Steam (简体中文)

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Revision as of 08:18, 17 December 2012 by Radflum (Talk | contribs) (Fixes/Bugs/Error Messages)

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Summary help replacing me
Steam is a content delivery system made by Valve Software. It is best known as the platform needed to play Source Engine games (e.g. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike). Today it offers many games from many other developers.
Related
Wine

See the project Wiki page and the page in the Application Database for more info.

Linux下的原生Steam客户端

注意: 目前为止Steam还只是内测而非公测。 Arch Linux并不在官方支持 中。
注意: 有些游戏可能需要附加依赖。
注意: 由于Steam客户端是个32位程序,用户需要在pacman中开启 Multilib 软件源。 如果你的系统是纯64位的话。 有可能还需要安装一些multilib-devel软件包来提供重要的multilib库。此外,还需要安装显卡的32位版本才能运行Steam。

AUR 源中安装 steamAUR。 (目前Steam的许可证使得它不能进入 community/multilib 源, 详见 mailing list thread)

Steam中使用 Arial 字体。你可以通过从 AUR 安装ttf-microsoft-arialAURttf-ms-fontsAUR 来让它看起来漂亮点儿。

即使你不在内测名单内,也可以通过在浏览器 或者 终端 中输入steam://open/games来启动Steam。

Fixes/Bugs/Error Messages

Steam 目前还在 测试中(beta) 而且在Arch发行版上 不是官方支持。所以有些问题需要用户端自行解决。有些游戏可能会需要系统上未安装的依赖。 如果有游戏启动失败(通常都没有错误信息),那么请确认以下列出的依赖已经安装了。

如果你发现下面有的游戏依赖没有列出,请帮我们添加上。

KDE下的图形界面问题

If you are using KDE and you have problems with the GUI (such as lag or random crashes) modify the compositing type to OpenGL/Raster. So don't use the XRender!

鼠标主题不一致

Steam启动时会覆盖掉 鼠标主题。这个问题出现在没有设置鼠标主题的Gnome 和其他 WMs/DMs。 对于Gnome,可以通过设置鼠标主题来修正。

为了解决问题,首先获得root权限,然后按照下面提示创建文件 /usr/share/icons/default/index.theme (如果没有目录 /usr/share/icons/default 请自行创建):

/usr/share/icons/default/index.theme
[Icon Theme]
Inherits=Adwaita

注意: 请用你自己的鼠标主题替代 "Adwaita"。 或者,你可以从 AUR 中安装 gnome-cursors-fixAUR

或者还可以创建指向鼠标主题的软链接 ~/.icons/default , 比如:

   mkdir -p ~/.icons
   ln -sT /usr/share/icons/Neutral_Plus ~/.icons/default

If the cursor gets stuck pointing in the wrong direction after exiting Steam, a workaround is to run xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr (From the awesomewm wiki).

Amnesia: The Dark Descent

Dependencies
Troubleshooting
Segfault

If you are using open source drivers you will need lib32-libtxc_dxtnAUR . See oficial forum for details

Running from steam displays empty window

${install_dir}/run_steam.sh uses `arch` to check if the system is 32 or 64 bit. Replace `arch` with `uname -m`.

And Yet It Moves

Dependencies
Compatibility

Game refuses to launch and following message can be observed on console

 readlink: extra operand ‘Yet’
 Try 'readlink --help' for more information.

To fix this, open ~/.steam/root/SteamApps/common/And Yet It Moves/AndYetItMovesSteam.sh in text editor and replace line

 ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f ${BASH_SOURCE[0]})")"

with

 ayim_dir="$(dirname "$(readlink -f "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}")")"

Harvest: Massive Encounter

Dependencies
Note: Some dependencies seem to be not available yet

Killing Floor

Troubleshooting
screen resolution

Killing Floor runs pretty much from scratch, although you might have to change in-game resolution screen as the default one is 800x600 and a 4:3 screen format. If you try to modify screen resolution in-game, it might crash your desktop enviroment. To fix this, please set the desired resolution screen size by modifing your ~/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini with your prefered editor.

# nano ~/.killingfloor/System/KillingFloor.ini
...

[WinDrv.WindowsClient]
WindowedViewportX=????
WindowedViewportY=????
FullscreenViewportX=????
FullscreenViewportY=????
MenuViewportX=???
MenuViewportY=???

...

[SDLDrv.SDLClient]
WindowedViewportX=????
WindowedViewportY=????
FullscreenViewportX=????
FullscreenViewportY=????
MenuViewportX=????
MenuViewportY=????

