Talk:Apache HTTP Server
Be advised to set "allow_url_fopen" to "On" in /etc/php/php.ini in order to upgrade/update Wordpress properly from the admin panel. (does this info belong here?) --Rataxes 14:13, 23 July 2009 (EDT)
If the service httpd don't start, take a look at /var/log/httpd/error_log. If appears this line: -[alert] (EAI 2)Name or service not known: mod_unique_id: unable to find IPv4 address of "myhost" you must uncomment the line: LoadModule unique_id_module. Restart httpd and now it should work. --Nak 17:22, 22 April 2007 (GMT+1)
hmm.. doesnt mysql come in /usr/lib/mysql niot /var/lib/mysql as directed?? - ScriptDevil
- 1 Split this article
- 2 Restarting apache
HOSTNAME in rc.conf
Testing mysql daemon
- 5 Do we need the "http"-user section.
Updated 18 March 2010
- 7 PHP
- 8 PHP
- 9 PHP: @ test.php
- 10 SSL Redundant Steps
- 11 Using SSL
- 12 PHP: do not use mime type application/x-httpd-php
- 13 Convert to systemd
Split this article
I hope this is what the page is for.
In my opinion setting up LAMP should not contain detailed information about how to set up parts of LAMP. It would be cleaner to only explain how to bring these parts to work together. Especially because of the explanation's integrity. Further more because then users will be able to find a standalone HOWTO for setting up these parts. For example you don't have to read through this page order to get MySQL working. Because of the mentioned integrity I think it would be best to create independent HOWTOs on how to setup MySQL, php and maybe even apache and refer to them from this page.
I've started with MySQL because I know how to setup it and because some parts in this HOWTO are not needed any more and because of that are just confusing.
harlekin 21:13, 13. Mai 2007 (GMT+1)
AFAIK, the only way that we should encourage users to restart apache is with '# apachectl restart' - this is far cleaner than to abruptly shut down the server
--Zenlord 05:16, 14 September 2010 (EDT)
According to the /etc/rc.d/httpd file :
restart) stat_busy "Restarting Apache Web Server" if $APACHECTL restart >/dev/null ; then add_daemon $daemon_name stat_done else stat_fail exit 1 fi ;;
Doing /etc/rc.d/httpd restart is equivalent to apachectl restart
--Nikus 20:27, 28 September 2012 (EDT)
HOSTNAME in rc.conf
It is not necessary to modyfiy HOSTNAME in rc.conf. I have different names in hosts and rc.conf and it works perfectly :). I've never had to modyfiy them in order to make it work. Zyx 01:52, 23 May 2007 (EDT)
- You no longer need to edit /etc/hosts. The nss-myhostname package will provide host name resolution, and is installed on all systems by default. See here. -- Fengchao (talk) 11:53, 17 December 2012 (UTC)
Testing mysql daemon
"Test by visiting http://localhost/phpMyAdmin in a web browser" Phpmyadmin is not a dependency of mysql and installing it is not specified anywhere in the article ... This advice for testing mysql is irrelevant.
Do we need the "http"-user section.
Afaik, the http user is automatically added when you install apache. Do we need to tell the user to add a "http"-user then?
Updated 18 March 2010
I just did a fresh install of Apache and PHP5 and I have updated this article to reflect the defaults in the current Arch packages. In particular I have clarified the section regarding PHP not being associated with .php extensions. dtw
php-5.3.2-6: There is no test.php in /srv/http, nor indeed is it listed when I run '# pacman -Ql php'. The only file I found with 'test' in the name is /usr/lib/php/build/run-tests.php. As /srv/http is actually empty after php is installed, I wonder if I'm missing something from th package.--Ial 02:09, 10 June 2010 (EDT)
The section for including PHP directives in httpd.conf is ALL wrong(IMHO), this is not correct(though it DOES work): 'AddHander php5-script php' in: httpd.conf @ before '<IfModule ssl_module>'(is WRONG). the way you are including php5 is messy & completely unnecesary.
The much easier(and proper way) is to only do these two things:
01. edit /etc/httpd/mime.types & add: 'application/x-httpd-php php'
02. edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf & add this to the 'includes conf/extra/*.conf' list: Include conf/extra/php5_module.conf
03. (optionally) uncomment this line in /etc/httpd/httpd.conf: MIMEMagicFile conf/magic (this will allow mime.type hints to help out on any later needed mime.types not specifically defined by hand in: /etc/httpd/httpd.conf or: /etc/httpd/mime.types)
It is ONLY neccesary to add the mime type for php in: mime.types, and include the line: Include conf/extra/php5_module.conf in: httpd.conf
This is much cleaner(and PROPER), and much easier to understand for your readers, please consider(and possibly correct) this.
Thank You, -Sully.
PHP: @ test.php
I will also confirm that there is no 'test.php' in: /srv/http/ it is NOT included in either the x86_64 or i686 iso's, I have confirmed both, dual_core image is unconfirmed.
For the sanity/sake of your wiki article, you might want to consider removing the section about /srv/http/test.php, and just say:
"create the file /srv/http/test.php and in it put: <?php phpinfo(); ?>, then navigate to http://localhost/test.php in your browser to confirm that php5 is functioning!
SSL Redundant Steps
In the steps to creat a self-signed certificate, the process seems to contain unnecessary steps. Here are the relevant parts of the steps:
- The "-des3" option encrypts the key with a passphrase.
- The encrypted key is copied to server.key.org.
- The passphrase is removed.
- The rest of the process goes on to only use the decrypted version of the key, including the setting in httpd-ssl.conf
Shouldn't the "-des3" option, the "cp" line, and the line to decrypt be removed?
Also, 2048 seems to be the minimum standard key length these days. Should that also be changed?
It might also be a good idea to mention that any unencrypted version of the key needs to be protected from viewing by other users (setting its permissions correctly).
--Mister Magotchi 05:07, 17 March 2012 (EDT)
Could the SSL section be expanded to include how to use .htaccess and mod_rewrite to redirect traffic for certain sections or the whole site? I found apache2-forcing-all-inbound-traffic-to-ssl to be a useful resource in this respect. Corburn 13:58, 23 March 2012 (EDT)
PHP: do not use mime type application/x-httpd-php
I would recommend deleting this advice from the article:
"Add this line in /etc/httpd/conf/mime.types:
application/x-httpd-php php php5"
Isn't the whole point of PHP to run it on the server side and turn it into text/html? Setting the MIME type as suggested here causes Firefox, for example, to offer to download the file or open it (in Notepad!!), instead of just presenting the HTML page.
--gdweber 2012 June 30
Convert to systemd
Since Arch has officially switched to systemd, this article should probably be updated. I don't know enough about it to update the article without the danger of making it inaccurate though
I guess it's mostly a case of replacing
rc.d start httpd
systemctl start httpd.service
and replacing any references to DAEMONS/rc.conf with
systemctl enable httpd.service
but additional steps may be required