Talk:USB flash installation media

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Revision as of 20:15, 28 November 2009 by Pointone (Talk | contribs) (notes to be added)

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unetbootin

I was unable to get my usb drive bootable with the steps provided. I ended up using UNetbootin, a small application which made my USB drive bootable without a charm. The application doesn't require any installation procedure.

--Serpent 04:22, 25 March 2009 (EDT)

General

I was not able to boot my Thinkpad X31 from USB stick without the lilo part first. I understood it like that: syslinux puts a bootloader at the beginning of the first partition, but nothing in the MBR, so when you try booting from the stick, the bootloader cannot be found.

-anonymous

Shouldn't the info that you need to select boot from usbdisk in BIOS be selected for this to work be mentioned? Or isn't it needed to be able to boot from an usb disk? If it's needed perhaps one could get grub and/or lilo to bootup an usb disk if the BIOS didn't support it and so how one would do that would also be needed as information.

-nut543

What about merging this article with Usb Drive Arch Install?

-Thujone

Does not work anymore...

I was unable to run the new "live" arch-core-install-2008.04-rc-i686.iso off the USB stick. I've copied the kernel, initrd, and .squashfs files to the stick, and added a minimal entry in syslinux.cfg. Kernel + initrd boot fine, I even saw that the USB disk is detected, partitions parsed, and /dev/ entries created, but then init halts with something like 'unable to find /dev/cd/*'. I've spent few minutes reading the initialisation code, but didn't find a kernel commandline option to override it. I'm sure there is some easy way to make it work, but the process of mounting the CD-ROM should probably be implemented in a more robust way, so the initrd code finds and mounts the compressed filesystem even when booting from USB HDD.

Verifying the USB

Before and after having performed the dd onto the USB disk, check that the md5sums are correct. For example:

- $ md5sum archlinux-2008.06-core-x86_64.img && echo && cat md5sums.x86_64

The next command will give similar results, but will also let you confirm that the data was written correctly and can be read correctly:

- dd if=/dev/sdb count=661159 status=noxfer | md5sum && echo && cat md5sums.x86_64

--Zatricky 06:45, 22 January 2009 (EST)

dd for Windows

There is also dd for Windows. I tried it and it works perfectly: [1]

 dd if=file.img of=\\.\e:

where e: is your USB drive letter.

--Liquen 14:55, 4 April 2009 (EDT)

But I don't want to overwrite the entire USB stick...

I'll add this into the article soonish; recording here for reference.

So you don't have to. The easier way is to download the ISO image, mount, then copy and install GRUB manually (a la "old method").

However, I already downloaded the IMG file and don't want to waste time. Then:

sfdisk -l -uS /path/to/img

outputs:

?

Note the starting sector of the first partition (63, in this example). Then:

dd if=/path/to/img of=arch.img skip=63

Now, I can mount the .img file without issue:

mount -o loop arch.img /mnt/usb/