...
Note: Replace all the ???? with the corresponding numbers according the desired resolution. If you have an 1366x768 screen and want to use it at it's fullest, change all the Viewport fields to something like ViewportX=1366 and ViewportY=768 in the corresponding areas.
Note: The dots in the middle indicate that there are more fields in that .ini file. But for screen resolution troubleshooting, you don't need to modify anything else.

Save the file and restart the game, it should work now.

Windowed Mode

Uncheck fullscreen in the options menu, and use Ctrl-G to stop mouse capturing (that was non obvious to discover..). This way you can easily minimize it and do other other things..and let your WM handle things.

Penumbra: Overture

Dependencies

(Taken from penumbra-collectionAUR and penumbra-overture-ep1-demoAUR)

Troubleshooting
Segfault after intro video

The game crashes with a segfault after the intro video due to incompatibility with the version of libvorbis in [extra] (or lib32-libvorbis in [multilib] if you're on x86_64). To fix this you have to use the libvorbis.so.0 shipped with the game:

cd ~/.local/share/Steam/SteamApps/common/Penumbra\ Overture/lib
cp all/libvorbis.so.0 libvorbis.so.0

After this you should be able to play.

Windowed Mode

There is no in-game option to change to the windowed mode, you will have to edit ~/.frictionalgames/Penumbra/Overture/settings.cfg to activate it. Find FullScreen="true" and change it to FullScreen="false", after this the game should start in windowed mode.

Serious Sam 3: BFE

Dependencies

Steel Storm: Burning Retribution

Troubleshooting
Start with black screen

The game tries to launch in 1024x768 resolution with fullscreen mode by default. It is impossible on some devices. (for example laptop Samsung Series9 with intel hd4000 video). But you can try to launch the game in windowed mode.

Open game Properties in Steam, in General tab select "Set launch options..." and type "-window".

Then you can change a resolution in game.

No English fonts

If you use intel video card, just disable S3TC in DriConf.

Superbrothers: Sword & Sworcery EP

Dependencies

Team Fortress 2

Dependencies
Troubleshooting
No audio

It happens if there is no PulseAudio in your system. If you want to use Alsa, you need to launch the Steam or game directly with SDL_AUDIODRIVER=alsa (From SteamCommunity).

The Book of Unwritten Tales

Dependencies

Trine 2

Dependencies
Troubleshooting
  • If colors are wrong with FOSS drivers (r600g at least), try to run the game in windowed mode, rendering will be corrected.

Steam on Wine

Install wine from the official repositories and follow the instructions provided in the article.

Install the required Microsoft fonts ttf-microsoft-tahomaAUR and ttf-ms-fontsAUR from the AUR or through winetricks-svnAUR.

Note: If you have access to Windows discs, you may want to install ttf-win7-fontsAUR instead.

If you have an old Wine prefix (~/.wine), you should remove it and let Wine create a new one to avoid problems (you can transfer over anything you want to keep to the new Wine prefix).

Installation

Download and run the Steam installer from steampowered.com. It is no longer an .exe file so you have to start it with msiexec:

$ msiexec /i SteamInstall.msi

Starting Steam

On x86:

$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/Steam/Steam.exe

On x86_64 (with steam installed to a clean wine prefix):

$ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe

Alternatively, you may use this method:

$ wine "C:\\Program Files\\Steam\\steam.exe" 

You should consider making an alias to easily start steam (and put it in your shell's rc file), example:

alias steam='wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'
Note: If you are using an nvidia card through bumblebee, you should prefix those commands with optirun.

Tips

Performance

Consider disabling wine debugging output by adding this to your shell rc file:

export WINEDEBUG=-all

or, just add it to your steam alias to only disable it for steam:

alias steam='WINEDEBUG=-all wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe >/dev/null 2>&1 &'

Additionally, Source games rely on a paged pool memory size specification for audio, and WINE by default does not have this set. To set it:

wine reg add "HKLM\\System\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Session Manager\\Memory Management\\" /v PagedPoolSize /t REG_DWORD /d 402653184 /f

Application Launch Options

Go to "Properties" -> "Set Launch Options", e.g.:

-console -dxlevel 90 -width 1280 -height 1024
  • console

Activate the console in the application to change detailed applications settings.

  • dxlevel

Set the application's DirectX level, e.g. 90 for DirectX Version 9.0. It is recommended to use the video card's DirectX version to prevent crashes. See the official Valve Software Wiki http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/DirectX_Versions for details.

  • width and height

Set the screen resolution. In some cases the graphic settings are not saved in the application and the applications always starts in the default resolution. Please refer to http://developer.valvesoftware.com/wiki/Launch_options for a complete list of launch options.

