Difference between revisions of "Steam"

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[[Category:Gaming]]
 
[[Category:Gaming]]
[[Category:Wine]]
 
 
[[ja:Steam]]
 
[[ja:Steam]]
[[zh-CN:Steam]]
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[[ru:Steam]]
{{Article summary start}}
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[[zh-hans:Steam]]
{{Article summary text|[http://store.steampowered.com/about/ Steam] is a content delivery system made by Valve Software. It is best known as the platform needed to play Source Engine games (e.g. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike). Today it offers many games from many other developers.}}
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{{Related articles start}}
 
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{{Related|Steam/Wine}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
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{{Related|Steam/Troubleshooting}}
{{Article summary wiki|Wine}}
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{{Related|Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting}}
{{Article summary wiki|Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting}}
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{{Related|Gamepad}}
{{Article summary end}}
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{{Related articles end}}
 
 
 
From [[Wikipedia:Steam (software)|Wikipedia]]:
 
From [[Wikipedia:Steam (software)|Wikipedia]]:
: ''Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. It is used to distribute games and related media online, from small independent developers to larger software houses.''
+
:Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. It is used to distribute games and related media online, from small independent developers to larger software houses.
 
 
== Native Steam on Linux ==
 
 
 
{{Note|
 
* Arch Linux is '''not''' [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1504-QHXN-8366 officially supported].
 
* Because the Steam client is a 32-bit application, you will need to enable the [[multilib]] repository if you have a 64-bit system. It may also make sense to install {{Grp|multilib-devel}} to provide some important multilib libraries. You also most likely need to install the 32-bit version of your graphics driver to run Steam.
 
}}
 
 
 
Steam can be installed with the package {{Pkg|steam}}, available in the [[official repositories]]. If you have a 64-bit system, enable the [[multilib]] repository first.
 
 
 
Steam is not supported on this distribution. As such some fixes are needed on the users part to get things functioning properly:
 
 
 
*Steam makes heavy usage of the Arial font. A decent Arial font to use is {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} or one of the official Microsoft fonts packages containing Arial: {{AUR|ttf-microsoft-arial}}, {{AUR|ttf-ms-win8}},{{AUR|ttf-office-2007-fonts}}, {{AUR|ttf-win7-fonts}} or {{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}}. See [[MS Fonts]] for more details. Asian languages require {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} to display properly.
 
 
 
*Most games require {{Pkg|libtxc_dxtn}} and {{Pkg|lib32-libtxc_dxtn}} when using mesa drivers, so it is recommended to install these packages.
 
  
*Several games have dependencies which may be missing from your system. If a game fails to launch (often without error messages) then make sure all of the libraries listed in [[Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting]] are installed.  
+
[http://store.steampowered.com/about/ Steam] is best known as the platform needed to play Source Engine games (e.g. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike). Today it offers many games from many other developers.
  
=== Troubleshooting ===
+
== Installation ==
  
 
{{Note|
 
{{Note|
* In addition to being documented here, any bug/fix/error should be, if not already, reported on Valve's bug tracker on their [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux GitHub page].
+
* Arch Linux is '''not''' officially supported, the only officially supported distribution is Ubuntu. [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1504-QHXN-8366]
* Connection problems may occur when using DD-WRT with peer-to-peer traffic filtering.
+
* If you have a 64-bit system, enable the [[multilib]] repository.
 
}}
 
}}
  
==== GUI problems with KDE ====
+
[[Install]] the {{Pkg|steam}} package.
 
 
: Valve GitHub [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux/issues/594 issue 594]
 
 
 
If you are using KDE and you have problems with the GUI (such as lag or random crashes), in KDE system settings, go to ''Workspace Appearance and Behaviour > Desktop Effects > Advanced''. Change "Compositing type" from "XRender" to "OpenGL".
 
 
 
==== The close button only minimizes the window ====
 
 
 
: Valve GitHub [https://github.com/ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux/issues/1025 issue 1025]
 
 
 
To close the Steam window (and remove it from the taskbar) when you press '''x''', but keep Steam running in the tray, set the environment variable {{ic|STEAM_FRAME_FORCE_CLOSE}} to {{ic|1}}. You can do this by launching Steam using the following command.
 
