Difference between revisions of "Subtle"

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[[Category:Tiling WMs (English)]]
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[[Category:Tiling WMs]]
[[Category:HOWTOs (English)]]
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[[de:Subtle]]
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[[ko:Subtle]]
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From [http://subforge.org/projects/subtle Subtle project page]:
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:''Subtle is a manual tiling window manager with a rather uncommon approach of tiling: Instead of relying on predefined layouts, Subtle divides the screen into a grid with customizable slots (called gravities).''
  
== Introduction ==
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Subtle is configured with [[Ruby]] for [[Xorg]].
  
[http://subforge.org/projects/subtle Subtle] is another tiling window manager with a very flexible and
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{{Note|This article only explain the basics of Subtle. In depth information and tutorials exist at the [http://subforge.org/projects/subtle Subtle project page].}}
dynamical layout, client and view tagging, mouse and keyboard control
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as well as an extendable statusbar.
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== Installation ==
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==Installing==
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The {{pkg|subtle}} package is available in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]]. It can be installed with [[pacman]].
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# pacman -S subtle
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A developer snapshot is available in the [[AUR]] named {{AUR|subtle-hg}}.
  
* Install subtle from [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=13016 AUR].
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==Starting Subtle==
* If you prefer bleeding edge you can check out the latest version from the [http://unexist.scrapping.cc/wiki/subtle/Install mercurial repository].
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To start Subtle add {{ic|exec subtle}} to your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file and launch Xorg. Remember that Subtle does not provide any icons or menus, and the only predefined key binding that opens a terminal is {{keypress|Super+Enter}}, which will open [[URxvt]]. So if you do not have URxvt, either install it or change the configuration file before starting. If you need to exit Subtle press {{keypress|Super+Ctrl+q}}.
  
== Configuration ==
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==Basic function==
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When windows are opened they are matched against a set of user-defined rules to get proper position and size. The process of applying these rules can be broken down in three main parts:
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*View
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*Gravity
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*Tag
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''Views'' are the environment in which the windows will be placed. Much like ordinary desktop surfaces. Defining the actual rules for a window is accomplished with a ''tag''. In tags you also determine the ''gravity'' to be used. Gravities control the size and position of windows.
  
On start subtle will check if a config file is available in the typical XDG paths and use it. A local config is preferred over a system wide. (See {{Codeline|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME}})
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{{Note|When configuring Subtle you actually need to declare these elements in reverse order. Gravity, tag then view.}}
  
Then it will have a look for sublets in the XDG paths too and load them accordingly. (See {{Codeline|$XDG_DATA_HOME}})
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==Configuration==
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Subtle will search for {{ic|subtle.rb}} in your $XDG_CONFIG_HOME path. If it is non-existant it will load a default file from your $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS path. It is preferable to copy this file to your {{ic|$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/subtle}} directory instead of using the default.
  
No system wide [http://unexist.scrapping.cc/wiki/subtle/Sublets sublets] will be loaded per default.
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The default file will contain numerous gravities, tags and views. This is an excellent place to start when designing your own environment. Applications without matching tags will be placed on the view containing the default tag, if no view posses it, they are automatically placed on the first view.
* To create a user config just create ''$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/subtle'' and copy the latest config from the dist folder into it.
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* To enable sublets create ''$XDG_DATA_HOME/subtle/sublets'' and create symlinks to the sublets. (Load order is '''alphabetically''')
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Always compare your existing config with the one of the repository/tarball to get the latest options.
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To check your configuration file for potential errors, simply run the following command:
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$ subtle -k
  
This and more info can be found on the [http://unexist.scrapping.cc/projects/show/subtle subtle website].
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==Sublets==
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Sublets are tiny apps that appear in the Subtle panels. They can be used to control various applications and show system stats.
  
{{Note|The default keybindings use the '''numeric keypad''' for selecting window size-positions ("gravities") which is awkward on a laptop where NumLock will be required, so laptop users will want to rebind these functions.}}
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===Installing sublets===
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To install a sublet, type the following command in a terminal:
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$ sur install <name of sublet>
  
== Contact ==
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For a list of sublets, go to the [http://sur.subforge.org sur website].
  