Using a Pre-Existing Steam Install

If you have a shared drive with Windows, or already have a Steam installation somewhere else, you can simply symlink the Steam directory to ~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Steam/ . However, be sure to do all the previous steps in this wiki. Confirm Steam launches and logs into your account, then do this:

cd ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/ 
mv Steam/ Steam.backup/   (or you can just delete the directory)
ln -s /mnt/windows_partition/Program\ Files/Steam/
Note: If you have trouble starting Steam after symlinking the entire Steam folder, try linking only the steamapps subdirectory in your existing wine steam folder instead.

Running Steam in a second X Server

Assuming you are using the script above to start Steam, make a new script, called x.steam.sh. You should run this when you want to start Steam in a new X server, and steam.sh if you want Steam to start in the current X server.

If due to misconfiguration a black screen is shown, you could always close down the second X server by pressing Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress.

#!/bin/bash 

DISPLAY=:1.0

xinit $HOME/steam.sh $* -- :1

Now you can use Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress to get to your first X server with your normal desktop, and Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress to go back to your game.

Because the second X server is only running the game and the first X server with all your programs is backgrounded, performance should increase. In addition, it is much more convenient to switch X servers while in game to access other resources, rather than having to exit the game completely or Template:Keypress-Template:Keypress out. Finally, it is useful for when Steam or WINE goes haywire and leaves a bunch of processes in memory after Steam crashes. Simply Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress + Template:Keypress on the second X server to kill that X and all processes on that desktop will terminate as well.

If you get errors that look like "Xlib: connection to ":1.0" refused by server" when starting the second X: You will need to adjust your X permissions.

If you lose the ability to use the keyboard while using Steam: This is an odd bug that does not happen with other games. A solution is to use a WM in the second X as well. Thankfully, you do not need to run a large WM. Openbox and icewm have been confirmed to fix this bug (evilwm, pekwm, lwm do not work), but the icewm taskbar shows up on the bottom of the game, thus it's recommended to use Openbox. Install openbox from the official repositories, then add openbox & to the top of your steam.sh file. Note you can run other programs (ex. Teamspeak &) or set X settings (ex. xset, xmodmap) before the WINE call as well.

Steam Links in Firefox, Chrome, Etc

To make steam:// urls in your browser connect with steam in wine, there are several things you can do. One involves making steam url-handler keys in gconf, another involves making protocol files for kde, others involve tinkering with desktop files or the Local State file for chromium. These seem to only work in firefox or under certain desktop configurations. One way to do it that works more globally is using mimeo, a tool made by Xyne (an Arch TU) which follows. For another working and less invasive (but firefox-only) way, see the first post here .

  • Make /usr/bin/steam with your favorite editor and paste:
#!/bin/sh
#
# Steam wrapper script
#
exec wine "c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.exe" "$@"
  • Make it executable.
# chmod +x /usr/bin/steam
  • Create ~/.config/mimeo.conf with your favorite editor and paste:
/usr/bin/steam %u
  ^steam://
  • Lastly, open /usr/bin/xdg-open in your favorite editor. Go to the detectDE() section and change it to look as follows:
detectDE()
{
    #if [ x"$KDE_FULL_SESSION" = x"true" ]; then DE=kde;
    #elif [ x"$GNOME_DESKTOP_SESSION_ID" != x"" ]; then DE=gnome;
    #elif `dbus-send --print-reply --dest=org.freedesktop.DBus /org/freedesktop/DBus org.freedesktop.DBus.GetNameOwner string:org.gnome.SessionManager > /dev/null 2>&1` ; then DE=gnome;
    #elif xprop -root _DT_SAVE_MODE 2> /dev/null | grep ' = \"xfce4\"$' >/dev/null 2>&1; then DE=xfce;
    #elif [ x"$DESKTOP_SESSION" == x"LXDE" ]; then DE=lxde;
    #else DE=""
    #fi
    DE=""
}
  • Restart the browser and you should be good to go. In chromium, you cannot enter a steam:// link in the url box like you can with firefox. The forum link above has a steam://open/friends link to try if needed.
Note: If you have any problems with file associations after doing this, simply revert to regular xdg-utils and undo your changes to /usr/bin/xdg-open.
Note: Those on other distributions that stumble upon this page, see the link above for firefox specific instructions. No easy way to get it working on Chromium on other distros exists.

No text rendered problem

If there is no text/font rendered when starting steam you should try to start steam with the parameter -no-dwrite. Read more in the forum thread about it.

wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Steam/Steam.exe -no-dwrite