Difference between revisions of "Talk:AUR helpers"

From ArchWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 96: Line 96:
::::::::: I prefer the longer descriptions. We can refer to them in the Specificity column, e.g. through ''Batch interaction 2/3''. -- [[User:Alad|Alad]] ([[User talk:Alad|talk]]) 13:54, 8 December 2018 (UTC)
::::::::: I prefer the longer descriptions. We can refer to them in the Specificity column, e.g. through ''Batch interaction 2/3''. -- [[User:Alad|Alad]] ([[User talk:Alad|talk]]) 13:54, 8 December 2018 (UTC)
::::::::: I just added "batch interaction" for now if the helper at least supports batch 3/. Most of the other stuff in the Specificity column was not interesting (functionality such as AUR comments and ABS support is easily replicated with external tools like {{AUR|aur-talk-git}} or {{Pkg|asp}}) so I've removed it. -- [[User:Alad|Alad]] ([[User talk:Alad|talk]]) 14:10, 8 December 2018 (UTC)
== Checkmarks instead of colors ==
== Checkmarks instead of colors ==

Revision as of 14:10, 8 December 2018

"Reference" implementation

This is an alternative to #Reliable Updater. Instead of an arbitrary set of test packages, we could write up a "specification" on what a reliable AUR helper should do. This should also be more helpful for potential AUR helper writers who otherwise have to wade through complex, fully-featured AUR helpers.

I propose a minimal reference implementation with the following points:

  • No client-side workarounds for upstream limitations. In particular, a reference implementation does not need to score full points on split packages, as makepkg --pkg was removed with pacman 5.
  • Minimal language constructs in e.g. a scripting language like dash.
  • Prefer simplicity of implementation over being fully featured. In particular, an implementation may only support git clone and not git diff.

My initial plan was to keep such an implementation in a man page aurhelper(7) (hosted as part of aurutils), but we can consider including on a sub-page of this article. It could be then linked from the comparison table. Thoughts? -- Alad (talk) 13:28, 8 March 2018 (UTC)

Generally agree with the idea, but I don't think there is a way around a set of PKGBUILDs that could be used to test helpers in a local AUR instance. F.e., I wouldn't define a "reliable" helper that doesn't handle split packages well. Since helpers are tolerated rather than supported, upstream limitations of the AUR might be temporary or permanent, meaning the limitation would actually be in the helper itself (f.e. like regex support). Also, I'd use pseudo code for such a reference as the actual implementation itself doesn't matter, unless you'd like to write a new minimalist helper. Spyhawk (talk) 15:26, 8 March 2018 (UTC)
Apart from FS#56602, I can't think of a case where upstream opposed removing limitations, even if helpers directly benefited. cf. the regex support discussed in [1] or the exit codes finally introduced in makepkg 5.1 which made automatic building significantly easier imo. To me it seems that the main reason we have these AUR limations is due to the minimal interest of helper writers in contributing upstream, and upstream itself having different priorities. Not sure why former is the case, the PHP codebase may play part in it - at least it does for me.
You can keep dash close enough to pseudo-code, I guess less so if you want a complete example rather than exemplary code blocks. For the PKGBUILD set, I use this: [2] -- Alad (talk) 18:34, 8 March 2018 (UTC)
My understanding is that changes that aren't invasive will be accepted upstream, but otherwise might be rejected (see [3]). One prominent example that comes to mind is FS#48796. It's not really relevant anymore since x86 has been officially dropped, but the solution would involve duplicating DB tables on the server, which isn't trivial to implement/migrate. Many of the feature requests involve non-trivial code change, which is the main reason nobody pushed patches; I dislike PHP but the language itself isn't too hard either. For regex, see the bottom of [4], which is the follow-up of your link above.
Your testsuite seems interesting (thanks for the link), but one advantage of having a fixed set of packages is that these packages might be updated and change, making these edge cases difficult to test. This happened quite a few times with my own list of test packages in the past and this was rather annoying. Spyhawk (talk) 20:20, 8 March 2018 (UTC)

Expand Secure criteria to include other (non-PKGBUILD) bundled files

[5], in particular [6]

The new criteria would be as follows:

  • PKGBUILD, no other files -> Partial
  • Other subset of files that includes the PKGBUILD -> Partial
  • No PKGBUILD -> No
  • All files in the git repo or tar archive -> Yes