$ STEAM_FRAME_FORCE_CLOSE=1 steam
 
 
 
==== Flash not working on 64-bit systems ====
 
  
: Steam Support [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1493-GHZB-7612 article]
+
The following fixes are needed to get Steam functioning properly on Arch Linux:
  
First ensure {{Pkg|lib32-flashplugin}} is installed. It should be working at this point, if not create a local Steam Flash plugin folder:
+
* If you have a 64-bit system, you will need to install the 32-bit version of your [[Xorg#Driver installation|graphics driver]] (the package in the ''OpenGL (Multilib)'' column)
$ mkdir ~/.steam/bin32/plugins/
+
* Steam may fail to start due to broken/missing libraries.  See [[Steam/Troubleshooting#Steam runtime issues]].
and set a symbolic link to the global lib32 flash plugin file in your upper new folder
+
* Steam makes heavy usage of the Arial font. A decent Arial font to use is {{Pkg|ttf-liberation}} or [[Steam/Troubleshooting#Text is corrupt or missing|the fonts provided by Steam]]. Asian languages require {{Pkg|wqy-zenhei}} to display properly.
$ ln -s /usr/lib32/mozilla/plugins/libflashplayer.so ~/.steam/bin32/plugins/
+
* Several games have dependencies which may be missing from your system. If a game fails to launch (often without error messages) then make sure all of the libraries listed in [[Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting]] are installed.
 +
* In case that you are using Arch Linux in your local language, make sure that you also have properly generated en_US locales (see [[Locale#Generating locales]]). Otherwise Steam client wont start with '''invalid pointer''' error.
  
==== Text is corrupt or missing ====
+
=== SteamCMD ===
  
The Steam Support [https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=1974-YFKL-4947 instructions] for Windows seem to work on Linux also: Simply download [https://support.steampowered.com/downloads/1974-YFKL-4947/SteamFonts.zip SteamFonts.zip] and install them (copying to {{ic|~/.fonts/}} works at least).
+
For the [https://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/SteamCMD SteamCMD], a command-line version of the Steam client,
 +
that is primarily used to install and update dedicated servers, [[install]] the {{AUR|steamcmd}} package.
  
==== Error on some games: black textures/S3TC support is missing ====
+
=== Alternative Flatpak installation ===
  
Install the following dependencies:
+
Steam can also be installed with [[Flatpak]] as {{ic|com.valvesoftware.Steam}} from [https://flathub.org/ Flathub].
* {{Pkg|libtxc_dxtn}}
 
* {{Pkg|lib32-libtxc_dxtn}}
 
  
====Black screen on (Valve?) games (but audio works)====
+
The Flatpak application currently does not support themes.
  
Check the Steam stdout/stderr for Error lines, some quick dependencies for reference:
+
By default Steam won't be able to access your home directory, you can run the following command to allow it, so that it behaves like on Ubuntu or SteamOS:
* {{Pkg|lib32-intel-dri}} (not confirmed as absolutely necessary)
 
  
Run Steam from console via primusrun steam
+
flatpak override com.valvesoftware.Steam --filesystem=/home/$USER
  
If using KDE, disable all desktop effects ({{ic|Alt+Shift+F12}}) before starting Steam.
+
== Usage ==
  
==== SetLocale('en_US.UTF-8') fails at game startup ====
+
To start Steam simply run {{ic|steam}}.
  
Edit {{ic|/etc/locale.gen}} in your favourite editor and uncomment the line {{ic|en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8}}. Then run {{ic|# locale-gen}}.
+
* {{ic|-bigpicture}} to start in Big Picture Mode
 +
* {{ic|-silent}} don't open the main window
  
==== Steam complains about direct rendering not available on 64bit systems with NVIDIA driver ====
+
== Tips and tricks ==
  
Make sure you have [multilib] enabled in {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}.
+
=== Directory structure ===
  
Install the following dependencies:
+
{{ic|~/.steam/}} by default contains the following symlinks:
* {{Pkg|lib32-nvidia-utils}}
 
* {{Pkg|lib32-nvidia-libgl}}
 
  
Steam, being a 32-bit application, requires 32-bit nvidia GL libraries to run. This packages will install the proper 32-bit libGl libraries and symlinks in {{ic|/usr/lib32}} and will replace any existing mesa equivalent symlinks.
+
bin  -> ~/.steam/bin32
 +
bin32 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32
 +
bin64 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_64
 +
root  -> ~/.local/share/Steam
 +
sdk32 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/linux32
 +
sdk64 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/linux64
 +
steam -> ~/.local/share/Steam
  
