systemd/Services

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Revision as of 23:37, 14 October 2012 by Jakobh (Talk | contribs) (added truecrypt volume manager service)

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This page is useful to publish systemd service files that are missing in the appropriate package in the repositories. These files can be copied from other distributions or created by yourself.

BOINC Daemon

/etc/systemd/system/boinc.service
[Unit]
Description=BOINC Daemon

[Service]
User=boinc
Nice=19
ExecStart=/usr/bin/boinc_client --dir /var/lib/boinc --redirectio

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

CouchDB

/etc/systemd/system/couchdb.service
[Unit]
Description=CouchDB Server

[Service]
User=couchdb
Type=forking
PermissionsStartOnly=true
ExecStartPre=/bin/mkdir -p /var/run/couchdb ; /bin/chown -R couchdb /var/run/couchdb
ExecStart=/usr/bin/couchdb -b -o /dev/null -e /dev/null
ExecStop=/usr/bin/couchdb -d

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Courier-IMAP

/etc/systemd/system/authdaemond.service
[Unit]
Description=Courier Authentification Daemon

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/authdaemond start
ExecStop=/usr/sbin/authdaemon stop
PIDFile=/run/authdaemon/pid

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
/etc/systemd/system/courier-imapd.service
[Unit]
Description=Courier IMAP Daemon
Requires=authdaemond.service
After=authdaemond.service

[Service]
Type=forking
EnvironmentFile=/etc/courier-imap/imapd
ExecStart=/usr/lib/courier-imap/imapd.rc start
ExecStop=/usr/lib/courier-imap/imapd.rc stop
PIDFile=/var/run/courier/imapd.pid

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
/etc/systemd/system/courier-imapd-ssl.service
[Unit]
Description=Courier IMAP Daemon
Requires=authdaemond.service
After=authdaemond.service

[Service]
Type=forking
EnvironmentFile=/etc/courier-imap/imapd
ExecStart=/usr/lib/courier-imap/imapd-ssl.rc start
ExecStop=/usr/lib/courier-imap/imapd-ssl.rc stop
PIDFile=/var/run/courier/imapd-ssl.pid

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/authdaemond.conf
D /run/authdaemon 0755 courier courier
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/courier-imapd.conf
D /run/courier 0755 courier courier
Note: Taken from Gentoo and modified for Arch. You could replace the files in tmpfiles.d with appropriate ExecStartPre calls as well. Service files for pop3d and pop3d-ssl are still missing, but are probably very similar to the imapd files!

ddclient

/etc/systemd/system/ddclient.service

[Unit]
Description=Update dynamic DNS entries
After=network.target

[Service]
EnvironmentFile=/etc/conf.d/ddclient
PIDFile=/var/run/ddclient.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/ddclient $EXTRA_ARGS

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

dropbear

/etc/systemd/system/dropbear.service

[Unit]
Description=Dropbear SSH server

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/dropbear -p 22 -d /etc/dropbear/dropbear_dss_host_key -w -P /var/run/dropbear.pid
RemainAfterExit=yes

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Folding@home SMP

See the comment on the AUR package. The unit file is copied below for convenience.

/etc/systemd/system/foldingathome-smp.service

[Unit]
Description=Folding@home distributed computing client
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
WorkingDirectory=/opt/fah-smp
ExecStart=/opt/fah-smp/fah6 -smp -verbosity 9 -forceasm

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

IPv6 (Hurricane Electric)

/etc/systemd/system/he-ipv6.service

[Unit]
Description=he.net IPv6 tunnel
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=oneshot
RemainAfterExit=yes
ExecStart=/sbin/ip tunnel add he-ipv6 mode sit remote 209.51.161.14 local <local IPv4> ttl 255
ExecStart=/sbin/ip link set he-ipv6 up mtu 1480
ExecStart=/sbin/ip addr add <local IPv6>/64 dev he-ipv6
ExecStart=/sbin/ip -6 route add ::/0 dev he-ipv6
ExecStart=/sbin/ip addr add <public IPv6>/64 dev he-ipv6
ExecStop=/sbin/ip -6 route del ::/0 dev he-ipv6
ExecStop=/sbin/ip link set he-ipv6 down
ExecStop=/sbin/ip tunnel del he-ipv6

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Logmein Hamachi

/etc/systemd/system/hamachi.service
[Unit]
Description=Hamachi Daemon
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/opt/logmein-hamachi/bin/hamachid

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Noip

/etc/systemd/system/noip2.service
[Unit]
Description=No-IP Dynamic DNS Update Client
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/bin/noip2

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

pcscd

/etc/systemd/system/pcscd.service
[Unit]
Description=PC/SC Smart Card Daemon
Requires=pcscd.socket

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/pcscd --foreground --auto-exit
ExecReload=/usr/sbin/pcscd --hotplug
StandardOutput=syslog