Similar to the Diff view column. -- Alad (talk) 16:32, 4 July 2018 (UTC)

good idea, you also mentioned this for aurman a few months ago, see: https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/issues/25#issuecomment-371971155 really a good idea to implement it in a way, so that changes of all known files are being shown Polygamma (talk) 17:07, 4 July 2018 (UTC)
"All files in the git repo or tar archive -> Yes" What exactly do you mean by all files? Build files often contain non text files such as images. Git diff is smart enough to hide these but then you could consider that partial because not all files are covered.
In my opinion all a helper has to do to be secure it pause and allow the user to read the build files. The helper does not even need to offer to open them for you that's the user's responsibility. Anything more than that is nice to have but not strictly needed. Morganamilo (talk) 20:25, 4 July 2018 (UTC)
If this qualifies as "nice to have", there has to be an explicit warning that a green entry in the "Secure" column does not cover other files, files which may cause more harm than the PKGBUILD itself (such as .install files or exectuables called from the PKGBUILD). In either case it's misleading, since you either give the impression that viewing PKGBUILDs alone is sufficient (with the current criteria), or include a warning that diminguishes the value of the criteria in the first place.
Latter is similar to "Native pacman", in that you have a warning at the article top warning against any sort of pacman wrapping, and criteria in the table that ignore this warning, or even reward behavior which goes against it. -- Alad (talk) 17:07, 8 July 2018 (UTC)
That's a fair point, what about changing the name to "show files before sourcing" or something? Seems more accurate. Then it would make sense that not showing .install files to be partial. The only problem I see that it's not as hard hitting as "secure". Morganamilo (talk) 20:11, 8 July 2018 (UTC)
It cuts both ways: it's an effective deterrent against broken helpers, but it also gives the impression that using a "Secure" helper makes usage of the AUR safe, which it definitely doesn't. I'm not sure on what different name to use, though. -- Alad (talk) 17:25, 14 July 2018 (UTC)
I guess "File view" could work. -- Alad (talk) 17:44, 14 July 2018 (UTC)
The column name was updated to "File review". Are there remaining helpers that only display the PKGBUILD? (trizenAUR springs to mind) -- Alad (talk) 15:30, 23 August 2018 (UTC)

New test cases for dependency resolution

ros-foo-desktop-meta have always been difficult to build, even more so with KDE4 libs moved to AUR (see arch-dev-public). Besides the sheer number of dependencies, they otherwise have little interesting properties either.

I propose to instead use various cross-compilation packages as test cases, e.g. mingw-w64-zlibAUR and powerpc-linux-gnu-gccAUR. These appear very efficient at exposing problems with complex dependency algorithms (see for example [7] or aurman's issues with nsisAUR) and don't take 2 years to build either. -- Alad (talk) 11:34, 14 September 2018 (UTC)

We could also add some simpler cases, like fortune-mod-all-enAUR, and add details similar to the Split packages description. That way, all existing entries with "Yes" in Reliable solver would at minimum have "Partial". -- Alad (talk) 12:01, 14 September 2018 (UTC)
I believe the mingw stuff has a bunch of circular dependencies and a bootstrapping process. Do you think AUR helper's should be expected to handle this? Morganamilo (talk) 15:25, 14 September 2018 (UTC)
No, I don't think so. There will always be cases that can only be dealt reasonably manually, simply because the involved complexity in implementation isn't worth it. See also related sicussion Talk:AUR_helpers#.22Reference.22_implementation above, where a set of fixed reference packages would be better than live packages. No idea how to dealt with than without a local AUR instance though. -Spyhawk (talk) 10:42, 15 September 2018 (UTC)
The mingw packages haven't had cycles in (global) depends for a while. As such, makepkg -r works fine for these packages without manual intervention or "bootstrapping". If helpers fail, it may be because of handling split depends contrary to PKGBUILD(5), or other flaws in their dependency algorithms. -- Alad (talk) 10:05, 18 September 2018 (UTC)

remove Batch interaction 2

Some previous discussion: [8]

On IRC there was some confusion on what "Summary of package upgrades" is supposed to mean. Literally, it means that any (AUR) upgrades or installations a helper will perform are printed to screen, similar to pacman's VerbosePkgLists. This is simple to implement - by definition a AUR helper must know about package names and their versions - and does not warrant a separate mention.