=== Launching games with custom commands, such as Bumblebee/Primus ===
+
As you can see Steam stores its files in {{ic|~/.local/share/Steam/}} by default. You can change where Steam stores its content by moving {{ic|~/.local/share/Steam/}} and starting Steam, which will prompt you if you have moved your Steam content. You can then browse to the new location and Steam will update the symlinks in {{ic|~/.steam/}}.
  
Steam has fortunately added support for launching games using your own custom command. To do so, navigate to the Library page, right click on the selected game, click Properties, and Set Launch Options. Steam replaces the tag {{ic|%command%}} with the command it actually wishes to run. For example, to launch Team Fortress 2 with primusrun and at resolution 1920x1080, you would enter:
+
Games are installed in {{ic|~/.steam/root/steamapps/common/}}.
  
primusrun %command% -w 1920 -h 1080
+
=== Launch options ===
  
If you are running the [[Linux-ck]] kernel, you may have some success in reducing overall latencies and improving performance by launching the game in SCHED_ISO (low latency, avoid choking CPU) via {{Pkg|schedtool}}
+
To set custom launch options for a game, right-click on it in your library, select Properties and click on the Set Launch Options button.
  
# schedtool -I -e %command% ''other arguments''
+
When your launch options contain {{ic|%command%}} Steam will replace it with the game's launch command, otherwise Steam will prefix the launch command to your launch options.
 +
The resulting command is then run in a [[Bash]] shell, allowing you to set environment variables before {{ic|%command%}}.
  
==== Killing standalone compositors when launching games ====
+
=== Big Picture Mode without a window manager ===
  
Further to this, utilising the {{ic|%command%}} switch, you can kill standalone compositors (such as Xcompmgr or [[Compton]]) - which can cause lag and tearing in some games on some systems - and relaunch them after the game ends by adding the following to your game's launch options.
+
To start Steam in Big Picture Mode from a [[Display manager]], create a {{ic|/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop}} file with the following contents:
  
  killall compton && %command%; nohup compton &
+
{{hc|/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop|<nowiki>
 +
[Desktop Entry]
 +
Name=Steam Big Picture Mode
 +
Comment=Start Steam in Big Picture Mode
 +
Exec=/usr/bin/steam -bigpicture
 +
TryExec=/usr/bin/steam
 +
Icon=
 +
Type=Application</nowiki>}}
  
Replace {{ic|compton}} in the above command with whatever your compositor is. You can also add -options to {{ic|%command%}} or {{ic|compton}}, of course.
+
=== Steam skins ===
  
Steam will latch on to any processes launched after {{ic|%command%}} and your Steam status will show as in game. So in this example, we run the compositor through {{ic|nohup}} so it is not attached to Steam (it will keep running if you close Steam) and follow it with an ampersand so that the line of commands ends, clearing your Steam status.
+
The Steam interface can be customized using skins. Skins can overwrite interface-specific files in {{ic|~/.steam/steam}}.
  
=== Using native runtime ====
+
To install a skin:
  
Steam, by default, ships with a copy of every library it uses, packaged within itself, so that games can launch without issue. This can be a resource hog, and the slightly out-of-date libraries they package may be missing important features (Notably, the OpenAL version they ship lacks HRTF support). To use your own system libraries, you can run Steam with:
+
# Place its directory in {{ic|~/.local/share/Steam/skins}}.
 +
# Open ''Steam > Settings > Interface'' and select it.
 +
# Restart Steam.
  
  STEAM_RUNTIME=0 steam
+
An extensive list of skins can be found in [http://forums.steampowered.com/forums/showthread.php?t=1161035 this Steam forums post].
  
