.[1] Thus, do not turn to Valve for support for issues with Steam on Arch Linux.

Installation

Enable the multilib repository and install the steam package.

The following requirements must be fulfilled in order to run Steam on Arch Linux:

SteamCMD

Install steamcmdAUR for the command-line version of Steam.

Alternative Flatpak installation

Steam can also be installed with Flatpak as com.valvesoftware.Steam from Flathub. The easiest way to install it for the current user is by using the Flathub repo and flatpak command:

 flatpak --user remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://dl.flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
 flatpak --user install flathub com.valvesoftware.Steam
 flatpak run com.valvesoftware.Steam

The Flatpak application currently does not support themes. Also you currently can't run games via optirun/primusrun, see Issue#869 for more details.

By default Steam won't be able to access your home directory, you can run the following command to allow it, so that it behaves like on Ubuntu or SteamOS:

flatpak override com.valvesoftware.Steam --filesystem=$HOME

Asian Font Problems with Flatpak

If you are having problem getting Asian fonts to show in game, it's because org.freedesktop.Platform does not include it. First try mounting your local font :

flatpak run --filesystems=~/.local/share/fonts --filesystem=~/.config/fontconfig  com.valvesoftware.Steam

If that doesn't work, consider this hack: make the fonts available by directly copying the font files into org.freedesktop.Platform's directories, e.g.

# replace ? with your version and hash
/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/etc/fonts/conf.avail
/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/etc/fonts/conf.d 
/var/lib/flatpak/runtime/org.freedesktop.Platform/x86_64/?/?/files/share/fonts

Directory structure

The default Steam install location is ~/.local/share/Steam. If Steam cannot find it, it will prompt you to reinstall it or select the new location. This article uses the ~/.steam/root symlink to refer to the install location.

Library folders

Every Steam application has a unique AppID, which you can find out by looking at its Steam Store page path.

Steam installs games into a directory under LIBRARY/steamapps/common/. LIBRARY normally is ~/.steam/root but you can also have multiple library folders (Steam > Settings > Downloads > Steam Library Folders).

In order for Steam to recognize a game it needs to have an appmanifest_AppId.acf file in LIBRARY/steamapps/. The appmanifest file uses the KeyValues format and its installdir property determines the game directory name.

Usage

steam [ -options ] [ steam:// URL ]

For the available command-line options see the Command Line Options article on the Valve Developer Wiki.

Steam also accepts an optional Steam URL, see the Steam browser procotol.

Launch options

When you launch a Steam game, Steam executes its launch command in a Bash shell. To let you alter the launch command Steam provides launch options, which can be set for a game by right-clicking on it in your library, selecting Properties and clicking on Set Launch Options.

By default Steam simply appends your option string to the launch command. To set environment variables or pass the launch command as an argument to another command you can use the %command% substitute.

Examples

  • only arguments: -foo
  • environment variables: FOO=bar BAZ=bar %command% -baz
  • completely different command: othercommand # %command%

Tips and tricks

Fsync patch

Valve has released a special kernel patch that should help increase FPS in massively-threaded applications. There are few methods to get and use this patch:

Proton Steam-Play

Valve developed a compatibility tool for Steam Play based on Wine and additional components. It allows you to launch many Windows games (see compatibility list).

It's open-source and available on Github. Steam will install its own versions of Proton when Steam Play is enabled.

Proton needs to be enabled on Steam client : Steam > Settings > Steam Play. You can enable Steam Play for games that have and have not been whitelisted by Valve in that dialog.

If needed, to force enable Proton or a specific version of Proton for a game, right click on the game, click Properties > General > Force the use of a specific Steam Play compatibility tool, and select the desired version. Doing so can also be used to force games that have a Linux port to use the Windows version.

You can also install Proton from AUR with protonAUR or proton-gitAUR, but extra setup is required for them to work with Steam. See the Proton Github for details on how Steam recognizes Proton installs.