Historically, it's about pacman wrappers running -Sy so they can 1. save a single keypress 2. color the output. Former is a questionable argument when all pacman wrappers have a single prompt per package (so potentially hundreds of keypresses), and latter is already available from pacman itself. (with the Color option) As such, I propose to remove batch interaction 2 from the criteria. -- Alad (talk) 12:52, 7 November 2018 (UTC)

If I might jump in, I don't think "one less key press" is a valid argument, nor does the color which is orthogonal to the feature. Batch interaction is not strictly about reducing the number of keys one has to enter, but it is about reducing the time required by... well, batching every step at the beginning. Batch 2 is about grouping repo *and* AUR packages summaries and initial validation together, rather than doing the repo packages update, then displaying the AUR summary before the AUR packages update. I'd suggest adjusting the current loose definition here. --Spyhawk (talk) 14:00, 7 November 2018 (UTC)
You what? The "color" that pacman does, is bold text for some things, making "warning" in yellow and "error" in red, and, for the -Ss or -Qs operations, coloring the repository name in purple, the version in green, and the "[installed]" in light blue.
But the output of pacman -S(u) contains practically no color, and *significantly* less color than the average AUR helper. Yaourt could be considered the trendsetter in that regard, and it colors each repository differently, as well as making old versions show in green and new versions in red, on top of pacman's existing complete lack of color for that area of the UI.
Furthermore, the actual main thing which, say, yaourt provides, is 1) grouping AUR updates in the same VerbosePkgLists style, 2) differentiating between packages which are being upgraded, vs. being pkgrel-bumped, vs. being newly installed, 3) listing which package update now requires a new package to be installed. These are fairly significant deviations from pacman's UI, and IMHO more noticeable than the color. -- Eschwartz (talk) 15:50, 9 November 2018 (UTC)
So as I understand either argument, neither disagrees with "2" only being relevant to pacman wrappers that run pacman -Sy. As such, I'm not sure why it should be a general criterium, rather than a specificity. -- Alad (talk) 13:09, 28 November 2018 (UTC)
It's indeed only specific to pacman wrapper, but still an important part of batch interaction (1 action vs 2 actions separated by some amount of time). I'm not sure why it shouldn't be mentioned for the sole reason it only applies to wrappers. I'd suggest to either mention it (with a correct definition), or move all batch interactions as specificity - which I'd personally be fine with. -- Spyhawk (talk) 15:25, 28 November 2018 (UTC)
IMHO whether it uses pacman -Sy is an implementation detail. More importantly, I think it qualifies as a dependency of batch interaction, but is not, itself, batch interaction.
I'd also like to note that Batch interaction #1 is, unless I totally miss my guess, a direct copy of the "file review" column.
Neither 2 nor 3 are something which can be universally defined as necessary for robustly doing anything, unlike most columns, and unlike the implementation language aren't fundamentally relevant to all programs by default, I think it is fair to demote them both to specificity as "you may prefer to do it this way instead of that way". -- Eschwartz (talk) 15:45, 28 November 2018 (UTC)
The term "batch interaction" used to be included as a specificity, without explicit definition it was however not clear what this meant. I'm fine to go back to this approach, as long as we have some meaningful definition/term for the separate "batch interaction" aspects.
Regarding #1, it's not a direct copy since "file review" can be done on-demand, i.e. whenever a new PKGBUILD is about to be sourced (yaourt), and not ahead of time before any build process begins (pacaur & co). -- Alad (talk) 14:00, 30 November 2018 (UTC)
In a previous discussion we mentioned to have 4-5 entries per Specificity cell. In anticipation of the above additions, I've removed the (imo superficial) "sort by votes/popularity" criterion. Please review: [9] -- Alad (talk) 16:09, 30 November 2018 (UTC)
I guess it is sort of obvious that batch interaction means any features that it has, including file review, will be done via batch operations rather than on-demand. So it is still redundant IMO. -- Eschwartz (talk) 23:45, 1 December 2018 (UTC)
Unlike a few years ago, batch interaction 1 is now a standard feature in all maintained helpers. It doesn't make much sense to keep an extra column for the sole purpose of mentioning it. I'd move everything to specificity imho. If you need to keep definitions, I'd suggest something like: "Ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions", in particular: 1/ "Inspection of package files or their differences" (same as current), 2/ "Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades", 3/ "Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers." (I'm not sure what the current "installation" refers to here) -- Spyhawk (talk) 00:30, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
What do you think of "resolve package conflicts" and "combined upgrade" (for 2/ resp. 3/) as specifity? (see my draft). Your descriptions sound good though, and can be referred to from the Specificity column if required. -- Alad (talk) 11:46, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
I dislike how my previous suggestions are overly long, but I'm afraid "resolve package conflicts" and "combined upgrade" are too generic and not descriptive enough for someone that doesn't know what batch interaction is. Ideally, these should emphasis that the actions are done prior to build and transactions. Maybe "early conflicts resolution" and "combined upgrade summary"? Rest of the draft LGTM. -- Spyhawk (talk) 15:37, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
I prefer the longer descriptions. We can refer to them in the Specificity column, e.g. through Batch interaction 2/3. -- Alad (talk) 13:54, 8 December 2018 (UTC)
I just added "batch interaction" for now if the helper at least supports batch 3/. Most of the other stuff in the Specificity column was not interesting (functionality such as AUR comments and ABS support is easily replicated with external tools like aur-talk-gitAUR or asp) so I've removed it. -- Alad (talk) 14:10, 8 December 2018 (UTC)

