Difference between revisions of "Streaming media"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (uShare: updated to correct link)
(merge request)
(33 intermediate revisions by 16 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Category:Networking (English)]]
+
[[Category:Streaming]]
 +
{{Merge|List of Applications}}
 
Businesses are storing their data on the network for ages now, but the past few years, there has been a trend in home networking to put all content on a central server and distributing it to the home computers and dedicated appliances on the network. This page offers an overview of the possible packages to stream digital media (video, audio and images, and in several cases also online content) from your server to your clients.
 
Businesses are storing their data on the network for ages now, but the past few years, there has been a trend in home networking to put all content on a central server and distributing it to the home computers and dedicated appliances on the network. This page offers an overview of the possible packages to stream digital media (video, audio and images, and in several cases also online content) from your server to your clients.
  
== Serverside ==
+
== Servers ==
=== Using a uPNP or DLNA-compliant server ===
+
=== DLNA / uPNP ===
==== Generic instructions ====
+
There are many uPNP or DLNA-compliant server and you can use Mpd too. Some of the them do not get along together. If you are experiencing problems, make sure you are not running two of them at the same time.
# Your server should be set up to use multicasting. This will ensure that your clients will always find the server automatically on the network:
+
* [[MediaTomb]]
## Setting it up manually in /etc/rc.conf
+
* [[Minidlna]]
## Using avahi and mdns
+
* [[Rygel]]
 +
* [[PS3 Mediaserver]]
 +
* [[Plex]]
 +
* [http://coherence.beebits.net Coherence ] - Fairly new server, implemented in Python. Should be handling transcoding in the svn-version. Looked very promising, but development seems to have stalled somehow.
 +
* [http://www.universalmediaserver.com/ Universal Media Server] - A DLNA-compliant UPnP Media Server
  
# Some of the hereafter mentioned software packages don't get along together. If you're experiencing problems, make sure you're not running two of them at the same time.
+
==== Deprecated / No Longer in Development ====
 +
* [[uShare]]
 +
* [http://fuppes.ulrich-voelkel.de/ Fuppes]
  
==== Mediatomb ====
+
=== MPD ===
See [[MediaTomb]]
+
* [[Mpd]]
  
==== Fuppes [http://fuppes.ulrich-voelkel.de/] ====
+
== Clients ==
 
+
 
+
==== uShare ====
+
See [[uShare]]
+
 
+
==== Coherence [http://coherence.beebits.net] ====
+
Fairly new server, implemented in Python. Should be handling transcoding in the svn-version. Looked very promising, but development seems to have stalled somehow.
+
 
+
==== PS3 Mediaserver [http://ps3mediaserver.org/forum/] ====
+
Server implemented in java. Has very good default transcoding profiles for several clients, but lacks good information for headless servers.
+
 