If you have problems, suggestions or just want to talk about [http://unexist.scrapping.cc/projects/show/subtle subtle] feel free to join '''#subtle''' on '''irc.freenode.org''' or drop a mail to _unexist_ at _dorfelite_ dot _net_.
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{{Note|If you install a sublet as root, you will not be able to invoke the sublet as a regular user. Sublets used by non-root accounts must be installed under the user.}}
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===Enabling sublets===
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After installation you need to enable it in {{ic|subtle.rb}}. Look for a series of lines similar to the ones below:
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{{bc|<nowiki>
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screen 1 do
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top [ :title, :spacer, :views ]
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bottom [ :mpd, :wifi, :battery ]
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end
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</nowiki>}}
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Then just add the sublets name in the same fashion as the other ones, like this:
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{{bc|<nowiki>
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bottom [ :mpd,  :<name of sublet>, :wifi, :battery ]
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</nowiki>}}
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It can of course be inserted at a place by your own choice.
 +
 
 +
==See also==
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* [http://subforge.org/projects/subtle Subtle project page]
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* [http://sur.subforge.org Sublets archive]
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* [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=71783 The subtle thread]
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* [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=112486 Share your Subtle desktop!]
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* [[xinitrc]]
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* [[Start X at Login]]
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* [[Window Manager]]

Revision as of 05:05, 3 January 2013

From Subtle project page:

Subtle is a manual tiling window manager with a rather uncommon approach of tiling: Instead of relying on predefined layouts, Subtle divides the screen into a grid with customizable slots (called gravities).

Subtle is configured with Ruby for Xorg.

Note: This article only explain the basics of Subtle. In depth information and tutorials exist at the Subtle project page.

Installing

The subtle package is available in the official repositories. It can be installed with pacman.

# pacman -S subtle

A developer snapshot is available in the AUR named subtle-hgAUR.

Starting Subtle

To start Subtle add exec subtle to your .xinitrc file and launch Xorg. Remember that Subtle does not provide any icons or menus, and the only predefined key binding that opens a terminal is Template:Keypress, which will open URxvt. So if you do not have URxvt, either install it or change the configuration file before starting. If you need to exit Subtle press Template:Keypress.

Basic function

When windows are opened they are matched against a set of user-defined rules to get proper position and size. The process of applying these rules can be broken down in three main parts:

  • View
  • Gravity
  • Tag

Views are the environment in which the windows will be placed. Much like ordinary desktop surfaces. Defining the actual rules for a window is accomplished with a tag. In tags you also determine the gravity to be used. Gravities control the size and position of windows.

Note: When configuring Subtle you actually need to declare these elements in reverse order. Gravity, tag then view.

Configuration

Subtle will search for subtle.rb in your $XDG_CONFIG_HOME path. If it is non-existant it will load a default file from your $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS path. It is preferable to copy this file to your $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/subtle directory instead of using the default.

The default file will contain numerous gravities, tags and views. This is an excellent place to start when designing your own environment. Applications without matching tags will be placed on the view containing the default tag, if no view posses it, they are automatically placed on the first view.

To check your configuration file for potential errors, simply run the following command:

$ subtle -k

Sublets

Sublets are tiny apps that appear in the Subtle panels. They can be used to control various applications and show system stats.

Installing sublets

To install a sublet, type the following command in a terminal:

$ sur install <name of sublet>

For a list of sublets, go to the sur website.

Note: If you install a sublet as root, you will not be able to invoke the sublet as a regular user. Sublets used by non-root accounts must be installed under the user.

Enabling sublets

After installation you need to enable it in subtle.rb. Look for a series of lines similar to the ones below:

screen 1 do
 top [ :title, :spacer, :views ]
 bottom [ :mpd, :wifi, :battery ]
end

Then just add the sublets name in the same fashion as the other ones, like this:

 bottom [ :mpd,  :<name of sublet>, :wifi, :battery ]

It can of course be inserted at a place by your own choice.

See also