However, if you're missing any libraries Steam makes use of, this will fail to launch properly. An easy way to find the missing libraries is to run the following commands:
+
{{Note|Using an outdated skin may cause visual errors.}}
  
  cd ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32
+
==== Creating skins ====
  LD_LIBRARY_PATH=".:${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}" ldd $(file *|sed '/ELF/!d;s/:.*//g')|grep 'not found'|sort|uniq
 
  
Note that the libraries will have to be 32-bit, which means you may have to download some from the AUR if on x86_64, such as NetworkManager.
+
Nearly all Steam styles are defined in {{ic|~/.steam/steam/resource/styles/steam.styles}} (the file is over 3,500 lines long). For a skin to be recognized it needs its own {{ic|resource/styles/steam.styles}}.
 +
When a Steam update changes the official {{ic|steam.styles}} your skin may become outdated, potentially resulting in visual errors.
  
Once you've done this, run steam again with STEAM_RUNTIME=0 steam and verify it's not loading anything outside of the handful of steam support libraries:
+
See {{ic|~/.local/share/Steam/skins/skins_readme.txt}} for a primer on how to create skins.
  
  cat /proc/`pidof steam`/maps|sed '/\.local/!d;s/.*  //g'|sort|uniq
+
=== Changing the Steam notification position ===
  
=== Skins for Steam ===
+
The default Steam notification position is bottom right.
  
The Steam interface can be fully customized by copying its various interface files in its skins directory and modifying them.
+
You can change the Steam notification position by altering {{ic|Notifications.PanelPosition}} in
  
==== Steam skin manager ====
+
* {{ic|resource/styles/steam.styles}} for desktop notifications, and
 +
* {{ic|resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles}} for in-game notifications
  
The process of applying a skin to Steam can be greatly simplified using {{AUR|steam-skin-manager}} from the AUR. The package also comes with a hacked version of the Steam launcher which allows the window manager to draw its borders on the Steam window.
+
Both files are overwritten by Steam on startup and {{ic|steam.styles}} is only read on startup.
  
As a result, skins for Steam will come in two flavors, one with and one without window buttons. The skin manager will prompt you whether you use the hacked version or not, and will automatically apply the theme corresponding to your GTK+ theme if it is found. You can of course still apply another skin if you want.
+
{{Note|Some games do not respect the setting in {{ic|gameoverlay.styles}} e.g. XCOM: Enemy Unknown.}}
  
The package ships with two themes for the default Ubuntu themes, Ambiance and Radiance. A Faience theme is under development and already has its own package on the AUR {{AUR|steam-skin-faience-git}}.
+
==== Use a skin ====
  
== Steam on Wine ==
+
You can create a skin to change the notification position to your liking. For example to change the position to top right:
  
Install {{Pkg|wine}} from the [[multilib]] and follow the instructions provided in the [[Wine|article]].
+
$ cd ~/.local/share/Steam/skins
 +
$ mkdir -p Top-Right/resource
 +
$ cp -r ~/.steam/steam/resource/styles Top-Right/resource
 +
$ sed -i '/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/"[A-Za-z]*"/"TopRight"/' Top-Right/resource/styles/*
  
Install the required Microsoft fonts {{AUR|ttf-microsoft-tahoma}} and {{AUR|ttf-ms-fonts}} from the [[AUR]] or through {{AUR|winetricks-svn}}.
+
==== Live patching ====
{{Note|If you have access to Windows discs, you may want to install {{AUR|ttf-ms-win8}} or {{AUR|ttf-win7-fonts}} instead.}}
 
  
If you have an old Wine prefix ({{ic|~/.wine}}), you should remove it and let Wine create a new one to avoid problems (you can transfer over anything you want to keep to the new Wine prefix).
+
{{ic|gameoverlay.styles}} can be overwritten while Steam is running, allowing you to have game-specific notification positions.
  
=== Installation ===
+
{{hc|~/.steam/notifpos.sh|
 
+
sed -i "/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/\"[A-Za-z]*\"/\"$1\"/" ~/.steam/steam/resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles
Download and run the Steam installer from [http://store.steampowered.com/about/ steampowered.com]. It is no longer an {{ic|.exe}} file so you have to start it with {{ic|msiexec}}:
 
$ msiexec /i SteamInstall.msi
 
 
 
=== Starting Steam ===
 
 
 
On x86:
 
$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/Steam/Steam.exe
 
 
 
On x86_64 (with steam installed to a clean wine prefix):
 
$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe
 
 
 
Alternatively, you may use this method:
 
$ wine "C:\\Program Files\\Steam\\steam.exe"  
 
 
 