Checkmarks instead of colors

I propose to use ✅ (U+2705) and ❎ (U+274E) instead of Template:Yes and Template:No. While uncommon in the wiki, the checkmarks are more subtle than fully colored cells, and might lead to a more thoughtful response when choosing helpers (compare the common "pick the all green row" responses we have now).

Example: [10] -- Alad (talk) 16:20, 30 November 2018 (UTC)

That check mark has different appearance depending on Emoji font. There is Template:Ya and Template:Na that use colored text-presentation symbols, but one would probably figure out that "pick the all green row" is similar to "pick the row with all checkmarks", especially since both ✅ (U+2705) and Template:Ya have green color. -- Svito (talk) 18:28, 30 November 2018 (UTC)
You could also use plain text "Yes" and "No" instead of the templates if you want to skip the colors. But due to the sorting criteria users probably tend to choose from the top... -- Lahwaacz (talk) 20:29, 30 November 2018 (UTC)
Draft User:Alad/AUR_helpers:
  • Removes sorting criteria, sort alphabetically instead;
  • Remove batch interaction 2 and 3 as column entries, add "resolve package conflicts" and "combined upgrade" to specificity instead;
  • Replace Template:Yes with Template:Ya and Template:No with Template:Na;
As an alternative to the checkmarks (better suited for screenreaders), see: [11]
  • Remove some redundant specificity entries to keep a maximum of 4 entries;
  • Remove Batch interaction 1;
For the last point, while it's a separate aspect of "file review", 80% of the helpers support it by now. I'd rather have the additional space from having one column less. -- Alad (talk) 19:06, 1 December 2018 (UTC)
In line with the added neutrality from removing the sorting criteria, I'd also suggest to move "stalled" entries back (as non-grey entries) to the table. It should already be clear that any helper with crosses across the board is "stalled". -- Alad (talk) 19:12, 1 December 2018 (UTC)
The only thing that still bothers me is that even with the limit on the amount of specificities, there's so many columns in the table (especially for pacman wrappers), that on small screens every word is split by a newline. User:Morganamilo suggested to use README links instead of descriptions, but I'm not sure how that would pan out. -- Alad (talk)
User:Larivact/drafts/Template:RespCell. --Larivact (talk) 07:50, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
Thanks, it looks nice on my screen (1366x768): [12] -- Alad (talk) 13:42, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
That CSS only takes affect if your browser width is below 600px. --Larivact (talk) 14:51, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
So much for placebo effect... -- Alad (talk) 15:09, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
Yeah I was a bit confused by your response. Just to clarify tables need to be marked up differently for this to work, you can see an example in my draft. --Larivact (talk) 15:20, 2 December 2018 (UTC)

Restore sections

I seriously dislike Special:Diff/557837 because it makes the page less accessible and is semantically wrong. You should be able to link any section you like, it is the job of the users to look around when they were linked to a specific section. I think we neither can nor should attempt to make our articles idiot-proof by substituting sections with definition terms.--Larivact (talk) 08:01, 2 December 2018 (UTC)

The only way to make it idiot proof is to either delete this article or make it an alphabetical list - both of which are still very tempting to me. In any case, I don't think the separated tables (with sections or with definition terms) are ideal either - it's only there because pacman wrappers are broken to such an extent they need to be specifically warned against. -- Alad (talk) 11:44, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
One thing to keep in mind (and the reason for this "special treatment") is that the AUR helpers article is systematically abused to encourage help vampirism (resp. encouragement to ignore supported distribution tools) by users alike. I've restored the sections for now, but adding __NOTOC__ should be a consideration. It won't prevent copy pasting of links but might at least force the "AUR helpers are not supported" warning into view. -- Alad (talk) 11:54, 2 December 2018 (UTC)
[13], closing -- Alad (talk) 13:40, 8 December 2018 (UTC)