Big Picture Mode without a window manager

To start Steam in Big Picture Mode from a Display manager, you can either:

  • Install steamos-compositorAUR
  • Alternatively, install steamos-compositor-plusAUR, which hides the annoying color flashing on startup of Proton games and adds a fix for games that start in the background
  • Manually add a Steam entry (but you lose the steam compositor advantages: mainly you can't control Big Picture mode with keyboard or gamepad):

create a /usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop file with the following contents:

/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Name=Steam Big Picture Mode
Comment=Start Steam in Big Picture Mode
Exec=/usr/bin/steam -bigpicture
TryExec=/usr/bin/steam
Icon=
Type=Application

Steam skins

The Steam interface can be customized using skins. Skins can overwrite interface-specific files in ~/.steam/root.

To install a skin:

  1. Place its directory in ~/.steam/root/skins.
  2. Open Steam > Settings > Interface and select it.
  3. Restart Steam.

An extensive list of skins can be found in this Steam forums post.

Note: Using an outdated skin may cause visual errors.

Creating skins

Nearly all Steam styles are defined in ~/.steam/root/resource/styles/steam.styles (the file is over 3,500 lines long). For a skin to be recognized it needs its own resource/styles/steam.styles. When a Steam update changes the official steam.styles your skin may become outdated, potentially resulting in visual errors.

See ~/.steam/root/skins/skins_readme.txt for a primer on how to create skins.

Changing the Steam notification position

The default Steam notification position is bottom right.

You can change the Steam notification position by altering Notifications.PanelPosition in

  • resource/styles/steam.styles for desktop notifications, and
  • resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles for in-game notifications

Both files are overwritten by Steam on startup and steam.styles is only read on startup.

Note: Some games do not respect the setting in gameoverlay.styles e.g. XCOM: Enemy Unknown.

Use a skin

You can create a skin to change the notification position to your liking. For example to change the position to top right:

$ cd ~/.steam/root/skins
$ mkdir -p Top-Right/resource
$ cp -r ~/.steam/root/resource/styles Top-Right/resource
$ sed -i '/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/"[A-Za-z]*"/"TopRight"/' Top-Right/resource/styles/*

Live patching

gameoverlay.styles can be overwritten while Steam is running, allowing you to have game-specific notification positions.

~/.steam/notifpos.sh
sed -i "/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/\"[A-Za-z]*\"/\"$1\"/" ~/.steam/root/resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles

And the #Launch options should be something like:

~/.steam/notifpos.sh TopLeft && %command%

Steam Remote Play

Note: Steam In-Home Streaming has become Steam Remote Play.

Steam has built-in support for remote play.

See this Steam Community guide on how to setup a headless streaming server on Linux.

Different subnets

Tango-edit-cut.pngThis section is being considered for removal.Tango-edit-cut.png

Reason: This workaround/hack seems to be no longer relevant since it became a feature of Steam Remote Play. (Discuss in Talk:Steam#)

Steam client will not be able to detect host if both are on different subnets, which is common case when using VPN to your home network. Even if both client and server can ping each other - steam client would still not be able to detect host, so you need to force it. To do it, start Steam with below command:

$ steam -console

Wait until Steam starts. Once it loaded, you will find extra tab named "Console". Open it and then paste below command with correct host IP address:

connect_remote <host_ip>:27036

You will see notification that you can now stream games from host machine.

Note: If above doesn't work - Windows is likely blocking all incoming traffic from different subnets, which means any connections coming from VPN tunnel will be dropped. This also can be confirmed by simply performing ping requests without any response to Windows machine from your VPN client. To workaround this, configure (or disable) all Windows firewalls (including existing antiviruses).
Tip: See Gaming#Remote gaming for alternatives if above solution does not work.

Steam Controller

Normally a Steam controller requires the use of the Steam-overlay. In non-Steam native Linux games however the overlay may not be practical. For that, while the Steam client is running it will maintain a "desktop configuration". With your Steam controller, configure the desktop configuration for it as a generic XBOX controller. As long as the Steam client is running you can then use your Steam controller in other games, such as GOG games, as an XBOX controller. Make sure to select your type of controller to map to in "general controller settings".

Troubleshooting

See Steam/Troubleshooting.

See also