You should consider making an alias to easily start steam (and put it in your shell's rc file), example:
 
alias steam='wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
 
 
 
{{Note|If you are using an nvidia card through Bumblebee, you should prefix those commands with {{ic|optirun}}.}}
 
 
 
=== Tips ===
 
 
 
==== Performance ====
 
 
 
Consider disabling wine debugging output by adding this to your shell rc file:
 
export WINEDEBUG=-all
 
or, just add it to your steam alias to only disable it for steam:
 
alias steam='WINEDEBUG=-all wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
 
Additionally, Source games rely on a paged pool memory size specification for audio, and WINE by default does not have this set. To set it:
 
$ wine reg add "HKLM\\System\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Session Manager\\Memory Management\\" /v PagedPoolSize /t REG_DWORD /d 402653184 /f
 
 
 
==== Application launch options ====
 
 
 
Go to ''Properties > Set Launch Options'', e.g.:
 
-console -dxlevel 90 -width 1280 -height 1024
 
* {{ic|console}}
 
: Activate the console in the application to change detailed applications settings.
 
* {{ic|dxlevel}}
 
: Set the application's DirectX level, e.g. 90 for DirectX Version 9.0. It is recommended to use the video card's DirectX version to prevent crashes. See the official Valve Software wiki http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/DirectX_Versions for details.
 
* {{ic|width}} and {{ic|height}}
 
: Set the screen resolution. In some cases the graphic settings are not saved in the application and the applications always starts in the default resolution.
 
Please refer to http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Launch_options for a complete list of launch options.
 
 
 
==== Using a pre-existing Steam install ====
 
 
 
If you have a shared drive with Windows, or already have a Steam installation somewhere else, you can simply symlink the Steam directory to {{ic|~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Steam/}} . However, be sure to do '''all''' the previous steps in this wiki. Confirm Steam launches and logs into your account, ''then'' do this:
 
 
 
$ cd ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/
 
$ mv Steam/ Steam.backup/  (or you can just delete the directory)
 
$ ln -s /mnt/windows_partition/Program\ Files/Steam/
 
 
 
{{Note|
 
* If you have trouble starting Steam after symlinking the entire Steam folder, try linking only the {{ic|steamapps}} subdirectory in your existing wine steam folder instead.
 
* If you still have trouble starting games, use {{ic|# mount --bind /path/to/SteamApps ~/.local/share/Steam/SteamApps -ouser&#61;your-user-name }}, this is the only thing that worked for me with {{ic|TF2}}.
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
==== Steam links in Firefox, Chrome, etc ====
+
And the [[#Launch options]] should be something like:
  
To make {{ic|steam://}} urls in your browser connect with Steam in Wine, there are several things you can do. One involves making steam url-handler keys in gconf, another involves making protocol files for KDE, others involve tinkering with desktop files or the Local State file for chromium. These seem to only work in firefox or under certain desktop configurations. One way to do it that works more globally is using mimeo, a tool made by Xyne (an Arch TU) which follows. For another working and less invasive (but firefox-only) way, see the first post [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=433548 here] .
+
~/.steam/notifpos.sh TopLeft && %command%
  
* Make {{ic| /usr/bin/steam}} with your favorite editor and paste:
+
=== In-Home Streaming ===
  
{{bc|
+
Steam has built-in support for [http://store.steampowered.com/streaming/ In-Home Streaming].
#!/bin/sh
 
#
 
# Steam wrapper script
 
#
 
exec wine "c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.exe" "$@"
 
}}
 
  
* Make it executable:
+
See [https://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=680514371 this Steam Community guide] on how to setup a headless In-Home Streaming server on Linux.
  
# chmod +x /usr/bin/steam
+
=== Finding a games AppID ===
  
* Install {{AUR|mimeo}} and {{AUR|xdg-utils-mimeo}} from AUR. You will need to replace the existing {{Pkg|xdg-utils}} if installed. In XFCE, you will also need {{Pkg|xorg-utils}}.
+
Every Steam application has a unique AppID.
  