[Install]
Also=pcscd.socket
/etc/systemd/system/pcscd.socket
[Unit]
Description=PC/SC Smart Card Daemon Activation Socket

[Socket]
ListenStream=/var/run/pcscd/pcscd.comm

[Install]
WantedBy=sockets.target

Reference:

rc.local

/etc/systemd/system/rc-local.service
[Unit]
Description=/etc/rc.local Compatibility

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/etc/rc.local
TimeoutSec=0
StandardInput=tty
RemainAfterExit=yes

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
Tip: You can replace your rc.local with native systemd units in /etc/systemd/system/.
Note: Also available in initscripts (see: Systemd#Arch_integration).
Note: StandardInput=tty prevents background processes from running: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=147790

Remote filesystem mounts

See: Systemd#Remote_filesystem_mounts

screen

Autostarts screen for the specified user. (e.g. `systemctl enable screen@florian.service`)

/etc/systemd/system/screen@.service
[Unit]
Description=screen
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
User=%i
ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -dmS autoscreen
ExecStop=/usr/bin/screen -S autoscreen -X quit

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

tpfand

/etc/systemd/system/tpfand.service
[Unit]
Description=ThinkPad Fan Control

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/var/run/tpfand.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/tpfand

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

truecrypt volume manager

/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target/truecrypt.service
[Unit]
Description=Truecrypt volume manager
ConditionPathExists=!/home/MOUNTPOUNT
#Before=mpd.service

[Service]
Type=oneshot
StandardInput=tty-force
ExecStart=/usr/bin/truecrypt -t /dev/sdXY /home/MOUNTPOINT
RemainAfterExit=yes
ExecStop=/usr/bin/truecrypt -t -d
TimeOutSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
Note: This script aims to integrate the mount und unmount services from further beyond into one service. Please consider this still in an experimental state. ConditionPathExists=!/home/MOUNTPOINT checks for the mountpoint not to exist (hence the !). If this condition doesn't fit to your set up, you have to amend it. If you use mpd and have your music dir in ~, uncomment Before=mpd.service, which takes care that mpd is started after this script. Improvements welcome!

truecrypt (mount encrypted fs)

/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target/truecrypt-mount.service
[Unit]
Description=Mount Truecrypt-encrypted filesystems
ConditionFileIsExecutable=/usr/bin/truecrypt
#Requires=truecrypt-unmount.service
#Before=mpd.service
 
[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/usr/bin/truecrypt -t /dev/sdXY /MOUNTPOINT
StandardInput=tty-force
RemainAfterExit=yes
 
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
#Also=truecrypt-unmount.service
Note: Gleaned from bpont on the forums. If you use mpd and have your music dir in ~, uncomment Before=mpd.service, which takes care that mpd is started after this script. If you also use truecrypt-unmount.service (see next service) uncomment the Requires=truecrypt-unmount.service and Also=truecrypt-unmount.service so it gets installed and activated by systemd automatically when using this script.

truecrypt (unmount encrypted fs)

/etc/systemd/system/multi-user/truecrypt-unmount.service
[Unit]
Description=Truecrypt unmount on shutdown, poweroff, reboot, system halt
Before=local-fs-pre.target
#Before=mpd.service
ConditionPathExistsGlob=/media/truecrypt*
DefaultDependencies=no

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/usr/bin/truecrypt -d
TimeoutSec=5
StandardInput=tty

[Install]
WantedBy=shutdown.target reboot.target halt.target poweroff.target
Note: I don't know if this works yet. It may be necessary to replace TimeoutSec=5 with ExecStart=sleep 5. If you use mpd, make sure to uncomment Before=mpd.service to make sure this service is executed after mpd is closed down (different order during the shutdown of processes than during start up!). Script gleaned from tladuke on the forums.

verynice

/etc/systemd/system/verynice.service
[Unit]
Description=A tool for dynamically adjusting the nice-level of processes

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/var/run/verynice.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/verynice -d /var/run/verynice.pid
ExecStop=/bin/kill -15 $MAINPID

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

VideoLAN 2.0

Change the User parameter.

/etc/systemd/system/vlc.service
[Unit]
Description=VideoOnLAN Service
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
User=nobody
ExecStart=/usr/bin/cvlc --intf=lua --lua-intf=http --daemon --http-port 8090
Restart=on-abort

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Xvfb

Change the User/Group parameters.

/etc/systemd/system/xinit.service
[Unit]
Description=xinit with xvfb
After=network.target

[Service]
User=bitlbee
Group=bitlbee
ExecStart=/usr/bin/xvfb-run bash %h/.xinitrc

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

ZNC

Assuming znc was set up to be run by znc user from /var/lib/znc as explained in the Znc wiki page.

/etc/systemd/system/znc.service
[Unit]
Description=ZNC Daemon
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/znc --datadir=/var/lib/znc/ --foreground
User=znc

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

See also