+
=====pms-svn=====
+
* Install pms-svn from [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=23957 AUR] using your favorite AUR-helper program
+
* In /etc/conf.d/pms: set $PMS_USER to the username that will run the service
+
* set the options in your /opt/pms/PMS.conf. These, for example, work with my PS3:
+
{{File|name=/opt/pms/PMS.conf|content=
+
folders = <comma-separated list of folders that hold your media>
+
hostname = <optional>
+
port = <optional, default 5001
+
language =
+
thumbnails = true
+
thumbnail_seek_pos = 10
+
nbcores = 2 # number of cores the cpu has
+
turbomode = true
+
minimized = false
+
hidevideosettings = false
+
charsetencoding = 850
+
engines = mencoder,avsmencoder,tsmuxer,mplayeraudio,ffmpegaudio,tsmuxeraudio,mencoderwebvideo,mplayervideodump,mplayerwebaudio,ffmpegdvrmsremux
+
autoloadsrt = true
+
avisynth_convertfps = true
+
avisynth_script = #AviSynth script is now fully customisable
+
transcode_block_multiple_connections = false
+
tsmuxer_forcefps = true
+
tsmuxer_preremux_pcm = false
+
tsmuxer_preremux_ac3 = false
+
audiochannels = 6
+
audiobitrate = 384
+
maximumbitrate = 0
+
skiploopfilter = false
+
enable_archive_browsing = false
+
mencoder_fontconfig = false
+
mencoder_font =
+
mencoder_forcefps = false
+
mencoder_usepcm = false
+
mencoder_intelligent_sync = true
+
mencoder_decode =
+
mencoder_encode = keyint=1:vqscale=1:vqmin=2
+
mencoder_nooutofsync = true
+
mencoder_audiolangs = dut,eng
+
mencoder_sublangs = dut,eng
+
mencoder_audiosublangs = dut,eng
+
mencoder_subfribidi = false
+
mencoder_ass_scale = 1.0
+
mencoder_ass_margin = 10
+
mencoder_ass_outline = 1
+
mencoder_ass_shadow = 1
+
mencoder_noass_scale = 3
+
mencoder_noass_subpos = 2
+
mencoder_noass_blur = 1
+
mencoder_noass_outline = 1
+
mencoder_subcp = cp1252
+
mencoder_ass = false
+
mencoder_disablesubs = false
+
mencoder_yadif = false
+
mencoder_scaler = false
+
mencoder_scalex = 0
+
mencoder_scaley = 0
+
ffmpeg = -g 1 -qscale 1 -qmin 2
+
network_interface = eth0
+
# The next value has to be chosen very carefully: to low = possible stuttering if the network is congested, but
+
# to high causes the java heap to be to small. Check the -Xmx-setting in /opt/pms/PMS.sh and raise it to 1024M
+
# or higher if you see unexplainable Out Of Memory-errors in the debug.log
+
maxvideobuffer = 400
+
use_mplayer_for_video_thumbs = false
+
# The next value sorts your media files. 0 (default) = A-Z while 1 = Z-A
+
sort_method =
+
usecache = true
+
mencoder_encode = keyint=1:vqscale=1:vqmin=3
+
}}
+
There are numerous other options, but they are completely undocumented. A list with all options can be found [http://ps3mediaserver.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=254&hilit=pms.conf#p15283 here].
+
* Do:
+
{{cli|
+
\# mkdir /opt/pms/database<br/>
+
\# chown <username> /opt/pms/database<br/>
+
\# /etc/rc.d/pms start<br/>
+
}}
+
* Use your web browser to go to: http://<ip-address-of-your-server>:5001/console/home and click on 'index files and folders'
+
* (optionally) watch the output with 'tail -f /var/log/pms.log' or 'tail -f /opt/pms/debug.log' for any problems.
+
* After the indexing has ended, you are done.
+
 
+
==== Rygel [http://live.gnome.org/Rygel] ====
+
Server and client based on GUPnP and written in Vala - will be used in Gnome 3.0
+
 
+
=== Using other software ===
+
==== MPD ====
+
See article at [[Mpd]]
+
 
+
== Clientside ==
+
 
=== uPNP / DLNA ===
 
=== uPNP / DLNA ===
 
+
* [[VLC media player]], via View -> Playlist -> Local Network (in left sidebar) -> Universal Plug'n'Play
=== Using other software ===
+
* [[XBMC]]
 
+
* [[Plex]]
==== MPD: MPC ====
+
* [http://oss.linn.co.uk/trac/wiki/Kinsky Kinsky]

Revision as of 22:48, 1 December 2013

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with List of Applications.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: please use the second argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Streaming media#)

Businesses are storing their data on the network for ages now, but the past few years, there has been a trend in home networking to put all content on a central server and distributing it to the home computers and dedicated appliances on the network. This page offers an overview of the possible packages to stream digital media (video, audio and images, and in several cases also online content) from your server to your clients.

Servers

DLNA / uPNP

There are many uPNP or DLNA-compliant server and you can use Mpd too. Some of the them do not get along together. If you are experiencing problems, make sure you are not running two of them at the same time.

Deprecated / No Longer in Development

MPD

Clients

uPNP / DLNA