* Create {{ic|~/.config/mimeo.conf}} with your favorite editor and paste:
+
To find the AppID of an installed game:
  
{{bc|
+
# Right click on the game in your library, select create desktop shortcut.
/usr/bin/steam %u
+
# Open the created file {{ic|~/Desktop/<game>.desktop}} with a text editor.
  ^steam://
+
# Find the AppID in the Exec command {{ic|1=Exec=steam steam://rungameid/<appid>}}.
}}
 
  
* Lastly, open {{ic|/usr/bin/xdg-open}} in your favorite editor. Go to the {{ic|detectDE()}} section and change it to look as follows:
+
Alternatively find the game's [http://store.steampowered.com/ Steam Store] page and check out the URL:
  
{{bc|<nowiki>
+
<nowiki>http://store.steampowered.com/app/<appid>/<name>/</nowiki>
detectDE()
 
{
 
    #if [ x"$KDE_FULL_SESSION" = x"true" ]; then DE=kde;
 
    #elif [ x"$GNOME_DESKTOP_SESSION_ID" != x"" ]; then DE=gnome;
 
    #elif $(dbus-send --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.DBus /org/freedesktop/DBus org.freedesktop.DBus.GetNameOwner string:org.gnome.SessionManager > /dev/null 2>&1) ; then DE=gnome;
 
    #elif xprop -root _DT_SAVE_MODE 2> /dev/null | grep ' = \"xfce4\"$' >/dev/null 2>&1; then DE=xfce;
 
    #elif [ x"$DESKTOP_SESSION" == x"LXDE" ]; then DE=lxde;
 
    #else DE=""
 
    #fi
 
    DE=""
 
}
 
</nowiki>}}
 
 
 
* Restart the browser and you should be good to go. In Chromium, you cannot enter a {{ic|steam://}} link in the url box like you can with Firefox. The forum link above has a {{ic|steam://open/friends}} link to try if needed.
 
 
 
{{Note|
 
* If you have any problems with file associations after doing this, simply revert to regular xdg-utils and undo your changes to {{ic|/usr/bin/xdg-open}}.
 
* Those on other distributions that stumble upon this page, see the link above for firefox specific instructions. No easy way to get it working on Chromium on other distros exists.
 
}}
 
  
==== No text rendered problem ====
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
If there is no text/font rendered when starting steam you should try to start steam with the parameter {{ic|-no-dwrite}}. Read more in [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=146223 the forum thread about it.]
+
See [[Steam/Troubleshooting]].
{{bc|wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe -no-dwrite}}
 
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
  
* https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Steam
+
* [https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Steam Gentoo Wiki article]
* [http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=version&iId=19444 Wine Application Database]
+
* [https://pcgamingwiki.com/wiki/The_Big_List_of_DRM-Free_Games_on_Steam The Big List of DRM-Free Games on Steam] at PCGamingWiki
 +
* [http://steam.wikia.com/wiki/List_of_DRM-free_games List of DRM-free games] at Wikia

Latest revision as of 15:14, 19 October 2017

From Wikipedia:

Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. It is used to distribute games and related media online, from small independent developers to larger software houses.

Steam is best known as the platform needed to play Source Engine games (e.g. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike). Today it offers many games from many other developers.

Installation

Note:
  • Arch Linux is not officially supported, the only officially supported distribution is Ubuntu. [1]
  • If you have a 64-bit system, enable the multilib repository.

Install the steam package.

The following fixes are needed to get Steam functioning properly on Arch Linux:

  • If you have a 64-bit system, you will need to install the 32-bit version of your graphics driver (the package in the OpenGL (Multilib) column)
  • Steam may fail to start due to broken/missing libraries. See Steam/Troubleshooting#Steam runtime issues.
  • Steam makes heavy usage of the Arial font. A decent Arial font to use is ttf-liberation or the fonts provided by Steam. Asian languages require wqy-zenhei to display properly.
  • Several games have dependencies which may be missing from your system. If a game fails to launch (often without error messages) then make sure all of the libraries listed in Steam/Game-specific troubleshooting are installed.
  • In case that you are using Arch Linux in your local language, make sure that you also have properly generated en_US locales (see Locale#Generating locales). Otherwise Steam client wont start with invalid pointer error.

SteamCMD

For the SteamCMD, a command-line version of the Steam client, that is primarily used to install and update dedicated servers, install the steamcmdAUR package.

Alternative Flatpak installation

Steam can also be installed with Flatpak as com.valvesoftware.Steam from Flathub.

The Flatpak application currently does not support themes.

By default Steam won't be able to access your home directory, you can run the following command to allow it, so that it behaves like on Ubuntu or SteamOS:

flatpak override com.valvesoftware.Steam --filesystem=/home/$USER

Usage

To start Steam simply run steam.

  • -bigpicture to start in Big Picture Mode
  • -silent don't open the main window

Tips and tricks

Directory structure

~/.steam/ by default contains the following symlinks:

bin   -> ~/.steam/bin32
bin32 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32
bin64 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_64
root  -> ~/.local/share/Steam
sdk32 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/linux32
sdk64 -> ~/.local/share/Steam/linux64
steam -> ~/.local/share/Steam

As you can see Steam stores its files in ~/.local/share/Steam/ by default. You can change where Steam stores its content by moving ~/.local/share/Steam/ and starting Steam, which will prompt you if you have moved your Steam content. You can then browse to the new location and Steam will update the symlinks in ~/.steam/.

Games are installed in ~/.steam/root/steamapps/common/.

Launch options

To set custom launch options for a game, right-click on it in your library, select Properties and click on the Set Launch Options button.

When your launch options contain %command% Steam will replace it with the game's launch command, otherwise Steam will prefix the launch command to your launch options. The resulting command is then run in a Bash shell, allowing you to set environment variables before %command%.

Big Picture Mode without a window manager

To start Steam in Big Picture Mode from a Display manager, create a /usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop file with the following contents:

/usr/share/xsessions/steam-big-picture.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Name=Steam Big Picture Mode
Comment=Start Steam in Big Picture Mode
Exec=/usr/bin/steam -bigpicture
TryExec=/usr/bin/steam
Icon=
Type=Application

Steam skins

The Steam interface can be customized using skins. Skins can overwrite interface-specific files in ~/.steam/steam.

To install a skin:

  1. Place its directory in ~/.local/share/Steam/skins.
  2. Open Steam > Settings > Interface and select it.
  3. Restart Steam.

An extensive list of skins can be found in this Steam forums post.

Note: Using an outdated skin may cause visual errors.

Creating skins

Nearly all Steam styles are defined in ~/.steam/steam/resource/styles/steam.styles (the file is over 3,500 lines long). For a skin to be recognized it needs its own resource/styles/steam.styles. When a Steam update changes the official steam.styles your skin may become outdated, potentially resulting in visual errors.

See ~/.local/share/Steam/skins/skins_readme.txt for a primer on how to create skins.

Changing the Steam notification position

The default Steam notification position is bottom right.

You can change the Steam notification position by altering Notifications.PanelPosition in

  • resource/styles/steam.styles for desktop notifications, and
  • resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles for in-game notifications

Both files are overwritten by Steam on startup and steam.styles is only read on startup.

Note: Some games do not respect the setting in gameoverlay.styles e.g. XCOM: Enemy Unknown.

Use a skin

You can create a skin to change the notification position to your liking. For example to change the position to top right:

$ cd ~/.local/share/Steam/skins
$ mkdir -p Top-Right/resource
$ cp -r ~/.steam/steam/resource/styles Top-Right/resource
$ sed -i '/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/"[A-Za-z]*"/"TopRight"/' Top-Right/resource/styles/*

Live patching

gameoverlay.styles can be overwritten while Steam is running, allowing you to have game-specific notification positions.

~/.steam/notifpos.sh
sed -i "/Notifications.PanelPosition/ s/\"[A-Za-z]*\"/\"$1\"/" ~/.steam/steam/resource/styles/gameoverlay.styles

And the #Launch options should be something like:

~/.steam/notifpos.sh TopLeft && %command%

In-Home Streaming

Steam has built-in support for In-Home Streaming.

See this Steam Community guide on how to setup a headless In-Home Streaming server on Linux.

Finding a games AppID

Every Steam application has a unique AppID.

To find the AppID of an installed game:

  1. Right click on the game in your library, select create desktop shortcut.
  2. Open the created file ~/Desktop/<game>.desktop with a text editor.
  3. Find the AppID in the Exec command Exec=steam steam://rungameid/<appid>.

Alternatively find the game's Steam Store page and check out the URL:

http://store.steampowered.com/app/<appid>/<name>/

Troubleshooting

See Steam/Troubleshooting.

See also